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Topic: Hebrew language


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  Hebrew Language
Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last.
Early Hebrew was the alphabet used by the Jewish nation in the period before the Babylonian Exile--i.e., prior to the 6th century BC--although some inscriptions in this alphabet may be of a later date.
The Hebrew languages refer to a variety of Canaanite languages and dialects historically spoken by various peoples in the region of Canaan whom Abrahamic religion believes to have been Hebrews who emigrated from the Chaldees.
www.crystalinks.com /hebrew.html   (900 words)

  
  Hebrew Language - MSN Encarta
Modern Hebrew was developed in the 19th and 20th centuries from the ancient written form of the language.
Hebrew was preserved, however, as the language of ritual and sacred writing and through the centuries has undergone periodic literary revivals.
Hebrew vocabulary was further augmented in the Middle Ages by the Arabic influence on philosophic writing and through translations of Arabic philosophical and scientific works.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761553185/Hebrew_Language.html   (629 words)

  
  Hebrew languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Abrahamic religion believes that there were (at least) four Hebrew nations in Canaan: Ammon, Moab, Edom and Israel, all believed to be direct descendants of the Hebrew patriarch Terah, whose son Abram and grandson Lot (Abram's nephew) settled in Canaan and adapted to the local language of the Canaanites.
The language was Akkadian, the predominating language of the Chaldees.
The language was one of the extinct Hurro-Urartian languages, a non-Semitic language family based in eastern Anatolia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_languages   (499 words)

  
 Hebrew language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hebrew, long extinct outside of Jewish liturgical purposes, was revived at the end of the 19th century by the Jewish linguist Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, owing to the ideology of Zionism.
Mishnaic Hebrew from the 1st to the 3rd or 4th century CE, corresponding to the Roman Period after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and represented by the bulk of the Mishnah and Tosefta within the Talmud and by the Dead Sea Scrolls, notably the Bar Kokhba Letters and the Copper Scroll.
Hebrew functioned as the local mother tongue, Aramaic functioned as the international language with the rest of the Mideast, and eventually Greek functioned as another international language with the eastern areas of the Roman Empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_language   (5439 words)

  
 Hebrew
Hebrew was revived as a spoken language during the late 19th and early 20th century as Modern Hebrew, replacing Arabic, Yiddish, Russian, and a variety of other languages spoken by Jews who emigrated to Israel.
The revival of Hebrew is intimately associated with the name of Eliezer Ben-Yehuda,who was born in Russia and who came to Palestine, then a province of the Ottoman empire, in 1881 with revival plans for the Hebrew language.
Hebrew is a Category II language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/august/Hebrew.html   (1513 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
For two-and-a-half-thousand years Hebrew was used mostly for study of the Bible and Mishnah, ceremony, and prayer, but it was reborn as a spoken language during the 20th century, replacing Arabic, Ladino, Yiddish and other languages of the Jewish diaspora as the spoken language of the majority of the Jewish people living in Israel.
Hebrew is one of the two official languages of the state of Israel, alongside Arabic.
Academy of Hebrew Language, the Institute which prescribes standards for modern Hebrew grammar, orthography, transliteration, and punctuation based upon the study of Hebrew's historical development.
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/h/he/hebrew_language.html   (433 words)

  
 Hebrew_language information. LANGUAGE SCHOOL EXPLORER
Hebrew, probably extinct since the 3rd century C.E. as a spoken language, persevered along the ages as the main language for written purposes by all Jewish communities around the world for a large range of uses (poetry, philosophy, science and medicine, commerce, daily correspondence and contracts, in addition to liturgy).
Mishnaic Hebrew from the 1st to the 3rd or 4th century CE, corresponding to the Roman Period after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and represented by the bulk of the Mishnah and Tosefta within the Talmud and by the Dead Sea Scrolls, notably the Bar Kokhba Letters and the Copper Scroll.
Hebrew functioned as the local mother tongue, Aramaic functioned as the international language with the rest of the Mideast, and eventually Greek functioned as another international language with the eastern areas of the Roman Empire.
language.school-explorer.com /Hebrew   (7120 words)

