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Topic: Hallstein Doctrine


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GDR

  
  Doctrine information - Search.com
Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means "a body of teachings" or "instructions", taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system.
In matters of foreign policy, a doctrine is a body of axioms fundamental to the exercise of a nation's foreign policy.
Doctrines of this sort are almost always presented as the personal creations of one particular political leader, whom they are named after.
www.search.com /reference/Doctrine   (559 words)

  
  Hallstein Doctrine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hallstein Doctrine, named after Walter Hallstein, was a key doctrine in the foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) between 1955 and 1969.
According to the doctrine, the Federal Republic of Germany had the exclusive right to represent the entire German nation, and with the exception of the Soviet Union, West Germany would not establish or maintain diplomatic relations with any state that recognized East Germany.
The doctrine was never popular, even with West Germany's western allies, as it effectively tried to impose retroactive conditions on the unconditional surrender of 1945.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hallstein_Doctrine   (270 words)

  
 Walter Hallstein
His name is associated with the "Hallstein Doctrine", by which the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) attempted to block the recognition of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
In September 1955 he was responsible for the policy that bears his name, the "Hallstein Doctrine", though much of the work formulating this is said to have actually been done by his deputy Wilhelm Grewe[?].
Hallstein remained at the foreign ministry until the beginning of 1958 and played a major part in the negotiations on the EEC and Euratom[?] treaties.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/wa/Walter_Hallstein.html   (685 words)

  
 YourArt.com >> Encyclopedia >> doctrine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
In matters of foreign policy, a doctrine is a body of axioms fundamental to the exercise of a nation's foreign policy.
Doctrines of this sort are almost always presented as the personal creations of one particular political leader, whom they are named after.
Examples include the Monroe Doctrine, the Stimson Doctrine, the Truman Doctrine, the Eisenhower Doctrine, the Brezhnev Doctrine, and the less catchy Bush administration doctrine of military preemption, and the Kirkpatrick doctrine.
www.yourart.com /research/encyclopedia.cgi?subject=/doctrine   (367 words)

  
 Wikipedia: Doctrine
Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means "a body of teachings" or "instructions", taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system.
The reader will judge the coherence of various 'doctrines' of policy: the Stimson Doctrine, the Truman Doctrine, the Eisenhower Doctrine, the Brezhnev Doctrine, the Nixon Doctrine, the Carter Doctrine, the Bush doctrine, and the less catchy Bush administration doctrine of military preeminence, the Kirkpatrick doctrine etc. (see list of US Presidential Doctrines.
The typical example is tactical doctrine in which a standard set of maneuvers, kinds of troops and weapons are employed as a default approach to a kind of attack.
www.factbook.org /wikipedia/en/d/do/doctrine.html   (303 words)

  
 Walter Hallstein - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Walter Hallstein (17 November 1901 – 29 March 1982) was a German politician and professor.
His name is associated with the "Hallstein Doctrine", by which the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) attempted to block the recognition of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), the Peoples Republic of Poland and other communist states.
In 1997, the Walter Hallstein Institute for European Constitutional Law at the Humboldt University in Berlin was named in his honour.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Walter_Hallstein   (729 words)

  
 Toute l'Europe: Walter Hallstein (1901-1982)
Walter Hallstein est né le 17 novembre 1901, à Mayence (Allemagne).
Pendant les années 1958-1963, Walter Hallstein parvient à instaurer un appareil administratif efficace.
Le 31 mars 1965, une proposition de Walter Hallstein, approuvée par le Parlement européen, relative au financement de la PAC, à la création des ressources propres de la CEE et à la révision des institutions est repoussée par un veto du président de Gaulle.
www.touteleurope.fr /fr/union-europeenne/ue-au-fil-du-temps/les-personnages-cles/walter-hallstein-1901-1982.html   (1509 words)

