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Topic: Hasmonean

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  The Hasmonean revolution was a two part conflict which led to a brief, but significant, independence for the Jews, and ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Hasmonean revolt was an ideological and political conflict that led to a brief, but significant, independence for the Jews of Palestine and, ultimately, to Roman domination over the Jews.
The Hasmoneans believed that the Jews would never be able to practice their religion free from the shadow of oppression by the Seleucids unless they gained independence.
However, the Hasmoneans either failed to see the full implications of Roman interference in Seleucid affairs, or thought that they would be able to retain their independence no matter who tried to conquer them.
pigseye.kennesaw.edu /~jgodfrey/hasmonean.htm   (2648 words)

  Chanukah on Virtual Jerusalem
The Hasmoneans were a priestly family, probably from one of those that had moved from the territory of Benjamin to the lowlands of Lydda in the last days of the First Temple.
During the reign of his brother Alexander Yannai (103-76 BCE) the Hasmonean state reached the zenith of its power, as the whole of the sea coast from the Egyptian border to the Carmel with the exception of Ashkelon, was annexed to Judea.
The last to attempt to restore the former glory of the Hasmonean dynasty was Antigonus Mattathius, whose defeat and death at the hands of the Romans in 37 B.C.E. brought the Hasmonean rule to a close and prepared the way for Herod.
www.virtualjerusalem.com /jeisholidays/chanukah/hasmon.htm   (481 words)

 This week in Jewish history
Eleazar, eldest brother of Judah Maccabee, was the first Hasmonean casualty of war, crushed beneath the elephant he believed was carrying the king as he drove his sword upward into its belly during the battle of Beis Zecharyah.
By shouldering the mantle of kingship, perhaps not in name but undeniably in practice, the Hasmoneans encumbered themselves with the burden of kings — to harmonize the physical and the spiritual — obligating themselves in a service diametrically opposed to the austerity demanded by their intrinsic nature as priests.
Unable to succeed simultaneously as kohanim and as kings, the Hasmoneans condemned themselves to failure and, ultimately, self-destruction when they did not return the leadership of the Jewish nation to its rightful heirs, the descendants of the dynasty of David, the true kings of Israel.
www.jewishworldreview.com /jewish/jhistory3.php3?printer_friendly   (1093 words)

 Was there a synagogue in Hasmonean Jericho? by David Stacey
Thus, the early Hasmoneans who were not fabulously wealthy or even particularly secure received no quick profit from the two long aqueducts that they had invested in so heavily.
The method of refining the balsam was a closely guarded secret, and the first palace built by the Hasmoneans would have served primarily as administrative headquarters to the developing agricultural industry, not merely for the recreation of the King in the winter sunshine.
Netzer uses emotive language to imply that the Hasmoneans' stimulus to build in Jericho was the pursuit of pleasure: the "main purpose" of the "lavish" and "splendid" pools complex "was obviously to be an area of leisure and entertainment" and the garden was to be "an area of tranquility" (Netzer, 2001: 335).
www.bibleinterp.com /articles/Hasmonean_Jericho.htm   (1739 words)

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The rededication of the Temple by Maccabean forces in 164 BCE was not the end of the Jewish war against the Syrian-Greeks, nor the military-political escapades of the Hasmonean family.
Even though the Hasmoneans and their followers were weary after years of struggle, it seems that they were still the only group in Judaea capable of rallying significant numbers of troops.
The Hasmonean state, although it began as a local revolt against Seleucid rule, as a Jewish refusal to embrace Hellenism at the expense of Judaism, was also heavily influenced by Hellenistic culture.
www.hebroots.org /hebrootsarchive/9710/971027_c.html   (1640 words)

 Holy City: Jerusalem in time, space and imagination
In the late second century, when the Seleucids are decisively weakened on other fronts, the Hasmoneans renew the national independence of Judah and greatly expand its realm by conquest and forced conversion, establishing the second royal dynasty in Judah.
Image: Hasmonean coin with the seven-armed candelabra, a symbol of the Temple in Jerusalem and its worship.
Hasmonean coins minted in Jerusalem did not bear the image of a king or of an emperor.
www.bu.edu /mzank/Jerusalem/p/period2-4-4.htm   (106 words)

