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Topic: Gymnasium (ancient Greece)

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  Gymnasium (ancient Greece) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The gymnasium of the Greeks originally functioned as the school where competitors in the public games received their training, and was so named from the circumstance that these competitors exercised naked (gymnos).
The gymnasium formed a public institution as - a private school where boys received training in physical exercises, though the term palaestra also often refers to the part of a gymnasium specially devoted to wrestling and boxing.
The regulation of the gymnasium at Athens is attributed by Pausanias (i.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gymnasium_(ancient_Greece)   (1056 words)

 Encyclopedia: Gymnasium (school)
A gymnasium is a type of school of secondary education in parts of Europe.
In the German-speaking, the Scandinavian and the Benelux countries gymnasium has, at least since the protestant reformation in the 16th century, had the meaning of a secondary school preparing for higher education at university.
In Italy, the first two years of high school are called Gymnasium if the high school chosen is a classical lyceum (a particular secondary school focusing on Latin and Greek as well as literature).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Gymnasium-(school)   (2725 words)

 Gymnasium (ancient Greece)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The gymnasium of the Greekss originally functioned as the school where competitors in the public games received their training, and was so named from the circumstance that these competitors exercised naked (gymnos).
The gymnasium formed a public institution as distinguished from the palaestra - a private school where boys received training in physical exercises, though the term palaestra also often refers to the part of a gymnasium specially devoted to wrestling and boxing.
The gymnasia built to suit these various purposes were large buildings, which contained not merely places for each kind of exercise, but also a stadium, baths, covered porticos for practice in bad weather, and outer porticos where the philosophers and men of letters read public lectures and held disputations.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/gymnasium__ancient_greece_   (969 words)

 Olympic Athletic Ideal - Olympic-Legacy.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In ancient Greece athletics were an everyday part of all areas of life—religion, education, society, the arts, and politics.
Ancient Greece was the birthplace of this ideology, and its practice died with it.
Athleticism in ancient Greece was not isolated into the categories of just sports and physical fitness; rather, it was a blend of civic, religious, educational, social, and moral mores.
www.mediaconcerto.com /olympic/olympia/ideal_o.php   (1286 words)

 Slavery in Ancient Greece
Not all forms of slavery in ancient Greece were as tolerable as that of the domestic servant.
Traditionally, studies of Ancient Greece focus on the political, military and cultural achievements of Greek men.
The segregation of male and female roles within ancient Greece was justified by philosophical claims of the natural superiority of males.
www.crystalinks.com /greekslavery.html   (1071 words)

Ancient Greece was a sexist society in which freedoms and duties were assigned because of a person's sex.
Ancient Greece traded with other countries in order to provide necessary materials for their culture.
Greece is surrounded by water and it's mountainous geography made it difficult to build roads.
www.brrd.ab.ca /bawlf/dmurphy/social.htm   (3645 words)

 Abebooks: Ancient Olympic Games
The ancient Olympics were not an idealistic celebration of unity, but a clash of military powers in an arena not far removed from the battlefield.
The cradle of western civilization, Ancient Greece was a land of contradictions and conflict.
In this revised and enlarged edition of her guide to the ancient Games, Judith Swaddling traces their mythological and religious origins and describes the events, the sacred ceremony and the celebrations that were an essential part of the Olympic festival.
www.abebooks.com /docs/Community/Featured/ancientOlympics.shtml   (1321 words)

 Gym - Indopedia, the Indological knowledgebase
Gym is a shortened form of gymnasium and refers to facilities intended for indoor sports or exercise.
The word gymnasium was used in ancient Greece, meaning a locality for the education of young men, including physical education (exercise) which was customarily performed naked, as well as bathing, and studies (most gymnasia had libraries that were often used after relaxing in the baths).
Today the term gymnasium in the sense of a sports facility is still used in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and elsewhere.
www.indopedia.org /Gym.html   (248 words)

 gymnasium - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about gymnasium
The gymnasium later formed a complex of buildings, with separate places for the various exercises, a stadium, baths, and a covered portico for use in bad weather.
The gymnasium is to be distinguished from the palaestra, a private school where boys were trained in wrestling and other physical exercises; but the word ‘palaestra’ was regularly applied to that part of the gymnasium set aside for boxing and wrestling.
Consequently, he has left the gymnasium with an education which is so extensive and complete, that the most a university can do for it is to perfect some of its profounder specialties.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /gymnasium   (266 words)

