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Topic: Heimwehr


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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

  
  Heimwehr - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Heimwehr (German Home Guard) were a Nationalist, initially paramilitary grouping, operating within Austria during the 1920s and 1930s; they were similar in methods, organisation, and ideology to Germany's Freikorp.
The Heimwehr was also involved in the massacre of July 15, 1927.
After 1927, the Heimwehr drew the support of Mussolini in his attempts to preserve an Austrian state.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Heimwehr   (248 words)

  
 Kurt Schuschnigg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As he did not trust the Heimwehr, he founded the Ostmärkische Sturmscharen in 1930.
In 1932 Dollfuss appointed Schuschnigg as his minister of justice, then in 1933 Schuschnigg became Austria's minister of education.
He disbanded the Heimwehr, a national paramilitary defence force, in October, 1936.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Kurt_von_Schuschnigg   (318 words)

  
 1934, Feb. 11-15. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Raids by government forces and the Heimwehr on Socialist headquarters led to an uprising and the bombardment of the Karl Marx Hof, the Socialist housing unit, where the leaders had concentrated.
The whole affair was badly mismanaged, and the conspirators were routed by Heimwehr troops.
Action by Germany on behalf of the Nazis was made impossible by the strong stand of Italy and Yugoslavia, which concentrated large forces on the frontier.
www.bartleby.com /67/2008.html   (364 words)

  
 1935, July 4. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The agreement was evidently inspired by Mussolini during a visit by Schuschnigg to Rome (June 1), Mussolini being anxious, on the eve of the Ethiopian campaign, to secure the goodwill of Germany.
Schuschnigg disbanded the Heimwehr and had the members absorbed into the Fatherland Front militia.
He dropped the remaining Heimwehr members from his cabinet, and on Oct. 18 had himself proclaimed Front Führer.
www.bartleby.com /67/2009.html   (278 words)

  
 Austria
One result of this was the formation of the Heimwehr, or bourgeois private army, which was designed as a challenge to the activities of the socialists'; illegal armed bands, which, in times of stress, patrolled Vienna.
He allied with the Heimwehr group to maintain his position, and adopted a line independent of both the pan-Germans (by now Nazi in character) and the socialists.
In February 1934 the socialists rose in revolt against the Heimwehr, and for several days there was civil war in Vienna and in some of the larger provincial towns.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0019543.html   (2399 words)

  
 The Nation, 05/16/1934 - The Struggle for Power in Austria by Gunther, John
...The Heimwehr has been supported financially by rich Jews-who see the Heimwehr as their best defense against Hitlerism-and several half-Jewish officers are prominent in Fey's entourage...
...that the Heimwehr was notoriously corrupted by Nazi influence...
...The present situation is that the Heimwehr and Sturmscharen are to be united as the military branch of the Fatherland Front, under Dollfuss, while Starhemberg will be rewarded for his docility with the Vice-Chancellorship.* This will shove Fey down a peg, but Fey will still be charged with control of public security in the country...
www.archive.thenation.com /Summaries/v138i3593_09.htm   (1685 words)

  
 Heimwehr -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
After 1927, the Heimwehr drew the support of (Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)) Mussolini in his attempts to preserve an Austrian state.
After this, many Heimwehr groupings, including the Styrian section, increasingly defected to the (A German member of Adolf Hitler's political party) Nazis.
After (Click link for more info and facts about Engelbert Dollfuss) Engelbert Dollfuss created the Fatherland Front, as a union between his Christian Social Party and the remaining Heimwehr, the Heimwehr officially ceased to exist as a political grouping.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/H/He/Heimwehr.htm   (177 words)

  
 F.C.F.C.'s page
In the October that followed, Seipel instructed the Heimwehr to organize under his banner, giving an assurance of protection from State action, of immunity from interference by foreign Governments, of enough money for uniforms and weapons and of wages when necessary.
Pabst was a professional counter-revolutionist, implicated in political assassinations in Germany and a go-between of Hitler and Prince Stahremberg, the chief of the Heimwehr.
Dollfuss allowed to a Heimwehr leader a repetition of "the joyous hangings of war-time." He gave orders that every prisoner should be court-martialed and hanged.
www.geocities.com /visplace/vatican12.htm   (9869 words)

  
 July Revolt of 1927 - tScholars.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The clash was the result of conflict between the Socialist party on one hand, and on the other hand an alliance of wealthy industrialists, the Catholic Church in Austria.
Both paramilitary forces had been created during the 1920s, namely the right-wing Heimwehr in 1921-1923 and the left-wing Republican Schutzbund in 1923.
A clash between those groups in Schattendorf, Burgenland, on January 30, 1927 resulted in the death of a man and a child.
www.tscholars.com /encyclopedia/July_Revolt_of_1927   (244 words)

