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Topic: Haskalah

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  JewishEncyclopedia.com - HASKALAH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Generally, "haskalah" indicates the beginning of the movement among the Jews about the end of the eighteenth century in Eastern Europe toward abandoning their exclusiveness and acquiring the knowledge, manners, and aspirations of the nations among whom they dwell.
The condition of the Jews of Galicia, already deplorable, was made worse by the partition of Poland, and the haskalah movement was introduced in Galicia in such manner as to almost justify the view that it was one of the afflictions due to the new régime.
But as far as haskalah in the restricted sense is concerned, the attempt failed in these schools, as well as in the rabbinical schools established later.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=350&letter=H   (2348 words)

 The Haskalah
The Haskalah was characterized by a scientific approach to religion in which secular culture and philosophy became a central value.
The Haskalah marked the end of the use of Yiddish, the revival of Hebrew and an adoption of European languages.
Orthodox Jews were against the Haskalah from the start because it went against traditional Judaism and challenged both rabbinic orthodoxy and the role of Talmud in education.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/Haskalah.html   (2642 words)

 Ralph Dumain: "The Autodidact Project": Raphael Mahler: Introduction, Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment
Hasidism and the Haskalah, two movements that clashed for the first time in the social and cultural life of the Jewish people at the thresh old of the nineteenth century, were crucial factors in shaping Jewish culture in the modern period.
The progressiveness of the Haskalah is measured by the degree of progressiveness of the bourgeoisie, the class that carried on the struggle against social and political feudalism, which was developing in Jewish society just as it was elsewhere in the world.
As far as the Haskalah in Poland is concerned, I chose to elaborate on its writers and literature since, due to its sparsity, it did not succeed in entering the written history of modern Hebrew literature as did the Haskalah in Galicia.
www.autodidactproject.org /other/haskalah1.html   (1646 words)

 Search Results for "Haskalah"
Haskalah, (ha´skla´) (KEY), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s.
A voice of the Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment, Peretz was often accused of radicalism...
Strongly influenced by the secularizing trends of the Hebrew Enlightenment, or Haskalah, he attempted to influence the people to free themselves from...
bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=Haskalah   (238 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Haskalah
Haskalah HASKALAH [Haskalah], [Hebenlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s.
A voice of the Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment, Peretz was often accused of radicalism and once imprisoned for his socialist activities.
As teacher and writer he was one of the leaders in the renaissance of a progressive culture among the Jews (see Haskalah) and he was an indefatigable foe of obscurantism.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Haskalah   (497 words)

The haskalah was the movement among European Jews in the late 18th century toward adopting enlightenment values, integration into the larger gentile society, and acquiring the knowledge, manners, and aspirations of the gentile nations among whom they lived.
It is identified with the substitution of the study of modern subjects for the study of the Talmud; with opposition to fanaticism, superstition, and Hasidism; with the adoption by Jews of agriculture and handicrafts; and with a desire to keep in touch with the times.
The "bi'ur," or grammatical commentary (see Biurists), prepared under Mendelssohn's supervision, was designed to counteract the influence of the Talmudical or rabbinical method of exegesis, and, together with the translation, it became, as it were, the primer of haskalah.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ha/Haskalah.html   (344 words)

 Religion - Haskalah - Jewish Reference: People, Places, and All Things Jewish
Haskalah (Hebrew: השכלה;; "enlightenment," "intellect," from sekhel, "common sense") was a religious movement among European Jews in the late 18th century that advocated adopting enlightenment values, pressing for better integration into European society, and increasing education in secular studies, Hebrew, and Jewish history.
As long as the Jews lived in segregated communities, and as long as all avenues of social intercourse with their gentile neighbors were closed to them, the rabbi was the most influential member of the Jewish community.
Haskalah resulted in a increased rate of assimilation, as Jews became estranged from their traditional religious beliefs.
www.jewishreference.com /religion-haskalah.html   (612 words)

 Dainow, Zevi Hirsch ben Ze'ev Wolf (1832 - March 6, 1877)
Haskalah Geschichte der Aufklaerungsbewegung unter den juden in Russland (1919).
He was a champion of the Haskalah movement, urging his listeners to aquire secular knowledge and to send their children to the public schools rather than to the Heder.
But he aggravated, rather than allayed, the fear of the conservative classes that he was not in accord with them on some religious questions; and by discarding the traditional dress and manners of the "maggid" he aroused suspicion and also opposition in certain quarters.
home.comcast.net /~dinoff/dainow.html   (2710 words)

 Haskalah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
One facet of haskalah was a widespread cultural adaptation, as those Jews who participated in the enlightenment began in varying degrees to participate in the cultural practices of the surrounding gentile population.
Connected with this was the birth of the Reform movement, whose founding rabbis rejected the continuing observance of those aspects of Jewish law which they classified as ritual, as opposed to moral.
Even within orthodoxy the Haskalah was felt through the appearance of the Mussar Movement in Lithuania and Torah im Derech Eretz in Germany.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Haskalah   (843 words)

 JewishGates.Com - The Definitive Source for Talmudic Learning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The first Haskalah did have one important effect: it united the mitnagdim and the Chasidim against the common foe.
The most influential Haskalah writer of the 19th century was Chayim Nachman Bialik, born on January 9, 1873.
The Haskalah, with its emphasis on Western culture, Hebrew, love of Israel, and pragmatic secular studies, laid the groundwork for the eventual Zionist movement, which resulted in the return to Zion and the rebuilding of the Land of Israel.
www.jewishgates.com /file.asp?File_ID=76   (1061 words)

