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Topic: Han unification


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In the News (Mon 23 Oct 17)

  
  HAN UNIFICATION
The Han unification refers to the process used by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the CJK languages into a single set of unified glyphs.
Opponents of Han unification state that it steamrollers over thousands of years of cultural tradition, misses many of the subtleties that are one of the most important features of these languages, and renders serious literature and academic research in these languages impossible.
Proponents of Han unification state that the Unicode BMP set of unified characters is "good enough" for almost all everyday uses of the languages that use these scripts, that Unicode 3.1 greatly extends this repertoire for academic and literary needs, and that other encodings are also available for specialist academic purposes.
www.websters-online-dictionary.org /definition/english/Ha/Han+Unification.html   (406 words)

  
  Definition of Han unification
Han unification is the process used by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the CJK languages into a single set of unified characters.
Opponents of Han unification state that it steamrolls over thousands of years of cultural tradition, misses many of the subtleties that are one of the most important features of these languages, and renders serious literature and academic research in these languages impossible.
Proponents of Han unification point out that the unification process is in the hands of specialists from China, Korea, and Japan, and that the objections to unification of specific characters are made without regard to their histories.
www.wordiq.com /definition/Han_unification   (1296 words)

  
 Han unification
Han unification is the process used by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the CJK languages into a single set of unified glyphs.
While the Han root character may be the same for CJK languages, the glyphs in common use for the same characters may not be.
Proponents of Han unification state that the Unicode BMP set of unified characters is "good enough" for almost all everyday uses of the languages that use these scripts, that Unicode 3.1 greatly extends this repertoire for academic and literary needs, and that other encodings are also available for specialist academic purposes.
www.askfactmaster.com /Han_unification   (875 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Han unification is the process used by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the CJK languages into a single set of unified characters.
Opponents of Han unification state that it steamrolls over thousands of years of cultural tradition, misses many of the subtleties that are one of the most important features of these languages, and renders serious literature and academic research in these languages impossible.
Much of the controversy surrounding Han unification is based on use of the distinction between the ideas of characters and glyphs, as defined in Unicode, and the related but distinct idea of graphemes.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Han_unification   (1566 words)

  
  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Han unification
There is much controversy among Chinese language specialists about the desirability and technical merit of the Han unification process used by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the CJK languages into a single set of unified glyphs.
Opponents of Han unification state that it steamrollers over thousands of years of cultural tradition, misses many of the subtleties that are one of the most important features of these languages, and renders serious literature and academic research in these languages impossible.
Proponents of Han unification state that the Unicode BMP set of unified characters is "good enough" for almost all everyday uses of the languages that use these scripts, that Unicode 3.1 greatly extends this repertoire for academic and literary needs, and that other encodings are also available for specialist academic purposes.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/ha/Han_unification   (292 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Han unification
The Han Dynasty was the first centralized state in China after the unification of the separate kingdoms by Qin in 221 bc.
During the Han Dynasty trade routes to the west were opened and the...
Hearing the announcement of the first projected inter-Korean summit meeting on Monday, Han Pil-sung couldn't choke back his overflowing emotions on expectations that he would once again see his younger sister in the North.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Han+unification   (1213 words)

  
 Internationalization Encyclopedia: : Han Unification
In short, characters that have a "similar" shape and meaning in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and/or Vietnamese were a single Unicode code point, hence the idea of "Unification".
The obvious advantage of this unification is to save space as well as being logical as after all these characters have the same history.
The disavantage is that the exact character shape may be hard to determine we don't know which language it is (there may be variation even in a single language).
www.i18ngurus.com /encyclopedia/han_unification.html   (111 words)

  
 LocaTran Translations China - Chinese translation,Simplified Chinese translation,Traditional Chinese ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The initial set of sources for Han encoding in Unicode laid end to end comprised 121,000 characters, but there were many repeats, and the final Unicode tally for all these after elimination of duplicates was 20,902.
Han characters, however, are highly pictorial in nature.
What is left for unification are characters representing the same thing but exhibiting no visual differences, or relatively minor differences such as different sequence for writing strokes, differences in stroke overshoot and protrusion, differences in contact and bend of strokes, differences in accent and termination of strokes, etc.
www.locatran.com /about/detail.asp?p_id=140&ID2=2   (845 words)