  
 Ostmärkische Sturmscharen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Ostmärkische Sturmscharen was a political paramilitary force founded on December 7, 1930 in Innsbruck, Austria, recruited from the Katholische Jugend (Catholic Youth), later from journeymen and teacher organisations, forming an opposition to the Heimwehr.
The Ostmärkische Sturmscharen spread over the entire Austrian territory in 1933, comprising 15,000 members according to their own figures, but never became very popular.
In Lower Austria they incorporated the "Lower Austrian Heimwehr" and were supported by the Bauernbund (Austrian Farmers' Federation).
pedia.newsfilter.co.uk /wikipedia/o/os/ostmaerkische_sturmscharen.html   (127 words)

  
 WORLD ENCYCLOPAEDIA - Austria - Political Life of the 1920s and Early 1930s   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In the late 1920s, however, the Heimwehr gained greater ideological coherence from contact with Italian fascism.
But with the exception of the Styrian branch, the Heimwehr was unable to bridge differences with Austrian Nazis.
For this reason, the Heimwehr leader, Prince Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg, founded a Heimwehr political wing, the Heimatbloc (Homeland Bloc), in 1930.
encyclopaedic.net /world/austria/35.php   (920 words)

  
 The Nation, 11/28/1928 - Austria - Enter Fascismo by Gedye, G. E. R.
...What is the nature of this Heimwehr force which.has suddenly written its title across the front pages of the world's newspapers and has procured for Austria the same undesirable publicity which the July riots obtained for her last year...
...The Heimwehr cannot be considered the army of the bourgeoisie in the sense in which the Republikanische Schutzbund, the Republican Guard, is the army of the Socialists, largely because of its anti-Semitic character...
...The truth is that the Heimwehr is largely an expression of impatience at the toughness of the Socialists' resistance to all attempts to weaken their power, which has often been abused but was indubitably acquired and is maintained through the ballot-box...
www.nationarchive.com /Summaries/v127i3308_23.htm   (2032 words)

  
 Heimwehr --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
Local Heimwehr sections were often quite distinct, some in eastern Austria being under Christian Social Party leadership, others in the west having Nazi sympathizers as directors.
Though a “march on Vienna” by the Styrian Heimwehr in 1931 failed, Heimwehr forces assumed much power in the provinces after Parliament was suspended in 1933, and they played an important part in suppressing Socialists in February 1934.
After the Anschluss (Union) with Germany of 1938, the Heimwehr was overshadowed by the Nazis; and some Heimwehr members found their reactionary views so much at odds with more “radical” right-wing tendencies that they turned against the Germans and actively helped opposition to the Reich.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9039838   (437 words)

  
 infoshop.org News Kiosk - 20 000 against the new Austrian government! 12.02.2000   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The council house Karl-Marx-Hof was one of the centers of armed resistance that started on the 12th of February 1934 against the Austro-facists.
The "Schutzbund", a run-up armed organization of the socialist party, fought against the "Heimwehr", the armed organization of the Austro-facists.
The Austrian army and the "Heimwehr" put down the rebellion and therefore the Karl-Marx- Hof and other council houses where the members of the "Schutzbund" tried to retreat were bombarded and partially destroyed.
www.infoshop.org /news5/austria3.html   (325 words)

  
 Heimwehr Flying Corps   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Heimwehr symbol appears on the rudder, and consists of a White bird (Eagle) on a Green disc, superimposed on an Austrian flag with horizontal Red/White/Red stripes.
One of the least known of paramilitary air forces must surely be that of the Austrian Heimwehr Fliegerkorps during the 1920s and 1930s.
Formed from earlier paramilitary flying groups, the Heimwehr Fliegerkorps operated a selection of German, Austrian and British aircraft, and even participated during the Austrian Civil War of February 1934.
www.insigniamag.com /heim.html   (256 words)

  
 Two Plaques in the Karlskirche
His use of the paramilitary Heimwehr against Austria's Socialists (1927) foreshadowed the events of 1934, when his disciple Engelbert Dollfuss destroyed Austrian democracy and established a clerical-Fascist dictatorship.
Schuschnigg continued to rule without Parliament and with a sizeable portion of the population now bitter, alienated, and lacking any means of expressing their concerns politically.
A show of force was essential to the regime's ability to rule, but the Heimwehr was now divided by the rival ambitions of its leaders and became an unsuitable instrument.
jspc.library.wisc.edu /issues/1998-1999/article6.html   (5992 words)

