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Topic: Harlow Shapley


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In the News (Fri 24 Nov 17)

  
  Harlow - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Harlow, Jean (1911-1937), American motion-picture actor and sex symbol, known as the Blonde Bombshell.
Shapley, Harlow (1885-1972), American astronomer, known for his study of the galaxy.
Shapley was born in Nashville, Missouri, and educated at the...
ca.encarta.msn.com /Harlow.html   (66 words)

  
 `Great Debate:' Obituary of Harlow Shapley
Under Shapley's energetic direction, the observatory's equipment was rapidly modernized, the Arequipa Southern Station transferred to become the Boyden Station in South Africa, and domestic observational activities were relegated from the proximity of the Harvard yard to the new Oak Ridge (later, Agassiz) Station some 30 miles west of Cambridge.
It was with these that Shapley and his collaborators continued to explore the Magellanic clouds, to probe the spatial distribution of external galaxies; and (in 1938) discovered new dwarf galaxies in Sculptor and Fornax - discoveries which augmented the known population of the inner metagalaxy in an unexpected manner.
Shapley's retirement from directorship in 1952 (he continued to serve as research professor until 1956) brought to a close an era which kept Harvard Observatory in the forefront of astronomy progress 75 years under the administration of two outstanding directors - a record unequalled in the annals of astronomy.
antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov /htmltest/gifcity/shapley_obit.html   (1185 words)

  
 Essays Page
Shapley concluded that the Milky Way was much larger than had previously been assumed and devoted considerable effort to the study of nebulae (a term that at that time referred to any celestial body not identified as a star).
Shapley enrolled at the University of Missouri at the age of 20 and obtained his B.A. in mathematics and physics in 1910 and his M.A. in 1911.
Shapley's first position was at the Mount Wilson Observatory in Pasadena, California, where he worked under George Ellery Hale from 1913 to 1920.
www.fofweb.com /subscription/science/Helicon.asp?SID=2&iPin=eworldsci0307   (712 words)

  
 Shapley, Harlow (1885-1972)
Shapley graduated from the University of Missouri in his home state, then wrote an important doctoral dissertation on eclipsing binary stars under Henry Russell at Princeton.
From 1914 to 1921 he was at Mount Wilson Observatory, and from 1921 to 1952, he was director of the Harvard College Observatory, where he did his seminal work on Cepheids, studied the Magellanic Clouds, and catalogued galaxies.
Shapley's demonstration that the Sun lay closer to the periphery of the Galaxy than its center marked another step in the movement away from anthropocentrism in a cosmological context.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/S/Shapley.html   (355 words)

  
 Willis Shapley Dies; NASA Official Boosted Manned Moon Landing
Willis Harlow Shapley, 88, the third-ranking administrator at NASA during the Apollo era and an authority on federal funding for research and development, died Oct. 24 at Sibley Memorial Hospital of cellulitis, a bacterial infection.
Shapley retired from NASA in 1975 to be a consultant for the American Association for the Advancement of Science, for whom he conducted annual reviews of federal agencies' research and development budgets.
Willis Harlow Shapley was born in Pasadena, Calif., on March 2, 1917, and moved as a child to Cambridge, Mass.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/15/AR2005111501405_pf.html   (732 words)

  
 [No title]
He told Shapley that, as a result of six years of research, he had come to believe that there were changes in the constitution of the solar system.
Shapley demurred; he was very busy- but if some one he knew were to read the manuscript first and recommend it, he would read it, too.
Shapley, Thackrey charged, was campaigning to destroy a man whom he did not know and to damn a theory he obviously knew nothing about.
www.kronia.com /library/journals/shapely.txt   (3816 words)

  
 [No title]
Shapley became professor of astronomy at Harvard University, later director of Harvard College Observatory (1921-52), and was made director emeritus and Paine Professor of Astronomy at Harvard in 1952.
Shapley's study of the distances of globular clusters led him to conclude that their distribution centred on a point that lay in the direction of the constellation Sagittarius and at a distance that he estimated to be about 45,000 light-years (50 percent larger than the modern value).
Shapley was able to determine the distance to the globulars through the calibration of the intrinsic brightnesses of some variable stars found in them.
www.mpifr-bonn.mpg.de /staff/wsherwood/eb.shapley-text   (853 words)

  
 The Astrophysics Spectator: Commentary-Academic Freedom, Free Speech, and Harlow Shapley
Harlow Shapley took the most aggressive course and lead an effort by the astronomical community to suppress the publication of Velikovsky's ideas, either as a book or as magazine articles.
Harlow Shapley was one of the prominent men of astronomy.
Shapley was controversial, for he had a history of left-wing activism from the thirties through the fifties.
www.astrophysicsspectator.com /commentary/commentary20050223.html   (1590 words)