  
 Hebrew Translation - Translate Hebrew Language Translator
Hebrew was also used as a language of communication among Jews from different countries, particularly for the purpose of international trade.
Hebrew is one of the official languages of Israel.
Hebrew grammarians usually classify the verb system into 7 basic groups (called the binyanim, plural of binyan), each of which conjugates in a certain way, which is usually apparent in the binyan 's name.
www.translation-services-usa.com /languages/hebrew.shtml   (4682 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Hebrew language
While the term "Hebrew" as a nationality is customarily used to refer to the ancient Israelites, the classical Hebrew language was extremely similar to the Canaanite languages spoken by their neighbors, such as Phoenician; indeed, Moabite and Hebrew are often considered to be two dialects of the same language.
Hebrew was also the language of hundreds of authors, one of whom is the Nobel Prize laureate Shmuel Yosef Agnon.
Sephardi Hebrew language is the basis of Standard Hebrew and not all that different from it, although traditionally it has had a greater range of phonemes.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Hebrew_language   (2801 words)

  
 Sephardi Hebrew Language Encyclopedia Article @ InnerMan.com (Inner Man)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Sephardi Hebrew language is an offshoot of Biblical Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Sephardi Jewish practice.
When Eliezer ben Yehuda drafted his Standard Hebrew language, he based it on Sephardi Hebrew, both because this was the de facto spoken form as a lingua franca in the land of Israel and because he believed it to be most beautiful of the Hebrew dialects.
However, the phonology of Modern Hebrew is further constrained to that of Ashkenazi Hebrew, including the elimination of pharyngeal articulation and the conversion of /r/ from an alveolar flap to a voiced uvular fricative.
www.innerman.com /encyclopedia/Sephardi_Hebrew_language   (260 words)

  
 Hebrew language
Hebrew is categorized as a part of the Canaanite group of the Semitic languages, to which also the ancient languages, Phoenician and Moabite, belonged.
Biblical Hebrew is noted for a relatively small vocabulary, and there were only 2 verb tenses, perfect and imperfect.
The vocabulary of modern Hebrew — called 'ivrit — is based upon biblical Hebrew, but with numerous additions from the entire history of the language.
i-cias.com /e.o/hebrew.htm   (472 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hebrew Language and Literature
Hebrew was the language spoken by the ancient Israelites, and in which were composed nearly all of the books of the Old Testament.
There is an abundance of Hebrew terms to express the things that belong to everyday life-domestic animals and utensils, phenomena and actions that are of common occurrence, ordinary social relations, etc., and in particular to express the acts and objects pertaining to religious life and worship.
In fact, it is claimed by some that the Hebrew of the Old Testament betrays evidences of as great a disintegration and departure from its assumed typical perfection as does the vulgar Arabic of today from the classical idiom of the golden literary age of Islam.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07176a.htm   (5787 words)

  
 Hebrew language at AllExperts
In Israel, it is the de facto language of the state and the people, as well as being one of the two official languages (together with Arabic), and is spoken by an overwhelming majority of the population.
Hebrew, long extinct outside of Jewish liturgical purposes, was revived at the end of the 19th century by the Jewish linguist Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, owing to the ideology of Zionism.
Hebrew functioned as the local mother tongue, Aramaic functioned as the international language with the rest of the Mideast, and eventually Greek functioned as another international language with the eastern areas of the Roman Empire.
en.allexperts.com /e/h/he/hebrew_language.htm   (5300 words)

  
 Hebrew language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hebrew continues to strongly influence all these various Jewish dialects of Aramaic.
Although none is completely derived from Hebrew, they all make extensive use of Hebrew loanwords.
Modern Hebrew is written from right to left using the Hebrew alphabet.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_language   (5439 words)

  
 Hebrew language, alphabet and pronunciation
Hebrew is a member of the Canaanite group of Semitic languages.
It was the language of the early Jews, but from 586 BC it started to be replaced by Aramaic as the everyday language of the Jews.
Academy of the Hebrew Language / האקדמיה ללשון העברית
www.omniglot.com /writing/hebrew.htm   (528 words)

