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Topic: Hebrew numerals

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  Talk:Hebrew numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hebrews decided to not use the number system that we use today except to express big numbers like 19,372, which could not be expressed in Hebrew numerals.
Furthermore, the Hebrew numerals can be used to express numbers over 1,000.
The article says that when expressing years using Hebrew numberals, due to the fact that they are in thousands, for example, with five thousands, an ה should be added before the hundreds, and it is the thousands.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Hebrew_numerals   (399 words)

 Hebrew numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasi-decimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
The Hebrew numeral system is nowadays used mainly for specifying the days and years of the Hebrew calendar, for bulleted or numbered lists (instead of A, B, C, D...), and in numerology (gematria).
The Abjad numerals are equivalent to the Hebrew numerals up to 400.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_numerals   (473 words)

 Hebrew Alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Archeological evidence indicates that the original Hebrew script is related to the Phoenician script that was in wide use in the Middle East region at the end of the 2nd millennium B.C., and which eventually evolved in Europe into the Greek and Roman alphabets.
Following the decline of Hebrew and Aramaic as the spoken languages of the Jews, the Hebrew alphabet was adopted in order to write down the languages of the Jewish diaspora (Yiddish and Judaeo-Spanish), probably because it was easier to teach Tanakh to the children that way.
The Hebrew alphabet was retained as the official alphabet used for writing down the Hebrew language during its rebirth in the end of the 19th century.
www.booklists.net /encyclopedia/hebrew_alphabet.html   (725 words)

 Hebrew, Greek, Slavonic Numbers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Hebrew numerals 15 and 16 are non-standard to avoid resemblance to the Holy Name
Slavonic numerals for 6, 90 and 900 are letters which are not present in the Greek alphabet
Hebrew year is obtained by adding 3760 to A.D. Christian year "from the creation of the world" is obtained by adding 5508 to A.D.
alphaom.tripod.com /misc/numeri.htm   (172 words)

 Hebrew alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet, their order, their names, and their phonetic values are virtually identical to those of the Aramaic alphabet, as both Hebrews and Arameans borrowed the Phoenician alphabet for their uses during the end of the 2nd millennium BC.
The modern script used for writing Hebrew (usually called the Jewish script by scholars, and also traditionally known as the square script, or the Assyrian script), evolved during the 3rd century BC from the Aramaic script, which was used by Jews for writing Hebrew since the 6th century BC.
The Hebrew alphabet was retained as the alphabet used for writing down the Hebrew language during its rebirth in the end of the 19th century, despite several unsuccessful attempts to replace it with the Latin alphabet.
www.free-download-soft.com /info/hebrew-alphabet.html   (1438 words)

 [No title]
The numerals are _mal_, 1, _bular_, 2, _guliba_, 3, _bular bular_, 4, _bular guliba_, 5, _guliba guliba_, 6.
The highest authority has ventured the assertion that all numeral words have their origin in the names of the fingers;[69] substantially the same conclusion was reached by Professor Pott, of Halle, whose work on numeral nomenclature led him deeply into the study of the origin of these words.
Wherever the numeral 20 is expressed by the term _man_, it may be expected that 40 will be 2 men, 60, 3 men, etc. This form of numeration is usually, though not always, carried as far as the system extends; and it sometimes leads to curious terms, of which a single illustration will suffice.
www.gutenberg.org /files/16449/16449.txt   (17870 words)

 numeral. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The symbol is a member of a family of marks, such as letters, figures, or words, which alone or in a group represent the members of a numeration system.
The earliest numerals were undoubtedly marks used to make a tally of a count of a number of acts or objects, one mark per object.
The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasidecimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
www.bartleby.com /65/nu/numeral.html   (943 words)

 Numerals, Numeration, and Numerical Notation Bibliography
Corbett, G.G. Universals in the syntax of cardinal numerals.
The knot in Hebrew literature, or from the knot to the alphabet.
Krippes, Karl A. A Linguistic Enigma, the Altaic Numerals.
phrontistery.info /nnsbib.html   (8653 words)

The Hebrew alphabet consists of 22 consonants, 5 of which are repeated as 'finals,' for a total of 27 (2+7=9) characters and that's it.
Although the standard Hindu-Arabic numerals are in universal use, the Hebrew letters still function numerically when applied to the Hebrew lunar calendar and for religious purposes.
But the letter/numbers serve in another capacity, not quantifica-tion but qualificiation, that is, the use of the nine cardinal numbers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 and their corresponding letters to represent the 9 natural, organic compounds and processes of the Universe and Eternity, the name for both, Oh-lahm, being one and the same.
www.wordsound.com /alphanumerics.html   (838 words)

 Bible Mathematics
Arabic numerals, and the ability to state the value "0" using Arabic Numerals did not happen until well after the close of the Christian canon.
Hebrew and Greek are also devoid of any way to write the number "0".
The use of Roman Numerals, Hebrew letters or Greek letters, all preclude the assignment of the first year of life to the count of "0".
www.bibletime.com /theory/base?BV=rsv   (1740 words)

