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Topic: Gustatory


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  Gustatory system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The gustatory system is the sensory system that uses taste buds (or lingual papillae) on the upper surface of the tongue to provide information about the taste of food being eaten.
In humans, the sense of taste is conveyed via three of the twelve cranial nerves.
The facial nerve (VII) carries taste sensations from the anterior two thirds of the tongue, the glossopharyngeal nerve (IX) carries taste sensations from the posterior one third of the tongue while a branch of the vagus nerve (X) carries some taste sensations from the back of the oral cavity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gustatory_system   (145 words)

  
 Repeated sodium depletion affects gustatory neural responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats -- Tamura and ...
Repeated sodium depletion affects gustatory neural responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats
increased the responsiveness of NST gustatory neurons to sapid
Intracranial renin alters gustatory neural responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats
ajpregu.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/273/4/R1381   (5602 words)

  
 Role of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Target Invasion in the Gustatory System -- Ringstedt et al. 19 (9): 3507 ...
of neurons in gustatory ganglia was increased in BDNF-overproducing
plexus underlying the gustatory epithelium of circumvallate papillae
Sagittal and transverse sections of the tongue in E19 wild-type (wt) and E19 BDNF-transgenic mice (tg), visualizing DiI-labeled gustatory fibers of the chorda tympani nerve (gustatory branch of the seventh cranial nerve).
www.jneurosci.org /cgi/content/full/19/9/3507   (6549 words)

  
 Biology Department: Biology of the Gustatory System
Gustatory information from the tongue and oral cavity is processed in several CNS regions before reaching the gustatory cortex where perception occurs.
King, M.S. and Murphy, D.M., Morphology of projection neurons in the rat rostral nucleus of the solitary tract (rNST) and evidence for a projection to the rNST from the amygdala, Soc.
Recently, we have begun investigating the behavioral effects of microstimulation of discrete regions of the rat parabrachial nucleus (the second central structure in the ascending gustatory pathway).
www.stetson.edu /biology/neuro.shtml   (1012 words)

  
 Gustatory sweating definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Gustatory sweating: Sweating on the forehead, face, scalp, and neck occurring soon after ingesting food.
Otherwise, gustatory sweating is most commonly a result of damage to a nerve that goes to the parotid gland, the large salivary gland in the cheek.
Gustatory sweating is also a rare complication of diabetes mellitus.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=9270   (269 words)

  
 Interaction of Gustatory and Lingual Somatosensory Perceptions at the Cortical Level in the Human: a Functional ...
Di Lorenzo, P.M. and Garcia, J. Olfactory responses in the gustatory area of the parabrachial pons.
Shipley, M.T. and Geinisman, Y. Anatomical evidence for convergence of olfactory, gustatory, and visceral afferent pathways in mouse cerebral cortex.
Travers, S.P., Pfaffmann, C. and Norgren, R. Convergence of lingual and palatal gustatory neural activity in the nucleus of the solitary tract.
chemse.oxfordjournals.org /cgi/content/full/26/4/371   (6871 words)

  
 Pontine Gustatory Activity Is Altered by Electrical Stimulation in the Central Nucleus of the Amygdala -- Lundy and ...
Pontine Gustatory Activity Is Altered by Electrical Stimulation in the Central Nucleus of the Amygdala.
Nakamura K, and Norgren R. Sodium-deficient diet reduces gustatory activity in the nucleus of the solitary tract of behaving rats.
Tamura R, and Norgren R. Repeated sodium depletion affects gustatory neural responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats.
jn.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/85/2/770   (6170 words)

  
 Kristin Scott
To understand the function of different gustatory neurons, we are determining the ligands that different taste neurons recognize and the behaviors that they mediate.
The gustatory system of the fly is interesting both because neurons express unique complements of receptors and because neurons are distributed in an orderly array along the body surface.
We are using molecular genetic approaches to examine whether gustatory projections are segregated according to the receptor that is expressed in the periphery and whether there is a topographic map of gustatory information.
mcb.berkeley.edu /faculty/NEU/scottk.html   (700 words)

  
 Dictionary.com/Word of the Day: gustatory
In a land of ice and chains and endemic suffering, caviar provided gustatory salvation from grief and fl days, a sensual escape from temporal woes.
Instead I seemed to be drawn to countries with the worst food imaginable, places like Turkistan and Africa, where every day you woke up hoping you could avoid gustatory terror but knowing that before you slept again, horrible things would be going inside your mouth.
Gustatory derives from Latin gustatus, "taste," from gustare, "to taste, to take a little of." Other words that have the same root include disgust and gusto ("vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment").
dictionary.reference.com /wordoftheday/archive/2004/01/12.html   (181 words)