  
 Hallstein Doctrine: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Hallstein Doctrine, named after Walter Hallstein (Walter Hallstein: walter hallstein (17 november 1901 - 29 march 1982) was a german politician...
The doctrine was first applied to Yugoslavia (Yugoslavia: A mountainous republic in southeastern Europe) in 1957, and is directly comparable to the One-China policy (One-China policy: the one-china policy (chinese:) is the principle that there...
The doctrine was never popular, even with West Germany's western allies, as it effectively tried to impose retroactive conditions on the unconditional surrender (unconditional surrender: unconditional surrender refers to a surrender without conditions, except for those provided...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/hallstein_doctrine   (313 words)

  
 Doctrine Article, Doctrine Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means "a body of teachings" or"instructions", taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system.
Doctrines of this sort are almost always presented as thepersonal creations of one paticular political leader, whom they are named after.
Examples include the Monroe Doctrine, the Stimson Doctrine, the Truman Doctrine, the Eisenhower Doctrine, the Brezhnev Doctrine, and the less catchy Bushadministration doctrine of military preeminence, and the Kirkpatrick doctrine.
www.anoca.org /body/doctrines/doctrine.html   (378 words)

  
 Doctrinal Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Catechisms are doctrinal manuals often in the form of questions followed by answers to be memorized, a format that has sometimes been used in non-religious or secular contexts as well.
The fair use doctrine is an aspect of United States copyright law that provides for the licit, non-licensed citation or incorporation of copyrighted material in another author's work under a four-factor balancing test.
The doctrine was conceived by its authors, especially John Quincy Adams, as a proclamation by the United States of moral opposition to colonialism, but has subsequently been re-interpreted in a wide variety of ways, including by President Theodore Roosevelt as a license for the U.S. to practice its own form of colonialism (see Roosevelt Corollary).
jim.kiick.en.ogarnij.info /en/doctrinal   (12445 words)

  
 Hallstein Doctrine: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Sinatra Doctrine (The sinatra doctrine was the name that the soviet government of mikhail gorbachev used jokingly to describe their...)
Drago Doctrine (The drago doctrine was announced in 1902 by the argentinian minister of foreign affairs luis maria drago....)
Kirkpatrick Doctrine (The kirkpatrick doctrine was a political doctrine expounded by united states ambassador to the united...)
www.absoluteastronomy.com /ref/hallstein_doctrine   (1327 words)

  
 Transcending Reality? Ostpolitik and Rapprochement in Cold War Europe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Furthermore, the doctrine had the potential to isolate West Germany instead of the GDR in Central Europe and amongst the newly independent nations of Africa and Asia.
Abandonment of the doctrine had the further benefit of satisfying East German and Soviet complaints, which in turn increased the pressure on the GDR to negotiate with Bonn at some future date.
Indeed, Ostpolitik’s abandonment of the Hallstein Doctrine allowed the GDR to solidify its international legitimacy and its claim that two separate and sovereign states existed within the old German Reich.
www.wibemedia.com /ostpolitik.html   (3985 words)

  
 iqexpand.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
More accurately, the foreign policy doctrine gaining ascendance inside the administration is frighteningly coherent.
A foreign policy doctrine, however, it is not.
It is, however, neither desirable nor practical to make democracy promotion a foreign policy doctrine.
foreign_policy_doctrine.iqexpand.com /index.php?...&section=1   (486 words)

  
 Walter Hallstein : Nazi Germany
Hallstein worked for a law firm until 1929 when he became a lecturer in Berlin.
appointed Hallstein as undersecretary of state and was leader of the German delegation at the Schuman Plan Conference.
No practical statesman would I think be prepared to endorse unreservedly the doctrine of the separation of powers: but classical democratic theory, with its division of the organs of government into executive, legislative and judiciary, certainly underlines the constitutional structure of the European Economic Community.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /GERhallsteinW.htm   (974 words)

