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Topic: Guyuk Khan


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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  
  Mongols and Yuan China by Sanderson Beck
The khan must be elected, and everyone, including the khan, was subject to the law.
One exception was after the husband of Genghis Khan's daughter was killed at Nishapur in 1221; she ordered the death of all in the city, and the skulls of men, women, and children were piled in pyramids.
Guyuk accused his mother's advisor, Fatima Khatun, and got away with torturing her because she was not a Mongol.
www.san.beck.org /3-6-Mongols.html   (11119 words)

  
  Güyük Khan - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the meanwhile, however, Ögedei had died, his widow Töregene had taken over as regent, was in a position of great influence and authority, and used both to advocate for her son Güyük.
He reversed several of the unpopular edicts of his mother the regent, and, though somewhat libertine, made a surprisingly capable khan, appointing Eljigidei in Persia (with designs for an attack on Baghdad) and pursuing the war against the Song Dynasty.
The reign of Güyük, then, showed that the family split between Batu's line, the descendants of Jöchi, and the rest of the family might well be the fatal flaw for the unity of all the khanates, and civil war might well have occurred, had he not died early.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/G%C3%BCy%C3%BCk_Khan   (398 words)

  
 Unique Facts about Asia: Mongol Empire
At the time of Genghis Khan's death in 1227, the empire was divided among his four sons with his third son as the nominal supreme Khan, but by the 1350s, the khanates were in a state of fracture and had lost the organization of Genghis Khan.
The Great Khan Möngke having died, however, he hastened to return for the election, and the force that remained in Palestine was destroyed by the Mamluks under Baibars in 1261 at Ayn Jalut.
Guyuk died in 1248, only two years after his election, on his way west apparently to force Batu to acknowledge his authority, and his widow Oghul Ghaymish assumed power pending the meeting of the kurultai.
www.sheppardsoftware.com /Asiaweb/factfile/Unique-facts-Asia7.htm   (1439 words)

  
 Batu Khan Summary
Batu was a grandson of Genghis Khan, the conqueror of Asia and founder of the Mongol Empire.
Batu was a son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan.
Although Genghis Khan recognized Jochi as his son, his parentage was always in question, as his mother Börte, Genghis Khan's wife, had been captured and raped, and Jochi was born exactly nine months after her recovery by Genghis Khan.
www.bookrags.com /Batu_Khan   (2161 words)

  
 Genghis Khan   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Before his death, Genghis Khan divided his empire among his sons ×gedei, Chagatai, Tolui, and Jochi (Jochi's death several months before Genghis Khan meant that his lands were instead split between his sons, Batu and Orda) into several Khanates designed as sub-territories: their Khans were expected to follow the Great Khan, who was, initially, ×gedei.
In 1256, during the rule of ×gedei, Hulagu Khan, son of Tolui, was charged with the conquest of the Muslim nations to the southwest of the empire.
Genghis Khan was by and large tolerant of the multiple religions and there are no cases of him or the Mongols engaging in religious war against people he encountered during the conquests as long as they were obedient.
www.celebrities-site.com /results/index.php?title=Genghis_Khan   (9499 words)

  
 Mongol Empire - Medbib.com, the modern encyclopedia
At the time of Genghis Khan's death in 1227, the empire was divided among his four sons, with his third son as the supreme Khan, and by the 1350s, the khanates were in a state of fracture and had lost the order brought to them by Genghis Khan.
Genghis Khan also created a national seal, encouraged the use of a written alphabet in Mongolia, and exempted teachers, lawyers, and artists from taxes, although taxes were heavy on all other subjects of the empire.
Guyuk died in 1248, only two years after his election, on his way west, apparently to force Batu to acknowledge his authority, and his widow Oghul Ghaymish assumed the regency pending the meeting of the kurultai; unfortunately for her, she could not keep the power.
www.medbib.com /Mongolian_Empire   (4274 words)

