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Topic: Hard bop

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  Hard bop - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing.
Its tempo is often slower than bop's, and its bass playing more varied; it is in part intended to be more accessible to audiences unfamiliar with or not fond of bop.
Hard bop was developed in the 1950s and 1960s and enjoyed its greatest popularity in that era, but hard bop performers, and elements of the music, remain popular in jazz.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hard_bop   (270 words)

 Hard Bop Downloads - Download Hard Bop Music - Download Hard Bop MP3s
The main differences between hard bop and bop are that the melodies tend to be simpler and often more "soulful," the rhythm section is usually looser with the...
The hard bop style that Silver pioneered in the '50s is now dominant, played not only by holdovers from an earlier generation, but also by fuzzy-cheeked musicians who had yet to be born when...
The hard bop style that Silver pioneered in the '50s is now dominant, played not only by holdovers from an earlier generation, but also by fuzzy-cheeked musicians who had yet to be born when the music fell out of critical favor in the '60s and '70s.
www.mp3.com /hard-bop/genre/527/subgenre.html   (4545 words)

 HARD BOP PIANO   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hard bop arose at the same time as soul, a popular song style born from the blend of rhythm and blues and gospel.
Hard bop emerged in post-war America amid the stirring of an American racial revolution, when fls were openly examining their experience in American society and raising their voices forcefully against their mistreatment.
Hard bop is inconceivable apart from the political and social context of the decade from the mid 50s to the mid 60s.
www.changingtones.com /hardbop.html   (355 words)

 Jazz Styles: Mainstream Jazz: Hard Bop
Hard bop is another outgrowth of bebop that developed around the same time as cool jazz.
Hard bop is associated with the East coast, as opposed to the West coast of cool jazz.
Furthermore, the compositions of hard bop tended to be based on original chord changes rather than just blues progressions and pop songs, and hard bop musicians were more likely to create arrangements that used several horns in harmony, both during the head and for riffs as interludes or during solos.
www.outsideshore.com /school/music/almanac/html/Jazz_Styles/Mainstream_Jazz/Hard_Bop.htm   (630 words)

 Jazz History :Hard Bop/Post Bop
In some ways the history of the hard bop genre is the history of all modern post-bop jazz.
Hard bop truly began as a genre with a series of recordings made and released in 1954.
It is interesting to note that Miles was important in the development of the hard bop sound and sensibility, which stood in direct opposition to the ethos of the cool sound that Miles had also pioneered.
www.jazzitude.com /hardbophist.htm   (1062 words)

 Chapter 8 - Hard Bop (1956 to early 1960s)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hard Bop developed on the East Coast after the death of Charlie Parker.
Hard bop gave a new twist to bebop, with original tunes that were tightly arranged to the specific talents of each ensemble.
Another facet of the hard bop style of music is modal jazz which was introduced by Miles Davis (Milestones) in the late 1950s.
www.ccsn.nevada.edu /finearts/music/wherry/jazz/syllabus/hardbop.html   (635 words)

 Hard Bop Saxophone Quartet
Hard Bop designates an era in the history of jazz that took the traditions of Bebop, mixed them with th unique compositional elements of the Cool School and added generous portions of soul.
Hard Bop was to jazz what Wagner was to classical--tradition stretched to the limits.
The Hard Bop Quartet has a repertory of music that spans jazz style from Bebop to Fusion taking each element, tastefully, to the extreme whether it be technical facility or shear emotion.
www153.pair.com /bensav/Interpretes/HardBopSQ.html   (237 words)

 bebop --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
also called bop the first kind of modern jazz, which split jazz into two opposing camps in the last half of the 1940s.
The word bop is a shortened form of bebop, which is an onomatopoeic rendering of a staccato two-tone phrase distinctive in this type of music.
Bop took the harmonies of the old jazz and superimposed on them additional “substituted” chords.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9014019?source=RSSOTD   (609 words)

 Hard Bop
Incidentely, it is very interesting to notice that the birth of hard bop is usually dated back to the 1954 recording date by Miles Davis which produced the album Walkin', the same year as the Brown vs. Board of Education ruling.
Melodically, hard bop musicians were the first one to make common usage of pentatonic scales.
While the "cool" esthetic asked of its drummers to assume a subtle, unobtrusive, time-keeping role, hard bop drummers brought the drums back to the forefront of the music, using increasingly complex polyrhythms and increasingly higher levels of interaction with the soloists.
www.artsci.wustl.edu /~jscamal/civilrights/hardbop.htm   (1458 words)

