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Topic: Gullah

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In the News (Wed 20 Jun 18)

  Gullah Cuisine Resturant   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gullah Rice - one of Gullah Cuisine's signature dishes comprised of a special blend of seasonings and rice, mixed with smoked sausage, shrimp, chicken, green peppers and carrots.
Charlotte and her husband, Frank, opened on Highway 17 near the entrance to I-526 in Mt. Pleasant, SC., in an establishment that had once been both a restaurant, and a bar and grill.
The restaurant is decorated with art and craft that feature Gullah heritage, such as paintings, posters, and those famous hand-made sweet grass baskets.
www.gullahcuisine.com   (239 words)

Gullah is spoken chiefly on the coastal islands—the so-called rice islands—that stretch for 160 miles along the seaboard of South Carolina and Georgia, but it is also heard on parts of the adjacent mainland.
Gullah was thus sheltered from the process of "decreolization," by which creole speech gradually changes under the influence of the prevailing language.
Gullah has special pronunciations of its own, however: put is regularly pit, see'em is shum, ain't it becomes enti, and young is nyoung.
www.ecu.edu /ncfa/amfolk/gullah.html   (1109 words)

 Gullah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Historically, the Gullah region once extended north to the Cape Fear area on the coast of North Carolina and south to the vicinity of Jacksonville on the coast of Florida; but today the Gullah area is confined to the South Carolina and Georgia low country.
The Gullah language is related to Jamaican Creole, Bahamian Creole, and the Krio language of Sierra Leone in West Africa.
Gullahs have their own neighborhood churches in Harlem, Brooklyn, and Queens, and typically send their children back to rural communities in South Carolina and Georgia during the summer months to be reared by grandparents, uncles and aunts.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gullah   (2449 words)

 CNN.com - Unique Gullah/Geechee culture at risk - February 26, 2002
Gullahs, also referred to as Geechee in some parts of the South, are the descendants of African slaves brought to the United States by European planters during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Gullah people are the descendants of various African ethnic groups torn from their own flourishing cultures and forced to live together on plantations in America.
Many Gullah people were forced to sell their land and move away, unable to afford the rising taxes that came with resort and suburban development.
edition.cnn.com /2002/fyi/news/02/13/gullah   (1071 words)

 Gullah Heritage: History
Gullah (or Geechee in northern Georgia) is a word used for both the native islanders and the language they speak.
Today's Gullah community is a direct descendant of these fl immigrants from the West African coast.
The relative isolation of the islands allowed the Gullah to pass their beliefs, traditions and language down through the generations.
www.islandpacket.com /man/gullah/history.html   (568 words)

 Gullah Heritage: The Language of the Sea Islands
The origin of the Gullah language is as unique as the cadence and rhythm of its sound.
Also, Gullah and various African languages rarely account for when something actually happened - the present verb tense is also often used to refer to the past.
Another striking similarity between Gullah and the languages of West Africa is the use of proverbs to teach and advise.
www.islandpacket.com /man/gullah/language.html   (416 words)

 The Gullah Language
Gullah is a creole language spoken along the coastline of the Southeastern U.S. The language was first spoken by slaves and is still spoken by their descendants.
Gullah is not to be confused with African American Vernacular English (also known as Ebonics or Black English), though some linguists argue that AAVE had its roots in Gullah.
Contributing to Gullah's development as a distinct language is the fact that the people who spoke it traditionally lived on islands off the coast and in other isolated rural areas inland.
linguafranka.net /seaislandcreole/GullahLanguage.htm   (297 words)

 Origin of the Gullah
The Gullah people are the descendants of the slaves who worked on the rice plantations in South Carolina and Georgia.
The emergence of the Gullah was due, above all, to the isolation of fl slaves in a disease environment hostile to whites and to their numerical predominance in the region—but another important factor was the continuing importation of slaves directly from Africa, and especially from the rice-growing areas along the West Coast.
The Gullahs on the mainland continued to work on the rice plantations as wage laborers after gaining their freedom, but the rice economy of South Carolina and Georgia collapsed after about 1890 due to competition with rice farmers farther west in Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas.
www.yale.edu /glc/gullah/04.htm   (825 words)

 Gullah Tours - Charleston, SC
Gullah Tours explores the places, history, and stories that are relevant to the rich and varied contributions made by Black Charlestonians.
As the name implies, the Gullah language, native to the Charleston area, is featured on much of the tour.
Of course, if Gullah was spoken throughout the tour, you would not understand, nor would you enjoy the beautiful and interesting sites of Charleston.
www.gullahtours.com   (146 words)

Their unique culture, called Gullah, thrived in isolation for centuries--until the outside world discovered the islands and started paying millions to own them.
Only in burial were Gullah customs so elaborate, for the well-being of the living depended on placating the dead.
Gullah (pronounced GULL-lah) is the language blending African and American English dialects that became a second language for African-born slaves, then their descendants' native tongue.
faculty.ed.umuc.edu /~jmatthew/articles/gullah.html   (2873 words)

 washingtonpost.com: Style Live: Travel
Gullah is a Creolized language composed of words from English and several African tongues.
Gullah country does not refer to a single island or town but a string of communities in the Sea Islands of South Carolina and Georgia.
It was the home of an extended Gullah family in which the elders live in the middle, the children in the surrounding semicircle and the grandchildren in the outer ring.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-srv/travel/destinations/gullah092098.htm   (2297 words)

