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Topic: Guadalcanal Campaign


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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  
  Guadalcanal campaign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This campaign, fought on the ground, at sea, and in the air, pitted Allied forces against Imperial Japanese forces, and was a decisive campaign of World War II.
This campaign marked the beginning of the transition by Allied forces from defensive operations to the strategic offensive while the forces of Japan were forced to focus on strategic defense.
During the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, however, the transports carrying this reinforcement were badly damaged and the division was reduced to the strength of a regiment.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Guadalcanal   (4333 words)

  
 Guadalcanal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Guadalcanal is a 2,510 square mile (6 500 kmĀ²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands.
Guadalcanal is infested with mosquitoes, and malaria is an endemic disease.
The Battle of Cape Esperance was fought on October 11, 1942 on the northwest coast of Guadalcanal.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Guadalcanal   (445 words)

  
 [1.0] The Guadalcanal Campaign: Stumbling Into Battle
North of Guadalcanal is the smaller Florida Island, which possesses a fine natural harbor on its south coast, protected from the open sea by the tiny island of Tulagi.
The Guadalcanal landing force was carried on a total of 15 transports and cargo vessels.
Guadalcanal looked like a tropical paradise from a distance, but up close it was a hot stinking jungle that smelled like a cesspool.
www.vectorsite.net /tw2guad_1.html   (9012 words)

  
 The Guadalcanal Campaign (David Llewellyn James)
It is a popular misconception that the discovery of the embryo airfield on Guadalcanal was the event which led to the Allied landings in the southern Solomons.
This was to prove the decisive battle of the campaign, and, in the opinion of Samuel Eliot Morison - the US Navy's official historian - the most decisive battle of the Pacific War after Midway and the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
After the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal the Japanese command lost confidence in their ability to retake the island and began to think in terms of developing New Georgia, to the north of Guadalcanal, as a bastion to thwart the American advance in the Solomons.
www.angelfire.com /fm/odyssey/Guadalcanal.htm   (5629 words)

  
 Navy League of the United States - Citizens in Support of the Sea Services
It was this island, Guadalcanal, that captured the free world's attention (and the Empire of Japan's) for six months--from August 1942 to February 1943.
Guadalcanal was a unique battle--and not only from the standpoint of its duration and its land, air, and sea fighting.
The story of the Battle for Guadalcanal unfolds amidst the somber atmosphere of the marble monuments located on the top of "Skyline." Each phase of the campaign is recounted on the huge tablets.
www.navyleague.org /sea_power/aug_02_14.php   (2231 words)

  
 Guadalcanal Campaign, August 1942 - February 1943
With all this, the campaign's outcome was very much in doubt for nearly four months and was not certain until the Japanese completed a stealthy evacuation of their surviving ground troops in the early hours of 8 February 1943.
Strategically, this campaign built a strong foundation on the footing laid a few months earlier in the Battle of Midway, which had brought Japan's Pacific offensive to an abrupt halt.
At Guadalcanal, the Japanese were harshly shoved into a long and costly retreat, one that continued virtually unchecked until their August 1945 capitulation.
www.history.navy.mil /photos/events/wwii-pac/guadlcnl/guadlcnl.htm   (1522 words)

  
 Guadalcanal
In its early stages, the Guadalcanal Campaign was primarily a Navy and Marine Corps effort.
The Guadalcanal Campaign also made clear that whether subsequent fighting in the Pacific took place in an Army or a Navy theater, success would depend on a high degree of interservice cooperation.
The Guadalcanal Campaign is one of the most extensively written about of all in World War II, with more than one volume published in each of several categories: official histories, journalistic views, and personal accounts.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/brochures/72-8/72-8.htm   (7764 words)

  
 Guadalcanal Campaign
Guadalcanal was one of the longest campaigns in the Pacific Ocean during World War Two.
The Guadalcanal campaign had several naval battles throughout the months of fighting, the largest of which include Savo Island, the Battle of Cape Esperance, the First and Second Naval Battles, the Battle of Tassaforonga.
Guadalcanal was one of the first battles of the Pacific War that the Allies were on the offensive, and from Guadalcanal on, the Allies would have a string of victories that eventually led to the victory through the new island-hopping campaign that was used.
www.angelfire.com /ia/totalwar/Guadalcanal.html   (3211 words)

  
 The Battle of Guadalcanal August 7, 1942 - February 1943
Guadalcanal was a 90-mile long island in the South.
It was during the Guadalcanal campaign that the outcome of the war was decided.
The Solomons campaign would continue to the end of the war, but with Guadalcanal in their possession the Americans had a base to exert control over the entire Solomons.
www.worldwar2database.com /html/guadalcanal.htm   (662 words)