 History of garden design in Ancient Greece
In Plato’s time the gymnasium and the park were so closely connected that the philosopher wanted to have gymnasiums in such places only as were well-watered and specially favoured by Nature.
But we may be quite sure that gymnasiums were attached to hero sanctuaries, for the clear light of history gives us the origin of one that was set up in Syracuse : the town raised a tomb in the Agora to Timoleon the liberator, and founded a Heroon with annual games.
This observation is of striking importance with regard to the evolution of the villa garden of the ancients in its relation to the Italian Renaissance.
www.gardenvisit.com /got/3/5.htm   (2448 words)

 VideoNET: Ancient Greece - Thera
Ancient Thera, the Classical city of the island is located on Mesa Vouno, 396 m.
It was founded in the 9th century B.C. by Dorian colonists whose leader was Theras, and continued to be inhabited until the early Byzantine period.The preserved ruins belong to the Hellenistic and Roman phases of the city.
It is one of the earliest known colossal statues, found at the cemetery of Ancient Thera, on the west slope of Sellada.
www.videonet.gr /thera.htm   (1388 words)

 gymnasium --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The history of the gymnasium dates back to ancient Greece, where the literal meaning of the word gymnasion was “school for naked exercise.” The gymnasiums were of great significance to the ancient Greeks, and every important city had at least one.
As a result of the renewed emphasis on Greek studies, early in the 15th century a definite sequence of institutions emerged, with the gymnasium as the principal school for young boys, preparatory to further liberal studies in the major nonuniversity institution of higher learning, the academy.
His National Gymnasium for the Tokyo Olympics (1961–64) is considered the peak of 20th-century...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9038647   (725 words)

 Ancient Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Ancient Greece is the source of so much of what we call Western Civilisation.
The legacy of Greece is perhaps the most fascinating and relevant of all the gifts from the ancient worlds.
originally referred to the youths of Ancient Greece between the ages of fifteen and twenty but the term eventually came to refer exclusively to boys of around eighteen who attended the Athenian school for literature and philosophy.
users.bigpond.net.au /bstone/Greece.htm   (1680 words)

The capital of Greece received its name as a result of a contest between 2 gods.
In ancient Greece, the Greeks established the traditions of justice and individual freedom that are basic to what type of government?
The island of Thira in the Aegean Sea is believed by some historians to be the lost continent of ___________.
sunniebunniezz.com /bruce/greece.htm   (339 words)

 Search Results for gymnasium - Encyclopædia Britannica
The history of the gymnasium dates back to ancient Greece, where the literal meaning of the word gymnasion was “school for naked...
In Germany, schools are the responsibility of the governments of the states, or Länder, and the structure of elementary and secondary education is not entirely consistent throughout the nation.
in ancient Greece, important commercial centre on the eastern coast of the Argolid in the northeastern Peloponnese; it is famed for its 4th-century-BC temple of Asclepius, the god of healing.
www.britannica.com /search?query=gymnasium&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (403 words)

 MSN Encarta - Ancient Greece
Introduction; The Lands and Settlement of Ancient Greece; Early History; The Archaic and Classical Ages; The Transformation of Greece; Government; Economy; People and Society; Artistic and Scientific Advancements; The Legacy of Ancient Greece
The Greek philosophers Thales and Anaximander, who lived in the 6th century bc, reached the revolutionary conclusion that the physical world was governed by laws of nature, not by the whims of the gods.
The most famous Sophist was Protagoras, who said, “Man is the measure of all things.” Socrates (469-399 bc) insisted that the Sophists were wrong and that well-informed people would never do wrong on purpose.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_1741501460_5/Ancient_Greece.html   (2205 words)

 Epidaurus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus was the most celebrated healing center of the ancient world.
A mortal physician deified by Zeus after his death for retrieving a patient from the underworld, Asklepios was typically depicted clutching a staff and flanked by a dog and a serpent - common symbols of wisdom.
The theater has the only circular orchestra (stage) to have survived from antiquity, though the alter that once stood in the center is now gone.
www.grisel.net /epidaurus.htm   (472 words)

Excavations at Olynthus, in northern Greece, attest to tiled bathrooms and self-draining tubs.
From the shapes of the ancient tubs uncovered, the bathers apparently sat upright and rested their feet on a depression formed at the bottom.
Many houses in ancient Greece were equipped with closets or latrines that drained into a sewer beneath the street.
groups.msn.com /ancientepidavrosgreece/greekplumbing.msnw   (804 words)