  
 1966 Vice Chancellor and Foreign Minister   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
He sees this danger - which is heightened by the fact that more and more states are establishing diplomatic relations with the DDR - in the continuing application in Federal foreign policy of the "Hallstein Doctrine" (since 1955).
The application of the Hallstein doctrine has the result that the Federal Republic has no diplomatic relations with the states of the East Bloc, except for the USSR itself.
He modifies the Hallstein Doctrine for Eastern Europe, sends ambassadors to Rumania and Yugoslavia, and concludes agreements with the Czech government to establish trade representatives in Bonn and Prague.
www.willy-brandt.org /english/biographie/1966a.html   (542 words)

  
 Country Information, a world portal on countries, politics and governments
Doctrine, from Latin doctrina (compare doctor), means "a code of beliefs", "a body of teachings" or "instructions", taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system.
Examples include the Monroe Doctrine, the Stimson Doctrine, the Truman Doctrine, the Eisenhower Doctrine, the Brezhnev Doctrine, the Kirkpatrick doctrine, and the Bush Doctrine.
Sometimes \'doctrine\' is an ambitious word for a mere slogan.
www.countryiworld.com /wiki-Doctrine   (376 words)

  
 Ostpolitik: German History
West Germany's relations with the East European states had virtually stagnated since the establishment of the Hallstein Doctrine in the mid-1950s.
In 1970, in an attempt to lessen tensions in Europe, Brandt and his FDP minister for foreign affairs, Walter Scheel, agreed to negotiate with the communist bloc.
To many conservatives, the Basic Treaty represented the failure of the Hallstein Doctrine and a final blow to the possibility of Germany's reunification.
www.germanculture.com.ua /library/history/bl_ostpolitik.htm   (988 words)

  
 Doctrine
We have compiled many new Doctrine resources to help you find the Doctrine your looking for.
Sometimes 'doctrine' is an ambitious word for a mere slogan: the slogan 'Peace through strength' is termed a 'doctrine' at Doctrine.
Many more examples can be found at Doctrine by searching doctrine * (doctrine and an asterisk).
jackson.clubblogs.com /jackson/index/andrew_jackson/Doctrine   (395 words)

  
 [No title]
I know the why the Hallstein doctrine was abandoned, the success and failures of Ostpolitik, important external factors that were important in the collapse of the GDR (e.g.
The ideological basis of the Hallstein Doctrine (West Germany being the sole democratic representation of the German nation) eroded during the softening of the cold war about 1970, but then it was about to become obsolte under Brandt´s Neue Ostpolitik anyhow.
So this cold war doctrine worked, until it became outdated and was replaced with a softer policy.
www.strategypage.com /militaryforums/30-47365.aspx   (555 words)

  
 Hallstein Doctrine - Lexikon - Biografie Willy Brandt   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Hallstein Doctrine - Lexikon - Biografie Willy Brandt
According to this doctrine, the Federal Republic asserts the exclusive right to represent the entire German nation (Alleinvertretungsanspruch).
(Exception: The USSR, as one of the victorious powers of World War II.) The doctrine is applied for the first time against Yugoslavia (1957), followed by Cuba (1963) and Arab countries (1965).
www.willy-brandt.org /bwbs_biografie/Hallstein_Doctrine_G136.html   (93 words)

  
 Commentary Magazine - Bonn, Cairo, Jerusalem: The Triple Crisis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
...Politically it should have been clear that the Hallstein doctrine had to be jettisoned immediately if it could be maintained only by violating treaty obligations at the cost of great public humil- iation and an admission of extreme weakness...
...The Hallstein doctrine undoubtedly helped to slow down international recognition of that regime, but gradually it became a trap for those who had invented it...
...But the principle of the Hallstein doctrine was at stake and the Germans were unable to find a way out of a prison they had erected themselves...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V39I5P31-1.htm   (8694 words)

