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Topic: Hellenistic civilization

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  Hellenistic civilization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to Droysen, the Hellenistic civilisation was a fusion of Greek and "Oriental" culture that eventually gave Christianity the opportunity to flourish.
Hellenistic culture remained dominant in the Eastern part of the Roman Empire until its Christianization and transition to the Byzantine Empire.
The end of the Hellenistic period is generally seen as 31 BC, when the kingdom of Ptolemaic Egypt was utterly defeated by the Romans at the Battle of Actium.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hellenistic_civilization   (411 words)

 The Heritage of World Civilizations, Fifth Edition Chapter 3 -- Instructor's Manual
Although Greek civilization was centered in the lands surrounding the Aegean Sea, the Greeks spread their culture throughout the Mediterranean area and even into the Black Sea region, coming into contact with the older civilizations of the Near East.
Hellenistic World: The term "Hellenistic" was coined in the nineteenth century and means "Greek-like." It thus refers to a world which is similar to, but still distinct from, the Hellenic world of the Greeks in the fifth and fourth centuries.
Greek and Hellenistic Civilization in World Perspective: The striking thing about the emergence of Hellenic civilization is its sharp departure from the norm, rising as it did from a dark age in which a small number of poor, isolated and illiterate people developed their own kind of society.
cwx.prenhall.com /bookbind/pubbooks/craig3/chapter3/custom2/deluxe-content.html   (3835 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Hellenistic civilization
Alexander and the Macedonians conquered the eastern Mediterranean, Mesopotamia, and the Iranian plateau, and invaded India.
Most of the east was eventually overrun by the Parthians, but Hellenistic culture held on in distant locations like Bactria or the Cimmerian Bosporus.
The end of the Hellenistic period is generally seen as 31 BC, when the power of Ptolemaic Egypt was smashed by the Romans at the Battle of Actium.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Hellenistic_civilization   (271 words)

 Untitled Document
The Origin of the Term "Hellenistic": "Hellenistic" is an adjective that was first used in the nineteenth century to describe the age and civilization which emerged from the conquests of Alexander the Great (d.
Hellenistic civilization represented the fusion of Greek and Near Eastern civilizations.
The decline of the city state and the rise of hellenistic monarchies had transformed the Greek world from particular civilization which looked upon the rest of the world as barbarians to a cosmopolitan civilization and culture which incorporated the rest of the world.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/370mn08a.html   (1926 words)

 Hellenistic civilization on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
HELLENISTIC CIVILIZATION [Hellenistic civilization] The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia.
The wars of the Diadochi marked, it is true, the breakup of Alexander's brief empire, but the establishment of Macedonian dynasties in Egypt, Syria, and Persia (the Ptolemies and the Seleucidae) helped to mold the world of that day into a wider unity of trade and learning.
The greatest contribution of the age was the preservation and enrichment of the Greek heritage for the use of Rome and succeeding civilizations.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/H/Hellenist.asp   (766 words)

 Hellenistic articles on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Hellenistic civilization HELLENISTIC CIVILIZATION [Hellenistic civilization] The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia.
Gnosticism GNOSTICISM [Gnosticism], dualistic religious and philosophical movement of the late Hellenistic and early Christian eras.
Isis ISIS [Isis], nature goddess whose worship, originating in ancient Egypt, gradually extended throughout the lands of the Mediterranean world during the Hellenistic period and became one of the chief religions of the Roman Empire.
www.encyclopedia.com /searchpool.asp?target=Hellenistic   (427 words)

 SBU Dept. of History & Political Science: HIS 1113 Lecture Thirteen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
One type of religious expression that grew increasingly popular during the Hellenistic age could be traced back to only a few isolated instances in the period before 350.
For a multitude of reasons, not least of which was the growing sophistication of civilization a new understanding of the nature and location of the deities of polytheism developed.
Another Hellenistic religious innovation that emerged in the urban populations along with the new assumptions about deities was the elaborate concept of angels as terrestrial messengers or agents of the now celestial great gods.
www.sbuniv.edu /~hgallatin/hi13le13.html   (4521 words)

 American Historical Association   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Hellenistic period was the first age of Western imperial expansion in Asia and one of the principal formative epochs in the history of ancient Eurasia.
These two aspects of the Hellenistic period, the emergence of Greek culture as a significant factor in the culture of the old world and the decline of Greece's Near Eastern rivals, were intertwined, since it was Macedonian imperial domination in the east that facilitated the cultural hegemony of Greece.
Hellenistic historiography was in every sense a continuation of the Classical tradition of historical writing inasmuch as the historians shared the same polis-centered viewpoint of their fifth-and fourth-century B.C. predecessors, treated similar subjects, used their predecessors' works as models, and even sometimes wrote continuations of them.
www.historians.org /pubs/Free/BURSTEIN.HTM   (13247 words)

The Hellenistic scientific revolution was forgotten precisely because that scientific method was abandoned in antiquity and its recovery was exceedingly slow.
This is a major historical problem, strongly tied to the even bigger one of the decline and fall of the antique civilization itself.
The recovery of Hellenistic science then had to wait until the disappearance of serfdom at the end of the Middle Ages.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Introduction.htm   (1280 words)