 Hebrew_Lesson_Seven   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
There were no symbols to represent the numerals like those we have in modern languages, like 1, 2, 3, etc. Some manuscripts and modern editions of the Hebrew Bible use Hebrew letters to number chapters and verses.
The numeral one is considered an adjective and agrees with the noun it modifies in gender.
, the numeral is the plural of the correspondent unity, except for the numeral 20.
www.andrews.edu /SEM/semtech/HebrewTutorial/lesson_07.htm   (603 words)

 Hebrew alphabet and pronunciation
The modern Hebrew script was developed from a script known as Proto-Hebrew/Early Aramaic.
Hebrew was the language of the early Jews, but fell out of use as an everyday spoken language and was replaced by Aramaic about 2,500 years ago.
Hebrew continued to be used as a liturgical language since then and was revived as a spoken language in the late 19th and early 20th century.
www.omniglot.com /writing/hebrew.htm   (479 words)

 Gematria - Free Encyclopedia of Thelema
Gematria is numerology of the Hebrew language and Hebrew alphabet.
Since there are twenty-two letters in the Hebrew alphabet (aleph-beth), a correspondence is possible between these two facts.
The mystical Hebrew numeric system notes that the missing final five letters of the numeral system match exactly with the five 'sofeet' forms of the Hebrew letters, which are alternate forms of particular letters only used when that letter is the last consonant in a Hebrew word.
www.egnu.org /thelema/index.php/Gematria   (354 words)

As compared with the Latin Vulgate, the Hebrew Bible includes the entire Old Testament with the exception of the seven deuterocanonical books, Tobias, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, I and II Machabees, and the deuterocanonical portions of Esther (x, 4 to end) and Daniel (iii, 24-90; xiii; xiv).
By its threefold division, which antedates the prologue to Ecclesiasticus, into the Law, the Prophets, and the Writings, or Hagiographa, the Hebrew Bible differs considerably from the arrangement and order of the Septuagint, which have been adopted by the Vulgate and the Protestant versions.
Arias Montanus, in his Antwerp Bible of 1571, "broke up the Hebrew text itself into chapters and introduced the Hebrew numerals into the body of the text itself" (Ginsburg).
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07175a.htm   (1036 words)

 Hebrew Alphabet
Note that Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last.
The Sephardic pronunciation of Hebrew is increasingly becoming the norm, because it is the pronunciation used in Israel.
In Hebrew numerals, the position of the letter/digit is irrelevant; the letters are simply added up to determine the value.
www.templesanjose.org /JudaismInfo/writing/Hebrew_Alphabet.htm   (1465 words)

 Indian numerals
Today these numerals are used in all Indian languages that use the Devanagari script.
This numeral system spread to the Middle East and is believed to have greatly contributed to the development of Arabic numerals.
Unlike the Arab numerals which were known solely to mathematicians until the 13th century Indian numerals were widely used in India among all literate professions from at least 1000 AD.
www.ukpedia.com /i/indian-numerals.html   (448 words)

 IVRITEX Archives -- May 2003 (#4)
Hebrew numbers can be written without apostrophes (qof-nun), with > apostrophes (qof-"-nun), and with apostrophes and final letters > (qof-"-finalnun).
% Hebrew numbers can be written in a number of styles: with or without % apostrophes, and with the letters kaf, mem, nun, pe, tsadi as either % final or initial forms when they are the last letters in the % sequence.
Hebrew has no % uppercase letters, hence no need for the familiar meaning of \Alph; % we therefore define \alph to print counters as Hebrew numerals % without apostrophes, and \Alph to print with apostrophes (this % seems semi-intuitive to me; any better suggestions?).
listserv.tau.ac.il /cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0305&L=ivritex&T=0&F=&S=&P=377   (1785 words)

 Maya numerals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The numerals are made up of three symbols; zero (egg shape), one (a dot) and five (a bar).
Other than the bar and dot notation, Mayan numerals can be illustrated by face type glyphs.
See also: Numeral system, Arabic numerals, Armenian numerals, Babylonian numerals, Chinese numerals, Greek numerals, Hebrew numerals, Indian numerals, Roman numerals.
www.guajara.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/m/ma/maya_numerals.html   (125 words)

 Hebrew numerals 05/25: "4" — Hebrew Institute   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
)AR:B.A(@Nc 2s12:6,3.1)AR:B.A(:T.F92YIM)AR:B.A(:T.AYIM@Pd This is the dual of the numeral for "4":
Per the Editors' decision to maintain gender parsing of numerals by context and not according to form (as HALOT does), this issue has been changed to (and resolved as) an enforcement of consistency.
Per the Editors' decision to maintain gender parsing of numerals by context and not according to form (as HALOT does), this issue has been changed to an enforcement of consistency.
www.leningradensis.org /WHI/MORPH/BugTracker/791   (438 words)

