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Topic: Habsburg monarchy

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  Habsburg Monarchy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918.
The Habsburg Monarchy grew to European prominance in 1526, when Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, the younger brother of Emperor Charles V, was elected King of Bohemia and Hungary following the death of Louis II, the King of those two countries, in battle against the Turks at Mohacs.
Following the Habsburg defeats in the Wars of 1859 and 1866, this policy was abandoned, and after several years of experimentation in the early 1860s, the famous Ausgleich, or Compromise, of 1867 was arrived at, by which the so-called Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary was set up.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Habsburg_Empire   (1425 words)

 Habsburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Austrian Habsburgs held (after 1556) the title of Holy Roman Emperor, as well as the Habsburg Hereditary Lands and the Kingdoms of Bohemia and Hungary, while the Spanish Habsburgs ruled over the Spanish kingdoms, the Netherlands, the Habsburgs' Italian possessions, and, for a time, Portugal.
However, the heiress of the last Austrian Habsburg (Maria Theresa) had married Francis Stephan Duke of Lorraine, (both of them were great-grandchildren of Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand III, but from different empresses) and their descendants carried on the Habsburg tradition from Vienna under the dynastic name Habsburg-Lorraine.
The kingship of Hungary remained in the Habsburg family for centuries; but as the kingship was not strictly inherited and was sometimes used as a training ground for young Habsburgs, the dates of rule do not always match those of the primary Habsburg possessions.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Habsburg   (2765 words)

 HABSBURG - LoveToKnow Article on HABSBURG   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The name Habsburg, a variant of an older form, Habicbtsburg (hawks castle), was taken from the castle of Habsburg, which was situated on the river Aar not far from its junction with the Rhine.
To prevent the Habsburg monarchy from falling to pieces the emperors two surviving brothers renounced their rights, and it was decided that Ferdinand, a son of Charles of Styria, should succeed his cousin Matthias.
Restored to the Habsburgs in the person of Ferdinand in 1814, it remained under his rule, and then under that of his son Leopold (1797-1870), i.intil the rising of 1859, when the Austrians were driven out and the grand-duchy was added to the kingdom of Sardinia.
13.1911encyclopedia.org /H/HA/HABSBURG.htm   (5069 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search View - Austria-Hungary
In the Austrian part of the new empire, the constitutional monarchy that was established in the old Austrian empire by an agreement called the February Patent of 1861 remained in force.
The Habsburg monarchy's foreign policy was simplified when it lost territory in Italy and lost the Seven Weeks' War to Prussia in 1866.
The dual monarchy seemed to be close to breaking apart, especially in 1905 when, in Hungary, the defenders of the 1867 compromise were defeated at the polls.
encarta.msn.com /text_761579967__1/Austria-Hungary.html   (2683 words)

 The Strength of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1914 - John Garland
Austria-Hungary was a dynastic state, a survival from the ancien régime in an age of rampant nationalism, a monarchy based upon peasant loyalty to their feudal lord in an era of burgeoning capitalism.
Among the Germans, Georg von Schoenerer, leader of the German National Movement, preached the destruction of the Habsburg Monarchy, the superiority of the German race, and violent anti-Semitism.
John Garland concludes the discussion in the December issue, in a second article, in which the strengths of the Austrian Monarchy are outlined, and the article concludes with an overall assessment of the Habsburg Monarchy's strength in 1914.
www.users.globalnet.co.uk /~semp/strength1.htm   (3648 words)

 Solomon Wank, Center for Austrian Studies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A third argument adduced to demonstrate that the Habsburg monarchy commanded the loyalty of the majority of its inhabitants is the enthusiastic popular response to the war and the fact that the mobilization of the army in 1914 transpired without notable anti-war demonstrations or resistance to conscription.
The relationship between the imperial center--in the Habsburg case the Hereditary Lands with their seat in Vienna--and the peripheral territories is one of power and the object of that relationship is the extraction of resources necessary to sustain the maintain the military capacity necessary to support the imperial ambitions of the emperor and his advisers.
It was the efforts of the Habsburg emperors from 1815 until 1914 to preserve that structure in the face of forces eroding their hegemonial rule over territories and nations under their control that was the primary dysfunctional force.
www.cas.umn.edu /wp933.htm   (7662 words)

