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Topic: Gregor Mendel

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  Gregor Mendel
Gregor Johann MENDEL was an Austrian monk and biologist whose work on heredity became the basis of the modern theory of genetics.
Between 1856 and 1863 Mendel patiently cultivated and tested at least 28 000 pea plants, carefully analysing seven pairs of seeds for comparison, such as shape of seed, colour of seed, tall stemmed and short stemmed and tall plants and short plants.
Mendel successfully produced a hybrid strain of bees which produced excellent honey, however, they were so vicious they stung everybody around for miles and had to be destroyed.
www.zephyrus.co.uk /gregormendel.html   (916 words)

 Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)
Mendel, the first person to trace the characteristics of successive generations of a living thing, was not a world-renowned scientist of his day.
Mendel's brilliant performance at school as a youngster encouraged his family to support his pursuit of a higher education, but their resources were limited, so Mendel entered an Augustinian monastery, continuing his education and starting his teaching career.
From his studies, Mendel derived certain basic laws of heredity: hereditary factors do not combine, but are passed intact; each member of the parental generation transmits only half of its hereditary factors to each offspring (with certain factors "dominant" over others); and different offspring of the same parents receive different sets of hereditary factors.
www.accessexcellence.org /AB/BC/Gregor_Mendel.html   (511 words)

  Gregor Mendel
Mendel’s treatise described his observations on the inheritance of various characteristics ("factors") in cross-bred pea plants as manifested in the phenotypes of subsequent generations.
Later known as Mendel’s Laws, his famous principles of hereditary transmission were to revolutionise the cultivation of plants and the breeding of domesticated animals in the twentieth century.
Gregor Mendel was born on either 20th or 22nd July, 1822 in Heizendorf (today Hynice in the Czech Republic), a village near the border between northern Moravia and Silesia.
lycos.cs.cmu.edu /info/gregor-mendel.html   (479 words)

  Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Mendel,
Mendel, Gregor Johann (1822–84) An Austrian Augustinian monk who is credited with founding the science of genetics, based on his experiments breeding peas in the monastery garden at Brünn (now Brno).
Two major principles of heredity proposed by Mendel on the basis of his breeding experiments with peas and other plants, the first of which is the law of segregation of alleles, the second the law of independent assortment, and the third the proposition that some alleles show...
While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the chromosome and the gene in the 20th...
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Mendel,   (685 words)

  Gregor Mendel at AllExperts
Mendel was born on July 20, 1822, in a German-speaking family of Heinzendorf in Silesia, part of the Austrian Empire (now Hynčice in the Czech Republic) and was baptized 2 days later.
Gregor Mendel, who is known as the "father of genetics", was inspired by both his professors at university and his colleagues at the monastery to study variation in plants.
Bust of Mendel at Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry Brno, Czech Republic.
en.allexperts.com /e/g/gr/gregor_mendel.htm   (1228 words)

 Gregor Mendel Discovers the Basic Laws of Heredity While Breeding Pea Plants (1866) | Science and Its Times: 1800-1899
Mendel was not the first person to study heredity, but he was the first to carefully study the inheritance of traits with planned experiments, carefully recorded data, and statistical analysis of results.
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) was not the first scientist to question how physical characteristics are transmitted from one generation to the next.
Mendel's examination of multiple traits led to the law of independent assortment, which says that members of each pair of genes are distributed independently when gametes are formed.
www.bookrags.com /research/gregor-mendel-discovers-the-basic-l-scit-0512   (1915 words)

 Gregor Mendel   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Gregor Johann Mendel (July 22, 1822 – January 6, 1884) was an Austria n monk who is often called the father of genetics for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants.
While only a few would accuse Mendel of scientific malpractice or call it a scientific fraud — reproduction of his experiments has demonstrated the accuracy of his hypothesis — it has continued to be a mystery for many.
Mendel read his paper, Experiments on Plant Hybridization, at two meetings of the Natural History Society of Brunn in Bohemia in 1865.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Gregor_Mendel.html   (542 words)