  
 Willis Shapley, 88; was NASA official - The Boston Globe
WASHINGTON -- Willis Harlow Shapley, the third-ranking administrator at NASA during the Apollo era and an authority on federal funding for research and development, died Oct. 24 at Sibley Memorial Hospital of cellulitis, a bacterial infection.
Shapley was named to a committee that prepared a memo advocating a new emphasis on a US manned space flight program.
Shapley retired from NASA in 1975 to be a consultant for the American Association for the Advancement of Science, for which he conducted annual reviews of federal agencies' research and development budgets.
www.boston.com /news/globe/obituaries/articles/2005/11/20/willis_shapley_88_was_nasa_official?mode=PF   (688 words)

  
 [No title]
The name of Dr. Harlow Shapley, then director of the Harvard Observatory, has arisen in connection with unethical attempts to suppress the book and defame its author- a charge Shapley has denied.
Shapley demurred; he was very busy-but if some one he knew were to read the manuscript first and recommend it, he would read it, too.
His course of action was "both morally and criminally libelous." As for the article Shapley had Ms Gaposchkin prepare, it was an attack on a book the latter had not read, attributing to Velikovsky statements he had never made in order to quarrel with them as if he had made them.
www.kronia.com /library/journals/ethics.txt   (2748 words)

  
 [29.02] Harlow Shapley's Biological Universe: Cosmic Evolution and its Uses   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Harlow Shapley was an astronomer with a lifelong interest in biological questions.
At Harvard in the 1920s Shapley initiated a series of interdisciplinary seminars, one of which was on “The Origin of Life.” At this time he also displayed an interest in the question of life in the universe.
Shapley’s promotion of cosmic evolution throughout the 1950s and 1960s can be understood against the backdrop of developments in the sciences as well as the historical and personal factors that shaped his career as a spokesman for science.
www.aas.org /publications/baas/v34n4/aas201/140.htm   (369 words)

  
 Harlow Shapley Biography / Biography of Harlow Shapley Biography
Harlow Shapley was born on Nov. 2, 1885, in Nashville, Missouri, where his father was a successful hay producer and dealer.
Harlow received his early education in a one-room country schoolhouse.
Shapley then entered the University of Missouri, intending to study journalism, but, finding no degree program available, took up astronomy--and never put it down.
www.bookrags.com /biography-harlow-shapley   (237 words)

  
 Shapley, Harlow   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Shapley was born in Missouri and studied at Laws Observatory.
Shapley obtained nearly 10,000 measurements of the sizes of stars in order to analyse some 90 eclipsing binaries.
Shapley's surveys recorded tens of thousands of galaxies in both hemispheres.
cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Biographies/MainBiographies/S/Shapley/1.html   (161 words)

  
 Physics Today August 2003 - Letters
and in it, Shapley redetermined the luminosities of globular-like clusters in the Magellanic Clouds.
In a report on the astronomical highlights of 1952, Shapley placed Baade's contribution first when he wrote about the "general acceptance of the growing evidence, produced chiefly at Mount Wilson-Palomar [that is, by Baade] and at Harvard [by Shapley],.
E8), based on Shapley's report to the American Astronomical Society, may lie at the root of the apparent controversy over who deserves credit for the 1952 doubling of the distance scale in the universe.
www.physicstoday.org /vol-56/iss-8/p13.html   (513 words)

  
 Harlow Shapley Visiting Lectureships
The Harlow Shapley Visiting Lectureship Program of the American Astronomical Society, a program of two day visits by professional astronomers to college campuses, can bring the excitement of the modern astronomer's view of the cosmos to any host institution.
Although in previous years the number of Shapley Program visits per year approached 80, we are presently operating at a level of about 50 visits.
The schedule, which includes the Harlow Shapley Lecture itself, (a free, public lecture), is arranged directly by the host institution with the visiting lecturer.
www.aas.org /shapley   (454 words)

  
 Jorge Bartolucci, Awakening of Modern Astrophysics in Mexico
Shapley replied to Erro right away letting him know that he appreciated very much to have been informed about the whole background of the astronomical maneuverings in Mexico, and that much could be done in assembling powerful and useful equipment with a budget of $20,000 US dollars.
The purpose of the Mexican Government is to contribute to the maintenance, in the American Continent, of the progress of science and culture, and thus counteract as much as possible, the paralization of scientific and cultural activities in the countries devastated by war.
They have definitely counted on the power of your name and personality in demonstrating to themselves and their people, and to the world, that the new Mexico is decidedly not anti-Semitic, and that in all fields of intellectual and cultural development the government stands for tolerance of race, religious creed, color, political beliefs.
www.nd.edu /~histast4/exhibits/papers/bartolucci.html   (2086 words)

  
 More Details on Hubble and Shapley - Physics Today February 2005
I noticed Sidney van den Bergh’s letter on Edwin Hubble and Harlow Shapley in the September 2004 issue of Physics Today (page 15), and I believe a clarification about the “Different Views” of these two observational astronomers is in order.
Shapley was the central figure of the former opinion based on his conclusions while observing globular clusters at Mount Wilson during the years 1914 to 1917.
So Shapley’s universe was profoundly smaller than the one Hubble revealed as an emerging cosmos—though the general applications of Shapley’s work deserve all the credit of astronomical history.
www.physicstoday.org /vol-58/iss-2/p10b.html   (489 words)