 Hard bop jazz
Hard bop was the jazz music in vogue when Brian and Charlie were growing up, who both became devoted fans.
In the mid-50s, Blakey formed the Jazz Messengers with other musicians, a hard bop combo that resisted the temptation to avant-garde in the '60s and remained a flagstone for the jazz (hard) bop genre.
Born in Chicago, Williams was a child prodigy, and by his late teens in the 1960s he was already playing with Miles Davis' group, developing a free-form style of drumming that pushed the boundaries of jazz into hard bop and avant-garde jazz.
www.timeisonourside.com /STHardBop.html   (997 words)

 Jazz Owl Articles: Why Hard Bop?
Like bebop, the music is very quick moving and lively, but the hard bop sound favored a much more earthy and hard timbre in the horns and bass with a greater amount of altered pitches and bends.
As the bebop musicians were known for harmonic substitution and alteration of standard chordal structures and popular song the hard bop musicians were more fond of creating new and challanging chord structures often with quick key changes upon which the soloist could show their prowess.
The popularity of the hard bop style continued well into the mid sixties but was somewhat superseded by modal and free jazz in the early sixties and then completely by jazz/rock fusion in the seventies.
www.allaboutjazz.com /jazzowl/_a0198_01.htm   (1012 words)

 Amazon.com: Hard Bop : Jazz and Black Music 1955-1965 : Books: David H. Rosenthal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hard bop, the mid-1950s resurgence of bebop, was an eclectic movement that encompassed many diverse styles of music, as Rosenthal (Loves of the Poets) spiritedly demonstrates here.
Relating hard bop to gospel, blues and fl popular traditions, the study emphasizes its roots in the dark, sinister mood of ghettos and discusses its demise after the 1960s as many fls joined the middle class, moved out of inner cities and were increasingly influenced by white culture.
Hard bop is introduced here through the prism of Lee Morgan: Morgan helped develop the style as an alternative to bop's successor, cool jazz, as developed, in part, by Gerry Mulligan and Miles Davis, and hard bop began to fade with his murder.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0195085566?v=glance   (1204 words)

 Jazz History - Hard Bop   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The term "hard bop" encompasses a variety of jazz styles developed through the mid-1950s and 1960s.
Hard bop also encompasses modal jazz developed by trumpeter Miles Davis, pianist Bill Evans, and saxophonist John Coltrane, as well as Coltrane's experiments with dense harmonic structures found in his compositions including "Giant Steps" and "Countdown." The hard bop period also spawned several approaches to the piano trio.
The popularity of hard bop has continued to be an influential force in the direction of jazz since the 1950s.
www.vervemusicgroup.com /history.aspx?hid=22   (453 words)

 Jazz music, Hard Bop
When introduced, bop was as unpopular as swing had been popular.
Hard Bop influenced other musical forms beginning in 1955 and thus transcending all future jazz styles.
The adoption of gospel idioms by Les McCann could place his performances in the church as easily as on stage or in the night club.
www.smallsjazz.com /hard_bop/index.shtml   (234 words)

 Earliest Hard Bop - Jazz Bulletin Board
The specific piece and artists are not important except that this was a relatively new recording, not from the classic period of the 1950s or from one of the classic early hard bop bands such as Blakey or Silver.
I suspect the same is true for bop itself and it wouldn't have seemed nearly so radical had it not been for the 1943 recording ban.
For me one of the roots of hard bop is the first Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers disc (recently RVG'ed) with The Preacher and Doodlin'.
forums.allaboutjazz.com /showthread.php?t=9231   (774 words)

 Jazz On The Web: The Hardbop Homepage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
For the bop fan who believes that this music hasn't yet run its course, here is a stripped-down trove of bop lore, discographies, biographies and other goodies that will delight, entertain and enlighten.
Fans of hard bop may be surprised to note that the list encompasses recordings right up through the end of the 20th century, so any notion that bop is dead can be left at the door.
It is a fun way to get a quick education in bop, as well as to learn about musicians whose names may not leap readily to mind.
www.skyjazz.com /commentaries/hardbop.htm   (489 words)

 Styles: Hard Bop   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hard Bop developed in the late 1950's as an extension of the Bebop movement.
Hard Bop is characterized by greater technical proficiency, as well as more elaborate harmonic structures.
Hard Bop was also increasingly influenced by Soul, Gospel, and Blues music, particularly in the persons of Horace Silver and Donald Byrd, among many others.
www.wnur.org /jazz/styles/hard-bop.html   (172 words)