  
 Februarkämpfe 1934   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Heimwehr para-military force, in other words the government, on the other (
First Republic) escalated between February 12 and 15, 1934 to a civil war when Social Democratic members of the Schutzbund, under R. Bernaschek, resisted a weapons raid with armed force conducted by the Heimwehr (acting as law-enforcement agents) in the party headquarters of the Social Democrats in Linz ("Hotel Schiff").
Preceding the raid, B. Mussolini had repeatedly called on the Austrian Chancellor E. Dollfuß to take action against Marxists, the heads of the Chamber of Labour had been dismissed and several noteworthy members of the Schutzbund (for instance, Major A. Eifler and Captain R. Löw) arrested.
www.aeiou.at /aeiou.encyclop.f/f132496.htm;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en   (366 words)

  
 Two Plaques in the Karlskirche - References
Subsidies to the Heimwehr were a means of shifting popular feelings away from Germany and towards Italy, and also a means of furthering the destruction of the Social Democratic Party in Austria.
Starhemberg was one of the conspirators on the Heimwehr side, even though he held the position of Minister of the Interior in the Dollfuss government at the time.
The "provocations" of the Heimwehr and the Dollfuss regime are itemized on p.
jspc.library.wisc.edu /issues/1998-1999/article6ref.html   (2758 words)

  
 Chapter Thirty-One, THE SPREAD OF FASCISM
Following the world crisis, the initiative was taken by the fascist groups and reactionary forces to drive the socialists out of the national government, to increase the army and the Heimwehr, and to disarm the socialists outside of Vienna.
The complete absence of any disturbance during the Hitler blood purge and the dissolution of the storm troops, during the events in Austria, during the Saar plebescite, and during the rearmament of the Rhine, have furnished mute evidence of the complete breakdown of the communist forces of Stalin in Germany.
Nevertheless, the government, behind which were the Heimwehr and Catholic fascists, was able to crush the Nazis temporarily.
www.weisbord.org /conquest31.htm   (11781 words)

  
 Printable Version on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
He supported Dollfuss in 1932, his aim being an Austrian system of fascism.
After helping to suppress the Social Democrats in Feb., 1934, he became vice chancellor and later was also minister of security in the Schuschnigg cabinet.
He was forced to resign in 1936, and the Heimwehr was dissolved.
www.encyclopedia.com /printable.asp?url=/ssi/S/StarhemE12.html   (138 words)

  
 February 12, 1934 - 70 year anniversary of the Austrian uprising
The "Heimwehr" was well armed and had a clear fascist programme.
The murderers from the ranks of the Heimwehr were brought to trial, but none of them were sentenced.
When the results of the trial were printed in the papers in several factories in Vienna the workers went on strike and marched to the Palace of Justice to protest against the results of the trials.
www.marxist.com /Europe/austrian_uprising.html   (3361 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Heimwehr
Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini.
Styria (Steiermark in German, Štajerska in Slovenian) can refer to: Styria - a federal state of Austria Styria - an informal province in Slovenia Styria - a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire and crownland of Austria-Hungary This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise...
The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and fl colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Heimwehr   (589 words)

  
 Heimwehr - TheBestLinks.com - Austria, Engelbert Dollfuss, Fascist, Mussolini, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Heimwehr - TheBestLinks.com - Austria, Engelbert Dollfuss, Fascist, Mussolini,...
Heimwehr, Austria, Engelbert Dollfuss, Fascist, Mussolini, Nazis, Nationalist...
You can add this article to your own "watchlist" and receive e-mail notification about all changes in this page.
www.thebestlinks.com /Heimwehr.html   (288 words)

  
 Shofar FTP Archives: imt/tgmwc/tgmwc-16/tgmwc-16-156.08
This report states that if Germany were to recognize the national independence of Austria and were to undertake to refrain from influencing the opposition in Austria, by which I meant the Nazis, a coalition between these factions would be bound to result.
When this report was written, we had news that Starhemberg - Starhemberg was the chief of the Heimwehr - wanted to link himself with Mussolini in a policy which would be hostile in future to any Germanophile tendencies in Austria.
In order to counter Prince Starhemberg's manoeuvre, I advised Hitler to suggest to Schuschnigg that, instead of forming a coalition with the Heimwehr, he should do so with the Christian Socialist elements, who were not opposed to a reconciliation of Germany with Austria.
www.vex.net /~nizkor/ftp.cgi/imt/ftp.py?imt/tgmwc/tgmwc-16/tgmwc-16-156.08   (2346 words)

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