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Topic: Helladic

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  Helladic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Helladic is a modern term to identify a sequence of periods characterizing the culture of mainland ancient Greece during the Bronze Age.
The Early Helladic is marked by the arrival in Greece of an agricultural population that did not speak an Indo-European language, whose culture soon diverged from its origins in the Cyclades.
Important Early Helladic sites are clustered on the Aegean shores of the mainland in Boeotia and Argolid (Lerna, Pefkakia, Thebes, Tiryns) or coastal islands such as Aegina (Kolonna) and Euboea (Lefkandi, Manika) and are marked by pottery showing Western Anatolian influences and the introduction of the fast-spinning version of the potter's wheel.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Early_Helladic   (544 words)

 d. The Late Helladic Period: The Mycenaean Age. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Late Helladic I: The Rise of Mycenaean culture.
The prosperity of Mycenaean Greece was due largely to an expansion of trade: Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria, and the Hittite Empire were all ruled by wealthy palace-based governments, which fostered international exchange.
Late Helladic III: The Height of the Mycenaean Age.
www.bartleby.com /67/171.html   (634 words)

 Helladic -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The term is commonly used in (The branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures) archaeology and (The academic discipline that studies the development of painting and sculpture) art history.
The Early Helladic is marked by the arrival in Greece of an agricultural population that did not speak an (The family of languages that by 1000 BC were spoken throughout Europe and in parts of southwestern and southern Asia) Indo-European language.
The Middle Helladic begins with the wide-scale settlement in Greece of a people known as the (The quorum required by Jewish law to be present for public worship (at least ten males over thirteen years of age)) Minyans, who spoke an Indo-European language.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/h/he/helladic.htm   (466 words)

 c. Mainland Greece: The Early and Middle Helladic Periods. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Mainland Greece: The Early and Middle Helladic Periods.
Large settlements at Zygouries and Tiryns, with gold and silver jewelry buried in tombs, suggest a rising prosperity.
Signs of massive destruction are present at almost all Early Helladic period III sites.
www.bartleby.com /67/170.html   (413 words)

 Bronze Age Settlement at Kalogerovrysi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
A threshold can still be seen in the south side of the room, as well as two benches built against the walls, a niche to the north, while an ash hearth probably indicates a cooking place.
Two Middle Helladic buildings were later constructed on B1, both preserving the floors.
Later, Middle Helladic constructions had destroyed most of another Early Bronze Age building located on a higher place, to the north of B8.
www.culture.gr /2/21/211/21111a/e211ka04.html   (1327 words)

 Mycenae and the Bronze Age of Greece
This is the period conventionally known as Late Helladic IIIA-IIIB— principally based on the styles of pottery in use at the time.
Evidence of a Middle Helladic town was found down the slope but all earlier buildings had been removed from the summit prior to the building of the palace during the Late Helladic IIIA period.
The Late Helladic period (1600-1100 BC) saw the site reach new heights of splendour with the construction of the palace and its immense walls (later Greeks believed that they must have been built by the Cyclopes).
www.odysseyadventures.ca /articles/mycenae/article_mycenae.htm   (8564 words)

 Perseus Site: Lerna   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
In the Early Helladic III period (Lerna IV), the inhabitants (who supposedly destroyed the earlier settlement) covered the site of the House of Tiles with a low tumulus surrounded by a ring of stones, as though to mark off a sacred area.
The Early Helladic III levels at Lerna produced, in addition to the typical pottery of that period, a few examples of a pottery type known as "Minyan" ware, which was sometimes wheel-made and is a common feature of the Middle Helladic period.
At the end of the Middle Helladic period, 2 rectangular shaft graves were cut into the tumulus of the House of Tiles, indicating that the meaning of that monument had been forgotten.
www.perseus.tufts.edu /cgi-bin/siteindex?entry=Lerna   (511 words)