The Hebrew and Latin languages do not use distinct figures to represent numbers; letters are used for them instead.
The number 3, or a triad, was sacred for the Hebrews and contained a spirit that represented the numerical signature of the life that is in God.
The Hebrew and Latin numbering methods would find definite candidates in the last two thousand years, many were accused at the first millenium, the Lutherans used this method during the Reformation to identify the Pope as Anti-Christ, the Catholics used the same method to identify Martin Luther.
latter-rain.com /ltrain/numer.htm   (769 words)

 Freemasonry in Israel - Did You Know?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Masonic calendar is based on the ancient Hebrew calendar, which is a lunar calendar, and in which each month goes from new moon to new moon.
Hebrew developed from the Aramaic, which was a Semitic lingua franca, spoken in southwest Asia circa 1000 BCE.
In Hebrew and in ancient Greek, numerical values were assigned to the letters for counting purposes.
www.geocities.com /fmisrael/know.html   (3604 words)

 Jewish and Other Semitic Texts Written in Egyptian Characters - FARMS JBMS
Additional evidence for the commingling of Hebrew and Egyptian scripts was discovered during archaeological excavations at Tell Ein-Qudeirah (biblical Kadesh-Barnea) in the Sinai Peninsula during the latter half of the 1970s.
Because the numerals are in order, Rudolph Cohen, the archaeologist who discovered the texts, concluded that "this writing is a scribal exercise." This view is supported by the discovery, at the same site, of a small ostracon with several Hebrew letters, in alphabetic order, evidently a practice text.
Hebrew is part of the Canaanite language family, usually called Northwest Semitic.
farms.byu.edu /display.php?id=128&table=jbms   (2356 words)

 Indian numerals: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com - All about Indian numerals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
India is known as the motherland for the Hindu-Arabic numerals.
The positional system[?] of numerical notation, and the use of the digit 0 as a part of it, originated in India around the 5th century A.D. India has a large number of languages, broadly divided into the Dravidian and Sanskritic groups.
Written below is a list of some Hindi numbers with their phonetic proununciation and representation in devanagari script which will be visible with a unicode font and utf-8 encoding of the web page.
www.encyclopedian.com /in/Indian-numerals.html   (152 words)

 Barmitzvahs.org - Hebrew Alphabet
However, as Hebrew literacy declined, particularly after the Romans expelled the Jews from Israel, the rabbis recognized the need for aids to pronunciation, so they developed a system of dots and dashes called nikkudim (points).
Several Hebrew fonts for PC (Windows), Mac and Unix (Linux) are available for free from ftp.snunit.k12.il/pub/fonts/.
These Hebrew fonts map to ASCII 224-250, high ASCII characters which are not normally available on the keyboard, but this is the mapping that most Hebrew websites use.
www.barmitzvahs.org /judaism/alephbet.php   (1696 words)

 Judaism 101: Hebrew Alphabet
However, as Hebrew literacy declined, particularly after the Romans expelled the Jews from Israel, the rabbis recognized the need for aids to pronunciation, so they developed a system of dots and dashes called nikkud (points).
With most letters, the dagesh does not significantly affect pronunciation of the letter; it simply marks a split between syllables, where the letter is pronounced both at the end of the first syllable and the beginning of the second.
Several Hebrew fonts for PC (Windows) are available for free from http://www.snunit.k12.il/hebrew.html.
www.jewfaq.org /alephbet.htm   (1766 words)

 Wikinfo | Arabic numerals
Arabic numerals, in common usage, means representation of the digits of the decimal system by the signs 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9.
In Japan, western numerals and alphabet are used under the name of "romaji".
So, if a number is written in arabic numerals, they would say "it is written in romaji" (as opposed to native Japanese numbers).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Arabic_numerals   (339 words)

 Thelemapedia: The Encyclopedia of Thelema & Magick | Gematria
Gematria is numerology of the Hebrew language and Hebrew alphabet originally.
A system of recognizing a correspondence between the ten sefira on the Tree of Life and the twenty two letters in the Hebrew alphabet.
When written large, the value of a Hebrew letter is increased by a factor of one thousand.
www.thelemapedia.org /index.php/Gematria   (470 words)

 Lion & Lamb Ministries: Yavoh November 2001
His lineage chart traces to every great world leader including King David; he is referred to as the "son of David." His name can be calculated to the numerical value of 666 by the ancient Hebrew method in both English and Hebrew.
For example, the first Hebrew letter is an aleph, Greek is alpha, and English is just plain "A" The English alphabet originates from Greek (alpha beta) and the Hebrew (aleph bet).
I was curious as to whether the gematria (numerical values for each letter) would yield any interesting results.
www.lionlamb.net /Yavoh/archive/print/Nov2001PN.htm   (6008 words)

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