 Commentary Magazine - Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews, by Victor Tcherikover   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
UNTIL a century ago the interval between the classical ages of Greece and Rome, which then received the designation Hellenistic, was a barren stretch despised and neglected by classical, and...
...But his depreciation of the Hellenistic Greeks, based upon an essentially romantic conviction of the immeasurable superiority of the 5th century, results in undervaluing the Greek influence...
...For it was in the Hellenistic age that Jews first encountered and came to terms with Europe...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V28I3P85-1.htm   (1344 words)

 The Helenistic Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Hellenistic age is the period between the death of Alexander the Great and the rise of the Roman Empire under Augustus---that is, from 323 B.C. to 30 B.C. During these three hundred years, Greek
The term Hellenistic is also used to distinguish this period from the Classical (or Hellenic) period, which preceded it.
Thus Egypt came to be ruled by the Ptolemies, Macedonia and Greece by the Antigonids, and Syria and Persia by the Seleucids.
www.molloy.edu /academic/philosophy/sophia/ancient_lit/hellenisticage1.htm   (1628 words)

 CLEP: Western Civilization I: Ancient Near East to 1648
The Western Civilization I: Ancient Near East to 1648 examination covers material that is usually taught in the first semester of a two-semester course in Western Civilization.
Questions deal with the civilizations of Ancient Greece, Rome, and the Near East; the Middle Ages; the Renaissance and Reformation; and early modern Europe.
Candidates may be asked to choose the correct definition of a historical term, select the historical figure whose political viewpoint is described, identify the correct relationship between two historical factors, or detect the inaccurate pairing of an individual with a historical event.
www.collegeboard.com /student/testing/clep/ex_wc1.html   (618 words)

 Ancient Greek Civilization
The Greek Civilization was not based in a river valley like most other civilizations.
The Hellenistic culture was a blend of Greek, Egyptian, Indian, and Persian cultures.
The Hellenistic world had an elaborate new style to show that they were god-like.
home1.gte.net /vze6jxlz/rs/9/greece.htm   (2487 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Byzantine Literature   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
To these two ancient forces, Hellenistic intellectual culture and Roman governmental organization, are now to be added as important expressions of the new environment, the emotional life of Christianity and the world of Oriental imagination, the last enveloping all the other three.
The former are carefully elaborated, the latter give only raw material, the former confine themselves to the description of the present and the most recent past, and thus have rather the character of contemporary records; the latter cover the whole history of the world as known to the Middle Ages.
The contribution of these districts to Eastern Christianity was twofold: the rhetorical and speculative spirit of Hellenistic thought as it had developed in Alexandria and in Asia Minor, the old home of Greek culture; and the ascetic and dogmatic spirit peculiar to the Orient.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03113a.htm   (11040 words)

 PEACE PARTY - Author's Forum
Historians and archaeologists agree that the cradle of Western civilization is the Fertile Crescent, or the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers known as Mesopotamia.
Virtually all of the requisites for Western civilization were developed in the city-states of ancient Mesopotamia, beginning in 8000 to 6000 B.C. They spread north to Greece, west to Rome and on to what became the British Isles, as well as east to the Orient.
In conclusion, the historical significance of the Hellenistic Age is that it brought the East and West together, breaking the separate molds that had formed through history.
www.bluecorncomics.com /westciv.htm   (1327 words)

 World Civilizations Online Chapter 7 -- Chapter 7 Outline
The center of Mediterranean civilization shifted from Greece and its Hellenistic successor states to Rome.
The collapse of the Hellenistic successor states of Alexander's empire drew the Romans into the eastern Mediterranean.
Hellenistic schools of philosophy, including Stoicism, gained converts among the Romans.
occawlonline.pearsoned.com /bookbind/pubbooks/stearns_awl/chapter7/objectives/deluxe-content.html   (2075 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.02.16
Considering the amount of scholarship on the hellenistic world that has been published over the last two decades, one might question the need to produce an English translation of a survey of the hellenistic world that was published originally in French twenty-two years ago.
His hellenistic world is one of significant continuity from the classical period, while at the same time displaying considerable innovation and vitality.
The book is designed as a general survey of both the history and culture of the hellenistic world from Alexander the Great's ascension to the Macedonian throne to the death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra after the battle of Actium (336-30 B.C).
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2003/2003-02-16.html   (1852 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Spanning the period from Alexander the Great's accession to the throne in 336 BC to the defeat by Octavian of Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC, this volume provides a vivid account of the innovative civilization of the Hellenistic world.
Spans the period from Alexander the Great's accession to the throne in 336 BC to the defeat of Antony and Cleopatra by Octavian in 31 BC.
Illustrates how the Hellenistic world left its imprint on the way of life, thought and culture of its conquerors, the Romans.
www.blackwellpublishing.com /bookxml.asp?isbn=0631222413   (145 words)

