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Topic: Hamas

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Due to the elimination of the leadership of the Hamas in the West Bank by Israeli forces in 2002-2003, the Hamas leadership in Gaza perceives itself as the central headquarters, and as such, directs and is responsible for terrorist attacks through Hamas operatives in the West Bank.
Hamas in Gaza takes advantage of the fact that the IDF does not have the presence in the Gaza Strip as it does in the West Bank, and thus Hamas continues with its widespread terrorist activity in Gaza.
Hamas founder Sheikh Ahmed Yassin was assassinated by the IDF on March 22, 2004.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Terrorism/hamas.html   (2351 words)

 Hamas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hamas' charter (written in 1988 and still in force) calls for the destruction of the State of Israel and its replacement with a Palestinian Islamic state in the area that is now Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.
Hamas does not recognize Israel as a sovereign state and refers to it as the "Zionist entity", a common hostile term in Arab political rhetoric, and calls for an end to the state of Israel in its charter.
Hamas claimed that this unilateral withdrawal was a victory for its armed struggle and pledged to liberate all the occupied territories, including the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hamas   (8256 words)

Hamas tries to maintain a clear distinction between the covert activity of its various sections and its overt activity, which serves primarily to broaden the ranks of the movement.
Hamas makes extensive use of many of these charity associations and committees, which (together with the mosques, unions, etc.) also serve as the overt facade of the organization's activity, operating parallel to and serving its covert operations.
Hamas took responsibility for the attack, saying it was "a response to the massacre at the Erez checkpoint".August 14, 1994 - Ron Soval, 18, of Lehavim, north of Beersheba, was shot to death in an ambush near Kissufim junction in the Gaza Strip.
ict.org.il /organizations/orgdet.cfm?orgid=13   (6400 words)

 Hamas and Hizballah - The Peace Encyclopedia
Hence, the "love of death" described by the Hamas nonstate enemy of Israel is the ironic consequent of an all-consuming wish to avoid death.
By its own definition, the HAMAS is a Palestinian Islamist movement fighting for the liberation of the entire Palestine, the destruction of Israel and the establishment of an Islamic State in its stead.
In November 1988, Hamas published a covenant which was an attempt to systematically present the movement's ideology, in contrast to the PLO covenant.
peace.heebz.com /hamas.html   (1892 words)

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Hamas was created shortly before the December 1987 Intifada as a more militant, Palestinian offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, a religious, political and social movement founded in Egypt and dedicated to the gradual victory of Islam.
The social, cultural, religious and educational institutions of Hamas are well-known venues for anti-Israel and anti-Jewish hatred and serve as recruitment centers for Hamas suicide bombers.
Hamas candidates appeal to Palestinian voters as the alternative to the perceived corruption, inaction and weakness of Fatah and the Palestinian Authority leadership.
www.adl.org /main_israel/hamas_facts.htm   (1340 words)

 Internet Haganah::Haganah b' Internet
Hamas ideology states that the Palestinian problem is religious and therefore can never be solved by political compromise, and that the land of Palestine, "from the river to the sea," is consecrated to Islam (wakf).
Hamas policy decisions are arrived at though a dialogue of the various leaderships, although today (September 2004) the "external " leadership (influenced and supported by Syria and Iran) has more weight than the "internal." Because of its proximity to those two countries, its position is relatively extreme and inflexible.
Hamas also supports a wide range of "educational" activities in the PA-administered territories (kindergartens, schools, summer camps, clubhouses) which are in de facto competition with those of the PA. In its alternative educational system, the younger generations are indoctrinated with the tenets of extreme religious Islam and are incited to perpetrate terrorist attacks against Israel.
haganah.org.il /harchives/003976.html   (1814 words)

 HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement)
HAMAS (in Arabic, an acronym for "Harakat Al-Muqawama Al-Islamia" -- Islamic Resistance Movement -- and a word meaning courage and bravery) is a radical Islamic fundamentalist organization which became active in the early stages of the intifada, operating primarily in the Gaza District but also in Judea and Samaria.
HAMAS is the strongest opposition group to the peace process, to the PLO, and remains a powerful player in Middle East politics.
Hamas officials said they were prepared to consider a two-state solution with Israel, which would be a major about-face for the group, whose charter calls for the destruction of the Jewish state.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/para/hamas.htm   (1210 words)