 Jewish Professionals Institute (JPI) - Holocaust Thesis Chapter 3
It was within this framework that the haskalah movement was born and nurtured.
Haskalah had called for a "drastic change in the curriculum of the Jewish school in Germany and Eastern Europe, where secular studies were completely disregarded." In striving to "normalize" Jewish life, it proclaimed "the ideal of.
Haskalah was confronted with the representatives of halachah.
www.jpi.org /holocaust/hlchp3a.htm   (3904 words)

 Haskalah - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Haskalah, [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s.
Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation.
The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-haskalah.html   (243 words)

 Sara Froner and the Haskala Movement
But when the Haskalah began to develop, it was precisely the rich and the religious who should have sent their sons to school, because at that time, they weren't forced to write on Shabbat, nor were they even required to go to school on Shabbat.
During the Haskalah period, Hebrew authors, unlike their Yiddish counterparts, were largely paid "in kind." The publisher would supply the authors with an agreed upon number of their own books in place of advances and royalties, which they would sell if they could.
Foner was not the only woman to write in Hebrew during the Haskalah in Russia, but she was the earliest and most prolific of the women writing Hebrew fiction.
www.jewishmag.com /45mag/froner/froner.htm   (1580 words)

 Centre for Jewish Studies Extra-Mural Lectures, 1998/99   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
I shall briefly take you through the different stages of the development of Hebrew from the period of the Haskalah, and concentrate in a little more depth on the various routes and methods which were adopted at the time of the revival to make Hebrew once again the vernacular of the Jewish people.
Haskalah is the Hebrew term for the enlightenment movement and ideology, which began within Jewish society in the 1770s in Europe.
A major literary figure of the German Haskalah was Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786), who is generally considered to be the originator of the Haskalah movement (the "father of the Haskalah")
www.art.man.ac.uk /RELTHEOL/JEWISH/Garside.htm   (4915 words)

 Amazon.com: The Haskalah Movement in Russia: Books: Jacob S. Raisin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment, was an intellectual movement among Eastern and Central European Jews in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
In Russia, the Haskalah was also a means to express an ardor for things spiritual and philosophical while under the cruel oppression of the czars' regime.
For this reason also I have marked the boundaries of the Haskalah epochs in correspondence to the dates of the reigns of the several czars, though the correspondence is not always exact.
www.amazon.com /Haskalah-Movement-Russia-Jacob-Raisin/dp/1590211553   (1125 words)

 Russification. Fights for independence (via CobWeb/3.1 vn1.cs.wustl.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The maskilim, the adherents of Haskalah, sought for Jews to break the traditional frame of religious education, to get acquainted with secular culture, to become the rightful members of society.
Jews, however, realized the role of such schools in the process of Russification and were not very keen on letting their children to attend them.
The Haskalah movement in Lithuania did not foster the assimilation.
litvakai.mch.mii.lt.cob-web.org:8888 /the_past/russification.htm   (501 words)

 The Jewish Enlightenment | Feiner, Shmuel. Chaya Naor, Translator
Relying on a huge range of previously unexplored sources, Shmuel Feiner fully views the Haskalah as the Jewish version of the European Enlightenment and, as such, a movement that cannot be isolated from broader eighteenth-century European traditions.
The Haskalah's confrontations with its opponents within Jewry constitute one of the most fascinating chapters in the history of the dramatic and traumatic encounter between the Jews and modernity.
The Haskalah is one of the central topics in modern Jewish historiography.
www.upenn.edu /pennpress/book/13962.html   (415 words)

 Log Entry 601: Haskalah Vista Francie
Some time later finds them both back in her office; not surprisingly, Haskalah is well familiar with the shortcuts to be found through the maze-like interior of the Collegia Esoterica.
Haskalah's last words to Francisco before leaving him in the chamber were that he was to do his best to carry out the simple cantrip shown… And that he would be monitored by one of the acolytes of the Sphere of Illusion.
Once he is done with the testing of course, he is to come back to Haskalah's office and report to her what happened.
sinai.critter.net /log.php?title=Haskalah+Vista+Francie   (3676 words)

 The "Tzemach Tzedek" and the Haskala Movement — Revisited
Hasidism and Haskalah arose at roughly the same time, although their bases of power and agendas were totally different, if not diametrically opposed.
Haskalah (Intellectualism), or as it was known in the West, Aufklärung (Enlightenment), is viewed as the brainchild of Moses Mendelssohn of Berlin; its thrust was progressive education and adoption of European culture.
It must be pointed out that Haskalah posed a threat not only to the hasidim (whom the maskilim found most loathsome), but also to the tradition-minded talmudists of the Lithuanian yeshivot.
www.orot.com /tzemach.html   (3550 words)

 Judaic Studies at UCF
The Haskalah was a literary and cultural movement that reshaped and re-formed Judaism and the Jews in accordance with the needs of modern times, i.e.
Bikurei Ha'itim: The 'First Fruits' of Haskalah is An Annotated Index to 'Bikurei Ha'itim,' the Hebrew Journal of the Haskalah in Galicia, that was published in Vienna from 1820 to 1831.
It is in effect a monograph which examines the transition of Haskalah from Germany to Austria and to Galicia following the demise of the first Hebrew periodical, 'Hame'asef,' and explores the literary contribution of the Galician Haskalah.
www.cas.ucf.edu /judaic_studies/news_pelli_books.php   (761 words)

 [No title]
It would seem necessary, therefore, to introduce a description of the Haskalah movement with a rapid survey of the history of the Russo-Polish Jews from the time of their emergence from obscurity up to the middle of the seventeenth century.
To the student of Haskalah he is interesting, because he marks the close of the old and the beginning of the new era.
As formerly with the Talmud, the Haskalah seemed, at the time of Mendelssohn, to be moving from the East westward, through the agency of the Slavonic Jews pouring perennially into Germany.
www2.cddc.vt.edu /gutenberg/1/5/9/2/15921/15921-8.txt   (16525 words)

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