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Topic: Guernica

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In the News (Wed 26 Jun 19)

  AllRefer.com - Guernica, Spain & Portugal (Spanish And Portuguese Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
The oak of Guernica, under which the diet of Vizcaya used to meet, is a symbol of the lost liberties of the Basques.
In Apr., 1937, German planes, aiding the insurgents in the Spanish civil war, bombed and destroyed Guernica.
The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/G/Guernica.html   (208 words)

 Guernica (painting) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Guernica is one of the most famous paintings by Pablo Picasso, depicting the consequences of the bombing of Guernica.
Even before the bombing and Picasso's commemoration of it in a painting, the city of Guernica had long been associated with the traditional freedoms of the Basque people.
A tapestry copy of Picasso's Guernica is displayed on the wall of the United Nations building in New York City, at the entrance to the Security Council room.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Guernica_(painting)   (1155 words)

 Guernica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The town of Guernica is situated 30 kilometers east of Bilbao, in the Basque province of Vizcaya.
Guernica, the most ancient town of the Basques and the centre of their cultural tradition, was completely destroyed yesterday afternoon by insurgent air raiders.
The whole of Guernica was soon in flames except the historic Casa de Juntas with its rich archives of the Basque race, where the ancient Basque Parliament used to sit.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /SPguernica.htm   (4287 words)

 Gernika-Lumo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gernika (pronounced in IPA: /geɾ'nika/; officially Gernika-Lumo, because of the union with Lumo; in Spanish Guernica and Guernica y Luno) is a small city in the Spanish Basque Country.
It is currently the seat of the Junta (parliament) of the province of Vizcaya, whose executive branch is located in nearby Bilbao.
The town was devastated, though the Biscayne assembly and the Gernikako Arbola survived.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Guernica   (454 words)

 Guernica, by David Krieger, February 2003
Guernica is a small Basque village that was brutally attacked by the Nazi Luftwaffe on April 27, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.
The tragedy and brutality that occurred at Guernica was immortalized by Pablo Picasso in his impassioned mural expressing his outrage at the murderous attack.
The tapestry of Guernica hanging outside the Security Council is a reminder to leaders of the brutality of war.
www.wagingpeace.org /articles/2003/02/00_krieger_guernica.htm   (334 words)

Like the drawing, Guernica is also full of hidden images and themes, consequently, almost every line and shape in it is meaningful, either in the context of what it represents or what it is concealing.
The fallen warrior in Guernica is very similar to the central figure in the 1934 drawing, both are in the crucifixion pose and both have severed arms, identifying them symbolically with Picasso.
The Guernica spear penetrates a cryptic representation of Hitler in the centre of the composition.
web.org.uk /picasso/guernica.html   (655 words)

 Picasso's Secret Guernica
Guernica has been the subject of more books than any other work in modern art and it is often described as..."the most important work of art of the twentieth century", yet its meanings have to this day eluded some of the most renowned scholars.
The Crocodile and the Harlequin are common characters in Punch and Judy shows, their inclusion in Guernica stems from Picasso's love of puppetry which began before the turn of the century in Barcelona where he saw many such shows and even helped produce them with Pere Romeu at Els Quatre Ghats.
The preoccupying theme of Guernica is of course death; reinforcing this, in the centre of the painting is a hidden skull which dominates the viewer's subliminal impressions.
web.org.uk /picasso/secret_guernica.html   (956 words)

 Guernica Introduction
But the mural called Guernica is not at all what Pablo Picasso has in mind when he agrees to paint the centerpiece for the Spanish Pavilion of the 1937 World's Fair.
By May 1st, news of the massacre at Guernica reaches Paris, where more than a million protesters flood the streets to voice their outrage in the largest May Day demonstration the city has ever seen.
The Spanish Pavilion's main attraction, Picasso's Guernica, is a sober reminder of the tragic events in Spain.
www.pbs.org /treasuresoftheworld/guernica/gmain.html   (1005 words)

 Guernica on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Guernica: the Matisse version Matisse's great-granddaughter Sophie has repainted Picasso's monochrome masterpiece in cheery colours.
Madrid, Spagna: davanti a Guernica di Picasso al Musee Reina Sofia.
Don ONAINDIA prouva que Guernica fut le fait des nazis de la légion Condor et non de la République.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/g/guernica.asp   (712 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Guernica, however, is not merely a political statement, rather it is a commentary on the state of humanity.
With the unveiling of Guernica in 1937, the overwhelming response at first was that of overwhelming criticism.
The women in Guernica are said to have the features of then mistress Dora Maar, though her connection to the piece itself is nothing more than as a figure model.
pubpages.unh.edu /~mwf/project5.html   (713 words)