 Gregor Mendel - MSN Encarta
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), Austrian monk, whose experimental work became the basis of modern hereditary theory (see Heredity).
Mendel was born on July 22, 1822, to a peasant family in Heinzendorf (now Hynčice, Czech Republic).
Mendel's later experiments with the hawkweed Hieracium proved inconclusive, and because of the pressure of other duties he ceased his experiments on heredity by the 1870s.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761562358   (418 words)

 Mendel, Gregor Johann. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Mendel was the first to fashion, by means of a controlled pollination technique and careful statistical analysis of his results, a clear, analytic picture of heredity.
Briefly summarized, as we understand it today by means of the science of genetics, the Mendelian system states that an inherited characteristic is determined by the combination of a pair of hereditary units, or genes, one from each of the parental reproductive cells, or gametes.
The law of segregation (Mendel’s first law) states that in the process of the formation of the gametes (see meiosis) the pairs separate, one going to each gamete, and that each gene remains completely uninfluenced by the other.
www.bartleby.com /65/me/Mendel-G.html   (510 words)

 Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel who is often called the "Father of Genetics" was born on July 22, 1822 to a relatively poor peasant family.
Mendel was fortunate to have all the needed materials at the monastery.
Mendel raised and tested over 28,000 pea plants between the years 1856 and 1863, carefully analyzing seven pairs of seed and plant characteristics.
library.thinkquest.org /20465/mendl.html   (290 words)

 Rocky Road: Gregor Mendel
Mendel astutely studied simple either/or characteristics such as purple or white flowers, and discovered that they are passed to offspring intact, although at different rates (often a 3:1 ratio).
Mendel's main interest in studying genetics may have been simply to better understand hybridization for Moravian agricultural breeders, rather than develop a general theory of inheritance.
Mendel's work was cited in a few papers in the late 19th century, but it wasn't until the dawning of the 20th, motivated in part by a priority dispute about publication, that other scientists took note of the 19th-century genius.
www.strangescience.net /mendel.htm   (903 words)

 Gregor Mendel Summary
Gregor Mendel was born Johann Mendel in Heinzendorf, Moravia, in 1822.
Mendel was born on July 20, 1822, in a German-speaking family of Heinzendorf in Silesia, part of the Austrian Empire (now Hynčice in the Czech Republic) and was baptized 2 days later.
Gregor Mendel, who is known as the "father of genetics", was inspired by both his professors at university and his colleagues at the monastery to study variation in plants.
www.bookrags.com /Gregor_Mendel   (11319 words)

 SPECTRUM Biographies - Gregor Mendel
Mendel decided to cross-fertilize plants with opposite characteristics; such as tall plants with short plants, and plants that produced smooth peas with those that produced wrinkled peas.
Gregor Mendel died on January 6, 1884 at the age of 62.
Mendel's principles of heredity began to be referred to as the Mendelian Laws, and these laws are considered to be the foundation of the modern study of genetics.
www.incwell.com /Biographies/Mendel,Gregor.html   (589 words)

 Gregor Mendel - Father of Genetics   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Mendel was well aware that there were certain preconditions that had to be carefully established before commencing investigations into the inheritance of characteristics.
Mendel's findings allowed other scientists to simplify the emergence of traits to mathematical probability (While mixing one trait always resulted in a 3:1 ratio between dominant and recessive phenotypes, his experiments with two traits showed 9:3:3:1 ratios).
Mendel's ideas on heredity and evolution were diametrically opposed to those of Darwin and his followers (although neither Mendel nor Darwin knew of the other’s work).
naturalselection.0catch.com /Files/gregormendel.html   (2426 words)

Mendel, however, in addition to the multiplicity of his duties as abbot, became involved in a lengthy controversy with the Government which absorbed his attention and embittered the last years of his life.
The Government had imposed special taxes on religious houses, and these Mendel refused to pay, alleging that, as all citizens were, or should be, equal in the eye of the law, it was unjust to ask one kind of institution to pay a tax from which another kind was free.
Mendel's experiments, on which his fame rests, were commenced while he was still a novice, and carried out in the large gardens attached to his monastery.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10180b.htm   (2185 words)

 The Exhibition On-Line
The exhibition "Gregor Mendel" is based on "The Genius of Genetics, a celebration of Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) through science and art".
Mendel's own systematic experiments on pea plants were started in 1856 in the Abbey's greenhouse.
The concepts he established in 1865 came to be known universally as Mendel's laws of heredity, and the man himself came to be regarded as the "father of genetics".
www.mendel-museum.org /eng/1online   (620 words)