  
 DOUGLAS MUNRO AT GUADALCANAL by Dr
Tulagi and Guadalcanal, both at the end of the chain were picked for an assault.
Guadalcanal was strategically important because the Japanese were building an airfield, and if finished would interfere with the campaign.
A month into the campaign, the Marines on the island were reinforced and decided to push beyond their defensive perimeter.
www.uscg.mil /hq/g-cp/history/Munro.html   (1766 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
On 3 September, Headquarters of the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing under Brigadier General Roy S. Geiger arrived on Guadalcanal and took command of the composite organization that came to be known as CACTUS Air Force after the code name of the island.
For the Japanese in the jungle, the case was even worse as medicine and doctors were in short supply, food often failed to reach assault troops, and hundreds of the enemy died of malnutrition and disease.
The seizure of the island from the Japanese was the all-important first step forward on the road to Tokyo, the signal of the end to a year of retreat and the switch to the offensive.
www.au.af.mil /au/awc/awcgate/usmchist/guad.txt   (3542 words)

  
 A Guadalcanal Chronology & Order of Battle
This sketch of the events of the Guadalcanal Campaign is based on several sources, many listed in the bibliography.
Thus, although many think of Guadalcanal in terms of the land battles, there were more naval battles fought off the island in six months than the British Royal Navy fought in all of World War I. There is nothing else quite like them in even the rest of World War II.
In popular culture, the naval war off Guadalcanal gets less attention than the land war, even though the intensity of naval fighting was extraordinary and the fate of the land campaign depended absolutely on its outcome.
www.friesian.com /history/guadal.htm   (3885 words)

  
 Guadalcanal Campaign - Wikimedia Commons   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
ENROUTE TO Guadalcanal, August, 1942, 105mm howitzers of the 5th Battalion, 11th Marines are lashed on deck of their transport ship.
Cruising disposition of Allied warships and transports for the landingson Guadalcanal and Tulagi, August 7, 1942.
USS George F. Elliott (AP-13) burning between Guadalcanal and Tulagi, after she was hit by a crashing Japanese aircraft during an air attack on 8 August 1942.
commons.wikimedia.org /wiki/Guadalcanal_Campaign   (3689 words)

  
 Guadalcanal Province
Guadalcanal is a high, rugged island with mountains reaching up to 2400m, a challenge for adventurous bush walkers.
Guadalcanal was, of course, the setting for one of the most fiercely fought battles of WW2.
The Guadalcanal Campaign of 1942-3 is regarded as one of the most crucial Allied victories, if not the actual turning point of the war in the Pacific.
www.commerce.gov.sb /Gallery/Guadalcanal.htm   (566 words)

  
 A Japanese Guadalcanal Diary
The Guadalcanal campaign was a turning point of World War II in the Pacific.
At one point early in the campaign, 6,000 marines were fed rice for breakfast and rice with raisins for lunch and supper.
What is fascinating in these journals is reading how the Japanese infantrymen on Guadalcanal were affected on all levels by poor logistics, in everything from their ability to patrol to strains in relationships between ranks.
www.almc.army.mil /alog/issues/MarApr02/MS717.htm   (3267 words)

  
 Guadalcanal Campaign - Part II: December Offensive
On 30 November 1942, the 25th Division, under the command of Maj Gen J. Lawton Collins, was sent to the South Pacific to relieve the 1st Marine Division.
The months of October and November on Guadalcanal consisted mostly of stubborn defensive actions interrupted by occasional short, violent, and local offensive operations.
The only ground forces on Guadalcanal in November were the Americal Division, the 147th Infantry, the reinforced 2d and 8th Marines of the 2d Marine Division, and the Marine defense battalions, which were needed to hold the ground already taken by American forces.
www.wizards.com /default.asp?x=ah/article/ah20050923c   (1332 words)

  
 Guadalcanal Campaign- Part I: Consolidation
Discounting the first Phillipines campaign, this was the first real test of land strength between Japan and the United States.
Guadalcanal is ninety miles long on a northwest/southeast axis.
The Allies believed Japanese forces on Guadalcanal in August of 1942 were concentrated near Lunga Point between the Matanikau River and the native village of Kokumbona.
www.wizards.com /default.asp?x=ah/article/ah20050909c   (1020 words)

  
 IANTD Nitrox Diver Scuba Diving Magazine ean eanx trimix rebreather cave wreck decompression
Guadalcanal, the then unheard of island where the Americans (along with the Australians at Kokoda in Papua New Guinea) destroyed the myth of Japanese invincibility in the Pacific.
The USS Atlanta was also the flagship of Rear Admiral Norman Scott, and as the two antagonists met she was caught in the glare of Japanese searchlights, to which she promptly replied with a salvo of five inch shells from her main guns.
Guadalcanal finally 'belonged' to the Americans and their push up the Solomon chain and on to Japan was set to begin.
www.iantd.com /articles2.html   (6922 words)