  
 603-E   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Harlow Shapley was an up and coming young astronomer who had published a number of papers about the properties of stars and star clusters.
Shapley designed his presentation to be very general with the idea in mind of not starting a debate with Curtis.
Shapley and Curtis would have been pleased to know that many of their conclusions were correct.
www1.wcf.net /~radduci/Papers/603-e.html   (1609 words)

  
 Harlow Shapley Biography / Biography of Harlow Shapley World of Physics Biography
American astronomer Harlow Shapley was known for his accomplishments in astronomy, education, and humanitarian causes.
Shapley, whose obituary in the New York Times described him as the "dean of American astronomers," was chiefly known for discovering that the Milky Way galaxywas much larger than originally thought and that Earth's solar system was not in fact at the center of the galaxy.
Shapley was born on November 2, 1885, along with
www.bookrags.com /biography-harlow-shapley-wop   (249 words)

  
 NRC Transcripts of `Great Debate' Page
The arrows attached to the circles at the upper edge of the diagram indicate that either the parallax or the upsilon component of the proper motion is negative, and the absolute magnitude indeterminate in consequence.
For the stars at the upper edge of the diagram, the attached arrows indicate that either the parallax, or the upsilon component of the proper motion is negative, so that the absolute magnitude is indeterminate, and may be anything from infinity down.
It should be stated here that Shapley's earlier estimate was merely a provisional assumption for computational illustration, but all are based on modern material, and illustrate the fact that good evidence may frequently be interpreted in different ways.
www.adkoprivnica.hr /zanimljivosti/velika_debata/cs_nrc.html   (14309 words)

  
 Willis Harlow Shapley (1917-2005): Science News Online, Nov. 19, 2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Willis Harlow Shapley, a longtime member of the Science Service Board of Trustees, died Oct. 24.
Shapley served with distinction in the federal government in such areas as budgeting, research and development, national defense, and space.
Tax deductible donations to the Willis Harlow Shapley Education Fund may be sent to Science Service, 1719 N St., NW, Washington, DC 20036, or go to http://www.sciserv.org/shapley/.
www.sciencenews.org /articles/20051119/letter18.asp   (244 words)

  
 Visiting Lecturer at The U Celebrates Astronomy Day   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Harlow Shapley (Nov 2, 1885 - Oct. 20, 1972) was president of the American Astronomical Society from 1943 to 1946 and throughout his life was a most active member of the Society.
In 1921, Harlow Shapley went to Harvard Observatory where he soon assumed the responsibilities of the directorship, a post he held until 1952.
Not only was Harlow Shapley a great astronomer, but especially in the later years of his life, he became an important figure on the national and international scene.
www.usd.edu /press/news/news.cfm?nid=412&uid=user   (865 words)

  
 Harlow shapley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Start the Harlow shapley article or add a request for it.
Look for Harlow shapley in Wiktionary, our sister dictionary project.
Look for Harlow shapley in the Commons, our repository for free images, music, sound, and video.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/harlow_shapley   (135 words)

  
 The Bruce Medalists: Harlow Shapley
Harlow Shapley earned his bachelor's degree as a student of Frederick Seares at the University of Missouri in his home state, then wrote an important doctoral dissertation on eclipsing binary stars under Henry Norris Russell at Princeton.
From 1914 to 1921 he was at Mt. Wilson Observatory, where he calibrated Henrietta S. Leavitt's period-luminosity relation for Cepheid variable stars and used it to determine the distances to globular clusters.
From 1921 to 1952 Shapley was director of the Harvard College Observatory.
www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu /brucemedalists/shapley   (363 words)

  
 [No title]
But in 1945, when John Motley Morehead III sought advice on his desire to build an observatory as a gift to the University of North Carolina, it took the comments of Harvard astronomer Harlow Shapley to change his mind.
Shapley believed a planetarium would be a greater benefit to the public.
He came to Chapel Hill with Harlow Shapley's recommendation as 'the best planetarium man in America" for his showmanship as well as his scientific expertise.
www.unc.edu /depts/mhplanet/articles/50years   (1985 words)

  
 Harlow Shapley Lectures at Gustavus Adolphus College April 27 and 28, 2000
Harlow Shapley Lectures at Gustavus Adolphus College April 27 and 28, 2000
The Harlow Shapley Visiting Lectureships in Astronomy is named in honor of the astronomer who helped launch the program.
Shapley was known nationally and internationally as he played a major role in the founding of UNESCO.
www.gustavus.edu /news/releases/harlowshapleylec990rls.html   (267 words)

  
 Name that telescope and win a prize
The name I suggested is "Shapley", after the famed astronomer Harlow Shapley.
Harlow Shapley was one of the very greatest astronomers of the 20th century.
I also wanted to mention that Shapley and Hubble were great rivals in life; it is fitting that the rivalry should continue, to the advancement of astronomy.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/517803/posts   (1675 words)

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