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Topic: Han (Japan)

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  Han (Japan) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The han system was determined by the Tokugawa Bakufu (Shogunate): The size of a han varied but according to the Tokugawa Shogunate definition, each han was a dominion from which at least 10,000 koku were harvested each year; A daimyo was defined as the head of a han and served the Shogun directly.
The structures of a han and the Bakufu were principally similar because Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the bakufu, kept the governmental structure which his ancestors had developed when they were small local daimyo in Mikawa province.
Aside from personal factors, the relationship between each han and the bakufu was determined and influenced by the relationship between the founder of the han and the shogunate or the ancestors of the Tokugawa.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Han_(Japan)   (808 words)

 Japan from Tokugawa to Meiji   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
One third of Japan's arable land was farmed by tenants, and the average tenant paid 60 percent of his crop to the landowner as rent - half of which went to the government as a land tax.
Japan was proving its perceived superiority militarily, and in 1876 Korea signed a treaty, drafted by the Japanese, that granted the Japanese in Korea extraterritoriality, exemption from tariffs and recognition of Japanese currency at ports of trade.
Japan sent troops to Korea, took over Korea's royal palace and, by the end of September, Japan's army was in control of most of Korea and Japan's navy in control of the Yellow Sea (Huang Hai).Korea's king, Min, found refuge in the Russian legation.
www.fsmitha.com /h3/h48japan.htm   (3676 words)

 Abolition of the han system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1871, the abolition of the han system and establishment of the prefecture system (廃藩置県, haihan-chiken; hai abolish + han + chi set down + ken prefecture) was an act to replace the traditional han system and introduce new local government.
Makino Nobuaki, a student member of the Iwakura mission was to remark in his memoirs: Together with the abolition of the han system, dispatching the Iwakura Mission to America and Europe must be cited as the most important events that built the foundation of our state after the Restoration.
Initially there were over 300 prefectures, corresponding to the number of han, but this number was reduced to 72 by the end of 1871, and the present 47 by 1888.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Abolition_of_the_Han_system   (255 words)

 Han - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Han, one of the Chinese Sixteen Kingdoms, founded by the Liu family.
Han (汗) or Kehan (可汗), the Chinese transliteration of Khan or Khaghan.
Han (半), a Japanese word for "odd numbers" or "half", as in hanyo.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Han   (451 words)

 THE HAN WORLD - Korean Residents in Japan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The majority of Koreans living in Japan who are currently coming, belong to the forth or fifth generation of immigrants.
The Koreans in Japan have occasionally been viewed as "problems" by Japan's sensationalistic mass media, and have yet to be recognized as "close neighbors" who created and nurtured a unique ethnic culture.
In view of such problems and the existing situation, HAN is a project provided to promote a better understanding of Koreans in Japan from two different viewpoints, scientific and cultural.
www.han.org   (254 words)

 Encyclopedia: Sakoku
This lasted from 1641 to 1853 in the History of Japan, though the term was not coined until the 19th century.
A Chinese junk in Japan, at the beginning of the Sakoku period (1644-1648 Japanese woodblock print).
The way Japan kept abreast of Western technology during this period was by studying medical and other texts in the Dutch language obtained through Dejima.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Sakoku   (1092 words)

 Type 09-1 Han Class
Five Han's have been in the PLAN inventory since the early 1990s, though the operational status of the individual submarines tends to fluctuate as boats undergo refits.
Japan mobilized its maritime forces and chased the sub with destroyers and a patrol plane as it zigzagged submerged toward Chinese waters.
Japan's trade minister says he believes that a Chinese submarine was linked to gas exploration by China in a remote island area claimed by both countries.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/china/type-91.htm   (1038 words)

 Ancient Japan
While these new cultural elements represent a migration to Japan from the Korean peninsula or China, the migration was not of a magnitude to change the character of the people who had inhabited the islands from Jomon times.
The Han histories relate that "in the seas off Lo-lang lie the people of Wo, who are divided into more than 100 states, and who bring tribute at fixed intervals." Lo-lang was one of the Han colonies established in the Korean peninsula.
The questions of how the unification of Japan was first achieved and of how the Yamato court, with the tenno ("emperor of heaven") at its centre, came into being in central Honshu have inspired many hypotheses, none of which has so far proved entirely convincing.
www.crystalinks.com /japan1.html   (4157 words)

It was from the mouth of this Japanese emmissary that Sui Emperor Yangdi confirmed the existence of Ryukyu, an island to the southwest of Japan.
It was from the mouth of this Japanese emmissary that Emperor Yangdi confirmed the existence of Ryukyu, an island to the southwest of Japan.
Japan was ruled by the shogunate at that time, and the national policy was to close off the seashore.
www.uglychinese.org /japanese.htm   (10806 words)

