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Topic: Hebrew


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  Hebrew alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hebrew alphabet was in origin an abjad, in other words it had letters for consonants only, but means were later devised to indicate vowels, first by using consonant letters as matres lectionis, later by separate vowel points or nikud.
The number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet, their order, their names, and their phonetic values are virtually identical to those of the Aramaic alphabet, as both Hebrews and Arameans borrowed the Phoenician alphabet for their uses during the end of the 2nd millennium BC.
The Hebrew alphabet was retained as the alphabet used for writing down the Hebrew language during its rebirth in the end of the 19th century, despite several unsuccessful attempts to replace it with the Latin alphabet.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_alphabet   (1589 words)

  
 Hebrew language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hebrew was revitalized during the late 19th and early 20th century as the spoken language of Israel, called New Hebrew and also called Israeli Hebrew or Modern Hebrew.
Mishnaic Hebrew from the 1st to the 3rd or 4th century CE, corresponding to the Roman Period after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and represented by the bulk of the Mishnah and Tosefta within the Talmud and by the Dead Sea Scrolls, notably the Bar Kokhba Letters and the Copper Scroll.
Hebrew functioned as the local mother tongue, Aramaic functioned as the international language with the rest of the Mideast, and eventually Greek functioned as another international language with the eastern areas of the Roman Empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_language   (5523 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hebrew Language and Literature
Hebrew was the language spoken by the ancient Israelites, and in which were composed nearly all of the books of the Old Testament.
Hebrew belongs to the great Semitic family of languages, the geographical location of which is principally in South-Western Asia, extending from the Mediterranean to the mountains east of the valley of the Euphrates, and from the mountains of Armenia on the north to the southern extremity of the Arabian Peninsula.
In fact, it is claimed by some that the Hebrew of the Old Testament betrays evidences of as great a disintegration and departure from its assumed typical perfection as does the vulgar Arabic of to-day from the classical idiom of the golden literary age of Islam.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07176a.htm   (5314 words)

  
 Hebrew language
Hebrew is categorized as a part of the Canaanite group of the Semitic languages, to which also the ancient languages, Phoenician and Moabite, belonged.
Biblical Hebrew is noted for a relatively small vocabulary, and there were only 2 verb tenses, perfect and imperfect.
The vocabulary of modern Hebrew — called 'ivrit — is based upon biblical Hebrew, but with numerous additions from the entire history of the language.
i-cias.com /e.o/hebrew.htm   (483 words)

  
 Yamada Language Center: Hebrew WWW Guide
Hebrew is taught at the University of Oregon by the Department of Judaic Studies.
Hebrew Language at the University of Texas - a nice collection of video clips and sound bites that are used in the modern Hebrew courses at UT. You can replay small bits of the files to develop your listening and translation skills.
Hebrew on the Net - For definitive information about reading and writing Hebrew over the internet, this is the place to start.
babel.uoregon.edu /yamada/guides/hebrew.html   (584 words)

  
 Hebrew language
Hebrew was the language of the Jewish people in biblical times, and most of the Old Testament was written in Hebrew.
Grammatically, Hebrew is typical of the Semitic tongues in that so many words have a triconsonantal root consisting of three consonants separated by vowels.
The earliest alphabet used for Hebrew belongs to the Canaanite branch of the North Semitic writing and is known as Early Hebrew.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/society/A0823155.html   (528 words)

  
 Hebrew language, alphabet and pronunciation
The modern Hebrew script was developed from a script known as Proto-Hebrew/Early Aramaic.
Hebrew is a member of the Canaanite group of Semitic languages.
In the late 19th and early 20th century the Zionist movement brought about the revivial of Hebrew as a widely-used spoken language, and it became the official languge of Israel in 1948.
www.omniglot.com /writing/hebrew.htm   (557 words)

  
 JewishEncyclopedia.com - ALPHABET, THE HEBREW:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The characters of the Hebrew Alphabet are derived from the so-called Phenician or Old Semitic letters, to which almost all systems of letters now in use, even the Roman, can be traced.
But inasmuch as the Hebrew was still used as the literary, the "holy," language, the writers did not altogether give up the use of the ancient Hebrew characters.
In the Saracenic, or, as they were called, Sephardic (Spanish) lands the Hebrew Alphabet is distinguished for its roundness, for the small difference between the thickness of the horizontal and upright strokes as well as for the inclined position of the letters.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=1308&letter=A   (7619 words)

  
 Hebrew Calendar Science and Myths
Since it is required that the Hebrew calendar be constructed in complete days, an initial approach at determining the Hebrew calendar based on the astronomical calendar would be to have the Hebrew years start on the weekday of the molad of Tishrei.
Periods of Hebrew years, as measured from one Rosh Hashannah to another, is the subject of the analysis to be found in Properties of Hebrew Year Periods.
Hebrew year spans that are multiples of 19 years have only one length in years, one length in months, but up to 5 lengths in days.
www.geocities.com /Athens/1584   (7981 words)

