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  Hard and soft drugs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term hard drug generally refers to drugs illegal for nonmedical use that lead to profound and severe addiction, as opposed to soft drugs that are either only mildly psychologically addictive or non-addictive.
The term soft drug is most usually applied to cannabis (marijuana or hashish) because it is not associated with deaths, crime or violence amongst users and is without evidence of physical addiction.
The drug policy of the Netherlands classifies synthetic hallucinogens such as LSD (acid) and MDMA (ecstasy) as hard drugs, although they have very similar action to naturally occurring drugs such as mescaline, which is considered a soft drug in its natural form of peyote, or psilocybin in its natural form as psilocybe (magic mushrooms).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hard_and_soft_drugs   (417 words)

  
 Amsterdams Drug Laws Pop Culture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
This differentiation has been enshrined in legislation since 1976 whereby possession of hard drugs is a crime and the possession of a small quantity of soft drugs is a minor offence for which no legal action is taken.
Trading in hard drugs is banned, and it is prohibited to sell to persons under 18 years of age, no advertising is permitted, and the maximum amount per transaction per client is 5 grams.
Where more than 500 grams of soft drugs are found on the premises, or where hard drugs are being sold, or where the premises is the centre of a public nuisance, the police have powers to close the premises - on the authority of the mayor and aldermen.
www.speedmonkey.net /WEEDREPORT/Amsterdam.htm   (980 words)

  
 Drugs policy in the Netherlands: Hard drug "tourism"
Drug tourism occurs in various municipalities along the eastern and southern borders of the Netherlands, such as Arnhem, Venlo, Heerlen and Maastricht, and in a number of towns further into the interior of the country.
Hard drug tourism often goes hand-in-hand with aggressive recruitment methods (drug runners) and with intolerable nuisance in residential areas and town centres.
Drug tourists from neighbouring countries who commit criminal offences and as a result cause breaches of the peace must take into account the likelihood that they will be deported immediately under the terms of the Aliens Act.
www.drugtext.org /library/reports/wvc/drugnota/0/s26.htm   (817 words)

  
 Stepping Off Hard Drugs With Cannabis
Hard drugs in the Netherlands do not share cannabis's pseudolegal status and are strictly prohibited inside coffee shops and cafes where cannabis is sold and used.
Hard and soft drugs are placed in distinct and separate microsettings of use, as indicated in fieldnote 1.
When Gerrit began his heroin use, hard drugs were not separated or "partitioned" from either soft drugs or the rest of society, in the way the walls of Platform Zero separate it from the rest of the city.
www.equalrights4all.org /potpride/steppingoff.htm   (8601 words)

  
 Drug Policy Alliance: Gateway Beliefs Wreck Drug Abuse Prevention
In short, most people who try marijuana do not use it regularly and never try hard drugs.
Teens who believe that marijuana leads to hard drugs end up using substances with markedly worse effects.
Marijuana does not lead teens to hard drugs, but lying to them about it does.
www.drugpolicy.org /library/earleywine1.cfm   (596 words)

  
 Drug control through Legalisation
Crime connected to drug use (junkie crime) is hardly an issue here, because there is little addiction and the current prices of soft drugs are already low as a result of their semi-legal status.
The rules of distribution for hard drugs need to be so flexible that the drugs won't be sold illegally, but they must also set standards for the protection of the general health of the population and for the suppression of illegal export.
Drug treatment and social services can now only supply methadone (an opiate with long term effects) to addicts, but would then be able to supply other (hard) drugs to users.
www.druglibrary.org /schaffer/Library/studies/nlplan/index.htm   (10455 words)

  
 Marijuana Research: Marijuana as a Gateway Drug
An important caution is that data on drug use progression cannot be assumed to apply to the use of drugs for medical purposes.
Dire predictions of future hard drug abuse by youths who came of age in the 1990s may be greatly overstated” (Golub and Johnson 2001).
The serious drug users were less likely to follow the typical sequence identified in previous studies (alcohol, then marijuana, followed by other illicit drugs).
www.drugscience.org /sfu/sfu_gateway.html   (785 words)

  
 Researchers say smoking pot not always path to hard drugs drug use   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
It's the reverse of what's known as the "gateway hypothesis," in which drug use is thought to progress from alcohol and tobacco to marijuana to hard drugs.
The researchers determined also that the likelihood of developing a substance abuse problem was similar in youngsters who followed the traditional gateway drug use pattern and those who followed the reverse pattern.
Capretto described the mother of a patient who was relieved that, unlike her other son who was addicted to heroin, her younger boy's dropping grades and mood changes were due to marijuana use.
www.post-gazette.com /pg/06339/743649-114.stm   (948 words)