  
 U.S. Army Divisions of World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
Guadalcanal Campaign (7 Aug 42 - 21 Feb 43) in the Pacific Theater
On 7 August 1942 the first stage of the offensive began with landings by a Marine division on Guadalcanal and nearby islands.
They inflicted a serious defeat on Ghormley's naval forces in the Battle of Savo Island (8 August 1942), landed large numbers of reinforcements on Guadalcanal, and ultimately lost strong ground, air and naval forces in a desperate effort to hold Guadalcanal.
www.historyshots.com /usarmy/DisplayCampaign.cfm?CID=5   (250 words)

  
 Guadalcanal: The First Offensive
The most decisive engagement of the campaign was the air and naval Battle of Guadalcanal in mid-November 1942, an engagement in which neither Army nor Marine Corps ground troops took any direct part.
Guadalcanal: The First Offensive rests upon somewhat different sources from most other volumes in the Pacific series of U. The War Department's historical program had not yet been established in August 1942 when the Solomon Islands were invaded by the Allies.
The official records for the Guadalcanal campaign, upon which this volume is based, are of ten sparse and inadequate.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/books/wwii/guadc/gc-fm.htm   (1751 words)

  
 Guadalcanal Naval Battles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
However, in June the Japanese began constructing a full-fledged airbase on the nearby island of Guadalcanal.
For the next four months, the waters around Guadalcanal would be the unlikely scene of the most bitter, protracted naval struggle of the Pacific War.
Unfortunately, it wasn't just a battle, it was a campaign; a campaign they could not hope to win, as the material superiority of their adversary, and the willingness of the Americans to accept stunning naval losses to hold the island gradually eroded the vital cruiser and destroyer strengths of the Japanese Navy.
www.combinedfleet.com /guadal.htm   (238 words)

  
 Guadalcanal - Military History Bibliography
It is interesting to hear General Vandegrifts views on the campaign and some of the main characters in it.
Personal account of the landing and fighting on Guadalcanal by a news correspondent who went in with the Marines and won their respect for his courage on the island.
Excellent reproduction of period photographs of Guadalcanal and the Marines from 1942.
www.waszak.com /guadalcanal.htm   (1201 words)

  
 FIRST BLOOD - the Guadalcanal Campaign: A Brief History
The campaign was a race between the Marines and the U.S. Army and the Japanese Imperial Army to concentrate enough force to defeat each other.
The difficulties of gathering those troops were compounded by the alien and hostile environment of the jungle on Guadalcanal.
The Japanese brought more soldiers to Guadalcanal on destroyers that travelled only at night to avoid the planes on Henderson Field and by September 12 had assembled a force of 3,000 men.
grognard.com /fb/history.html   (923 words)

  
 Guadalcanal-Tulagi Invasion, 7-9 August 1942
In the darkness a few hours earlier, what was for mid-1942 an impressive invasion force had steamed past Savo Island to enter the sound between the two objective areas: Guadalcanal to the south and, less than twenty miles away, Tulagi to the north.
Led by Rear Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner, this armada was supported from out at sea by three aircraft carriers, accompanied by a battleship, six cruisers, sixteen destroyers and five oilers under the command of Vice Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher, who was also entrusted with the overall responsibility for the operation.
The great majority of these ships (9 AP, 6 AK and most of the escort and bombardment ships), with Marine Major General Alexander A. Vandegrift and the bulk of his Leathernecks, was to assault Guadalcanal a few miles east of Lunga Point.
www.history.navy.mil /photos/events/wwii-pac/guadlcnl/guad-1.htm   (875 words)

  
 Guadalcanal
Guadalcanal became a primary strategic objective of the American Pacific offensive in 1942.
The US Marines managed to withstand continuous attacks including the battles of Tenaru River (21st August) and Bloody Ridge (12th September).Another 20,000 Japanese soldiers were landed on Guadalcanal and this led to a renewed offensive at Matanikau River on 23rd October.
Eighty percent of the division in the Guadalcanal campaign was less than twenty-one years of age.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWguadalcanal.htm   (451 words)

  
 Excite - Search: Guadalcanal
Guadalcanal Campaign of August 1942 to February 1943.
Guadalcanal would be the unlikely scene of the...
But on Guadalcanal, one of the Solomons, the Japanese were building an airbase from which...
srch.excite.com /info.xcite/search/web/Guadalcanal/1/20/1/-/-/0/1/1/1/...   (401 words)

  
 First Offensive: The Marine Campaign for Guadalcanal (November and the Continuing Buildup)
In the great naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 12-15 November, RAdm Daniel J. Callaghan was killed when his flagship, the heavy cruiser San Francisco (CA-38) took 15 major hits and was forced to limp away in the dark from the scene of action.
A Japanese troop transport and her landing craft were badly damaged by the numerous Marine air attacks and were forced to run aground on Kokumbona beach after the naval Battle of Guadalcanal.
And the air command on Guadalcanal itself would continue to be a mixed bag of Army, Navy, Marine, and Allied squadrons.
www.nps.gov /wapa/indepth/extContent/usmc/pcn-190-003117-00/sec5a.htm   (1880 words)

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