  
 Nutrition Reviews: Neural Plasticity in the Gustatory System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Beyond the receptors, the peripheral and central gustatory systems may have their own capacity for plasticity, reflecting not only receptor cell alterations but also interactions of afferent gustatory signals with other neural programs.
Given the inherent plastic nature of the gustatory system, one might expect the literature to be filled with examples of how increased or decreased exposure to specific stimuli through dietary means results in corresponding changes in taste receptor cell function.
It may be, therefore, that at least lower-level gustatory neurons are plastic not necessarily to limited or enhanced experience, but are plastic primarily when there is an adaptive physiological advantage.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3624/is_200411/ai_n9470718   (1287 words)

  
 Gustatory Evoked Cortical Activity in Humans Studied by Simultaneous EEG and MEG Recording -- Mizoguchi et al. 27 (7): ...
Gustatory Evoked Cortical Activity in Humans Studied by Simultaneous EEG and MEG Recording -- Mizoguchi et al.
The horizontal oblique dotted line at the bottom indicates the period of gustatory stimulation (400 ms).
Cerf, B., Van de Moortele, P.F., MacLeod, P., Le Bihan, D. and Faurion, A. Interaction of gustatory and lingual somatosensory perceptions at the cortical level in the human: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
chemse.oxfordjournals.org /cgi/content/full/27/7/629   (3618 words)

  
 Gustatory Neural Coding in the Cortex of the Alert Cynomolgus Macaque: The Quality of Bitterness -- Scott et al. 81 ...
Gustatory Neural Coding in the Cortex of the Alert Cynomolgus Macaque: The Quality of Bitterness -- Scott et al.
Gustatory Neural Coding in the Cortex of the Alert Cynomolgus Macaque: The Quality of Bitterness
sought to define the gustatory neural representation in primates
jn.physiology.org /cgi/content/abstract/81/1/60   (503 words)

  
 Conductance Change Associated with Receptor Potentials of Gustatory Cells in Rat -- Ozeki 58 (6): 688 -- The Journal of ...
The electrical properties of gustatory cells and cells which
processes are postulated in the gustatory cell membrane.
the gustatory cells were stimulated for a long duration by concentrated
www.jgp.org /cgi/content/abstract/58/6/688   (362 words)

  
 Aversive gustatory stimulation activates limbic circuits in humans -- Zald et al. 121 (6): 1143 -- Brain
Aversive gustatory stimulation activates limbic circuits in humans -- Zald et al.
Aversive gustatory stimulation activates limbic circuits in humans
Gustatory Neural Responses in the Medial Orbitofrontal Cortex of the Old World Monkey
brain.oxfordjournals.org /cgi/content/abstract/121/6/1143   (1131 words)

  
 Role of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Target Invasion in the Gustatory System -- Ringstedt et al. 19 (9): 3507 ...
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a survival factor for different classes of neurons, including gustatory neurons.
We have studied innervation and development of the gustatory system
by gustatory neurons whose afferents do not traverse sites of
www.jneurosci.org /cgi/content/abstract/19/9/3507   (343 words)

  
 (WO 00/77208) GUSTATORY RECEPTORS IN DROSOPHILA [Repub: 01.03.2001]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
(57) The present invention provides nucleic acids and amino acids for novel gustatory receptors as well as methods for identifying gustatory receptors.
More specifically, the present invention provides nucleic acids and amino acids for novel gustatory receptors in Drosophila as well as methods of using the provided nucleic acids and amino acids.
In addition, this invention provides methods of identifying ligands which bind to the novel gustatory receptors as well as a variety of methods for using the receptors and ligands so identified.
www.wipo.int /ipdl/IPDL-CIMAGES/view/pct/getbykey5?KEY=00/77208.010301   (188 words)

  
 Stop the Bleating!: Gustatory Delights   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Maybe, if I'm feeling crazy, I'll go for one of the Belgians after the kids are in bed.
Posted by Matt Rustler on May 20, 2005 at 21:07 in Gustatory Delights
If you're interested in munching on some artery-hardening snacks while you watch the Super Bowl (or any other time, for that matter), I recommend these dip recipes, both of which I recently heard on a local radio show.
stopthebleating.typepad.com /stop_the_bleating/gustatory_delights   (815 words)

  
 A Large Family of Divergent Drosophila Odorant-Binding Proteins Expressed in Gustatory and Olfactory Sensilla -- ...
A Large Family of Divergent Drosophila Odorant-Binding Proteins Expressed in Gustatory and Olfactory Sensilla -- Galindo and Smith 159 (3): 1059 -- Genetics
A Large Family of Divergent Drosophila Odorant-Binding Proteins Expressed in Gustatory and Olfactory Sensilla
can be coexpressed in the same gustatory sensillum.
www.genetics.org /cgi/content/abstract/159/3/1059   (547 words)

  
 The effects of the interaction of the gustatory and the olfactory systems in the elderly   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The effects of the interaction of the gustatory and the olfactory systems in the elderly
While exploring the olfactory and gustatory modifications that occur with age, this site will also provide you with tell-tale nutritional habits of elderly individuals suffering from losses in these sensory systems.
Finally, this site will provide you with related links to web sites that offer information regarding various nutritional programs for the elderly.
instruct1.cit.cornell.edu /Courses/psych431/student2000/mld22   (92 words)

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