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Later, schools and academies (for "advanced" education in philosophy) built separate buildings, a gymnasium ("place to be nude"), dedicated to athletics, or a palaistra, a separate wrestling school.
Ancient Greece had unofficial and unwritten rules enforcing decorous behavior at dromoi or in gymnasia and especially for relationships that at times started there, much as modern society has rules for how teenage sons of socialites must "court and spark" their romantic interests.
Its contributions to western civilization are innumerable: philosophy, democracy, art and architecture, music, drama, poetry, medicine, science, mathematics and geometry and astronomy, history, private property, the raising and ennobling of the human condition to one of a private person, and on and on and on.
www.truthtree.com /pederasty.shtml   (5939 words)

 Nudity in Ancient Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It has been often repeated that the ancient olympic athletes competed in the nude and that the Greek root of "gymnasium" is gymnos, meaning "naked".
Although in Greece generally people were sufficiently used to the sight of nakedess, this costume of the Spartan girls was ridiculed.
In the rest of Greece the chiton as a single article of dress was only worn in the house; in public the himation was indespensible for women; this, with the exception of the somewhat modified cut required by the differently conditioned build of the female's body, was not essentially different from the man's himation.
www.mbay.net /~cgd/naturism/nudity6.htm   (973 words)

 Slavery in Ancient Greece
The Helots are the husbandmen of the one, the Perioeci of the other, and both Cretans and Lacedaemonians have common meals, which were anciently called by the Lacedaemonians not ‘phiditia’ but ‘andria’; and the Cretans have the same word, the use of which proves that the common meals originally came from Crete.
In Modern Greece he estimated that there are 5000-9000 slaves, the same number in Germany, while the number of slaves in the United States is estimated to be in the range 100000 to 150000.
But modern historians are even less in agreement among themselves than the ancient historians when it comes to being precise about their ethnic origin and the circumstances in which they were reduced to servitude.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Slavery.htm   (5072 words)

 Ancient Greece - Olympic Games (Grades 6-8)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Ancient Greeks loved sport and most cities in Ancient Greece had public gymnasiums where people gathered to train and relax.
The events of the Olympic Games in Ancient Greece included races, the long jump, throwing the discus and javelin, boxing, wrestling, chariot races, and horse races, as well as poetry and drama competitions.
The word "naked" in Greek is "gymnos," and this is where such words as gymnasium, gymnastics, and gymnast came from.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_Geography_134_1.html   (709 words)

 VideoNET: Ancient Greece - Delphi
Outside the area of the Sanctuary, the Stadium, the Gymnasium, the settlement of Delphi and its cemeteries have also been excavated.
The Gymnasium was a complex of buildings used by the youths of Delphi for their education and practice.
It was constructed in two levels: on the upper was a stoa and a free open space used for running practice, and on the lower was the palaestra, the pool and the baths (thermae).
www.videonet.gr /delphi.htm   (976 words)

 The Amazing Ancient World - Premier Ancient Civilization Internet Book ACT I - PART II - GREECE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
For example, the urbanisation of Greece, philosophical developments and an interest in politics by the population at large all contributed to the rise of democracy in Athens.
Maintaining a large number of slaves year around in ancient Greece would have been uneconomical because the cultivation of the crops grown there called for short periods of intense labor punctuated by long stretches of inactivity, during which slaves would have to be fed even while they had no work to do.
The Athenians, who would dominate Greece culturally and politically through the fifth century BC and through part of the fourth, regarded the wars against Persia as their greatest and most characteristic moment.
www.omnibusol.com /angreece.html   (9638 words)

 Sparta - Crystalinks
The reign of Cleomenes was marked also by a determined effort to cope with the rising power of the Achaean League and to recover for Sparta her long-lost supremacy in the Peloponnese, and even throughout Greece.
The battle of Sellasia (222 BCE), in which Cleomenes was defeated by the Achaeans and Antigonus III Doson of Macedonia, and the death of the king, which occurred shortly afterwards in Egypt, put an end to these hopes.
In 1834, after the War of Independence had resulted in the liberation of Greece, the modern town of Sparta was built on part of the ancient site from the designs of Baron Jochmus, and Mistra decayed until now it is in ruins and almost deserted.
www.crystalinks.com /sparta.html   (2836 words)

 Ancient Greece
True to the spirit of the literature of Ancient Greece the gods make fleeting appearances - although Marpessa is the only one who can really see them.
There is the position of women in Ancient Greece and the restricted lives wealthy Athenian women had to lead.
And while Greece is under threat from Persia Athens and Sparta are still fighting.
www.marysmoffat.co.uk /bibliography/tosix/greece.htm   (3771 words)

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