  
 CalendarHome.com - - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Han (state), a kingdom during the Chinese Warring States Period.
Han Dynasty of China (202 BCE - 220 CE), a.k.a.
Han River (Hanshui), a tributary of the Yangtze
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Han   (312 words)

  
 Han unification   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Han unification is the process used by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the CJK languagesinto a single set of unified glyphs.
While the Han root character may be the same for CJK languages, the glyphs in common use for the samecharacters may not be.
Proponents of Han unification state that the Unicode BMP set of unified characters is "good enough" for almost alleveryday uses of the languages that use these scripts, that Unicode 3.1 greatly extends this repertoire for academic and literaryneeds, and that other encodings are also available for specialist academic purposes.
www.therfcc.org /han-unification-49690.html   (802 words)

  
 Character Set List
Unification was also made harder by the need to work out which JIS X 0208 characters were really unique and which were just very eccentric forms of ordinary characters.
This prevented the unification of those characters that had separate variants in JIS X 0208, and even in JIX X 0213 there are code points (61, in fact) assigned to what most commentators say are characters already in Unicode, but which now have to be given their own codepoints for round-trip compatibility.
In fact, Japanese opinions during the late 80s and early 90s were deeply divided on the subject of whether Han unification would be a good thing, but they were united in their opinion of the existing JIS standards.
www.jbrowse.com /text/unij.html   (9002 words)

  
 Ten Years
He was the prime force in the Unified Han.
RLG had done a unified Han set and Lee was working along the same lines.
Joe Becker and Lee Collins go to ANSI X3L2 to argue for Han Unification; and, the use of Co C1 within ISO DP 10646.
www.unicode.org /history/tenyears.html   (2215 words)

  
 Han Unification
Han Ideogram (Kanji in Japanese, Hanji in Chinese, and Hanja in Korean) has a unique property of variants or itaiji (異体字) in Japanese.
However, there is a new Japanese local standard JIS X 0213 which is developed after initial version of Unicode and, strictly speaking, unification rule of JIS X 0213 and Unicode is partly incompatible for less than 200 ideographs.
However, because it strongly depends on culture which variant is mainly used or (when multiple variants are used) how to choose proper variant in various situation, this variant rule can bring a real implementation problem when the same unification rule is applied to an international character code standard.
people.debian.org /~kubota/unicode-symbols-unihan.html   (902 words)

  
 Chronology
This leads to a first discussion of Han Unification, the pros and cons of which are written up by Eric Mader.
As a result, ANSI proposes a compromised Han Unification and use of C0, C1 to ISO.
Unicode resolves to cooperate with China on Han unification.
www.unicode.org /unicode/history   (1736 words)

  
 Production First Software Encyclopedia of Typography and Electronic Communication : H
Han unification A process of identifying all ideographs from Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese collections to be placed in an encoding; and then consolidating each ideograph from the four which has the same meaning and a similar appearance, and assigning a single code point.
The Han unification process significantly reduces the number of characters representing ideographs which must be encoded.
Han unification is used in both the ISO/IEC/10646 and Unicode standards.
ourworld.compuserve.com /homepages/profirst/h.htm   (3627 words)

  
 Han
The Han empire began in 206 B.C. when Liu Bang, prince of Han, defeated the Qin army in the valley of Wei.
Economic expansion, changing relationships with the people of the steppes, strengthening of the palace at the expense of the civil service, weakening of the state's hold on the peasantry, and the rise of the families of the rich and the gentry were all factors that led to the adoption of Confucian ideals..
The descendents of the Han dynasty eventually joined in the uprising, and, it was the armies of these nobles, under the leadership of Liu Hsiu, who killed Wang Mang in 22A.D. The fighting continued until 25 A.D., when Liu Hsiu became the emperor.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/han.html   (1128 words)

  
 timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: )
prince of han, defeated the qin army in the valley of Wei
(141-87 b.c) the main goal of the han unification of china.
the descendents of the han dynasty eventually joined in the upiring, and it was the armies of the nobles, under the leadershipof Liu Hsiu, who killed Wang
www.geocities.com /skittlesnchrismeme/timeline.html   (110 words)

