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Topic: Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden

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In the News (Sat 19 Jan 19)

  ::Gustavus Adolphus and Sweden::
Gustavus Adolphus was an accomplished soldier and with the help of Catholic France, he freed himself from the war against Poland with the Treaty of Altmark of September 1629.
Gustavus Adolphus doled out land rewards to his successful generals and Oxenstierna was made governor-general of the region.
Gustavus Adolphus used Mainz as his capital and planned for the invasion of the rest of the Holy Roman Empire.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /gustavus_adolphus.htm   (2183 words)

  22ND GENERATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gustavus VI Adolphus of SWEDEN King of Sweden was born in 1882 in Sweden - son of Gustavus V. He died on 15 Sep 1973 in Helsingborg, Sweden.
Sigvard of SWEDEN was born in 1907 in Sweden - son of Gustavus Adolphus VI.
Bertil of SWEDEN was born in 1912 in Sweden - son of Gustavus Adolphus VI.
home.att.net /~hamiltonclan/hamilton/gilbert/d7437.htm   (159 words)

Born in Stockholm castle on Dec. 9, 1594, Gustavus Adolphus was the son of Charles IX.
Gustavus' position was strengthened by an alliance with France in January 1631; then, in the battle of Breitenfeld, near Leipzig, on Sept. 17, 1631, he overwhelmingly defeated the imperialist army under its famous commander Johann Tilly.
Gustavus then pushed westward, through the "priests' lane" of rich bishoprics and monasteries of the river Main, to Mainz on the Rhine, where he established his brilliant winter court.
www.geocities.com /book433/gustavus.htm   (460 words)

 Gustavus Adolphus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gustavus Adolphus organized the strongest army of the early seventeenth century, courageously led his forces from the front, and earned the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare" because of his innovative skills in the tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, artillery, and logistics.
Gustavus conscripted every young man in Sweden for a commitment of twenty years in uniform, demanding that they display high moral character and forbidding them from swearing, blasphemy, drunkenness, fornication, or looting.
Gustavus experimented with various pike lengths and improved the weapons by adding steel sheathing to the wooden shafts so they could not be cut in two by enemy swordsmen.
www.carpenoctem.tv /military/gustavus.html   (1135 words)

 Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Lion of the North: Gustavus Adolphus at the famous turning point Battle of Breitenfield (1631) against the forces of the redoubtable Count Tilly.
The German Socialist Franz Mehring (1846–1919) wrote a biography of Gustavus Adolphus with a Marxist analysis of the actions of the Swedish king during the Thirty Years' War, claiming it had little to do with religion (the official explanation), and everything to do with economics (the Marxist explanation).
A history of Gustavus Adolphus' wars was written by Johann Philipp Abelin.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gustavus_Adolphus_of_Sweden   (1196 words)

 Battle of Lutzen, 16 November 1632   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gustavus was forced to respond, marching north before entrenching to wait for reinforcements.
Gustavus led a cavalry charge, which forced the Imperial musketeers from the ditch, and pushed the Imperial cavalry back.
The Imperial army lost 12,000 men, while the Swedes lost 10,000 men as well as Gustavus Adolphus himself, whose death took the gloss off was was otherwise a victory for the Protestant cause.
www.rickard.karoo.net /articles/battles_lutzen.html   (300 words)

 World Homes Network - Sweden
He was elected king as Gustavus I by the Riksdag (parliament) in 1523 and survived a series of revolts to leave Sweden a financially and politically stable country on his death in 1560.
Sweden in 1611 was lacking in population, internal communications, and material resources, and its geographical position was unfavourable for the expansion of its trade, since its way to the North Sea and the Atlantic was controlled by Denmark.
Sweden became an important power in Germany, and was recognized as the leader of Protestant Europe, and the greatest power of the north.
www.world-homes.net /atlas/europe/Scandanavia/sweden.htm   (3226 words)

 22ND GENERATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gustavus VI Adolphus of SWEDEN King of Sweden was born in 1882 in Sweden - son of Gustavus V.
He was married to Princess Louise of BATTENBERG (daughter of Prince Henry Maurice of BATTENBERG and Princess Beatrice of ENGLAND) in 1923 in Sweden?.
Princess Louise of BATTENBERG was born in 1889.
home.att.net /~hamiltonclan/hamilton/gilbert/d7434.htm   (142 words)

Gustavus Adolphus, however, was tenderly attached to his daughter; in 1630, when he sailed for Germany, he recommended Christina to the loyalty of his people and put his sister Catherine, who held her court at Stegeborg, in charge of the child's education.
She drew to Sweden artists and scholars, among whom were the philosopher Descartes and Hugo Grotius, the expounder of international law; by the payment of large pensions she kept these men attached to her court.
Christina perceived that she could not continue to reign in Sweden as a convert to Catholicism, and resigned her throne in favour of her cousin, Charles Gustavus of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, a member of the Wittelsbach family.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03722a.htm   (1652 words)