 The Myceneans
The Early Helladic Period, ~2750-2000 BC    Somewhere between 3000 BC and 2000 BC, the lands of Greece were settled by a metal-using agricultural people who spoke a language other than Indo-European.
Their contact with the Minoans was instantly fruitful; they began to urbanize somewhere in the Middle Helladic period and translated their culture into a civilization.
The Late Helladic Period, ~1550 BC-1150 BC    The transition between the Middle and Late Helladic periods is indistinguishable, for the Greek settlers had begun building the rudiments of a civilization earlier in the millenium.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/MINOA/MYCENAE.HTM   (1071 words)

 Lerna   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
He does not question the theory that the Middle Helladic people were ancestors of the Mycenaeans, but he adds his theory that the people of Early Helladic III were "closely akin to the Middle Helladics and thus also of direct or indirect parentage to the Mycenaean Greeks" (Caskey 1960:302).
Early Helladic III showed more of a variety of wares: gray Minyan, plain, slipped and burnished, and a lumpy coarse ware, to name a few; while Middle Helladic saw the full development of wheel-turned pottery in Grey and Argive Minyan, and matt-painted ware, among others.
The development of the types of pottery along with the use of the potter's wheel in Middle Helladic are an indication of the growth and progress of the society in general.
www.users.interport.net /g/a/gayle/lerna.htm   (7607 words)

 Mycenaean Pictorial Art and Pottery
The ware which most closely distinguishes the pottery of this phase from that of the late Middle Helladic period is a fine ware painted with patterns in lustrous paint in a dark-on-light style (the so-called "LH I style").
Both the shapes (the favorites being the Vapheio cup, the semiglobular cup, the alabastron, and the piriform jar) and patterns of this ware are largely derived from LM IA pottery.
Central Greece, however, is still characterized by pottery more Helladic than Minoanizing, a clear indication that the shift in ceramics caused by Minoan influence travelled gradually rather than suddenly, from south to north and probably from the coast toward the interior.
projects.dartmouth.edu /classics/history/bronze_age/lessons/les/24.html   (3228 words)

 Paper Topics for the Early Bronze Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Konsola, "Stages of Urban Transformation in the Early Helladic Period," in R. Hägg and D. Konsola (eds.), Early Helladic Architecture and Urbanization (Göteborg 1986) 9-19.
The Function of Monumental Early Helladic Architecture," in R. Hägg and D. Konsola (eds.), Early Helladic Architecture and Urbanization (Göteborg 1986) 79-84.
Heath, "Early Helladic Clay Sealings from the House of the Tiles at Lerna," Hesperia 27(1958) 81-120.
www.brynmawr.edu /archaeology/PaperTopicsEBA.htm   (1108 words)

 Early Bronze Age Mainland Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The Early Helladic I period is not well known primarily because excavations don't go so far deep as to find it and because the Early Helladic II folk liked to landscape a lot, destroying earlier remains.
The Early Helladic I period at Tsoungiza is represented by just a few pits and a cistern, though there seems to be continuity between Early Helladic I and Early Helladic II.
The pottery of the Early Helladic I period shows a marked preference for red slipped surfaces, sometimes burnished to a bright sheen.
classics.uc.edu /prmainland/Lectures/DanPullen/EBA02.html   (557 words)

 gezer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Generally, the study of the Neolithic, Early and Middle Helladic material of Sarakenos is expected to proceed to a more theoretical approach to the archaeological data and to answer questions relevant to cave environments.
The comparison of the Middle Helladic material from the cave with that of other MH settlements of the area is also important because it belongs to a period when a major environmental change occurred in the Kopais lake area, which had begun to drain.
It is characteristic that after the Middle Helladic period the occupation of the cave definitively ceases.
www.fas.harvard.edu /~semitic/wl/white_levy_samp.html   (1140 words)