In the house where Mendel was born at Hyncice, which is now part of the village of Vrazne in the Novy Jicin District, there is a memorial to the founder of genetics built by the Regional Museum in Novy Jicin.
After 1900 Mendel's Pisum paper was said to have been rediscovered, and began to be considered the basis of the study of the principles of heredity in plants, in animals and in Man. In 1906 Bateson called the teaching of heredity "genetics", and in 1909 W. johannsen named the unit of heredity the "gene".
The anniversary of Gregor Mendel's birth reminds us and all scientists abroad to celebrate this day at the very place of the scholar's activity a duty to which all of us are bound in honour.
www.el-minjas.com /mendel.htm   (1042 words)

 Gregor Mendel
Gregor Johann Mendel was born on July 22, 1822, in Heizendorf, Austria.
By tracing these characteristics, Mendel discovered three basic laws which governed the passage of a trait from one member of a species to another member of the same species.
Mendel's work and theories, later became the basis for the study of modern genetics, and are still recognized and used today.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/information/biography/klmno/mendel_gregor.html   (435 words)

 Villanova University - Gregor Mendel
Mendel demonstrated that the appearance of different characters in heredity followed specific laws which could be determined by counting the diverse kinds of offspring produced from particular sets of crosses.
Mendel was not able to replicate his findings as the hawkweed reproduces asexually from diploid tissue in the ovary (apomixis), producing clones of the parent.
Mendel, alone among the monastery superiors, vigorously contested the tax and refused to recognize the validity of the law.
astro4.ast.vill.edu /mendel/gregor.htm   (1099 words)

 Gregor Mendel: Experiments
Prior to Mendel, heredity was regarded as a "blending" process and the offspring were essentially a "dilution"of the different parental characteristics.
Mendel demonstrated that the appearance of different characters in heredity followed specific laws which could be determined by counting the diverse kinds of offspring produced from particular sets of crosses.
Mendel's experiments relied on studying pairs of characteristics that seemed to be 'either-or' in the plants.
www.lycos.com /info/gregor-mendel--experiments.html   (0 words)

 Gregor Mendel - ApologeticsWiki
Gregor Mendel was born in 1822 in the Austrian Empire.
Mendel then tried his ideas on peas because they were abundant in his place, easy to grow, and came in many varieties.
Mendel's scientific work and research, however, was so advanced for his generation that many prominent scientists opposed his deductions.
www.apologeticswiki.com /index.php?title=Gregor_Mendel   (632 words)

 Who is Gregor Mendel?
The only son of a hardworking peasant family, Gregor Mendel worked as a gardener during childhood, but eventually decided to abandon public life and enter the Augustinian Abbey of St. Thomas, where he was ordained as a priest in 1847.
Mendel's passion for science and mathematics led to the combination of different sciences to study biological quandaries.
Gregor Mendel eventually abandoned his scientific pursuits to concentrate on the administrative responsibilities of the abbacy over which he presided.
www.wisegeek.com /who-is-gregor-mendel.htm   (402 words)

 Biographical sketch of Gregor Mendel   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Gregor Mendel was born in Heinzendorf, Moravia on July 22, 1822, to a peasant family.
Gregor Mendel died in Brno, Austria January 6, 1884, never knowing he had made perhaps the most important discovery ever in biology, and laid one of the 3 cornerstones (the other 2 are the Cell Theory and the Theory of Evolution) upon which all present-day biology is based!
Mendel, Mendelism and Genetics, Robert C. Olby, Department of the History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh.
wwwartsci.clarion.edu /biology/bbarnes/genet_index/mendel.htm   (903 words)

 Nirenberg: History Section: Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel is usually considered to be the founder of modern genetics.
Though farmers had known for centuries that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel's pea plant experiments conducted between 1856 and 1863 established many of the rules of heredity.
An Augustinian monk living in what is now the Czech Republic, Mendel had access to an experimental garden in which he could breed “true” lines of pea plants and patiently wait for them to crossbreed in specified combinations.
history.nih.gov /exhibits/nirenberg/HS1_mendel.htm   (279 words)

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