 TheHistoryNet Discussion Forums: Gustavus II Adolphus: Thirty Year's War Greatest Captain?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gustavus II Adolphus, king of Sweden, emerged as the most famous and influential general of the Thirty Years' War, even though his "winning streak" lasted only two years and three months before his death at Lützen on November 5, 1632.
Adolphus' tactics proved to be a more nimble and efficient usage of manpower, and, a more lethal engagement of weaponry.
That Adolphus was under a four year contract with France to field his army would in no way mitigate his army's merciless drive for plunder, but it is suggestive of another way to approach the era's contested issues.
historynet.zeroforum.com /zerothread?id=65   (675 words)

 The Vasa Capsizes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
During the late Middle Ages there is near political anarchy in Sweden, with a constant struggle for power between a number of families and the Danish King Kristian II ending in “The Bloodbath of Stockholm”; in 1520 that enabled Gustav Vasa to become king in 1521.
Sweden’s attempt to sieze control of the northern coastal regions of Scandinavia led to the Kalmar War (1611-13) against Denmark to reduce her navigation tolls; and the Russo-Swedish War (1613-17) to open up her markets.
The throne of Sweden passed to the House of Palatinate (Pfalz-Zweibrücken), a cadet branch of the Wittelsbachs.
www.albany.edu /faculty/pm157/teaching/cases/vasahome.html   (4951 words)

 TheHistoryNet | Military History | Thirty Years' War: Battle of Breitenfeld
King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden arrived too late to save Magdeburg, but at Breitenfeld he changed the course of the Thirty Years' War -- and the state of the military art.
From Sweden, King Gustavus II Adolphus had viewed with apprehension the Catholic expansion in Germany, especially along the coast of the Baltic, which he aspired to make a Swedish lake.
Although Gustavus kept his men on a tight rein, the Saxons and the Brandenburgers remained as suspicious of him as of their emperor, and were determined to remain independent of both.
www.historynet.com /magazines/military_history/3030301.html   (1450 words)

 The Vasa Case
King Gustavus II Adolphus, the "Lion of the North," his countrymen claimed, was born a natural leader.
Sweden was pitted against two great foes: Denmark — to reduce her navigation tolls, and Russia — to open up her markets.
Pursuant to this contract the Maria is to be delivered in 1622, the Gustavus in 1624 and the Mercurius early in 1625.
www.uu.edu /personal/bnance/318/vasa.html   (4168 words)

 Hymn Writers of the Church | Christian Classics Ethereal Library
Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, is justly regarded as one of the greatest and noblest figures in history.
His father died in 1611, and Gustavus ascended the throne of Sweden in his eighteenth year.
In the Thirty Years' War, which began in 1618, he was hailed as the champion of Protestantism, and his untimely death at the age of thirty-eight years was an unspeakable loss to that cause.
www.ccel.org /ccel/nutter/hymnwriters.Gustavus.html   (154 words)

 November 6th
Gustavus was not only a Protestant, but a zealous one, and, naturally, the eyes of suffering Protestantism turned to him for help, whose fame as a warrior filled Europe.
Gustavus led over to Germany an army of 15,000 men, in which were many volunteers from Scotland, and among them David Leslie, one of his ablest officers—he whom Cromwell, in after-years, miraculously defeated at Dunbar.
Gustavus fell from his horse, with the last words, 'My God!' The tidings flew through the army that the king was slain; that he was taken prisoner; and in revenge and in despair his men fought, as Schiller says, with the grim fury of lions:
www.thebookofdays.com /months/nov/6.htm   (3915 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
One particularly illustrative case dates back well over 300 years to the reign of King Gustavus II Adolphus of Sweden and the building of the Vasa -- 'The Tender Ship..HYPERLINK "vasa_fn.html" \l "fn2"[2] "The Vasa capsizes" is a case in the management of innovation.
About The King King Gustavus II Adolphus, the 'Lion of the North,' his countrymen claimed, was born a natural leader.
Sweden was pitted against two great foes: Denmark -- to reduce her navigation tolls, and Russia -- to open up her markets.
ssbea.mercer.edu /brennan/vasa.doc   (4175 words)

 Leaders and Battles: Adolphus , Gustavus
King of Sweden (1611 — 1632) and lauded military general who succcessfully led the Protestant forces during the Thirty Years War (1618 - 1648).
In the end, his right to the throne was cemented and Poland was forced to relinquish areas along the southern and eastern Baltic coasts.
With an interest in the Protestant cause, as well as a belief that a conquest of northern Germany by the Holy Roman Empire would be militarily and economically dangerous to Sweden, he led his country into the Thirty Years War.
www.lbdb.com /TMDisplayLeader.cfm?PID=5869   (265 words)

 Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden information - Search.com
O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and referred to by Protestants as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death.
He was King of Sweden from 1611, and as such one of the major players in the Thirty Years' War.
Gars is derived from the initials of "Gustavus Adolphus Rex Sueciae", Latin for "Gustav Adolf King of Sweden".
www.search.com /reference/Gustavus_Adolphus_of_Sweden   (1040 words)

 History & Geography - Gustavus Alaska   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gustavus Alaska and Glacier Bay National Park lie between 58 and 60 degrees north latitude, just 60 miles west of Juneau, the state capital of Alaska.
In 1925 Gustavus was officially given the name when a post office was established, and the government decided to list it as such, instead of what most locals preferred, Strawberry Point.
In 1878, William Healey Dall, while working on a coastal survey, saw “Adolphus” on the map, and assumed it was for King Gustavus II of Sweden, AKA Gustavus Adolphus.
www.gustavus.com /history.html   (764 words)

 Swedish History - Kristina, Queen of Sweden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
When her father, Gustavus II Adolphus, died, Sweden only had three earls, nine barons and 232 noble families.
Because there was a lack of money in Sweden, she gave them pieces of land as a reward for their achievements in battles.
Another reason was that she became a Catholic, and Sweden could not have a Catholic ruler.
www.utb.boras.se /uk/se/projekt/history/articles/greatpow/greatp11.htm   (419 words)

 Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden - Shifting Pixel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM, Photos, HDR, Color, Gustavus Tags: granlund, gustav adolph, gustavus adolphus, gustavus adolphus college, hdr, sculpture, and sculptures
Gustavus Adolphus College was named after this guy—and he was the King of Sweden in the 1600s.
As a tradition at Gustavus, this sculpture gets dressed up throughout the year.
shiftingpixel.com /2007/04/12/gustavus-adolphus-of-sweden   (309 words)

 November 16: Battle of Lutzen
Gustavus landed on German soil in 1630, and at once went into battle with the Catholic Austrian army.
As a result, Gustavus was drawn into battle with a larger, well-prepared foe who had reinforcements nearby.
History of Christianity is a survey course designed to stimulate your curiosity by providing glimpses of some of the pivotal events in the spread Christianity and sketches of great Christian figures who have significantly affected Christian history thereby shaping the history of the world.
chi.gospelcom.net /DAILYF/2003/11/daily-11-16-2003.shtml   (638 words)

 Thirty Years War: The Swedish Period
Gustavus II (Gustavus Adolphus) of Sweden now came into the war.
Gustavus Adolphus triumphantly advanced and Tilly was defeated and fatally wounded in the battle of the Lech (1632).
He defeated the Saxon forces and later met the Swedish forces at Lützen (Nov., 1632); there the imperialists were defeated, but Gustavus Adolphus was killed and the anti-Hapsburg troops were disorganized.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0861532.html   (322 words)

 The Open Door Web Site : History : The Thirty Years' War (1618 - 1648) : Sweden and France
The situation changed dramatically in 1630 when the Protestant king of Sweden, Gustavus Adolphus, "the Lion of the North," sent his armies across the Baltic Sea.
Wallenstein finally confronted Gustavus Adolphus in November 1932 at the Battle of Lutzen.
Calvinism, as well as Lutheranism, was officially recognised and the authority of the emperor was dependent on an assembly of states, the Imperial Diet, which included Sweden as well as all the German Protestant states.
www.saburchill.com /history/chapters/chap5129.html   (569 words)

 Historical Society of Delaware -Portrait Exhibit, 2003
Gustavus Hesselius from Sweden was the first professionally trained portrait artist to arrive in Delaware in the early 1700s.
These portraits are attributed to Gustavus Hesselius as some of his earliest works completed in America.
Bjork, the exhibition entitled Portraits of New Sweden at the Historical Society of Delaware included portraits of King Gustavus and Queen Christina of Sweden.
www.hsd.org /Hesselius_PortraitExhibit.htm   (231 words)

 John Farnam's Quips - 06Jan05.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Protestant King Gustavus Adolphus, of Sweden, the "Lion of the North," the "Snow King," led a lean, efficient, and highly-mobile army that was able to move faster and hit harder than any thrown against it.
Czech-born Count Albrecht Wallenstein (born into a Lutheran family) was the one ultimately selected to oppose Gustavus with a Catholic, and mostly mercenary, army.
Gustavus' successor, the incompetent Count Thurn, was easily routed.
www.defense-training.com /quips/2005/06Jan05.html   (396 words)

 Page 419
In June, 1630, Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, landed in Germany; and in a very short time conquered Pomerania and Mecklenburg.
The hope of conquest, of making the Baltic a Swedish sea, was, no doubt, one of his motives in taking up the cause of the Protes tants in Germany, but his conviction of the justice of that cause was as surely another, and perhaps the stronger one.
The Swedish soldiers of Gustavus Adolphus resembled the Iron sides of Cromwell.
www.ccel.org /s/schaff/encyc/encyc11/htm/old/0441=419.htm   (778 words)

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