  
 Ancient Scripts: Hebrew
Hebrew is one of the longest continuously recorded languages that has survived to the modern day.
While the script on this inscription is called Old Hebrew, it is barely discernible from Phoenician from where it originated.
The Hebrew alphabet as it is adopted from Phoenician actually doesn't reproduce all the sounds in the Hebrew language, so some letters represent multiple sounds.
www.ancientscripts.com /hebrew.html   (494 words)

  
 Judaism 101: Hebrew Alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Note that Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last.
However, as Hebrew literacy declined, particularly after the Romans expelled the Jews from Israel, the rabbis recognized the need for aids to pronunciation, so they developed a system of dots and dashes called nikkud (points).
Several Hebrew fonts for PC (Windows) are available for free from http://www.snunit.k12.il/hebrew.html.
www.jewfaq.org /alephbet.htm   (1766 words)

  
 Ancient Hebrew Research Center - Home Page
In the 10th century B.C., in the hill country south of Jerusalem, a scribe carved his A B C's on a limestone boulder - actually, his aleph-beth-gimel's, for the string of letters appears to be an early rendering of the emergent Hebrew alphabet.
This is also the first lexicon to bring out the relationship between the two letter parent roots and the three letter child and adopted roots derived from it.
Dedicated to researching and teaching the Hebrew text of the Bible based on the Ancient Hebrew culture and language.
www.ancient-hebrew.org   (403 words)

  
 Letters of the Hebrew Alphabet
However, to try and explain some of the sounds of the Hebrew letters, we can say that some letters of the Hebrew language have pronunciations and sounds which are similar to some English letters.
Finally, keep in mind that in Hebrew they also use the numbers 1234567890, and so even though they are not Hebrew characters, they are universally known and used.
The Hebrew language is similar to English in that there are many different fonts which one can use to write the letters.
www.geocities.com /Athens/9587/alephbet.html   (3569 words)

  
 Biblical Hebrew self-study courses, Hebrew resources, books, tapes, lexicons, grammars
Updated Hebrew word studies: tôwrâh - 'law, instruction, revelation'; We are running a free weekly word study by email mailing list, click to join.
The course is modular in design aimed at all ages and abilities and covers both the language and the worldview of Biblical Hebrew.
Introduction to and significance of the Hebrew alphabet.
www.biblicalhebrew.com   (657 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Hebrew I: Books: Pimsleur   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
I listened to the CD lessons for a few months before enrolling in a Hebrew class in college (which I am still taking) - after 2 months of studying in college, there are very few new words that I've learned in class that weren't already covered in my lessons.
Hebrew is only available at Level I, so you will not learn enough to be functional even as a tourist.
Also, in the Hebrew course, some nif'al and hif'il forms are introduced as imperatives or infinitives, and it would have been nice to introduce the present (active participle) as well.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0743500415?v=glance   (1550 words)

  
 [No title]
Brought into being by legislation in 1953 as the supreme institute for the Hebrew Language, the Academy of the Hebrew Language prescribes standards for modern Hebrew grammar, orthography, transliteration, and punctuation based upon the study of Hebrew’s historical development.
The scientific secretariat answers queries from the public on a broad variety of Hebrew linguistic matters ranging from pronunciation and spelling to suggestions for Hebrew children names.
The Academy invites you to participate in the realization of the dream of renewing the Hebrew language.
hebrew-academy.huji.ac.il /english.html   (263 words)

  
 Hebrew - Easton's Bible Dictionary on StudyLight.org
In the New Testament there is the same contrast between Hebrews and foreigners (Acts 6:1; Philippians 3:5).
Others trace the name of a Hebrew root-word signifying "to pass over," and hence regard it as meaning "the man who passed over," viz., the Euphrates; or to the Hebrew word meaning "the region" or "country beyond," viz., the land of Chaldea.
A third derivation of the word has been suggested, viz., that it is from the Hebrew word 'Abhar, "To pass over," whence 'Ebher, In the sense of a "sojourner" or "passer through" as distinct from a "settler" in the land, and thus applies to the condition of Abraham (Hebrews 11:13).
www.studylight.org /dic/ebd/view.cgi?number=T1707   (282 words)

  
 Hebrew Bibles
The Unbound Bible display 5 modern and ancient Hebrew Bibles in parallel with English and other languages.
Hebrew New Testament (audio cassettes) Narrated by Father Abraham Shmueloff
Vernon McGee, is broadcast daily on the internet in Hebrew.
www.ethnicharvest.org /bibles/hebrew.html   (157 words)

