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Topic: Greek Civil War


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In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  
  Greek Civil War - Karr.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-04)
The Greek Civil War (Greek: Ελληνικός εμφύλιος πόλεμος, Ellinikós emfílios pólemos) was fought between 1946 and 1949, and represents the first example of a post-war Communist insurgency.
The civil war consisted on one side of people from the predominantly conservative and centrist Greek civilian population and the armed forces of the Greek government, supported by the USA and the UK.
The origins of the civil war lie in the occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany and Bulgaria from 1941 to 1944 and Italy from 1941 to 1943.
www.karr.net /encyclopedia/Greek_Civil_War   (656 words)

  
  Greek Civil War - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
The civil war consisted on one side of the predominantly conservative Greek civilian population and the armed forces of the Greek government, supported by the USA and the UK.
The origins of the civil war lie in the occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany and Bulgaria from 1941 to 1944 and Italy from 1941 to 1943.
The Civil War left Greece in ruins, and in even greater economic distress than it had been after the end of WWII and the end of the German occupation.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Greek_Civil_War   (4678 words)

  
 Greek Civil War - Phantis
On one side, in the civil war, were most of the predominantly conservative Greek civilian population, and the armed forces of the Greek government, supported by its fellow members of the Western Allies.
In the first phase of the civil war (1942-1944), the left-wing and right-wing of the resistance movement fought each other, in a fratricidal conflict to establish the leadership of the Greek resistance.
The origins of the civil war lie in the occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany and Bulgaria from 1941 to 1944.
wiki.phantis.com /index.php/Greek_Civil_War   (4810 words)

  
 Greek Civil War information - Search.com
The Greek Civil War was fought between 1946 and 1949, and was the first example of a post-war Communist insurgency.
The civil war consisted on one side of the predominantly conservative Greek civilian population and the armed forces of the Greek government, supported by the USA and the UK.
The polarisation and instability in the 1960s of Greek politics was a direct result of feelings and ideologies lingering from the Civil War.
www.search.com /reference/Greek_Civil_War   (4596 words)

  
 Greek Civil War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Greek Civil War (Greek: Ελληνικός εμφύλιος πόλεμος) was fought between 1946 and 1949, and posed as the first example of a post-war Communist insurgency.
In April 1944 the Greek armed forces in Egypt, many among whom were well-disposed towards EAM, mutinied against the Western Allies, demanding that a Government of National Unity be established based on the PEEA principles.
Thousands of Greeks languished in prison for many years or were sent in exile in the islands of Yaros or Makronisos.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Greek_Civil_War   (5417 words)

  
 Columbia Journal of Historiography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-04)
We see the Civil War as beginning during the last stage of the Axis occupation in the context of the conflicts between resistance groups (1943-1944), continuing after the liberation (1944-1946), and finally escalating during the open civil strife of the years 1946-1949.
The Axis collaborators are deprived of their Greek national identity, and the actions against them are not considered as part of a civil war, since collaborators, according to the left, had already removed themselves from the Greek nation.
Stanley Aschenbrenner, "The Civil War from the Perspective of a Messenian Village," in Bærentzen et al., 105-26.
www.columbia.edu /cu/history/gha/cjh/2003_4.htm   (6002 words)

  
 Bambooweb: Civil war
A civil war is a war in which the competing parties are segments of the same country or empire.
Civil war is usually a high intensity stage in an unresolved political struggle for national control of state power.
Some civil wars are also categorized as revolutions when major societal restructuring is a possible outcome of the conflict.
www.bambooweb.com /articles/c/i/Civil_War.html   (146 words)

  
 The Greek Civil War, 1944-1949
With the Greek government unable to control a deteriorating situation, fighting between the two main enemies, the EAM and EDES, began in Athens on 2 December 1944, when at one banned meeting British troops opened fire and around a dozen of demonstrators were killed.
Markos was a member of the Greek Communist Party already since 1938, and served as political commissary of the ELAS’ Macedonian group of divisions during the WWII, becoming the commander of the DSE in 1947.
The Greek government was now in desperate position: the Communists were in complete control of the Mourgna massif, the range of highlands that stretches for 20 miles along the border between Greece and Albania.
www.acig.org /artman/publish/printer_294.shtml   (7470 words)