 Buber's Basque Page: Guernica, Demolished
If the objectives in Guernica had been strictly military, the Germans should have made a test run which would have allowed them to refine their aim.
As Richthofen wrote in his diary, the incendiary bombs formed a third of the total, and the effects of these devices were well known after having seen the results of, for example, the bombardment of the pine forests near the Barázar Pass.
The total number of deaths caused by the bombardment of Guernica was considerable in absolute numbers, but in proportional terms could only be described as extremely high.
www.buber.net /Basque/History/guernica-ix.html   (3753 words)

 Artists Network of Refuse & Resist!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The original 1937 painting depicts the terrorized and dying civilians at Guernica, a small Basque village in northern Spain that Generalissimo Francisco Franco's Nationalist regime, battling the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War, allowed the German air force to use for target practice.
"Guernica" is the most famously harrowing painting of a slaughterhouse made in the modern era.
Painted by Picasso for the Spanish pavilion at Paris' 1937 Exposition Universelle, it records the artist's revulsion at the bombing of innocent civilians in the Basque town of Guernica by Nazi allies of Gen. Francisco Franco.
www.artistsnetwork.org /news8/news348.html   (1907 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The destruction of Guernica was carried out by German aircraft, manned by German pilots, at the request of the Spanish Nationalist commander, General Emilio Mola.
Guernica is the most powerful invective against violence in modern art, but it was not wholly inspired by the war: its motifs -- the weeping woman, the horse, the bull, had been running through Picasso's work for years before Guernica brought them together.
Apart form the late Cubist style, the only specifically modern elements in Guernica are the Mithraic eye of the electric light, and the suggestion that the horse's body is made of parallel lines of newsprint, like the newspaper in Picasso's collages a quarter of a century before.
indigo1.biop.ox.ac.uk /graham/guernika_comm.txt   (553 words)

 Guernica, by Picasso
Pablo Picasso's monumental painting entitled Guernica is received in the town of Guernica, whose martyrdom during the Spanish Civil War is symbolized by it.
Guernica was well behind the battle lines, but Franco authorized the attack as a means of intimidating his foes in the region.
Guernica was exhibited in the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris International Exposition and in 1939 was sent to New York on a tour for the benefit of the Spanish Refugee Committee.
www.geocities.com /art4sep/guernica/guerntxt.html   (1819 words)

 Guernica, 1937, Hidden from View So as Not to Offend the Perpetrators of Guernica, 2003 - BuzzFlash News Analysis
Guernica represents the devastation of the town of Guernica, Spain, which was bombed by Nazi planes April 27, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.
PBS' "Treasures of the World" series explains why the defenseless town of Guernica was attacked: "Guernica is the cultural capital of the Basque people, seat of their centuries-old independence and democratic ideals.
Guernica had served as the testing ground for a new Nazi military tactic -– blanket-bombing a civilian population to demoralize the enemy.
www.buzzflash.com /analysis/03/02/07_Guernica.html   (1079 words)

In April 1937, Guernica was the first city to be deliberately targeted for aerial bombing.
Guernica was the ancient capital of the Basques - a group who had withstood the advances of the army since the Spanish Civil War begun in 1936.
Therefore, what happened in Guernica in April 1937, was to impact what happened in western Europe in 1938.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /guernica.htm   (553 words)

 ART FOR A CHANGE - Guernica
The reproduction of Picasso's famous antiwar mural, Guernica, hanging at the entrance to the UN Security Council, was censored in January, 2003.
Newspapers were filled with photographs of the smoldering ruins of Guernica, and after having seen those photos Picasso began working on sketches for a mural that was to become one of his most famous works.
On January 27, 2003, the Guernica reproduction hanging outside the entrance of the United Nations Security Council, was covered with a large blue curtain.
www.art-for-a-change.com /News/guernica.htm   (778 words)

 Fallujah : America's Guernica
At the end of the day, Guernica was in total ruins and 1,654 Basque civilians had been slaughtered and 889 wounded.
The painting "Guernica" has now become a worldwide symbol of the horrors of war waged by evil fascists and dictators who place no value on human life in their pursuits of political goals and conquest of natural resources.
The media reports conceal from Americans the true character of the vicious military assault which is to destroy a significant source of opposition to the USA colonialist occupation and its puppet regime.
www.aztlan.net /fallujah_guernica.htm   (667 words)

     (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Without doubt, Guernica is Picasso’s masterpiece, indeed the major artwork of the 20th century.
Guernica has been described by a number of art historians as a painting of war, much like the large battlefield paintings of the 18th century.
Guernica will continue to upset, trouble and disturb further generations of painters and sculptors in the centuries ahead.
www.legacy-project.org /exhibit/display.html?Virtual_Exhibition=4   (835 words)

