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Topic: Heat death of the universe

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  physics - Heat death of the universe
The belief of a heat death is derived from the second law of thermodynamics, which claims that entropy tends to increase in an isolated system.
Heat death is however not quite the same as "cold death" or the "Big Freeze " in which the universe simply becomes too cold to sustain life due to continued expansion, though the result is quite similar (see: [1] for a more detailed explanation).
Interestingly, recent work in inflationary cosmology has inverted the heat death notion, suggesting that the early universe was in a thermal equilibrium and thus heat death–like state prior to cosmic expansion.
www.physicsdaily.com /physics/Heat_death_of_the_Universe   (355 words)

 Future and Death of the Universe
The first is that the universe will eventually collapse in on itself in the reverse of the Big Bang - a process called the "Big Crunch." This ending would result if there is enough matter in the universe to counteract the force of the expansion.
The universe's geometry is determined by the average density of everything in it - a function of the mass.
Because the universe is a certain age, we can only see that many light-years out; for any part of the universe beyond that, the light has not had enough time to reach us.
home.case.edu /~sjr16/advanced/cosmos_death.html   (1085 words)

 Heat death of the universe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The heat death is a possible final state of the universe, in which it has "run down" to a state of no free energy to sustain motion or life.
Heat death is however not quite the same as "cold death" or the "Big Freeze" in which the universe simply becomes too cold to sustain life due to continued expansion, though the result is quite similar (see: [1] for a more detailed explanation).
However, in the heat death scenario the energy density is so low that the system can be thought of as non-gravitational, and a state in which the energy is uniformly distributed is a thermal equilibrium state, i.e.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Heat_death_of_the_universe   (1327 words)

 The Half-Life of Proton Decay and its Relation to the "Heat Death" of the Universe
The metric equivalency between space and time is "gauged" (set, determined, regulated) by the universal electromagnetic constant c; the analogous entropic equivalency between space and time is gauged by the universal gravitational constant, G. G is related to c as entropy is related to energy.
This is because G relates spatial and temporal entropy, hence relating also the "heat death" of the Cosmos to its "information death" via the ultimate decay of the physical carrier (atomic matter) of the Universe's information content.
The notion that the ratio of force strengths relates the "heat death" and the "information death" of the Cosmos via proton decay suggests that if we knew one we would know the other; unfortunately, we know neither, and our force ratio is a pure number, without units.
home.earthlink.net /~johngowan/proton.html   (4135 words)

 Heat Death Of The Universe: A Scientific Theory as to what might happen to the planet Earth... and everything else.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The 'heat-death' of the universe is when the universe has reached a state of maximum entropy.
The opposite of 'cold death,' as you can see, is NOT 'heat death,' but actually the 'big crunch.' The 'big crunch' occurs when the universe has enough matter density to contract back on itself, eventually shrinking to a point.
The heat death of the universe will only occur if the universe will last for an infinite amount of time (i.e there will be no big crunch).
gawain.membrane.com /multimedia/play_the_name_game/my_terminal_condition/heat_death_of_the_universe_footnotes.html   (629 words)

 Heat Death - SciForums.com
Heat death, as the ultimate ending state for the universe, is just a universal temperature, throughout the universe, right?
Obviously, a species like that couldn't exist at the same time as a "heat death" by your definition of Heat Death because the species is part of the universe.
You are right, nothing could live in total entropy, but because of the expansion of the universe the temperature at the time of the heat death will actually be very very cold.
www.sciforums.com /showthread.php?t=24693   (1030 words)

 Universe - Crystalinks
The universe consists of all matter, light, and other forms of radiation and energy that have been discovered by man. The universe also consists of everything that man believes to be present in space / time as a result of his theories.
In the first half of the 20th century, the name Universe was used to mean the whole spacetime continuum in which we exist, together with all the energy and matter within it.
First structures of the Universe All recent computer-simulations of the early universe have one prediction in common: the first large-scale structures to form in the young universe are long filaments connected at their ends in "nodes".
www.crystalinks.com /universe.html   (2444 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The phrase Sarah uses, "The sweet breath of the Universe," is oddly reminiscent of the story’s title, The Heat Death of the Universe.
Sarah’s breakdown is precipitated by the death of the turtle.
When the turtle dies, Sarah is forced to accept that the universe will one day die, that, "[a] time must come when the Universe ‘unwinds’ itself, no energy being available for use." She feels that life only makes this time approach faster.
www.dons.net.au /~nevre/zach/litanal/heatdeath.html   (1830 words)

