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Topic: Greek philosophy

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  Greek Philosophy - MSN Encarta
Greek Philosophy, body of philosophical concepts developed by the Greeks, particularly during the flowering of Greek civilization between 600 and 200 bc.
Greek philosophy may be divided between those philosophers who sought an explanation of the world in physical terms and those who stressed the importance of nonmaterial forms or ideas.
The beliefs of Pythagoras and Parmenides formed the basis of the idealism that was to characterize later Greek philosophy.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761563506/Greek_Philosophy.html   (693 words)

 Greek Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Philosophy was first brought into connection with practical life by Pythagoras of Samos (about 582-504 BCE), from whom it received its name: "the love of wisdom".
Philosophy to him meant science, and its aim was the recognition of the purpose in all things.
The last home of philosophy was at Athens, where Proclus (411-485) sought to reduce to a kind of system the whole mass of philosophic tradition, until in 529 CE, the teaching of philosophy at Athens was forbidden by Justinian.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/g/greekphi.htm   (3899 words)

  Greek Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Philosophy was first brought into connection with practical life by Pythagoras of Samos (about 582-504 BCE), from whom it received its name: "the love of wisdom".
Philosophy to him meant science, and its aim was the recognition of the purpose in all things.
The closing period of Greek philosophy is marked in the third century CE.
www.iep.utm.edu /g/greekphi.htm   (3899 words)

 Greek Philosophy
Greek colonies came to ring the Aegean and Black Seas, the southern coast of Italy, eastern Sicily, Cyrenaica in Libya, and in places on the coast of Gaul (modern France) and northeastern Spain.
Greek philosophy began in Ionia (today on the west coast of Turkey), in the wealthiest and most active cities of their time in Greece.
Thus, the question of the origin of Greek philosophy, to which Athens itself, with its commercial democracy, is the answer, remains relevant to the politics of the Twentieth and, evidently, the Twenty-First Centuries.
www.friesian.com /greek.htm   (13878 words)

 Foundations Study Guide: Ancient Greek Philosophy
Greek philosophy, and philosophy itself, begins around 600 B.C. with a man called Thales, reaches its magnificent climax with Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, and peters out in the twilight of the Roman Empire many centuries later.
Zeller, a great 19th century German scholar, saw the Greeks as champions of reason over myth and religion and let this view guide his Outlines of the History of Greek Philosophy, a short, classic account of Greek philosophy that may still be consulted with profit.
For the last period of ancient Greek philosophy, long as it is, useful works are not as numerous as for the other two periods.
www.objectivistcenter.org /articles/foundations_ancient-greek-philosophy.asp   (1999 words)

 Greek Philosophy | Greece
Delphi, photo by C. Freeland course is an advanced survey of ancient Greek philosophy from the presocratic period virtuous life.
Early Greek Philosophy - The Presocratics from Thales to Democritus
The ICGPC is a non-profit academic, research and cultural Institution which was formed in 1987 and established by law in 1990.
www.addgr.com /greek-philosophy.html   (406 words)

 Philosophy Graduate Program
With the energetic participation of five full-time faculty members in Philosophy and the additional involvement of numerous affiliated faculty in Classics and The Committee on Social Thought, we offer a graduate training that is philosophically rich and diverse, and that also offers opportunities for the highest level of technical and philological training.
Courses she might offer that would be of interest to graduate students in Philosophy could include seminars on Senecan drama and philosophy, on the development of classical concepts of the self, and on the sexual and visual metaphors of ancient philosophy.
Glenn Most (Professor of Social Thought and Classics) has worked on various areas of Greek philosophy, especially the Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle, Theophrastus, and the Neoplatonists; he is particularly interested in the relations between philosophy and literature and philosophy and religion, and in the modern historiography of Greek philosophy.
philosophy.uchicago.edu /graduate   (2020 words)

 Hegel's History of Philosophy: Greek Philosophy
Philosophy is being at home with self, just like the homeliness of the Greek; it is man’s being at home in his mind, at home with himself.
If we are at home with the Greeks, we must be at home more particularly in their Philosophy; not, however, simply as it is with them, for Philosophy is at home with itself, and we have to do with Thought, with what is most specially ours, and with what is free from all particularity.
For the Greeks, the substantial unity of nature and spirit was a fundamental principle, and thus being in the possession and knowledge of this, yet not being overwhelmed in it, but having retired into themselves, they have avoided the extreme of formal subjectivity, and are still in unity with themselves.
www.marxists.org /reference/archive/hegel/works/hp/hpgreek.htm   (4201 words)