 Search Results for "Habsburg"
Habsburg, castle, Switzerland, (haps´boorkh) (KEY), castle, Aargau canton, N Switzerland, near the Aare River.
The Habsburg Monarchy Monarchs: Ferdinand III (1637-57), Leopold I (1657-1705), Joseph I (1705-11), Charles VI (1711-40), Maria Theresa (1740-80), Joseph II (coregent...
The End of the Habsburg Monarchy By the summer of 1918 the Habsburg Monarchy was already in full process of dissolution.
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=Habsburg   (200 words)

 ipedia.com: Habsburg Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Habsburg was one of the ruling houses of Europe : rulers of Austria, kings of Spain, and Holy Roman Emperors for several centuries to 1806.
Habsburg (frequently spelled Hapsburg) was one of the ruling houses of Europe: rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282–1453, archdukes 1453–1804, and emperors 1804–1918), kings of Spain (1516–1700), and Holy Roman Emperors for several centuries to 1806.
However, the heiress of the last Austrian Habsburg (Maria Theresa) had married Francis Stephen Duke of Lorraine, and their descendants carried on the Habsburg tradition from Vienna under the dynastic name Habsburg-Lorraine.
www.ipedia.com /habsburg.html   (772 words)

 Royalty.nu - The Habsburgs
The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918: A History of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary by Alan John Percivale Taylor.
The Habsburg Monarchy: From Enlightenment to Eclipse by Robin Okey.
The Habsburg Monarchy 1490-1848: Attributes of Empire by Paula Sutter Fichtner.
www.royalty.nu /Europe/Austria/Habsburgs.html   (1234 words)

 MSN Encarta - Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary, also known as the dual monarchy, nation in central Europe ruled by the Habsburg monarchy from 1867 to 1918.
The compromise was an agreement between the Habsburg Emperor Francis Joseph and the Magyar rulers of the kingdom of Hungary.
Since the compromise was primarily an agreement between the Habsburgs and the Magyars, the Slavic peoples were not consulted before the compromise was enacted.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761579967/Austria-Hungary.html   (1445 words)

 16. The End of the Habsburg Monarchy. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
By the summer of 1918 the Habsburg Monarchy was already in full process of dissolution.
In view of the rapid disintegration of the monarchy, the Austrians made a last bid for military victory.
Emperor Charles proclaimed the reorganization of the non-Hungarian part of the monarchy as a federal state, with complete self-government for the subject nationalities.
www.bartleby.com /67/1778.html   (457 words)

 The International Commission on Nobility and Royalty
First of all, Constitutional Monarchy is the kind of monarchy we advocate.
It is upheld and tempered by the supreme law of the land and has been shown to be one of the safest, most stable and most prosperous types of government on earth.
A second, but equally important priority, is to promote the ideals of nobility, royalty and monarchy in modern times, including its illustrious past, its future and its potential to benefit all mankind.
www.nobility-royalty.com   (1292 words)

 sochabs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Society for Austrian and Habsburg History was founded in 1957 as The American Committee to Promote Studies of the History of the Habsburg Monarchy.
The purpose of the Society for Austrian and Habsburg History is to encourage, support, and further the study of Austrian history and the history of the Habsburg Monarchy and of its successor states.
HABSBURG: The website of this SAHH affiliate provides links to lively debates of current publications and issues in the field, sample course syllabi, book reviews, and discussion of teaching as well as scholarship.
www.cas.umn.edu /sochabs.htm   (219 words)

 Denial & Recovery: Legal Policies Perpetrated Against the Roma in the Habsburg Monarchy
Although this analysis will focus on the period of the Habsburg monarchy in those lands they ruled, one must consider that most of the laws aimed at the Roma would be duplicated from one country to the next, not just within the monarchy’s realm, nor necessarily beginning with the monarchy’s legislation.
The Habsburg monarchy, furthermore, could not come to grips with a population that lived a culture so distinct from that of the rest of its people.
Thus, the monarchy dropped its assimilatory concerns in favor of attaining recognition from the Hungarian nobility.
lgi.osi.hu /ethnic/relations/1/roma.html   (6849 words)

 The Nationalism Project: Book Review of The Dissolution of the Hapsburg Monarchy
Jaszi highlights the anachronistic nature of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy as contributing to the three key causes of its dissolution.
Jaszi focuses on the Empire's internal incoherencies, structural contradictions and the monarchy's inability (or unwillingness) to undertake crucial changes in either domestic or foreign policy (6).
Instead of energetically promoting an overarching state identity and inter-national solidarity, education remained restricted to the glorification of the Habsburg dynasty as the sole source of the state's legitimacy and identity.
www.nationalismproject.org /books/bookrevs/Jaszi.html   (809 words)

 Additional Reading (from House of Habsburg) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Austria and the rise of the Habsburgs in Germany
Works in English on the Habsburgs in the 19th and 20th centuries vary in scope and in quality.
, The Dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy (1929, reissued 1961); and
www.britannica.com /eb/article-32095?tocId=32095   (1300 words)