  
 Greece Civil War 1944-1949
Greek Civil War (December 1944-January 1945 and 1946-49), two-stage conflict during which Greek communists unsuccessfully tried to gain control of Greece.
The communists accepted defeat and the disbandment of their forces at a conference in February 1945, and a general election was held in Greece in March 1946.
The internecine strife and fierce brutality that characterized the civil war left a lasting legacy of bitterness between segments of the Greek population.
www.onwar.com /aced/data/golf/greece1944.htm   (566 words)

  
 The Black Book of Communism and the Greek Civil War
This civil war within the main war was of great advantage to the Germans as they swept down upon the resistance units one by one.
During the civil war of 1946-1948, Greek Communists kept records on all the children aged three to fourteen in all the areas they controlled.
In 1944, 10,000 Greeks from the Crimea, the remnants of what had been a flourishing Greek community there, were deported to Kirgizstan and Uzbekistan, on the pretext that they had adopted a pro-German stance during the war.
www.grecoreport.com /the_black_book_of_communism_and_the_greek_civil_war1.htm   (2843 words)

  
 Guardian | Bittersweet return for Greek civil war's lost victims
It was March 30 1948, the height of Greece's brutal civil war, and he was a boy of 12.
Greeks believed that their Yugoslav neighbours harboured territorial ambitions on their own adjacent province of Macedonia, not least Salonika, its port.
"Greek identity is constructed on the myth that every Greek speaks Greek and is Orthodox Christian by religion," says Panayote Dimitras, spokesman for the Greek branch of the human rights group Helsinki Monitor.
www.guardian.co.uk /print/0,3858,4776294-103681,00.html   (1348 words)

  
 Greek Civil War
The Greek Civil War was fought from 1944 to 1949 between a government backed by British and American support and Greek Communists.
The Greek Communist Party came to support Stalin and subsequently, Yugoslavia ended its support of the Greek rebels in July 1948.
The last significant refuge of the Greek Communists was captured on August 28, 1949.
library.thinkquest.org /10826/greek.htm   (434 words)

  
 [No title]
Under Nationalist rule, 85% of the population was disenfranchised, but the onset of the Korean War and the anti-communist hysteria of the McCarthy era led the U.S. to declare that the tiny island represented the real government of China.
Unfortunately, the effect of the Greek Civil War on Greece was devastating.
Over the course of the Civil War, Greek Communists kept records on all the children aged three to fourteen in the areas that they controlled.
lycos.cs.cmu.edu /info/chinese-civil-war.html   (485 words)

  
 The Greek civil-war (1946-1949)
After liberation, internal Greek quarrels led to the outbreak of the Civil War.
Northern Greece (Macedonia, Thrace, Epirus) because of its mountainous terrain and common borders with the Communist Balkan countries, became the center of the conflict.
The fighting was most destructive in western and central Macedonia, and a large number of citizens fled the war zone and moved to the big cities, forming a mass of refugees.
www.macedonian-heritage.gr /HellenicMacedonia/en/A4.3.3.html   (153 words)

  
 Greek Civil War
On the other side were mostly Greek communists, and key members of the biggest Anti-Nazi resistance organization (ELAS), the leadership of which was controlled by the Communist Party of Greece.
On the other hand, the various anticommunist Greek governments were forced to comply with their Western allies foreign policy priorities, even after the end of the civil war.
The truth is that in several cases ex-officers of the Greek army were forced at gun point to join ELAS although they were preferred to join an anti communist partisan group or the forces of the government in M.East.
www.tagate.com /wars/page/greek.shtml   (1784 words)

  
 [No title]
Under Nationalist rule, 85% of the population was disenfranchised, but the onset of the Korean War and the anti-communist hysteria of the McCarthy era led the U.S. to declare that the tiny island represented the real government of China.
Unfortunately, the effect of the Greek Civil War on Greece was devastating.
Over the course of the Civil War, Greek Communists kept records on all the children aged three to fourteen in the areas that they controlled.
www.lycos.com /info/chinese-civil-war.html   (485 words)

  
 The American Civil war - Greek Soccer - Greeksoccer.com
Total war describes an international war in which countries or nations use all of their resources to destroy another organized country's or nation's ability to engage in war.
The practice of total war has been in use for centuries, but it was only in the middle to late nineteenth century that total war was recognized as a separate class of warfare.
The Civil War was fought over state's rights - to own slaves, to maintain a decentralized government, to have each state esentially act as its own nation.
www.greeksoccer.com /forums/index.php?showtopic=235041690   (1845 words)