 Hanuka - Backgrounder
The rebellion, which began in the village of Modi'in, was led by the old Hasmonean priest, Matityahu.
The Hasmonean kings expanded the borders of the kingdom, which in the time of King Alexander Yannai stretched from the desert east, beyond the River Jordan to the Mediterranean Sea in the west, and from Lebanon in the north to Rafiah in the south.
The Hasmonean dynasty continued to reign also after the Roman conquest of Eretz Israel in 67 BCE and until the death of the last Hasmonean king in 37 BCE.
www.jafi.org.il /education/festivls/hanuka/h1.html   (710 words)

 Maccabees and Hasmonean kings
However pottery from the Hasmonean period was found under the floor of the largest Herodian mansion.
It is estimated that the population of Jerusalem grew from around 5500 till 300.000 during the Hasmonean period.
In the observation points it is seen that the Hasmonean wall interacted with the older Israelite walls and towers, and made use of the older structures.
www.jewishmag.com /27MAG/archi/archi.htm   (1993 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - History & Community: Herod
It enabled the transformation from the rule of the Hasmonean vassal kings to the imposition (following the short reign of Archelaus, Herod's son) of direct Roman administration and the creation of the province Judea.
The king was obviously  attempting to replace the Hasmonean aristocracy with one of his own, relying upon the Jewish communities in the Parthian East and the Roman West.
This isolated rock on the edge of the Judean Desert was fortified in the Hasmonean period, and later transformed by Herod into a splendid palace and fort.
www.myjewishlearning.com /history_community/Ancient/TheStoryI/RomanRule/Herod.htm   (737 words)

 Determination of the location of the Temple based on the angle of sight of Agrippa II
If we assume that the Temple was located at the Dome of the Winds this implies that the Hasmonean Palace, in accordance with the angles of sight, was located to the north of the first wall, contrary to the assumption of all the researchers (see drawing 18).
If we assume that the Hasmonean Palace was in the region of the Herodian Quarter in Beit Hamidot, based on a suggestion made by one of the archeologists, this implies that the Temple lay outside the region known as the Temple Mount, in the region of the Beit Omaia palaces.
It is impossible to argue simultaneously that the Holy of Holies or the altar were in the Dome of the Rock and that the Hasmonean Palace was south of the northern wall of the upper city, i.e.
templemount.org /sagiv2   (4233 words)

 The Hasmonean Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
First led by Mattathias of the priestly Hasmonean family and then by his son Judah the Maccabee, the Jews subsequently entered Jerusalem and purified the Temple (164 BCE), events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
Following further Hasmonean victories (147 BCE), the Seleucids restored autonomy to Judea, as the Land of Israel was now called, and, with the collapse of the Seleucid kingdom (129 BCE), Jewish independence was again achieved.
Under the Hasmonean dynasty, which lasted about 80 years, the kingdom regained boundaries not far short of Solomon's realm, political consolidation under Jewish rule was attained and Jewish life flourished.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/Hasmonean.html   (162 words)

 j. - Jewish people must heed Chanukah lesson, or suffer
Sixty years later, the expanded Hasmonean empire was wracked by internal distress and civil war.
The Hasmonean dynasty was weakened by religious isolationism and critique from the right, and by assimilation into Hellenistic culture and the loss of values that plagued its own ranks.
The inability to raise Hasmonean royal families fortified by Jewish faith and practices sufficient to resist the corruptions of international politics and the temptations of Hellenism weakened later generations.
www.jewishsf.com /content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/5098/edition_id/93/format/html/displaystory.html   (1035 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - History & Community: Second Temple Judaisms
A notable development in Hasmonean times was the emergence of identifiable religious sects.
The prominence of both the Sadducees and Pharisees in John Hyrcanus' court [he was a Hasmonean ruler from 134 to 104 BCE] is a striking case in point.
The Sadducees, for their part, were even fewer in number, if a comment by Josephus regarding the first century C.E. may be considered relevant to the Hasmonean era.
www.myjewishlearning.com /history_community/Ancient/ReligionandCultureTO/Sects.htm   (1098 words)