  
 Guyuk Khan
He was the eldest son of Ögödei by his chief wife Töregene, and was born in 1206.
Guyuk Khan, explaining to the Pope the actions of the Mongols in the invasion of Europe.
But in the event, this was ignored; his cousin Möngke (Mengü) was elected Khan in 1251, and Güyük's widow Ogul Qaimiæ, who had been regent, and many others of his family were executed.
home.tiscali.nl /~t543201/web-mongol/mongol-guyuk.htm   (700 words)

  
 News | TimesDaily.com | TimesDaily | Florence, Alabama (AL)
Guyuk's enthronement near Qaraqorum, the Mongol capital, was attended by John of Plano Carpini.
Due to Guyuk's early death, Mongol family politics caused the Mongol efforts to be directed against South China, which was eventually conquered in the time of Kublai Khan.
The reign of Güyük, then, showed that the family split between Batu's line, the descendants of Jöchi, and the rest of the family might well be the fatal flaw for the unity of all the khanates, and civil war might well have occurred then, had he not died early.
www.timesdaily.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Guyuk_Khan   (584 words)

  
 The Historical Mongol Empire
The 150,000 troops were headed by Batu, one of Genghis Khans grandson's, and they made their march and conquered lands to Europe in the years between 1236 to 1242.
Guyuk was not a very good leader and history has actually made him more of a drunk that tried to enjoy life too much.
Mongke was another Khan that was too infatuated with the pleasure of life that he ignored the empire.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Forum/2532/page9.html   (2213 words)

  
 The Mongol Empire
His father, Yesugei, was a descendant of the khan from the old Mongol empire and he was also the chief of the Kiyat clan.
Guyuk then began to believe that Batu and his high officials were conspiring against him and possibly starting up a coup.
The Khans themselves were great military leaders but without the aid of the military generals of the Mongol army, the success of the mighty Mongol empire would not be nearly as strong.
justinng.bol.ucla.edu /importantfigures.html   (1071 words)

  
 Jenghiz Khan's Chronology
In the period between Ogul Guyuk and his nephew, Batu who was the son of Jenghiz's elder son, Toregene who was the widow wife of Ogeday established dominion in the throne of the state.
Guyuk was elected as the khan in the grand assembly in 1246 to which Batu could not attend as a result of her merciless intrigues.
Most of Khan's army that was composed of 150.000 people were killed or drown in the war.
www.ozturkler.com /data_english/0003/0003_03_08_2.htm   (630 words)

  
 GENGHIS KHAN - Asia Finest Discussion Forum
Batu Khan and Subedei invades and conquers Poland and Hungary.
In modern Mongolia Genghis Khan is regarded as the father of the nation of Mongolia, for his historical role in uniting the Mongol confederations and therefore giving them a common identity and for his contributions in directing the effort in creating a writing system for the Mongolian language.
Genghis' father, Yesugei, khan of the Borjigin, and nephew to Ambaghai and Qutula Khan, emerged as the head of the ruling clan of the Mongols, but this position was contested by the rival Tayichi’ud clan, who descended directly from Ambaghai.
www.asiafinest.com /forum/index.php?act=findpost&pid=1576302   (11100 words)

  
 Welcome to Dr.Lee's Dental Clinic! Áß¾ÓÄ¡°úÀÇ¿øÀÔ´Ï´Ù.   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Conquests in North China and Central Asia.His internal enemies removed, the new khan turned to seek vengeance on the Chin rulers of North China for the humiliations suffered by his forebears.
Present at the Khan's bedside were his third son Ogadai and his youngest son Tolui;the Khan expressed the desire that the former should be his successor.
Guyuk brusquely rejected the Pope's protests against the ravaging of Poland and Hungary and called upon him, together with all the crowned heads of Europe, to come in person and tender his allegiance.
drlee.org /mongolia/history/monghistory/history3.html   (1718 words)