  
 Hebrew electronic dictionary and language translators. Hebrew - other languages dictionaries.
Our hebrew dictionaries models have the widest range of features: the latest technology for pronunciation of any English word, adjustable speech frequency, speed and volume, bilingual organizer.
The inclusion of the most sophisticated and accurate voice capabilities available on today’s competitive market is the defining feature of this remarkable handheld.It features both state-of-the-art English speech recognition and highly advanced English and Hebrew voice synthesis powered by the latest TTS (Text-to-Speech) technology.
Hebrew Audio PhraseBook B-3, is an inexhaustible talking travel companion.
hebrew.dictionaries.ectaco.com   (852 words)

  
 Technorati Tag: hebrew
Hebrew Keyboards and Keytop Labels Hebrew language bilingual computer keyboards and Hebrew keytop labels to relegend your present keyboard are now available at sale prices.
Hebrew on eBay Find Hebrew items at low prices.
Learn Hebrew with the Rosetta Stone Learn to read, speak, write and understand the Hebrew language with Rosetta Stone's award-winning software.
www.technorati.com /tag/hebrew   (526 words)

  
 MavenSearch - Hebrew Jewish Web Directory and Search Engine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Methods of fostering, promoting, and maintaining Hebrew, Yiddish, and Ladino native language skills in children, and of maintaining these skills among the rest of us as we progress through life.
Those who live in two cultures; those whose children speak a language which is different from the local parlance, and those who want to retain their primary language, will want to join the Bilingual Hebrew group.
Center for Biblical Hebrew is dedicated to teaching issues related to the original Hebrew text of the Bible.
www.maven.co.il /subjects.asp?S=134   (420 words)

  
 Hebrew Alphabet
The Hebrew alphabet is often called the "alef-bet," because of its first two letters.
However, as Hebrew literacy declined, particularly after the Romans expelled the Jews from Israel, the Rabbis realized the need for aids to pronunciation, so they developed a system of dots and dashes known as nikkudim (points).
This is why the Jewish festival of lights (in Hebrew, Chet-Nun-Kaf-Heh) is spelled Chanukah, Channukkah, Hanuka, and many other interesting ways.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/alephbet.html   (992 words)

  
 Netscape + Windows = Hebrew   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Also, links to using Hebrew on other platforms (Mac, Unix) can be found at shamash, or read the instructions over here.
If you are reasonably fluent in Hebrew, then perhaps the best practice for retaining your skills is reading.
There are few opportunities to practice reading modern Hebrew as exciting as this, since you never know what to expect.
www.stanford.edu /~nadav/hebrew.html   (696 words)

  
 Hebrew Language, Alphabet, Grammar, Pronunciation, Learn to Speak Hebrew Software
From the Hebrew alphabet and Hebrew grammar to conversational Hebrew and correct Hebrew pronunciation, this special site dedicated to the Hebrew language includes information about language, culture, and Hebrew software products to help you satisfy your curiosity about all things Hebrew.
Hebrew is spoken by more than 4.6 million people worldwide, primarily in Israel, where, along with Arabic, it is one of the two official languages.
Since Israel is a nation of immigrants, Hebrew is a second language for many of its speakers.
www.learn-hebrew-language-software.com   (397 words)

  
 Hebrew font links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Aleph=X is the title of his talk on bad contemporary Hebrew type, given at 2004 St. Bride Conference.
Alex, Chaya, Rashi, Ruth Fancy and Tzipporah (1992) are free Hebrew fonts made in 1992 by Aaron D. Schmiedel at AFS Limited: 7815 La Cabeza, Dallas, TX 75248.
Hebrew font manufacturer active in the early nineties [note: the link is to a general archive].
jeff.cs.mcgill.ca /~luc/hebrew.html   (6653 words)

  
 SIL Hebrew Font System
The SIL Hebrew Font System is a font package for displaying and printing Biblical Hebrew text.
It provides a means of working with biblical Hebrew texts in an encoding created by SIL in 1995.
The SIL Hebrew Font System, first released in 1997, takes a linguistic or phonemic approach to the Hebrew language, whereas Unicode takes a visual approach.
scripts.sil.org /cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=SILEzra&_sc=1   (512 words)

  
 Hebrew
Hebrew Standards: There are two sources for Hebrew standards, international standards and Israeli national standards.
Hebrew fonts including Niqud and Teamim (points and cantillation marks).
Typesetting the Holy Bible in Hebrew, with TEX, by Yannis Haralambous, 1994.
www.qsm.co.il /Hebrew/hebrew.htm   (204 words)

  
 Hebrew language
Whether and why there are missing arguments in Hebrew child language(*).
New life for Old Testament language; Demand for Hebrew is fueled by archeology and desire to explore Bible's roots.(Features)(Learning)(Lifelong Learning)
Weighty Hebrew slang dictionary reflects foreign onslaught on ancient language
www.infoplease.com /ce6/society/A0823155.html   (644 words)

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