Kana (假名) system was gradually developed after Japan's adoption of Han characters; although Han characters are not completely replaced by Kana, the number of Han characters used by Japanese decreased from thousands to 1,945 frequently used characters in 1981.
According to the Han characters and the imperial examination system, the books of Confucius and Mencius were accorded the status of classics among scholars and mandarins who assisted the emperor or king in governing his people.
As for Japan, even though she was never directly occupied, Japan was forced to adopt many things from China under the influences of the grand
www.de-han.org /desino   (889 words)

 Asia Times: PYONGYANG WATCH: 'North Koreans' in Japan: a dying breed?
The long-time chairman of Chongryun, the pro-North association of Koreans living in Japan, died of pneumonia in Tokyo on February 21 at the ripe old age of 94.
In 1927, the young Han went to study in Japan but soon got jailed for agitating for the rights of fellow Koreans working as slave labor.
Han Duk-su's unwavering loyalty to Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il is not universally shared.
www.atimes.com /koreas/CC17Dg01.html   (906 words)

 [No title]
Shiratori Kurakichi (1865-1942) was a leading figure in the foundation in Japan of a new tradition of research into oriental history, using the modern historical methods which he studied abroad.
Between 1886 and 1935, twenty-five ethnological articles on the Han of mainland China appeared in the journal or 3.4% of the total, compared with 90 on the Taiwan aborigines, or 12.5% of the total.
Han (1993) is a monograph on a village dominated by a single lineage in Anhui Province.
lucy.ukc.ac.uk /csacpub/chinaout/01.suenari.html   (6244 words)

 Han Kristensen, Japan Under the US Nuclear Umbrella
Foreign Minister Shigemitsu said that Japan would seek explanation and clarification from the United States, and top foreign ministry officials added that the Japanese government had promised in the Diet that nuclear stockpiling would not be permitted in Japan and that the U.S. was not planning to do so.
The emerging conflict with Japan's anti-nuclear sentiments, combined with a decision at the October 1957 NATO summit in Paris that nuclear weapons deployments in NATO countries had to be done "in agreement" with the host country,
Japan was not informed of the accident at the time.
nautilus.org /archives/library/security/papers/Nuclear-Umbrella-2.html   (5847 words)

 HAN - Korean Residents in Japan: the Academic Side(in English)
HAN - Korean Residents in Japan: the Academic Side(in English)
In view of such problems and the existing situation, HAN is a page provided to promote a better understanding of Koreans in Japan from a scientific viewpoint.
* The "Research on Consciousness among Korean Youth in Japan, 1993" was conducted by the Korean Youth Association in Japan under the joint guidance of Professor Yasunori FUKUOKA (of Saitama University) and myself, Myung-Soo KIM.
www.han.org /a/indexe.html   (350 words)

 Japan Focus Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Japan sees itself as the only nation that was ever attacked with an atomic weapon.
Kim tried to re-enter Japan illegally with her husband in June 1946 but was caught and deported.
In a landmark decision the Japanese Supreme Court decided in 1978 that Son Jin Doo, a South Korean A-bomb victim who had entered Japan to get medical treatment in Saga, had to be treated equally regardless of the fact that he was an illegal immigrant.
japanfocus.org /article.asp?id=353   (1682 words)

 Asia Times: East Asian community remains elusive
The reasons that ASEAN members and their neighbors to the north encompass one of the few regions in the world without a formal cooperative mechanism are complex, Han told an audience of diplomats and academics at a Washington forum sponsored by the Sasakawa Peace Foundation last week.
Han, a long-time diplomat who is now a political science professor at Seoul's Korea University, was chosen as chairman.
In a significant move, Han's group proposed an East Asian Free Trade Area, preferential treatment for developing countries in the Asia region, and expanding the ASEAN investment area to include all of East Asia.
www.atimes.com /china/DB05Ad02.html   (997 words)

 ArtLex's H page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Female dancer, Western Han dynasty (206 BCE - 9 CE), 2nd century BCE, earthenware with slip and pigments, height 21 inches (53.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Most Han dynasty watchtowers are square in shape.
Nine artists in Japan, known as the Gutaï group, including Murakami Saburo, Kudo Tetsumi, and Shiraga Kazvo, focused on the creation of happenings as early as 1955.
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/H.html   (2522 words)

 GoBase.org - News from Japan
Lee beat Han in round four, Kikuchi beat Lee in round five, Han beat Kikuchi by half a point in round seven, and none of these three lost to anyone else.
Their relative standings had to be sorted out by SOS points (sum of opponents scores), of which Kikuchi had garnered 44 while Lee and Han had 42 each.
The tournament was held at the Japan Convention Center, an imposing steel-and-glass complex located on the east side of Tokyo Bay not far from Tokyo Disneyland, where many of the players unwound after the action.
gobase.org /games/davies/92/92may.html   (636 words)