 All Artists on Download.com Music - Free Music Downloads - MP3 Downloads - Download.com Music
This fine bop quartet is lead by trombonist Kevin Quail and backed by an expert group of jazz players.
With sprightly riffs that both ground and season the nouveau hard bop and free jazz framework, Oles's playing is that rare combination of being flawlessly executed and endlessly interesting.
Shapiro Project is a Jazz group with a fresh approach to the Jazz idiom, mainly through original works and the creative musicianship that gives their sound a sparkling vitality.
music.download.com /3605-8197_32-0.html   (701 words)

 Bop - Hard bop - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
People who don't think they'd ever want to play Bop It Extreme won't be able to put it down; it instills a compulsive need to bop till you drop.
BOP Engineering, we are your online source for hi performance parts for Buick Oldsmobile and Pontiac.
Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates It also is, as David H. Rosenthal contends in his book "Hard Bop," to a large degree
publicdot.com /pd/bop.html   (255 words)

 50th Anniversaries of Hard Bop LPs
The 21st century brings the 50th anniversaries of many recordings that were crucial to the development of the jazz genre known as hard bop and on this page I attempt to pay tribute to some of them.
At the outset it should be noted that a website dedicated to this music already exists: The Hard Bop Homepage.
As the dust of the bebop revolution settled, hard bop emerged as a more groove-oriented, swinging style that drew upon influences with broader appeal such as the blues, gospel music, and the structured arrangements of the big bands.
www.attictoys.com /jazz/50thHBAnn_Intro.html   (846 words)

 Hard Bop (Funky Jazz)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Though musicians tended to refer to all these styles as simply "bop" or "bebop," journalists and publicists coined new names such as hard bop, funky jazz, mainstream, post-bop, and soul jazz.
The sounds of hard bop were not found in only one particular geographic region.
For example, forerunners of hard bop tenor sax styles included Los Angeles-based as well as New York-based players.
www.personal.psu.edu /staff/c/x/cxl46/jazz/Funky.htm   (272 words)

 Jazz 100 - Hard Bop
With Miles Davis, Bill Evans, John Coltrane and Ben Webster all contributing it is hard to miss.
This is uncompromising hard bop with an in-your-face social conscience.
With the 60s going completely wild, hard boppin' was still alive and well on records like this one.
home.austarnet.com.au /petersykes/jazz100/hard_bop.html   (489 words)

 JazzNet : Hard_Bop   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hard Bop Hard Bop master one Art Blakey
Hard Bop Hard Bop master two Horace Silver
Hard Bop Hard Bop master three Clifford Brown
trumpet.sdsu.edu /Jazz351D/Hard_Bop.htm   (65 words)

 Art Blakey School Of Hard Bop
Art Blakey-drummer and jazz musician-his contribution to jazz from 1954 to 1990 as leader of the Jazz Messengers created a sound known as Hard Bop and influence many groups over the various decades.
When people come in to relax and enjoy themselves after a hard day's work, its my job to make them happy-to wash away the dust of everyday life.
Thats what Jazz music is all about.We started the Messengers because somebody had to mind the store for jazz.No America--no Jazz.It is the only culture that America has brought forth.
home.ica.net /~blooms/Art1.html   (227 words)

 Various | The Birth Of Hard Bop   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Keepnews seems faintly embarrassed by Ramsey's straightforwardness, but then he joins in by endorsing Ramsey's point: that “hard bop” is a subgenre concocted by critics without any hard definition.
Rather, “hard bop” consists of a cast of players—some at the core and some at the periphery—associated with the term.
What does matter, as both Ramsey and Keepnews agree, is that these mid-1950's sessions from which “The Birth Of Hard Bop” was compiled represent some innovative music in the relatively early careers of influential jazz musicians like Horace Silver, Donald Byrd, Hank Mobley and Lee Morgan.
www.allaboutjazz.com /reviews/r0700_124.htm   (590 words)

 Hard Bop
Art Blakey, considered by many to be the consummate bop drummer, cut his teeth in the musical melting pot that was the Billy Eckstine band of the 1940s.
This band included such luminaries over the years as Miles Davis, Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.
Included are cuts from the classic "Live At Birdland" sessions and just some of the featured musicians on this set include Clifford Brown, Horace Silver, Tadd Dameron, Howard McGhee, Tiny Grimes and Lou Donaldson.
www.propermusic.com /products.asp?recnumber=596   (120 words)

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