 John Komlos' The Habsburg Monarchy as a Customs Union   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
John Komlos in his work attempts to explore the development of the Habsburg economy in the 19th century.
The author here attempts to give a plausible substitute to the traditional notion that after the reform of 1850, the economy in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire dramatically improved.
However, the work is an eye opener in providing a different interpretation to the traditional views.
www2.tltc.ttu.edu /kelly/_5346disc/00000029.htm   (331 words)

 Copyright   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The third is the reestablishment of Habsburg power and influence in the second half of the eighteenth century.
The Habsburg monarchy was, he writes, "a model case of a polity whose destiny [...] was as a whole shaped by foreign-policy concerns and influenced by geopolitical realities" (p.
The first is a lengthy prolegomenon, describing the many regions and institutions of the post-Westphalian Habsburg realm, delineating the shifting and ambiguous relations between Austria and the Reich, and focusing on the character of the Habsburg army.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /genocide/reviewsw167.htm   (1448 words)

 Hungary and the limits of Habsburg authority
In the case of the Habsburgs, the three operating principles were the dynasty, class and reform.
The first Habsburg to rule over lands in the "East" (the origin of the name "Austria") was Count Rudolph the First who took the land around Vienna away from the King of Bohemia in 1278.
For the Habsburg Empire as a whole, the events of 1790 showed how hard it was going to be to reconcile the principles of dynastic power and noble class privilege with the third principle: enlightened reform.
www.lib.msu.edu /sowards/balkan/lecture4.html   (4059 words)

 Lawyers, Guns and Money: Book Review: The Habsburg Monarchy
The Habsburgs ruled the various nations through a number of different methods; what passed for state authority differed between Poland and Croatia.
In this, the Habsburgs were the last true European empire, in the sense that an empire is a different critter than a unitary nation-state (I understand that Russia may be an exception to this).
The odd union of nationalism and liberalism finally finished the empire off, although even Woodrow Wilson envisioned the survival of Austria-Hungary as a federal monarchy after World War I. Nationalism and liberalism don't tend to mix well; one is premised on a non-voluntary community, the other on the primacy of the individual.
lefarkins.blogspot.com /2004/10/book-review-habsburg-monarchy.html   (600 words)

 2. The Habsburg Monarchy. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
The diversity of these lands created several problems for the Habsburg monarchy.
The Habsburg monarchy countered the Zollverein with its own tariff system.
It relied on the dualistic nature of its territories to fuel the economies.
www.bartleby.com /67/1073.html   (601 words)

 [No title]
The Habsburg Empire was the Reading power in Central Europe in the 16-18th centuries, so it is really necessary to understand its complicated political, and social structures - for understanding the history of the whole region.
In these tree centuries the Habsburg Empire did not remain the same: from a loose unity of different provinces, which were even to be given away to different members of the dynasty after the death of Ferdinand, it developed to a monarchy with a strictly centralized administration to the second half of the eighteenth century.
The Habsburg Empire was the unity of strikingly different parts, not in only in political, but in social history as well.
www.ceu.hu /crc/Syllabi/Hist/Tot_HabMon18.F93Hist.v3.html   (412 words)

 Contemporary Review: The Habsburg Monarchy, 1490-1848: Attributes of Empire - Brief Article - Book Review
ISBN 0-333-73727-X. This latest volume in the European History in Perspective series covers the period during which the Habsburg Monarchy created the Empire which was to survive, with some new additions in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, until 1918.
Because the Habsburgs were survivors, the editor devotes herself to analysing 'the techniques that helped the dynasty to get its empire underway and encouraged its perpetuation'.
This is a much needed introduction to the history of the Habsburg Monarchy and one that is balanced, fair and readable.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2242/is_1653_283/ai_110266780   (284 words)

 Amazon.ca: The Hapsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918: A History of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Habsburg Monarchy was in an awkward geopolitical situation in 19th and early 20th century.
Published in 1948, this concise book is a good overview of the Habsburg monarchy over the last century of its existence.
Taylor shows that the survival of the Habsburg state was a paradoxical function of internal and external conflicts that embroiled it.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0226791459   (823 words)

 Discount The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918 : A History of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary for sale   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
This summary of the nineteenth century Habsburg empire is poorly organized, repetitious, glib and judgemental.
AJP Taylor has written a well researched analysis of the final century of the Habsburg empire, but it is not accessible to a general audience.
From the start the Habsburg empire was a motley collection of populations and languages only weakly held together at the center.
www.historical-books.net /pub/0226791459.html   (384 words)

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