 Political reform in the bakufu and the han (from Japan) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The second half of the Tokugawa period is characterized by continual political reforms made by the samurai overlords in response to this ongoing economic crisis.
He tried—unsuccessfully—both to control the issuance of unbacked promissory notes and to issue a new silver coin, the value of which was calculated in terms of gold.
He was widely criticized by the people for issuing large amounts of debased coinage that caused a rise in prices; yet it was a rational attempt to establish a gold standard in place of the confusing practice of using silver in western Japan and gold in the east.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-23172   (2505 words)

 Han Dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D.) | Special Topics Page | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
After the civil war that followed the death of Qin Shihuangdi in 210 B.C., China was reunited under the rule of the Han dynasty, which is divided into two major periods: the Western or Former Han (206 B.C.–9 A.D.) and the Eastern or Later Han (25–220 A.D.).
The Western Han capital, Chang'an in present-day Shaanxi Province—a monumental urban center laid out on a north-south axis with palaces, residential wards, and two bustling market areas—was one of the two largest cities in the ancient world (Rome was the other).
Disputes among factions, including the families of imperial consorts, contributed to the dissolution of the Western Han empire.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/hand/hd_hand.htm   (657 words)

 Mongol Invade Japan: 1274
The Mongol invasion of Japan, lead by Kublai Khan, was the only severe threat to Japan from abroad prior to World War II.
Although some believe that Kublai was attracted by the fabled gold and pearls of Japan, Kublai most likely desired to perfect the economic and military isolation of South China by bringing Japan under his control (Hori 243).
This, however, did not imply that Japan was confident of defending their country against the Mongol invasion.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/China/MongolJapan.CP.html   (654 words)

 Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors
Catastrophic defeat slowed Japan down a little, but by the 1980's, the country had vaulted to the highest per capita income in the world, with wealth and economic power that deeply frightened many, even in the United States.
The Later Han is often called the "Eastern" Han because the capital was moved down the Huang He valley, back to where the capital of the Chou had been.
The Minor Han (Shu Han) is supposed to derive from the previous dynasty.
www.friesian.com /sangoku.htm   (12208 words)

 Han Translation Blog
A playful icon of Japanese seafood, the cartoon "eat me" crab is recognized not only as a symbol of sushi in Japan, but as a cute way to tell someone off.
If Britain's most famous spy had been born in Japan, he would be internationally known as "Agent Rei Rei Nana," after the pronunciation of the number characters using Kanji ("zero zero sebun").
The Sengoku Period or "warring-states" period, is a period of long civil war in the history of Japan that spans from the middle 15th to the early 17th centuries.
www.hantranslation.com /blog   (5206 words)

 Ancient Japan
Sent down from Heaven to establish order in Japan, he brought with him three precious gifts from the gods--a curved jewel, a sword, and a sacred mirror--the Emperor's regalia.
Through much of Japan's early history, women seem to have exercised considerable political/social influence; they become completely subservient to men only after the 15th century.
These records suggest that Japan had been unified sometime earlier (probably near the middle of the 4th century) under the strong leadership of the Yamato.
mockingbird.creighton.edu /english/worldlit/wldocs/churchill/japan.htm   (1731 words)

 Political reform in the bakufu and the han (from Japan) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Political reform in the bakufu and the han (from Japan) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
At Sadanobu's resignation in 1793 these plans were scrapped, but the bakufu councillors of this era were the first to react to the threat of foreign nations advancing on Japan, which now could be heard through the wall of national seclusion.
A distinctive feature of han reforms at this time, however, was that they tried to apply stronger regulations and control over the commercial economy of the farmers.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-23172   (2110 words)

 Han Dynasty - The Art of Asia - Chinese Dynasty Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Han invented paper and lead-glazed ceramics, and greatly improved silk-weaving techniques.
Their quest for alliances with foreign powers prompted them to establish an extensive trade route that extended to the Roman Empire and would become known as the Silk Road.
An emphasis on funerary art is evident in tombs artfully decorated with figures and geometric shapes; these images provide clues to Han costumes, architecture, and aristocratic pastimes.
www.artsmia.org /arts-of-asia/china/dynasties/han.cfm   (115 words)

 Han (Japan) at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Han were the feudal clans of Japan that existed before the Meiji reformation, when they were disbanded in favor of the formation of prefectures.
They were traditionally led by a daimyo which surpassed 10,000 koku.
The richest is Kaga han with 1 millon koku.
www.wiki.tatet.com /Han_(Japan).html   (134 words)

 Harima Province - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Image:Japan prov map harima.PNG Harima (播磨国; -no kuni) or Banshu (播州 banshū) was a province of Japan in the part of Honshu that is the southwestern part of present-day Hyogo Prefecture.
During the Edo period of Japanese history, the Ako han (fief) was part of Harima.
The Forty-seven Ronin were samurai of the Ako han.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Harima   (145 words)

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