Hamas tries to maintain a clear distinction between the covert activity of its various sections and its overt activity, which serves primarily to broaden the ranks of the movement.
Hamas makes extensive use of many of these charity associations and committees, which (together with the mosques, unions, etc.) also serve as the overt facade of the organization's activity, operating parallel to and serving its covert operations.
Hamas took responsibility for the attack, saying it was "a response to the massacre at the Erez checkpoint".August 14, 1994 - Ron Soval, 18, of Lehavim, north of Beersheba, was shot to death in an ambush near Kissufim junction in the Gaza Strip.
www.eyespymag.com /hamas.htm   (6065 words)

 Hamas - Council on Foreign Relations
Hamas clerics assure the bombers their deaths will be painless and that dozens of virgins await them in paradise.
Hamas experienced a short-lived spike in popularity after the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza in August 2005; after a rocket explosion at a Hamas rally September 23, 2005, killed fifteen people, Hamas blamed Israel and launched rocket attacks against it.
Hamas appeared to have lost its political momentum in a September 2005 round of local elections in the West Bank: Fatah, benefiting from the Israeli withdrawal, took 54 percent of the vote over Hamas’ 26 percent.
www.cfr.org /publication/8968   (1842 words)

 Terrorism - Hamas
Hamas is a well-positioned obstacle to the peace process in Palestine, and by extension, a danger to American interests in the region and beyond.
If Hamas was born of the Intifada, then it came of age with the conclusion of the Oslo agreement and the mutual recognition of the PLO and Israel in 1993.
Hamas embarked upon a dual strategy that sought at once to strike at Israeli interests and avoid confrontation with the PA. It was a strategy that satisfied both tactical and strategic aims.
www.cdi.org /terrorism/hamas.cfm   (1100 words)

As the uprising became the main focus of the Palestinian Arab population, the Muslim Brotherhood's leaders found themselves detached from the events which were being led by Islamic Jihad and the PLO from their headquarters in exile in Tunisia.
Hamas recognized the contributions of the PLO in creating the idea of a Palestinian nation and in leading the political and military struggle against Israel.
Hamas' position on the crisis was considered more balanced than the PLO's, mainly because the movement's leaders had always been critical of the secular Iraqi regime.
www.palestinefacts.org /pf_1991to_now_plo_hamas.php   (1131 words)

 "Sponsoring Terrorism: Syria and Hamas" (October 2002)
Although Hamas opened an office in the Yarmouk refugee camp outside Damascus in 1991, there was little evidence of substantial cooperation between Hamas and the Assad regime until after the September 1993 signing of the Declaration of Principles.
A Hamas cell involved in the bombings of a Jerusalem cafe in March 2002, a Rishon Lezion pool hall in May, and a Hebrew University cafeteria in July, resulting in a total of 35 deaths, allegedly received its orders from the Hamas office in Damascus.
Hamas officials became outraged after it became clear that Hezbollah was directly recruiting some of the Hamas operatives it was training and sending them on its own missions in the territories.
www.meib.org /articles/0210_s1.htm   (4850 words)

Hamas grew out of the Muslim Brotherhood, specifically from a branch active in Gaza in religious, social and educational work.
In Hamas' charter strong sentiments against the Western world and Jews are clearly expressed, mixed with frequent quotations from the Koran.
Hamas is also involved in a wide range of social programs for poor Palestinians, programs providing welfare and education, vocational training, health care and also jobs for unemployed.
www.i-cias.com /e.o/hamas.htm   (790 words)

 Salon.com News | Who is the real Hamas?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Palestinian girls wearing Hamas scarves and headbands during a campaign for Student Council elections at the Arab American University in the West Bank town of Jenin on Feb. 27, 2006.
Hamas' victory raises a host of questions, but it is clearly one of the most significant developments in decades in this debilitating and frequently lethal conflict, which even more than the war in Iraq remains the greatest source of anger and misunderstanding between the U.S. and the Arab/Muslim world.
Most Israelis see Hamas as a murderous group of religious zealots who refuse to recognize the Israeli state, want to see it destroyed and are willing to be very patient in seeking its doom.
www.salon.com /news/feature/2006/03/02/hamas   (503 words)