  
 The Cold War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-04)
The war in Korea was one of the most flagrant confrontations of the Cold War, and the sheer enormity of the soldiers and civilians who lost their lives during that conflict testifies to the brutal effect that the Cold War had on humanity in general.
The ensuing civil war assumed an international level, as the MPLA was armed by the Soviet Union and aided by Cuban troops.
Due to the prolonging of the civil wars, the lasting effects of the breakup were devastating to the countries involved.
www.hyperhistory.net /apwh/big/coldwar.htm   (18647 words)

  
 2003 Symbolic Reception at the Greek/Macedonian Border
We mean the political refugees of the Civil War, who were excluded from the general repatriation and live mainly in the FYROM, having the citizenship of this state.
Now that we have overcome all these problems of the past and the Civil War, we cannot maintain these remnants, which may be political remnants but, on a personal and sentimental level, function in a very hard way.
Such is, unfortunately, the policy of the Greek government toward the Macedonian political refugees of the Greek Civil War, most of whom were small children when they were forced to leave Greece.
www.florina.org /html/2003/2003_begalci_pr.html   (1106 words)

  
 Jordan BAEV: THE GREEK CIVIL WAR VIEWED FROM THE NORTH, Cold War History Research Center   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-04)
According to him the main aim of the Greek government at that time was to maintain control of the towns and main lines of communications, concurrently driving the guerrilla forces in isolation in the mountains and severing their connections with the world abroad.
With the intensification of the Spring battle in 1948 in Northern Greece the tension at the Greek borders with Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria increased.
In spite of all the optimistic official declarations, an eloquent proof of the forthcoming strategic defeat of the guerrilla forces was the growing conflict among the leftist circles themselves which resulted in the dismissal of Markos Vathiadis from the leader’s post he held and his consequent expelling from the Communist Party.
www.coldwar.hu /html/en/publications/greek_civil.html   (6192 words)

  
 Resolution of the Refugee Children of the Greek Civil War - 2005
We the Refugee Children of the Greek Civil War, who have endured inhumane treatment from Greek Governments since 1946, who were born in Aegean Macedonia and who are scattered throughout the world, have gathered together in this Fourth World Meeting at the Macedonian center of Eling in Melbourne, Australia, to bring you the latest resolution.
Greek citizens who were Greek by birth and had left Greece from 1946 to 1949, were allowed to return to Greece.
War refugees who were "Greeks by birth" and had returned to Greece from 1982 to 1985 were given back their properties.
www.maknews.com /html/articles/begalci/begalci_resolution_2005.html   (462 words)

  
 American Civil War
The American Civil War (1861–1865) was a civil war between the United States of America, called the Union, and the Confederate States of America, formed by eleven Southern states that had declared their secession from the Union.
The causes of the war, the reasons for the outcome, and even the name of the war itself, are subjects of much controversy, even today.
The origins of the American Civil War lay in the complex issues of slavery, politics, disagreements over the scope of States' rights versus federal power, expansionism, sectionalism, economics, modernization, and competing nationalism of the Antebellum period.
www.tagate.com /wars/page/american.shtml   (2005 words)

  
 History Bookshop.com: Greek Civil War, end of
The postwar tension between the Western and Communist worlds came to bloodshed in Greece in the savage civil war of 1946-49 between the Greek Communist Party (KKE), fresh from jockeying for power in the resistance movement against the German occupation, and the royalist government restored by plebiscite in 1946.
The civil war inflicted worse damage on Greece than the Second World War itself and even by the 1990s the wounds had not entirely healed.
At the behest of his political commissars, however, Markos tried to seize towns near the northern border in Greek Macedonia as the seat of a provisional Communist government, but conventional warfare did not suit his guerrillas and he was unable to hold his ground.
www.historybookshop.com /articles/commentary/greek-civil-war-ends-ht.asp   (460 words)

  
 [MGSA-L] The night the Greek Civil War broke out
http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_ell_4639300_03/04/2006_68186 The night the Greek Civil War broke out Sixty years after the battle of Litohoro, two survivors from opposing sides give their version of an event that set its mark on history Democratic Army troops examining loot (photographs are from the ASI archive).
The communist army was established in October 1946 and fought in the civil war until it was defeated in 1949.
Sixty years later, the question of whether the attack had been planned and decided by the Greek Communist Party (KKE) under Nikos Zahariadis in order to start a third round of fighting, or whether it was an instinctive reaction by a group of hunted militants to the brutal mass terrorism of royalist-fascists remains unanswered.
maillists.uci.edu /mailman/public/mgsa-l/2006-April/006874.html   (513 words)

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