 Avery Research Center - Pantovic Collection - Gullah
Historically, Gullah is the English-based Creole language that was developed by enslaved Africans long coastal areas of the southeastern United States.
Gullah can still be heard today in these areas and on the Sea Islands.
To label oneself as a Gullah, a Geechee or a Gullah/Geechee is now a source of pride and honor, and is a celebration of culture - a culture that has distinguished itself from all the others in America's melting pot.
www.cofc.edu /avery/pantovic/afua/gullah.html   (716 words)

 Gullah - an African Tree Grown in America
Gullah is an appellative used to describe a population of West Africans who were transferred permanently with their culture intact to the coastal region of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
According to Gullah historians, the difference is primarily one of linguistics.
It is the custom for the Gullah to believe strongly in a set of values which identify the community as the focal point from which their existence is anchored.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/folklore/8240   (544 words)

 Educational CyberPlayGround: Gullah Geechee Sea Island Culture and Coalition.
Gullah is an authentic language, not merely a dialect as some self-proclaimed experts claim, she said.
Gullah People of the Sea Islands 4th - 5th grade classroom project by Lea Blumenfeld The purpose of this unit is to explore with the children the topic of the Gullah people of the Sea Islands off the coasts of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
Gullah has not been widely accepted because it is not a written language and often is mistaken as broken English, Campbell said.
www.edu-cyberpg.com /Linguistics/GullahGeechee.html   (4285 words)

 A A World . Reference Room . Articles . Gullah | PBS
Gullah consists of an English pidgin base characteristic of 17th- and 18th-century British colonists' speech, with additional vocabulary and some grammatical forms derived from various West African languages, including Vai, Mende, Twi, Ewe, Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Kikongo, and others.
Gullah speakers simplify English words and constructions, speak rapidly with no Southern drawl, and use an intonation unlike that of English.
Representative sentences in Gullah are Dey fa go shum (“They went to see her,” literally “They take go see her”); Shishuh tall pass una (“Sister is taller than you”); and Uma-chil' nyamnyam fufu an t'ree roll-roun', but 'e ain't been satify (“The girl ate mush and three biscuits, but she wasn't satisfied”).
www.pbs.org /wnet/aaworld/reference/articles/gullah.html   (265 words)

 KTLA The CW | Where Los Angeles Lives | Gospel According to Gullah   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
They explained that Gullah had influenced English through words such as "tote" (to carry), "chigger" (flea) and "biddy" (chicken), and through songs such as the campfire staple "Kumbaya" (which was sung in Gullah as "come by yah, my Lawd").
Gullah is an oral language; there's no dictionary, no grammar book, no literature (though the language does appear in a few stories, including the Br'er Rabbit tales).
In Gullah, the word is used in a narrow context to mean the prayer before a meal.
ktla.trb.com /news/la-na-gullah29dec29,0,6526816.story?coll=ktla-news-1   (2015 words)

 Hilton Head Island Gullah Celebration
De Gullah Creations Store (www.degullahcreations.com) on Hilton Head Island (Shelter Cove Mall) featuring unique handcrafted gifts, art and collectibles.
Today, the descendants of West Africans brought in bondage to the coastal islands of South Carolina and Georgia, are striving to preserve a way of life.
Gullah is more than simply the language and name of a people.
www.gullahcelebration.com   (333 words)

 GULLAH. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
), a creole language formerly spoken by the Gullah, an African-American community of the Sea Islands and the Middle Atlantic coast of the United States.
The Gullah dialect, spoken now by only a few hundred people, is a mixture of 17th- and 18th-century English and of a number of West African languages (among them Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba).
The African influence on Gullah can be seen in the phonology, vocabulary, and grammar.
www.bartleby.com /aol/65/gu/Gullah.html   (154 words)

 Priscilla's Homecoming and Africana Heritage: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone-America
The emergence of the Gullah was due, above all, to the isolation of fl slaves in a disease environment hostile to whites and to their numerical predominance in the region - but another important factor was the continuing importation of slaves directly from Africa, and especially from the rice-growing areas along the West Coast.
In the case of the Gullah, the vocabulary is largely from the English "target language," the speech of the socially and economically dominant group; but the African "substrate languages" have altered the pronunciation of almost all the English words, influenced the grammar and sentence structure, and provided a sizeable minority of the vocabulary.
Although his Gullah informants knew that these expressions were in African languages, and in some cases knew the proper translation, they did not know which specific languages they were reciting.
www.africanaheritage.com /Gullah_and_Sierra_Leone.asp   (8809 words)

 Gullah Cuisine at HollyEats.com
Gullah is actually a language, West African Pidgen English with Creole influence.
Gullah culture has sustained over the years, especially in the area north of Charleston.
Their She-Crab Soup, Gullah Rice (dirty rice with shrimp, andouile sausage and chicken), and Okra Gumbo are all great.
www.hollyeats.com /GullahCuisine.htm   (109 words)

 Beaufort County Library, SC -- Gullah Dialect and Sea Island Culture (Beaufort County, SC): PArt I: The Gullah Dialect   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Most of Gullah vocabulary is of English origin, but the grammar and major elements of pronunciation come from a number of West African language, such as Ewe, Mandinka, Igbo, Twi and Yoruba.
The name, "Gullah", itself probably derives from "Angola" (and possibly from the large number of slaves who arrived from that part of Africa in the early 1800s).
Gullah speakers now use various Black American English dialects in dealings with non-Islanders, though Gullah is the language of home, family and community.
www.co.beaufort.sc.us /bftlib/gullah.htm   (1219 words)

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