 Archaeological Museum of Chalkis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The new exhibition was opened to the public in 1991 and since then, the collections of honorary decrees, funerary monuments and Roman sculpture are displayed in the courtyard.
Beak-mouthed jug from the cemetery at Manika, dated to the Early Helladic period (3rd millenium B.C.).
Bone and marble figurines from the cemetery of Manika, dated to the Early Helladic period (3rd millenium B.C.).
www.culture.gr /2/21/211/21111m/e211km02.html   (284 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The beginning of the Middle Helladic period is marked by the immigration of the Minyans.
The Middle Helladic period continued the process of migration and movement; it too was an unsettled period.
Settlers represented an amalgam of surviving Neolithic, non-Greek cultures of the Early Helladic period, the immigrants from the end of the Early Helladic period, the Minyan immigrants of the Middle Helladic era, plus elements from Anatolia and perhaps Crete.
campus.lakeforest.edu /academics/greece/BrzMyc.html   (6690 words)

The present thesis is concerned the Middle Helladic period in Boiotia with the specific goal of detecting elements of social organization.
The study of this period has been seriously neglected, since it is outshadowed by the preceding and succeeding periods, the Early Helladic and the Late Helladic periods, which have produced impressive archaeological remains, as well as by the relative concentration of research in Thebes.
Thus, by encompassing the data resulting from fieldwork to the present day and creating a new synthesis, the necessary groundwork was created for a comprehensive interpretation of social patterns during Middle Helladic period in Boiotia.
www.ohiolink.edu /etd/view.cgi?ucin1022872422   (261 words)

 Lesson 9 Bibliography: Middle Helladic Greece
Forsén, The Twilight of the Early Helladics: A Study of the Disturbances in East-Central and Southern Greece towards the End of the Early Bronze Age [SIMA Pocket-book 116] (Jonsered 1992).
Howell, "The Middle Helladic Settlement: Stratigraphy and Architecture" and "The Middle Helladic Settlement: Pottery," in in W. McDonald and N. Wilkie (eds.), Excavations at Nichoria in Southwest Greece II: The Bronze Age Occupation (Minneapolis 1992) 15-204.
Nordquist, "The Pottery of the Early Helladic III and Middle Helladic Periods," in C. Runnels, D. Pullen, and S. Langdon (eds.), Artifact and Assemblage: The Finds from a Regional Survey of the Southern Argolid, Greece I: The Prehistoric and Early Iron Age Pottery and the Lithic Artifacts (Stanford 1995) 43-51.
projectsx.dartmouth.edu /classics/history/bronze_age/lessons/bib/9bib.html   (4263 words)

 Untitled Document
Late phases of Early Helladic II, such as are known at the site of Lerna in the Argolid, have not been recovered on Tsoungiza.
It may be that the settlement was abandoned, perhaps for come 500 years, since the next phase present falls within developed Early Helladic III.
The ravines were filled in by the end of the Early Helladic III period and buildings of the next period were located atop the fill.
www.brynmawr.edu /archaeology/NVAP/ExcEH.html   (425 words)

 Chapter 5   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The next burials are in Late Helladic I. It is during this time, the very beginning of the Mycenaean Age, that the first Shaft Graves appear at Lerna (see Shaft Grave list in previous chapter).
Most of the pottery was pieced together by the excavators from sherds: 13 baskets of sherds dated stylistically to the late Middle Helladic and early Late Helladic (Blackburn 1970:169) were recovered from the shaft and grave area of one, and 30 baskets from the other.
This is the sphere in which competition and stress are at their greatest, either because the rules of succession are not themselves clear and leave open the possibility of competition, or because the jurally defined successor still has to prove himself in the field of elite activities...
www.users.interport.net /g/a/gayle/chap5.htm   (3495 words)

 Professor George E. Mylonas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Mycenae is famous as the seat of a royal family that controlled much of the northeastern Peloponnese by the end of the Middle Helladic Period.
An altar and various Late Helladic IIIb cult objects were discovered in the area near Tountas' House.
Pottery found around and inside the grave circle belong to the gray, fl, yellow Minyan and matt-painted wares associated with the Middle Helladic III Period; the latest burials in the grave circle may belong to the Late Helladic I period.
users.stlcc.edu /mfuller/aia/Mycenae.htm   (608 words)