 Space   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
In the very long term the ultimate threat to humanity may be entropy, with the postulated heat death of the universe predicted by the second law of thermodynamics.
The Big Crunch theory postulates that the average density of the Universe is enough to stop its expansion and begin a cosm-wide contraction; a counterpart to the Big Bang.
In the framework of the field equations of the General Theory of Relativity, the simplest model of an accelerating expansion corresponds to a positive value of the cosmological constant, which is often attributed to the quantum vacuum itself exerting a negative pressure that repels gravitationally on large scales.
www.apocalypse-soon.com /space.htm   (787 words)

 CNN - Physicists describe grim end of the world - Jan. 15, 1997
Laughlin and his University of Michigan colleague, Fred Adams, were in Toronto to describe their scenario at the winter meeting of the American Astronomical Society.
The universe as we know it, with stars and planets and life, is only temporary and is actually rather young, about 10 billion years old.
The universe then enters a second stage, an epoch of degeneration.
www.cnn.com /TECH/9701/15/end.universe   (670 words)

 Free Heat Death Of The Universe Essays
The Stoics and Socrates (Heat Death Of The Universe)
Free Essays on 'Heat Death Of The Universe;' Electro-Magnetic Radiation
Heat Death Of The Universe & Van Gennep's "Rites of Passage", Durkheim and Turner's Theory of Communitas
www.freeessays.tv /Heat-Death-of-the-Universe1.html   (310 words)

 Heat Death
Heat Death is the most likely fate of the universe, atoms would be so spread apart, very spread apart
The universe stops expanding and just stays the way it is. If this happens then eventually it will all just get more and more disordered: stars will stop being formed because there's nothing left for fusion and it'll all just be sitting around more or less, decaying into smaller and smaller particles.
Basically right now it's been observed that the universe is expanding with a certain amount of acceleration and in order to reverse this acceleration you would need a sufficient amount of mass in order to slow down and stop the acceleration.
www.physicsforums.com /showthread.php?t=67392&page=1&pp=15   (1425 words)

 Heat (physics) - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Heat (physics), in physics, transfer of energy from one part of a substance to another, or from one body to another by virtue of a difference in...
Caution: NORFOLK Heat not a furnace…, Greece: Paul chose Greece for its…, Mortality: GUIDERIUS Fear no more the…, Proverbs: If you can't take the…,...
From the second law, it follows that in an isolated system (one that has no interactions with the surroundings) internal portions at different...
encarta.msn.com /Heat_(physics).html   (143 words)

 philjohn.com - papers: pynchon. entropy
EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE: It is assumed that at the beginning of the universe a Big Bang has taken place, setting free a certain amount of matter--energy which would start expanding inflationally because of the initial explosion (alas the "Bang'').
HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE: As entropy increases, the disorder of matter and energy increases.
As temperature (heat) is a measurement of particle movement, a halt of movement means zero temperature (so it is rather the universe dying of coldness than of heat).
www.philjohn.com /papers/pjkd_ga09.html   (1148 words)

The total entropy of the Universe therefore is increasing, tending towards a maximum, corresponding to complete disorder of the particles in it (assuming that it may be regarded as an isolated system.) See Heat Death of the Universe.
But while the Universe as a whole, if indeed there is a whole Universe, tends to run down, there are local enclaves whose direction seems opposed to that of the Universe at large and in which there is a limited and temporary tendency for organization to increase.
This state is referred to as the "Heat Death of the Universe." Sarah Boyle begins to cry.
www.scifi.com /scifiction/classics/classics_archive/zoline/zoline1.html   (4514 words)

 The Second Law of Thermodynamics states that the universe tends toward high entropy. If so, what happens when there is ...
It goes under the name of the 'Heat Death of the Universe.' In short, once all of the energy in the universe is converted to heat then the universe will be in equilibrium -- everything will be of the same temperature and entropy will remain constant forever.
This is the conversion to 'heat.' The reason that we no longer worry about the heat death of the universe is that the time it would take for everything around us to convert to heat is many, many times longer than the current age of the universe.
If we apply the second law of thermodynamics to this then we can see that the universe will continue to spread out and become less ordered and if it survives for long enough will eventually end in the 'Heat Death' when all of the matter has reached equilibrium and the entropy is at its highest.
www.physlink.com /Education/AskExperts/ae261.cfm   (1386 words)

 HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE Term Papers - HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE Research Papers from JunglePage
All of our HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE papers are written by professional writers and thoroughly reviewed by our internal editing staff.
Your HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE essay will be tailored to your specific requirements.
All HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE papers are 100% original and written from scratch to your exact topic.
www.junglepage.com /term_papers/heat_death_universe.html   (390 words)