  
 ISO
The unification criteria employed in this original Unicode Han character repertoire were based on rules used by JIS and on a set of Han character identity principle (rentong yuanze) being developed in China by experts working with the Association for a Common Chinese Code (ACCC).
And then, the December 1990 draft of the Unicode Han character set differed from the first draft in that is used the principle of KangXi radical-stroke ordering of the characters.
As a result of the agreement to merge the Unicode Standard and ISO 10646, the Unicode Consortium agreed to adopt the unified Han character repertoire that was to be developed by the CJK-JRG.
glyph.iso10646hk.net /english/icharacters_1.jsp   (681 words)

  
 The secret life of Unicode   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Han Unification is the process of assigning single code points to the Han characters.
Han unification issues are probably the most frequent objections raised concerning CJKV character support.
Ideally, Han characters could be encoded by their radicals rather than as entire ideographs; this would make it easier to do sorts and to compose characters on the fly.
www-106.ibm.com /developerworks/library/u-secret.html   (3141 words)

  
 3461 Lectures Quiz 2
Han Colonies: Northwest from 115BC: Peasants to Shuo-fang in Mongolia.
Han originally depended on support of small farmers to suppress rich families and supply military.
The Han tribes—The multiple Han tribes were known as the kingdom of Chen in the 2nd century BC.
www.hist.umn.edu /~nagata/3461lect2.html   (2104 words)

  
 Chinese written language
Chinese written language (中文) employs the Han characterss (漢字 pinyin Hànzì), which are named after the Han culture to which it is largely attributed.
In Japan and Korea, Han characters were adopted and integrated into their languages and became Kanji and Hanja, respectively.
Some, but not all, Han characters are ideographs, but most Han Chinese characters have forms that were based on their pronunciation rather than their meanings, so they do not directly express ideas.
www.gamesinathens.com /olympics/c/ch/chinese_written_language.shtml   (825 words)

  
 Session 63   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This "textualization in Han times,"—as Michael Nylan’s contribution is entitled—provided the state with standards to define ideological normativity, to select scholars and statesmen, and to exert social control.
Whereas Ru traditions prior to Han had centered on methods of ritual practice in small communities, with supplemental text-based learning mainly a function of the perceived need to draw upon a wide variety of exemplary models from history, Ru traditions by Eastern Han stressed the acquisition of textual learning to an unprecedented degree.
For example, in Western Han the term jia was not employed in the same sense as in later imperial history: it did not mean, in other words, a scholastic lineage claiming canonical authority as a result of the intact transmission of authoritative texts and associated teachings from one generation to the next.
www.aasianst.org /absts/1999abst/China/c-63.htm   (1091 words)

  
 Unicode
The IRG advises the Consortium and ISO on additions to the repertoire and on Han unification, the identification of forms in the three languages which one can treat as stylistic variations of the same historical character.
Han unification has become one of the most controversial aspects of Unicode.
Unicode is criticized for failing to allow for older and alternate forms of kanji which, critics argue, complicates the processing of ancient Japanese and uncommon Japanese names, although it follows the recommendations of Japanese language scholars and of the Japanese government.
www.1bx.com /en/Unicode.htm   (5584 words)

  
 Unicode   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The IRG advises the Consortium and ISO on additions to the repertoire and on Han unification, the identification of forms in the three languages which one can treat as stylistic variations of the same historical character.
Han unification has become one of the most controversial aspects of Unicode.
Unicode is criticized for failing to allow for older and alternate forms of kanji which, critics argue, complicates the processing of ancient Japanese and uncommon Japanese names, although it follows the recommendations of Japanese language scholars and of the Japanese government.
en.filepoint.de /info/Unicode   (5540 words)

  
 Unificationism: Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church
It presents selected supportive material in a manner that shows the Unification "movement" in the best possible light, rather than an ocean of information with an apparent disregard for the initial perspective of an outsider.
Another Unification Church member and journalist writes a review of the revealing book by Nansook Hong, ex-wife of Rev. Moon's oldest son Hyo Jin Moon.
Unification Christology: The Humanity and Divinity of Jesus in Unification Theology.
www.geocities.com /unificationism   (376 words)

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