  
 Guyuk Khan
Khan, explaining to the Pope the actions of the Mongols in the invasion of...
Khan AS, Kelling G and Kassi AM Late Cretaceous Pab Formation in the Central...
Khan (died 1255) conquered Russia and the adjoining...
www.cordah.co.uk /guyuk_khan.html   (291 words)

  
 Mongol Empire information - Search.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206 after unifying the Mongol - Turkic tribes, and numerous conquests throughout continental Eurasia.
Genghis Khan divided the empire into four Khanates, sub-rules, but as a single empire under the Great Khan (Khan of Khans).
Möngke Khan unwittingly provided his brother Kublai with a chance to become Khan in 1260, assigning Kublai to a province in North China.
c10-ss-1-lb.cnet.com /reference/Mongol_Empire   (4100 words)

  
 Mongol Empire - China-related Topics MM-MP - China-Related Topics
Genghis Khan also created a national seal, invented a universal written alphabet, exempted teachers, lawyers, and artists from taxes, and outlawed all forms of torture and humiliation in the empire.
During the 1250s, Genghis's grandson Hulegu Khan, operating from the Mongol base in Persia, destroyed the AbbasidAbbasid Caliphate in Baghdad and destroyed the Hashshashincult of the Assassins, moving into Palestine towards Egypt.
The Great Khan M?ngke KhanM?ngke having died, however, he hastened to return for the election, and the force that remained in Palestine was destroyed by the Mamluks under Baibars in 1261 at Battle of Ain JalutAyn Jalut.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Mongol_Empire   (2492 words)

  
 Mongolia Heads
She was the niece of Kublai Khan, and relished the military life and loved combat.
She was married to Grand Khan Mandaghol, the 27th successor of Jengis Khan.
She was married to khan Dzhawdzandamba-chutuchta Oczirdara –chutuchta.He was the last khan of Mongolia, before the monarchy was abolished in 1924.
www.guide2womenleaders.com /Mongolia_Heads.htm   (681 words)

  
 Female Hero: Sorghaghtani Beki (Women in World History Curriculum)
In 1227 A.D. Chinggis Khan (Genghis Khan), the "lord of the ocean encircled lands" died.
Moreover she was a consummate politician who pointed out that future khans ought to be Chinggis' direct descendants, which nephew Shiramon was not.
When Khubilai Khan was in China, it was his mother's Christian faith that prompted him to assist the small Nestorian community there.
www.womeninworldhistory.com /heroine8.html   (701 words)

  
 July/August '98
In some ways, Khan has been placed in Mongolian's collective memory as the man who took a smattering of tribes who were not a people and made them a people.
While the breadth of the empire peaked near 1280, the marked decline in its strength was not evident until the 1350's when the inter-family struggles and the sheer enormity of the empire began taking its toll.
To the Mongols themselves, the Khan legacy is one of unity, identity, strength.
www.missionfrontiers.org /1998/0708/ja986.htm   (1718 words)

  
 Mongolian Bibliography
This article investigates the patterns of recruitment and employment of civil and military officials during Mongke's reign with an eye to answering the question of how the khan curbed assaults on his power and ensured that delegated authority was not abused.
Starts with an introduction to the state of Mongolian folk religion and Buddhism at the time of William of Rubruck's debate with the lamas, Taoists, Moslems and others at the court of Mongke, then attempts to reconstruct and flesh out the circumstances of that debate as described by the friar.
The Monks of Kubilai Khan, Emperor of China.
hometown.aol.com /noramunro/MongolBib/index.htm   (2285 words)

  
 Asia Times -Part 1: Missions to the Mongols
This was the message sent by the Great Mongol Khan, Guyuk, to Pope Innocent IV through the Franciscan emissary of the pope, John of Plano Carpini.
He chose Carpini, an Italian Franciscan, to carry a letter to Guyuk, the Great Khan or the emperor of the Tartars, as he was known at the time.
They invited Guyuk to become a Christian, but Guyuk indicated that first the pope and princes of Europe would have to come and swear allegiance to him.
atimes.com /atimes/Central_Asia/EH28Ag02.html   (1338 words)