 Hamas: The Last Chance for Peace? - The New York Review of Books
Hamas is not opposed to negotiations with Israel, provided negotiations are based on the provision that neither party may act unilaterally to change the situation that prevailed before the 1967 war, and that negotiations, when they are resumed, will take the pre-1967 border as their starting point.
Hamas understands that it cannot demand recognition as the legitimate government of Palestine if it is not prepared to enforce such a cease-fire, in the context of its responsibility for law and order.
Hamas will not seek to impose standards of religious behavior and piety on the Palestinian population, such as the wearing of the veil or the abaya, although Hamas believes that certain standards of public modesty—but not of religious observance—should be followed by everyone.
www.nybooks.com /articles/18939   (4755 words)

 The Avalon Project : Hamas Covenant 1988
The spirits of its fighters meet with the spirits of all the fighters who have sacrificed their lives on the soil of Palestine, ever since it was conquered by the companions of the Prophet, Allah bless him and grant him salvation, and until this day.
This Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement (HAMAS), clarifies its picture, reveals its identity, outlines its stand, explains its aims, speaks about its hopes, and calls for its support, adoption and joining its ranks.
Hamas (means) strength and bravery -(according to) Al-Mua'jam al-Wasit: c1.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/mideast/hamas.htm   (7951 words)

 Foreign Affairs - Can Hamas Be Tamed? - Michael Herzog
Hamas will thus effectively be forced to sheathe its sword and behave.
Hamas was founded in 1987 as an offshoot of the pan-Islamic Muslim Brotherhood movement.
Hamas does, however, recognize both an "internal" leadership, living inside the Palestinian territories, and an "external" one, living outside, primarily in Damascus.
www.foreignaffairs.org /20060301faessay85207/michael-herzog/can-hamas-be-tamed.html   (899 words)

 Military.com Resources   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Hamas was formed in 1987 with the objective of replacing Israel with a Palestinian state based on Islamic principles.
Hamas used to base much of its organization in Jordan, but in 1999 Jordan's King Abdullah II closed Hamas' Political Bureau offices in Amman, and many Hamas leaders were expelled to Qatar.
Hamas has attempted to draw a firm distinction between its military wing and its recruitment and charitable activities.
www.military.com /Resources/ResourceFileView?file=HAMAS-Organization.htm   (319 words)

 HAMAS   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Various HAMAS elements have used both violent and political means, including terrorism, to pursue the goal of establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in Israel.
HAMAS’ strength is concentrated in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
HAMAS continues to confine its attacks to Israelis inside Israel and the occupied territories.
library.nps.navy.mil /home/tgp/hamas.htm   (301 words)

 A Hamas Government: Isolate or Engage?: USIPeace Briefing: Publications
This concern is rooted in Hamas' history as an organization that sponsors terrorism and that is ideologically committed to the destruction of Israel.
The behavior of Hamas leaders since the election indicates they are aware of their dependence and have a sober assessment of its implications.
Hamas should be presented with a plan that delineates each stage of the process, describes milestones within each stage, and outlines sanctions and rewards if it stays the course with the Quartet’s Road Map peace plan.
www.usip.org /pubs/usipeace_briefings/2006/0310_brom.html   (1990 words)

 Who are Hamas? -   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In December 2004, one of Hamas' leaders stated that the group was seriously considering participating in the upcoming Palestinian Authority legislative elections, but the group boycotted PA Presidential elections as it had in the past.
The Hamas Covenant cites the long-discredited anti-Semitic fraud, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, describing it as "the embodiment of the Zionist plan to usurp Palestine".
Hamas abstained from politics throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, concentrating on social issues such as exposing corruption, administration of waqf (trusts) and organizing community projects.
www.aljazeera.com /me.asp?service_ID=10217   (1766 words)

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