 Chapter 30: The Hasmonean Dynasty
It would appear that in the Hasmonean period Baruch was edited by a Jew of Palestine who, through this composite document, set before his readers his convictions about the importance of repentance, the significance of wisdom and the Law and his hope for a peaceful future.
The purpose of the abridgment was to present a succinct outline of the struggle for independence (2:24-32), and perhaps also to reassure the reader that the afflictions suffered by the Jews were permitted by God for disciplinary reasons (6:12).
The title "Hasmonean" is derived from the great grandfather of Mattathias, according to Josephus (Antiquities 16:7:1) but it has been argued that it may designate "princes" or "dignitaries," implying that the men of this line were "princes of Israel." Cf.
www.infidels.org /library/modern/gerald_larue/otll/chap30.html   (7759 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - MACCABEES, THE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Originally the designation "Maccabeus" (Jerome, "Machabæus") was applied solely to Judas, the third son of Mattathias the Hasmonean (I Macc.
no mention of the name either in the Talmud or in the Midrash, where the family is always referred to as "the Hasmoneans." In later Hebrew writings the name occurs in two forms,
The latter form is generally explained as meaning "the hammer," a surname given to Judas on account of his heroism.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=17&letter=M&search=Maccabees   (357 words)

 Antiochus' decrees - a figment of Hasmonean propaganda - Haaretz - Israel News
Weitzman analyzes the description of the edicts in the Hanukkah tale, and concludes that the story was concocted by the Hasmonean kings as propaganda intended to legitimize their precarious rule.
They and their descendants, the Hasmonean dynasty, presented themselves as high priests, but did not belong to a family that held that position for a long time.
Professor Joshua Efron, a senior historian of the Hasmonean period, believes the Maccabean revolt and ensuing rule were accepted by the majority of the nation.
www.haaretz.com /hasen/spages/801409.html   (1102 words)

 Biblical Archaeology Society
Jericho was an agricultural center, garden city and winter resort for the Jerusalemite kings and aristocracy during the Second Temple period.
The Hasmonean kings turned the western plain of Jericho into a royal estate.
This volume is devoted to the stratigraphy and architecture of the Hasmonean and Herodian palaces excavated and studied by the author over a 15 year period.
www.easycart.net /ecarts/bib-arch/7IEH.html   (155 words)

 Maccabean-Jerusalem through Coins
Seleucid coin minted in Jerusalem under Hasmonean leader John Hyrcanus.
John Hyrcanus, a descendant of Judah Maccabee, was the first Hasmonean leader to mint coinage, indeed he is the first ever to mint Jewish coins.
Antiochus VII composes a letter to the Hasmoneans granting the authority to mint coins.
members.verizon.net /vze3xycv/Jerusalem/confHasmonAnt4.htm   (1374 words)

 New Testament Jericho
Unfortunately, the Hasmonean family went into decline as a result of family feuds--including the murder of family members at times--over political power.
The Hasmoneans remained very popular with the Jewish people at the time and Herod attempted to use this popularity to support his right to the throne by marrying into the Hasmonean family.
Herod was so jealous of the Hasmoneans' popularity that he even accused his two sons by Mariamne of treason and had them both murdered.
www.ourfatherlutheran.net /biblehomelands/palestine/jerichonew.htm   (1691 words)

 Synopsis of the Greek Sources for the Hasmonean Period
Synopsis of the Greek Sources for the Hasmonean Period assists the researcher in identifying and comparing different types of relations between various sections of these texts.
Synopsis of the Greek Sources for the Hasmonean Period’s arrival to the Logos Bible Software library means that this valuable volume has become more useful than ever to your study of the Hasmonean Period.
Among his publications are The Hasmoneans and Their Supporters: From Mattathias to the Death of John Hyrcanus I, and Josephus and the History of the Greco-Roman Period: Essays in Memory of Morton Smith which he co-edited with Fausto Parente.
www.logos.com /products/prepub/details/2887   (526 words)

In 125 B.C. The Maccebean leader John Hyrcanus annexed Idumaea to the Hasmonean state and forcibly converted the populace to Judaism.
He won a victory over the Hasmonean king Antigonous and followed it up with a series of executions that all but exterminated the Jewish royal family.
He sought to meet this problem by divorcing Doris, the first of his ten wives, the mother of his son Antipater II, and marrying Mariamne, of the Hasmonean family, thereby, in his eyes at least, attaining political legitimacy.
home.att.net /~thechriststory/foxden.html   (861 words)

 Supplement 2: Herod the Great, King of the Jews
Former Hasmonean leaders had encountered strong resistance to the claim of traditional kingship.
By insisting that Phillip II be known by the contemporary Jewish name of "John," Antipater ensured that this son of his would have at least a fighting chance to found a lasting royal dynasty, and even if the prince was himself made to suffer a gruesome death.
It further suggested that John the Baptist was considered to be a replacement for Alexander son of the Hasmonean Mariamne, who had been executed primarily due to the instigation of Antipater.
www.domainofman.com /book/sup2.html   (2974 words)

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