 A:\livi101.htm   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The course is a cultural and historical survey of Western Civilization from its Bronze Age Origins to Early Modern Times, that is, from around the 3rd millennium BC to the Baroque period, 1650 AD in Western Europe.
The main historical text assigned to the student will be supplemented by several original texts that stand as cultural symbols of the civilization in which they were written, and which have also become symbols in modern civilization because of the understanding they convey to us about the nature of man and civilization.
In reading and discussing a particular text, the student is expected to see in it a reflection of the culture's aspirations and vision of human possibilities, as well as the great problems besetting the human condition as understood by that culture.
www.wpunj.edu /irt/courses/hist101-JL   (2093 words)

 History 101 Study Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The people are selfish around 300 BC and a new attitude evolves where absolutely no solidarity exists and everyone has a “me first attitude.” (You can see a civilization cannot survive under these ethics.) The only way to survive was to make allot of money and put it way to buy yourself out of jams.
Stoicism was the philosophy of the Hellenistic age.
In the Hellenistic Age Greece becomes unimportant, as the middle east and Egypt rises.
michaelreport.com /history/west/westcivilb.html   (5973 words)

 History21.4.Description   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Our civilization is as firmly rooted in Greek as in Judaeo-Christian civilization, yet we sometimes overlook the enormous contributions of the former to our ways of thinking, social organization, and feeling.
This course will highlight the achievements of Greek civilization from the Bronze to the Hellenistic age, and explore their meaning for our own.
Topics include the heroic ideal; the emerging sense of self; the origins of the city-state; the development of tyranny and democracy; the Persian and Peloponnesian wars; epic, lyric, and dramatic poetry; the pre-Socratics and the Sophists; philosophers and orators; the rise of Alexander; the Alexandrian conquest and Hellenistic civilization.
academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu /history/king/History21.4.Description.htm   (179 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
As Hellenic civilization developed, the emphasis on intellectual excellence contributed (along with other factors) to the development of the arts and sciences.
In the political sphere, this contentious spirit was gradually transposed from individuals to the community as a whole, to the polis or city-state, which struggled with its neighbors in proof of its own excellence.
This development marks the beginning of Hellenistic (or "Greek-like") civilization, as Alexander and his successors spread Greek culture throughout the eastern Mediterranean and beyond, up to the borders of India.
www.neiu.edu /~history/zsag.htm   (1938 words)

 General overviews (The Hellenistic World on the Web)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Alexander to Actium : The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age by Peter Green.
Greece and the Hellenistic World by John Boardman, Jasper Griffin, Oswyn Murray et al.
Hellenistic Civilization: An Almost Modern World from Antiquity Online (Frank E. Smith).
www.isidore-of-seville.com /hellenistic/1.html   (438 words)

 Science 122 Program 8: Ptolemaic Astronomy
With their decline, a new center of civilization began in the city of Alexandria, built by Alexander in honor of himself.
Aristarchus was one of the earliest of the Hellenistic scientists.
The Ptolemaic system became the standard because it was the best at the time, and Western civilization went into rapid decline as the unity of the Roman Empire weakened before anyone could come up with a better system.
honolulu.hawaii.edu /distance/sci122/Programs/p8/p8.html   (4543 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the Hellenistic Civilization wars were carried on by professional armies.
In the Hellenistic Civilization religion and philosophy were concerned primarily with personal salvation and personal happiness.¡tHü(þM-ü(þü(þ3ü(þª ó Ÿ¨= Classical Greece & the Hellenistic Civilization (3)¡>>ª >Ÿ¨bIn Classical Athens architects employed little decoration, and sculptors idealized the male human form, with gods, goddesses, and heroes being the chief subjects of sculpture.
In the Hellenistic Civilization architects employed a great deal of decoration.
www.ccc.commnet.edu /faculty/~goldberger/101_slide01.pps   (442 words)

 The Human Experience -- Unit 4
With this compliment to Professor Dunkle, may I especially recommend his short essay entitled PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUND OF THE HELLENISTIC AGE After reading Professor Dunkle's essay, explain the major elements of Stoicism and Epicureanism, and suggest how these two philosophies reflect the central values of the Hellenistic Period.
Stoicism was a central philosophy during the Hellenistic period.
A woman named Hypatia of Alexandria in the Hellenistic Period seems to represent to many women today an example of feminism, paganism and the conflict many women feel within society.
www.bhsu.edu /artssciences/asfaculty/bbogard/hum200/unit4.html   (513 words)

 hellenistic architecture - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library
...braid, seen sometimes in Hellenistic sculpture, is also characteristic...detailed and sophisticated architecture of the building stands in...Pacis are often compared to Hellenistic reliefs, their form and subject...tradition that has roots in Hellenistic ruler cult.
Yet this Hellenistic import is more than just the baggage of a Uruguayan population...more homage to the classical West, in literature and public architecture, than to indigenous folk culture.
The literature of the Hellenistic period has been stigmatized...peoples they conquered, and Hellenistic civilization was absorbed...
www.questia.com /search/hellenistic-architecture   (1424 words)

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