 The Big Crunch
Pamela Zoline’s suburban society, in “The Heat Death of the Universe,” is characterized by Sarah Boyle, a “typical,” present-day housewife.
Sarah Boyle goes insane because she feels pressure to not contribute to “the heat death of the universe.” Each part of society should maintain order, so the net disorder, entropy, of the universe does not increase to a maximum.
On the contrary, “The Heat Death of the Universe” involves a society that is immensely impacted by entropy and its implications for the end of the universe.
www.acsu.buffalo.edu /~ckussius/crunch.htm   (1234 words)

 Grant's Blog: Heat death and the Big Bang, or not   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Now that NASA is about to say that the Universe will expand infinity and that we have the heat death of the Universe (where the Universe uses up all of its sources of fuel and everything slowly freezes) to look...
We are in a universe that is in the process of colliding into a larger, more massive universe.
The effect of this would be that every point in the blue region of the universe would move away from every other point.
grant.henninger.name /archives/000992.html   (518 words)

 Witness to the Heat Death
In the "Heat Death" episode, Pup's contemplation literally takes him out of the immediate reality and sends him drifting into space and hurtling forward in time.
The "Heat Death" episode has been widely praised for its superb artwork and advantageous use of the infinite canvas format.
After all, the Heat Death of the Universe is just around the corner.
webcomicsreview.com /examiner/issue050314/pup.html   (1199 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Essentially, the “Law” states that in any closed system (e.g., a sealed room, a sealed bottle, your closet, the universe) the natural tendency is for the elements in the system to degrade from order into chaos.
So, according to the Second Law, the universe as a whole (because it’s assumed to be a closed system) is gradually “running down” as energy is transformed into entropy (order into chaos).
The heat death of the universe is not nigh.
www.deepspirit.com /sys-tmpl/heatdeathoftheuniverse   (404 words)

 Nanodot: Nanotechnology News and Discussion » Blog Archive » Physicist suggests nanotech to deal with heat ...
String theorist Michio Kaku suggests molecular nanotechnology as one way to deal with the heat death of the universe: "There is nothing in the rules of science to prevent the regeneration of an advanced civilisation from the molecular level.
When the universe finally dies, we'll all run out of power…but then again, we won't need it because we'd all be dead as well as everything else that exists.
The zero point radiation in the universe is tremendous, and a mere one cubic centimeter of space contains enough that if it were to be converted into mass, it would be greater than the solar system, somewhere along 10^80-10^120 grams of matter per CC, if it was converted.
www.foresight.org /nanodot/?p=1719   (3812 words)

 Concerning the eventual heat death of the universe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Concerning the eventual heat death of the universe
X-Message-Number: 28629 Date: Sat, 04 Nov 2006 18:48:04 -0500 From: Francois < > Subject: Concerning the eventual heat death of the universe If someone intends to live forever, they will inevitably run into the major difficulty that the universe itself is not immortal.
Possibly, we will then be able to devise some way to recreate this process at will, creating fresh new universes in which to migrate when ours runs down.
www.cryonet.org /cgi-bin/dsp.cgi?msg=28629   (190 words)

 heat death - Search Results - MSN Encarta
heat death - Search Results - MSN Encarta
The summer temperatures in Death Valley, one of the hottest regions known, exceed 52°C (125°F) and rarely fall below 21°C (70°F).
Death and Dying : quotations : epitaphs: Epitaphs: Warm summer sun shine kindly…
encarta.msn.com /heat+death.html   (131 words)

 Amazon.com: The Heat Death of the Universe and Other Stories: Books: Pamela Zoline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
SF readers were delighted by the 1967 publication of "The Heat Death of the Universe" in the British magazine New Worlds, but Zoline's appeal extends beyond that genre.
In a collage style, "Heat Death" juxtaposes the principle of entropy and the life of a California housewife, which offers one small, moving illustration.
Pamela Zoline's titular "Heat Death" from this collection is often correctly billed as the best short story of the British New Wave movement of the late 60s/early 70s.
www.amazon.com /Heat-Death-Universe-Other-Stories/dp/0914232886   (1078 words)

 When the heat death of the universe occurs, here's a few ideas on how we might escape (kottke.org)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
When the heat death of the universe occurs, here's a few ideas on how we might escape (kottke.org)
When the heat death of the universe occurs, here's a few ideas on how we might escape.
If you're up on dark matter and M-theory, skip to the "Steps to leave the universe" section; my favorite escape possibility is "send a nanobot to recreate civilisation".
www.kottke.org /remainder/05/01/7393.html   (110 words)

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