 `Guernica': a universal symbol against war   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Guernica was small enough to make its destruction feasible in the three hours of bombing it took to level the town, yet populous enough to awe other Basque opponents into submission.
“Guernica” was not a poster (the clenched fists of opposition to fascism, initially sketched by Picasso, were later scrapped) but a universal symbol of the protest against war.
Picasso's “Guernica” is a rebuke to the state terrorists in Washington, London, Canberra and Tel Aviv, as much as it is to the fascist butchers who wiped the town called Guernica off the map.
www.greenleft.org.au /back/2003/554/554p21.htm   (1294 words)

 The Lessons of Guernica: 'Profound Symbolism' as U.N. Hides Picasso's Anti-War Masterpiece
A copy of Picasso's Guernica serves as a mute rebuttal to a pair of pro-war demonstrators calling for U.S. action against Saddam Hussein outside United Nations' headquarters in New York on Wednesday.
The tapestry was donated to the United Nations in 1985 by Nelson Rockefeller as a tribute to the international agency's mandate.
More an art critic than a political one, Martin describes Guernica as featuring "a screaming horse which has fallen, pierced by a lance; a wailing woman holding a dead child in her arms; another woman, her clothes on fire, attempting to escape from a burning building; the severed head of a soldier.
www.commondreams.org /views03/0209-04.htm   (1644 words)

 Hidden Treasures - What's so controversial about Picasso's Guernica? By David Cohen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Guernica is a mural, 11 feet 6 inches high and 25 feet 8 inches wide, which commemorates the aerial bombardment—and obliteration—of the ancient Basque town of 5,000 inhabitants by German and Italian squadrons on April 26, 1937.
A modern history painting, Guernica self-consciously draws on archetypal forms the artist was exploring at the time: bulls, horses, melancholy women—particularly Spanish themes that were nonetheless classical and universal.
The continuing sensitivity to Guernica exemplified by the U.N. cover-up may remind us that modern art is poor in images glorifying just military action, though rich in images of the horrors and injustices of war.
slate.msn.com /id/2078242   (923 words)

 RuminateThis: FASCISTS REDUX   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In April of 1937, the holy Basque city of Guernica was bombed into oblivion.
It's important to remember Guernica, as it's important to remember Auschwitz and the Khmer Rhouge; as important it will be to remember Baghdad.
The piece depicts the nightmare that was Guernica on that April day; the children, their families and animals all screaming out in horror as the bombs drop upon them.
www.ruminatethis.com /archives/000868.html   (156 words)

 New Statesman: Cities under siege: Guernica remains one of the most potent depictions of the true horror of war. As the ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Guernica's visual imagery -- a screaming horse which had fallen, pierced by a lance; a wailing woman holding a dead child in her arms; another woman, her clothes on fire, attempting to escape from a burning building; the severed head of a soldier -- spoke not specifically to a terrible day in Spain.
I was in Madrid on 11 September2001, observing Guernica and researching its history for a book, when, across the Atlantic -- and as had occurred in the town of Guernica 64 years before -- the city of New York fell under an utterly new kind of warfare.
And the painting Guernica, long a potent symbol of opposition to war and violence around the globe, already seems less immediately reflective of that unimaginable morning in New York little more than year ago than it is of what soon may occur in Iraq.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0FQP/is_4622_132/ai_97482618   (1145 words)

 Revisiting Guernica
On April 27, 1937, in an effort to demoralize those loyal to the government by hitting the heart of the Basque region, the small town of Guernica in northern Spain was chosen for bombing practice.
In terms of developing offensive approaches, a key aspect of Guernica’s bombing, Iraq may well be the first recipient of the recently tested MOAB (massive ordinance air burst) bomb.
Picasso’s Guernica depicts a gruesome scene of war: a wailing mother, dead child in hand; a stricken man with severed limbs; distraught faces; civility crushed.
www-tech.mit.edu /V123/N14/collins14.14c.html   (686 words)

 . Guernica | A Magazine of Art & Politics .   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Guernica: That’s what astonishes me when I read it now is that Borges really did sort of retro-actively pre-conceive of his own influences in Cervantes, if that makes any sense.
Guernica: I want to read back to you something you must have read and heard many times: “Though there have been many valuable English translations of Don Quixote, I would commend Edith Grossman’s version for the extraordinarily high quality of her prose.
Guernica: To play devil’s advocate: I always understood it as a way of describing this blurring of reality and fantasy, especially bringing in the Latin American oral tradition, fables, and the magic of the indigenous cultures that were there.
www.guernicamag.com /interviews/on_translating_the_prince_of_wits/index.php   (3698 words)

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