 Astrom Editions - Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The widespread use of copper and bronze objects started in the Early Helladic II period on the mainland.
The metal analyses of EH-MH objects suggest the use of tin-bronze on the mainland from the beginning of the Early Helladic II period.
During the last phase of the Middle Helladic period we find evidence of growing prosperity on the mainland, due to the interaction of Cretan influence and Middle Helladic prosperity.
www.astromeditions.com /library/Bookresp.asp?Book=PB69   (265 words)

 Theses from Uppsala University : 1396 - Marks and makers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
This study is an attempt to analyse the systematic marking of vessels produced on the island of Aegina in the Middle and Late Helladic periods.
An elite with the means of amassing and maintaining an economic and political supremacy was in all likelihood present at Kolonna already at the beginning of the Middle Helladic period.
If we accept the idea that Aeginetan pre-firing marks functioned as identification tags of persons or groups involved in pottery manufacture, we must also consider the possibility that the marks functioned as a means of regulating obligations between rulers and dependent potters.
publications.uu.se /theses/abstract.xsql?lang=en&isbn=91-7081-179-2   (459 words)

 Early Bronze Age Mainland Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Despite the very complicated situation of the transition from the Early Helladic II period to the Early Helladic III period, there are significant cultural differences between the two periods.
To search outside of the Aegean for Greeks, or to use the migration of any peoples as the sole explanation for culture change, is to deny the indigenous peoples of a region the ability to change, to develop, or to fail in their attempts to establish more complex patterns of living.
The brilliant culture of the Early Helladic II period, with its Corridor Houses, sophisticated metallurgy, and widespread contacts, failed to achieve a literate, palace-centered civilization such as developed on Crete at the very beginning of the Middle Bronze Age, and instead collapsed.
classics.uc.edu /prmainland/Lectures/DanPullen/EBA08.html   (470 words)

 Middle Helladic Greece
Although the Middle Helladic (MH) period may be as much as 500 years long (ca.
Occasionally, a light matt paint is applied over a solid coating of dark matt paint to produce patterns in a light-on-dark style, but such treatment is very rare in comparison to the frequency of the dark-on-light style.
Indeed, complete coatings or even broad expanses of solid paint are extremely rare in {Middle Helladic Matt-painted} pottery, possibly because the paint (or slip) in question was more difficult to acquire or prepare, hence more "expensive", than the semilustrous paint/slip ("Urfirnis") utilized in the preceding EH II-III periods.
projectsx.dartmouth.edu /history/bronze_age/lessons/les/9.html   (2609 words)

 Lerna - TheBestLinks.com - Demeter, Early Helladic, Heracles, Nero, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Lerna, Demeter, Early Helladic, Heracles, Nero, Poseidon, Mycenae, Strabo...
In classical Greece, Lerna was a region of springs and a former lake near the east coast of the Peloponnesus, south of Argos.
It has one of the largest prehistoric tumuli of Greece, a site of a two-storey palace or administrative center that is referred to as the "House of the Tiles" for the terracotta tiles that sheathed its roof (an early example of tile roofing).
www.thebestlinks.com /Lerna.html   (487 words)

 clar49.sgs.1aeg.pt   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The chronological divisions are based almost solely on the evolution or development of pottery styles in the three areas, and are often of limited value when discussing materials other than pottery.
The Late Helladic period is often referred to as the Mycenaean Age, with LH I-II encompassing Early Mycenaean and LH III representing Late Mycenaean.
The Late Helladic Period on the Greek Mainland
www.unc.edu /gform-links/courses/pre2000fall/clar049/sgs.1aeg.pt.html   (234 words)

 HELLAS:NET - History
Out of this interaction between the Cretan and Helladic cultures developed a Mycenaean palace culture, which was initially dependent on Cretan models.
This new culture was named after the powerful city of Mycenae, the city of the legendary Agamemnon who was one of the leaders of the expedition against Troy.
This period is different from the middle Helladic one, not only because a sudden explosion of wealth took place, but also because throughout Hellas palaces were built.
monolith.dnsalias.org /~marsares/history/earliest/mycenaea.html   (807 words)

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