  
 First Europeans Traveled to Khan's Court
Even though at page of 60 Carpini failed in his mission to convert the khan, however he did have the first European description of Mongol way of life, including their clothes made of skins, their felt-covered dwellings, and their passion for fermented mare's milk (koumiss).
This messenger brought news that the Great Khan and his nobles had been converted to Christianity 3 years previously and there was a possibility of the Mongols helping Louis to fight the Saracens.
In the absence of a Great Khan, Longjumeau was sent home with an arrogant message to the effect that unless Louis sent a yearly tribute to her court he and his subjects would be destroyed.
www.silk-road.com /artl/carrub.shtml   (1915 words)

  
 YouTube - Khan Guyuk (081)
Guyuk brusquely rejected the pope's protests against the Mongol invasion of Poland and Hungary and called upon him, together with all the crowned heads of Europe, to tender their allegiance to him.
Guyuk's widow, Oghul-Ghaimish, was regent of the empire until a kuriltai was finally convened in 1251 to choose Guyuk's successor.
Dschinghis Khan - Dschinghis Khan (at "Viva Mallorca" 2007)
www.youtube.com /watch?v=-4fZxKIo_UA   (627 words)

  
 Afghanland.com Afghanistan Leaders Kings Presidents
Sardar Mohammad Hashim Khan 14 Nov 1929 - May 1946
Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 7 Sep 1953 - 10 Mar 1963
Mohammad Yusuf Khan 10 Mar 1963 - 2 Nov 1965
www.afghanland.com /history/leaders/leaders.html   (247 words)

  
 History of the Mongol Empire - Quotes
The good reorganization of the steppes during his unification of the tribes contributed to the Mongols' future sucess.
However, it should be noted that it was his "enemies" that he hated.
-GUYUK KHAN, explaining to the Pope the actions of the Mongols in the invasion of Europe.
mongolempire.4t.com /r_quotes.htm   (849 words)

  
 Chicon 2000: Chairman's Messages
The best chance of a Christian triumph came in 1246, when Genghis Khan's grandson Guyuk was chosen as Grand Khan of the Mongols.
Guyuk's mother and many of his intimate advisors were Nestorians, and his perceived bias in favor of Christianity provoked angry reactions from other Genghisids.
In factual history, Guyuk died after a two-year reign, but it is easy to devise a counterfactual in which he brought the Mongols to the Christian faith and ensured that Islam, rather than Nestorianism, would dwindle to near extinction.
2000.worldcon.org /depts/chair.htm   (1566 words)

  
 Timeline 1200 to 1299   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In Khan's lifetime he and his warriors had conquered the majority of the civilized world, ruling an empire that stretched from Poland down to Iran in the west, and from Russia's Arctic shores down to Vietnam in the east.
1237-1238 Batu Khan, a grandson of Genghis Khan, invaded Russia.
The grand khan was pleased with Marco Polo and employed him for the next seventeen years as a personal representative of the khan in state matters.
www.timelines.ws /1200_1299.HTML   (10589 words)

  
 Mongolian History Resources
Güyük Khan’s Letter to the Pope Innocent the IV http://www.heritagemadison.org/guyuk.htm
The Era of Chinggis Khan, 1206 - 1227
Tomb of Buyan Quli Khan in Bukhara, c.
www.mongolianculture.com /mhistory.html   (1580 words)

  
 A timeline of the Mongols
: the turkic-speaking khanate of Boumin or Kok ("Khan of the blue Turks") defeats the Mongols and extends its empire from Manchuria to the Aral sea (Western and Eastern Khanate)
: Temujin (Genghis Khan) conquers the kingdom of the Jin/Jurchen
: Kublai Khan dies and the empire fragments in khanates
www.scaruffi.com /politics/mongols.html   (1432 words)

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