  
 Hebrew translation you can trust   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hebrew is one of the world's oldest languages, spoken and written today in much the same way as it was more than two thousand years ago.
After ceasing to exist as a spoken language about 250 B.C., it was reborn as a modern language in the 19th century, and today it is the principal language of the State of Israel.
Hebrew gradually came into use among the Jewish settlers in Palestine and became the official language of the State of Israel when that nation was created in 1948.
www.appliedlanguage.com /languages/hebrew_translation.shtml   (436 words)

  
 Hebrew language
Hebrew is categorized as a part of the Canaanite group of the Semitic languages, to which also the ancient languages, Phoenician and Moabite, belonged.
Biblical Hebrew is noted for a relatively small vocabulary, and there were only 2 verb tenses, perfect and imperfect.
The vocabulary of modern Hebrew — called 'ivrit — is based upon biblical Hebrew, but with numerous additions from the entire history of the language.
lexicorient.com /e.o/hebrew.htm   (483 words)

  
 Judaism 101: Hebrew Language: Root Words
Similarly, a familiar Talmudic teaching notes the similarity of the words banayikh (your children) and bonayikh (your builders), and suggests that Isaiah 54:13 (and all your children/builders will be students of G-d, and great shall be the peace of your children/builders) indicates that those who study Torah are the builders of peace.
Hebrew words are formed from roots by changing vowels and by adding a wealth of prefixes and suffixes to that root.
If you are interested in Hebrew root words, an interesting book to look at, is Edith Samuel's Your Jewish Lexicon, which looks at a lot of important Jewish concepts and idioms through their root words.
www.jewfaq.org /root.htm   (784 words)

  
 [No title]
Brought into being by legislation in 1953 as the supreme institute for the Hebrew Language, the Academy of the Hebrew Language prescribes standards for modern Hebrew grammar, orthography, transliteration, and punctuation based upon the study of Hebrew’s historical development.
The Academy’s plenum consists of 23 members and an additional 15 academic advisors, all outstanding scholars from the disciplines of languages, linguistics, Judaic studies, and Bible.
The scientific secretariat answers queries from the public on a broad variety of Hebrew linguistic matters ranging from pronunciation and spelling to suggestions for Hebrew children names.
hebrew-academy.huji.ac.il /english.html   (263 words)

  
 Hebrew Studies Bookstore - Language and Culture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
As the Hebrews culture and philosophy is very different from our own, these books will open their world to us allowing us to view the Bible through their eyes.
Contained within the texts of the Hebrew Bible are many customs and traditions of the Hebrews that cannot be understood through the text alone.
A History of the Hebrew Language: A History of the Hebrew Language is a comprehensive description of Hebrew from its Semitic origins and the earliest settlement of the Israelite tribes in Canaan to the present day.
www.ancient-hebrew.org /hebrewstudies/canada/language.html   (1301 words)

  
 Hebrew language (WebBible Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net
the language of the Hebrew nation, and that in which the Old Testament is written, with the exception of a few portions in Chaldee
(See MOABITE STONE.) The Semitic languages, to which class the Hebrew and Phoenician belonged, were spoken over a very wide area: in Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and Arabia, in all the countries from the Mediterranean to the borders of Assyria, and from the mountains of Armenia to the Indian Ocean.
The rounded form of the letters, as seen in the Moabite stone, was probably that in which the ancient Hebrew was written down to the time of the Exile, when the present square or Chaldean form was adopted.
www.christiananswers.net /dictionary/hebrewlanguage.html   (400 words)

  
 Learn Hebrew, Hebrew Windows, Hebrew Office, Hebrew Software, Hebrew Dictionary, Hebrew Translation, Hebrew Keyboards, ...
Hebrew is one of the world's oldest languages, spoken and written today in much the same way as it was more than two thousand years ago.
The renaissance of Hebrew as a spoken language in the 19th century may be ascribed almost entirely to the efforts of one man: Eliezer ben Yehudah, who devoted his life to the revival of the language, and at the same time adapted it for modern use through the introduction of thousands of modern terms.
Hebrew gradually came into use among the Jewish settlers in Palestine and became the official language of the State of Israel when that nation was created in 1948.
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Hebrew.htm   (625 words)

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