  
 Niebyl-Proctor Marxist Library - Unification of Germany Page 6   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Walster Hallstein, a West German state secretary and later president of the Common Market Commission, declared in 1955 that the FRG would break off relations with any state the recognized the GDR.
world," and he added that "The Hallstein doctrine was the diplomatic arm of a West German policy of trying to prevent the communists in the GDR from consolidating their rule." I have already referred to the so-called COCOM list of potentially strategic materials that no capitalist state may sell to any socialist state.
The aim was not so to protect western military secrets as to hinder the economic development of eastern European socialism.
www.marxistlibr.org /goldsteinpages/goldstein06.html   (417 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Pontifical Council For Justice And Peace - Compendium Of The Social Doctrine Of The Church
James Montgomery Boice - The Doctrines of Grace: Rediscovering the Essentials of Evangelicalism
Kevin J. Vanhoozer - The Drama Of Doctrine: A Canonical-Linguistic Approach To Christian Theology
www.everybase.com /Doctrine   (447 words)

  
 Germany (East) The National People's Army and the Third World - Flags, Maps, Economy, History, Climate, Natural ...
In Africa, where East Germany has been active since the late 1950s, early efforts were modest, motivated partly by a desire for international recognition and a quest for a stable supply of raw materials.
The diplomatic isolation imposed by West Germany's Hallstein Doctrine--which precluded diplomatic relations between West Germany and any state that had such relations with East Germany--ended in 1972, and the coming of détente altered East Germany's international standing.
In 1973 the East German regime renewed interest in military aid to Africa, and in the same year East German military advisers were seen in Brazzaville, Congo, for the first time.
www.photius.com /countries/germany_east/national_security/germany_east_national_security_the_national_people~8469.html   (960 words)

  
 Hallstein Doctrine
appointed Walter Hallstein as undersecretary of state and was leader of the German delegation at the Schuman Plan Conference.
His policy of Ostpolitik (reconciliation between eastern and western Europe) replaced the Hallstein Doctrine.
One of the major arguments of Soviet propaganda alleges that the Common Market is aggravating the contradictions of the capitalist world, and is precipitating a relentless struggle for position in the European market among rival monopolistic groups.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /GERhallsteinD.htm   (502 words)

  
 [No title]
Kolakowski began to criticize the dogmatic Marxist doctrine which had evolved in the Soviet Union and was imposed on Eastern Europe.
Furthermore, Romania protested against the Brezhnev Doctrine, fromulated in 1968, on the right of socialist countries to intervene in the affairs of an ally, if socialism was threatened.
But above all, it was communist doctrine that the party must control the media, for this control was a key instrument of communist power.
www.ku.edu /~eceurope/communistnationssince1917/ch7.html   (16380 words)

  
 deGroot on Nesselrode 1963: Germany's Other Half
Basically formed to squeeze the DDR in an economic stranglehold, this doctrine declared, "The intention of the Bonn Government to break off diplomatic relations with any country (other than the USSR) that would establish such relations with the DDR" (Nesselrode 16).
The economic root behind this doctrine is clearly visible with the exception of the USSR to the case, undoubtedly because of its status as a global economic power.
The Hallstein Doctrine began to fail after years of success, and it became clear that economic threats were no longer valid grounds for slowing the forward progress of a young and legitimate nation.
www.history.ucsb.edu /faculty/marcuse/classes/133c/133cproj/DeGrootNesselrode63-042.htm   (2238 words)

  
 University of Victoria GER 261 - Module 1 Resources
An entry the euro-know.org dictionary outling his connection to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (the Schuman Plan) and to Adenauer.
An entry the euro-know.org dictionary outling Hallstein's ideology and his involvement in the Schuman Plan and the Hallstein Doctrine.
German Army (rearmament), Coal and Steel Union (Benelux), NATO, Hallstein Doctrine, Warsaw Pact, Adenauer in Moscow, Sovereignty, Reparations with Israel, Wirtschaftswunder ("Economic Miracle"), Adenauer, Schumacher, Treaty of Rome.
web.uvic.ca /geru/261/module1.htm   (774 words)

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