  
 Number Jumble Clouds Judgment of Drug War
Extensive federally funded efforts to accurately assess the subterranean drug world have led to contradictory findings and occasional statistical curiosities, such as a 79-year-old female respondent whose avowed heroin usage in one survey resulted in a projection of 142,000 heroin users, 20 percent of the national total.
The first problem of drug war analysis is the sheer number of measurements -- there are more than 50 federal drug-related "data systems" with hundreds of "drug variables" produced by an array of federal agencies.
By the late 1980s, drug researchers like Wish thought that the nation's cocaine problem was breaking into two distinct groups: mainly white suburbanites who used cocaine casually on weekends and mainly fl urban addicts who used crack or cocaine daily.
www.mapinc.org /drugnews/v98.n003.a02.html   (2380 words)

  
 A Tale of Two Drug Cultures: British Columbia Marijuana Industry Thrives While Hard Drug Harm Reduction Faces Crisis
"Drug smuggling has exploded and last year's arrest of suspected terrorist Ahmed Ressam illustrates that we must be vigilant at all our northern points-of-entry," they wrote in a letter to INS Commissioner Doris Meissner.
This neighborhood, once merely a Skid Row, is the center of Vancouver's burgeoning hard drug scene, one of the most visible on the continent.
With some 9,000 hard drug users clustered around the Downtown Eastside, overdose deaths have become the leading killer of adults aged 30-49, according to a government report.
stopthedrugwar.org /chronicle/152/twocultures.shtml   (2436 words)

  
 Marijuana's link to hard drug use not genetic - 21 January 2003 - New Scientist   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Many hard drug users have followed a similar path from cigarettes and alcohol, to cannabis, to heroin and cocaine.
It might be that cannabis users have a genetic profile that predisposes them both to cannabis use and to harder drugs, or a personal history that does the same.
On the other hand, if cannabis smokers move on to harder drugs simply because they have access to them through drug dealers, then decriminalisation ought to reduce hard drug use.
www.newscientist.com /article.ns?id=dn3291   (560 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Medical editors: One-sided drug reviews hard to swallow   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Drug companies' marketing efforts may sometimes be more subtle than pens emblazoned with their product's name or full-page ads in leading medical journals.
But of the 70 to 80 manuscripts her journal receives each month, two to four present suspiciously glowing reports of a drug's benefits or excessively critical appraisals of its competitors, says Martha Gerrity, co-editor of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
Gerrity's journal doesn't name names, but Fugh-Berman says the education company approached her on behalf of AstraZeneca, which was seeking Food and Drug Administration approval of Exanta, a new anticoagulant.
www.usatoday.com /news/health/2005-05-30-drug-reviews_x.htm   (663 words)

  
 GNN The Bush Hard Drug Empire Evidence
The essence of the drug economic lesson was that by growing opium in Colombia and by smuggling both cocaine and heroin from Colombia to New York City through the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico (a virtual straight line), traditional smuggling routes could be shortened or even eliminated.
I had refused to get involved with drugs in any way and everything she mentioned seemed to involve either heroin or cocaine along with guns that she was always moving out of the country.
The CIA's drug scandals are not confined to its allegedly unmanageable guerrilla armies.
www.akasha.de /~aton/GNNBushHardDrugEmpire.html   (19055 words)

  
 Immune Parameters and Morbidity in Hard Drug and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-xposed but Uninfected Infants -- Neu et ...
Longitudinal analysis of leukocyte adjusted mean profiles for HIV-uninfected infants who were enrolled in WITS between 1990 and 2000 and were exposed and unexposed to hard drugs.
General association is the test for the main effect of hard drug exposure after adjusting for the interaction between hard drug exposure and study visit, if that interaction was statistically significant.
secondary to maternal hard drug use is unclear.
pediatrics.aappublications.org /cgi/content/full/113/5/1260   (3908 words)

  
 London Borough Proposes De Facto Hard Drug Decrim
Now, a London borough council dominated by Lib Dems is ready to order police to stop arresting hard drug users in possession of small amounts of cocaine and heroin.
Under the plan, small time drug offenders would be issued a caution, or ticket, and their drugs confiscated.
The plan would effectively decriminalize hard drug possession in the London borough of Southwick.
www.stopthedrugwar.org /chronicle/241/southwick.shtml   (906 words)

  
 MarijuanaNews.Com, Freedom has nothing to fear from the truth
It is obvious then that marijuana use is much more readily detected than the use of hard drugs, which has the perverse effect of encouraging hard drug use.
The second reason that a "drug test" is really just a marijuana test is that marijuana is -- by far -- the most widely used illicit drug and the one that interferes the least with job performance.
Consequently, the effect of the prohibitionist ideology is to require business to test for a drug that might lower their health care costs, but prohibit their testing for those that are expensive, interfere with job performance and often do not work as well as cannabis.
www.marijuananews.com /why_drug.htm   (3462 words)

  
 Nicholas Johnson Alcohol Hard Drug
Alcohol is the hard drug used by respectable people like you and me.
The harm it causes is far more serious than that from all other drugs combined.
Unlike the more benign drug, heroin, it can cause permanent damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems.
www.uiowa.edu /~cyberlaw/rcntpubl/njpcalco.html   (849 words)

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