 Greek philosophers
His philosophy gained some popularity because he focused upon personal integrity, whereas men like Plato and Aristotle of Stagira had been thinking about man's life and honor as member of a city state - a type of political unit that was losing importance in the age of Alexander the Great.
Philosophy after Posidonius often was a cross-fertilization between viewpoints (e.g., Plutarch of Chaeronea and Plotinus).
His philosophy was adopted by the fathers of the church Ambrose and Augustine, and was to remain the philosophical school par excellence until Aristotle of Stagira was rediscovered in the twelfth century.
www.livius.org /gi-gr/greeks/philosophers.html   (2595 words)

 Metaphysics of Evolution - Ancient Greek Philosophy
As the Greek Empire declined and the Roman Empire expanded, Epicureanism was gradually replaced by Stoicism as the most influential philosophy in the region.
Greek philosophy was eventually extinguished by the hostility of Christianity towards other beliefs.
Many of the followers of Greek philosophy were forced to move to Syria and other eastern countries to escape persecution by the Christian authorities.
www.evolutionary-metaphysics.net /ancient_greek_philosophy.html   (5816 words)

 Greek Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The groundwork of Plato's scheme, though nowhere expressly stated by him, is the threefold division of philosophy into dialectic, ethics, and physics; its central point is the theory of forms.
Philosophy to him meant science, and its aim was the recognition of the purpose in all things.
The chief consideration was how to popularize doctrines, and to provide the individual, in a time of general confusion and dissolution, with a fixed moral basis for practical life.
www.age-of-the-sage.org /greek/greek_philosophy.html   (833 words)

 The Beginnings of Greek Philosophy
Philosophy is peculiarly Greek, but the lines of thought of many early Greek phlosophers seem to emerge from the new cosmology of Zoroaster.
The Greek idea that Zoroaster had lived 6000 years before was probably from the originally conceived length of the time of long dominion, but it was extended by having 3000 years for creation to happen, and another 3000 years for three Saoshyants to appear each millennium as limited time approached its end.
Philosophy among the Greeks is believed to have begun in the Ionian city of Miletus, the richest and most powerful Greek city on the coast of Asia Minor.
essenes.net /m83.htm   (7563 words)

 Ancient Greek Philosophy Teacher Resources
This anthology looks at the early sages of Western philosophy and science who paved the way for Plato and Aristotle and their successors.
The trial and death of Socrates (469-399 BC) have almost as central a place in Western consciousness as the trial and death of Jesus.
Philosophy is a subject that influences many aspects of our lives, yet it can seem dauntingly inaccessible.
www.homeschooldiscount.com /subjects/child/PHILOSOP.htm   (283 words)

Greek philosophy as we know it came after the rise and fall of the high culture on Crete, its end now thought to have been hastened by a giant tidal wave due to a major volcanic eruption.
Philosophy took a humanistic turn as people began to scrutinize human nature for laws to guide their actions, rather than looking to custom or the gods for an objective notion of the "right." Several competing schools, each tracing its ancestry to some aspect of Socrates, Plato, or Aristotle's teachings, competed for the people's allegiance.
Greek philosophy was largely a masculine endeavor which tells us little of the feminine psyche or worldview.
www.sonoma.edu /users/d/daniels/Greeks.html   (15260 words)

 Ancient Greek Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
But it was the Greeks that educated the Romans and, after a long dark age, it was the records of these same Greeks, kept and studied by the Moslem and Jewish scholars as well as Christian monks, that educated Europe once again.
Greek philosophy didn’t begin in Greece (as we know it); It began on the western coast of what is now Turkey, an area known then as Ionia.
Southern Italy was the greatest settlement of Greeks outside of Greece, to the point that the Romans referred to the area as Magna Grecia (“greater Greece”).
webspace.ship.edu /cgboer/greeks.html   (2927 words)

 Greek astronomy
It is important to realise that Greek astronomy (we are interested in the topic during the 1000 years between 700 BC and 300 AD) did not involve physics.
However, the Greeks relied mainly on the moon as their time-keeper and frequent adjustments to the calendar were necessary to keep it in phase with the moon and the seasons.
The real "Greek miracle" is the fact that a scientific methodology was developed, and survived, in spite of a widely admired dogmatic philosophy.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/HistTopics/Greek_astronomy.html   (3542 words)

 Presocratic Philosophy of Ancient Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Greek philosophers were among the first in the West to explore nature in a rational way and to make educated guesses about the creation of the world and the universe.
Greek thought and values have been extremely influential throughout centuries and lasted until the present day.
Science, philosophy, art and politics were interwoven and combined into one worldview.
www.thebigview.com /greeks/index.html   (204 words)

 Lecture 8: Greek Thought: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
But their creative energies were also used to "invent" philosophy, defined as "the love of wisdom." In general, philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered their dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality.
The Pythagoreans, who lived in Greek cities in southern Italy, discovered that the intervals in the musical scale could be expressed mathematically and that this principle could be extended to the universe.
To be sure, his later absorption in philosophy made him neglect his private affairs and he eventually fell to a level of comparative poverty.
www.historyguide.org /ancient/lecture8b.html   (3876 words)

 Greek & Roman Philosophy Books. Book store
A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginnings to Augustine
A History of Greek Philosophy: Volume 6, Aristotle: An Encounter
Agora, Academy, and the Conduct of Philosophy (Philosophical Studies, 63)
spiritdimension.com /greek-roman-philosophy_/000   (235 words)

 John Burnet, Early Greek Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It is a common idea even now that the Greeks in some way derived their philosophy from Egypt and Babylon, and we must therefore try to understand as clearly as possible what such a statement really means.
It is not till later, when Egyptian priests and Alexandrian Jews began to vie with one another in discovering the sources of Greek philosophy in their own past, that we have definite statements to the effect that it came from Phoenicia or Egypt.
Now we know of no Greek, in the times we are dealing with, who could read an Egyptian book or even listen to the discourse of an Egyptian priest, and we never hear till a late date of Oriental teachers who wrote or spoke in Greek.
www.classicpersuasion.org /pw/burnet/egp.htm?pleaseget=I10   (1233 words)

 Greek Philosophy: Pre-Socratic Philosophy
What we generally call "Greek philosophy" was almost certainly derived by the Greeks from Egyptian culture, particularly natural science (physics and math) which preoccupied Greek thought up to the time of Plato.
These are not modern interpretations of Greek philosophy; the ancient Greeks themselves claim without dissension that their philosophy comes from Egypt.
Whether the Greeks travelled to Egypt or whether the Egyptians colonized or visited Greece at some point (which is what the ancient Greeks thought) is a difficult question to answer.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/GREECE/PRESOC.HTM   (1515 words)

 Amazon.com: Early Greek Philosophy (Penguin Classics): Books: Various,Jonathan Barnes   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The orthodox position regarding the early Greek philosophers might be thought of as a view which likes to see Ancient Greece as a self-contained clearly demarcated autochthonous entity, and the Greeks as more or less like us in meaning by 'philosophy' what our orthodox professors such as Barnes mean by the term.
I don't profess to be an expert in ancient Greek philosophy (or any other kind, for that matter), but I have wondered what roots Plato, via his Socrates, had drawn upon for his splendid work in a wide variety of subjects.
These men, scattered throughout the Greek world and across several centuries, looked at the world around them and tried to construct the "first principles" that would explain how that world came to be and what it was made of.
www.amazon.com /Early-Greek-Philosophy-Penguin-Classics/dp/0140448152   (2260 words)

 Greek Philosophy and the Trinity
The Greek word for same substance is Homoousis and is a word often heard when speaking to a knowledgeable Trinitarian.
In Neoplatonism, a Greek philosophy religion, you hope to become one with the perfect One.
So it is obvious from the mouths of the early Church doctors and later commentators that there is no doubt that Greek Philosophy influenced their thinking and shaped their teachings.
www.cornerstone1.org /trin-gp.htm   (2777 words)

 Dr. J's Background Lecture on Greek Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Philosophy as we know it was born in the 7
The word philosophy is composed of two Greek words, philos (love of) and sophos (wisdom).
Sophists were philosophers who turned their attention away from investigation of the natural world and adopted a much more practical approach to the use of philosophy.
people2.hsc.edu /drjclassics/syllabi/IH/philosophy.shtm   (1839 words)

 Greek Philosophy - Crystalinks
The history of philosophy in the West begins with the Greeks, and particularly with a group of philosophers commonly called the pre-Socratics.
As it turns out, nearly all of the various cosmologies proposed by the early Greek philosophers are profoundly and demonstrably false, but this does not diminish their importance.
And the method the Greek philosophers followed in forming and transmitting their answers became just as important as the questions they asked.
www.crystalinks.com /greekphilosophy.html   (446 words)

 The Ancient Greeks - the Athenians of Ancient Greece.
Individuality, as the Greeks viewed it, was the basis of their society.
The two most important concepts which the ancient Greeks followed were found inscribed on the great shrine of Delphi, which read "Nothing in excess" and "Know thyself".
Democracy, philosophy, astrology, biology, mathematics, physics, and the theatre are only a few of its contributions to us.
www.arwhead.com /Greeks   (748 words)

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