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Topic: Hellenistic period

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  Hellenistic Period in Anatolia and Asia Minor
Hellenistic Period covers from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE, to the death of Cleopatra and annexation of Egypt by the Romans in 30 BCE.
These frequent wars came to weaken the Hellenistic kingdoms, and they were all absorbed by first Parthian kings and later by the Romans in the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE.
Decisions taken at the meeting held at Triparadeisus in 321 BCE, by the former generals of Alexander, and new warlords brought new regulations and led to the division of the Alexander's Empire.
www.ancientanatolia.com /historical/hellenistic_period.htm   (1496 words)

 Chapter 27: The Early Hellenistic Period
The period terminates with the conquest of Palestine in 63 by Pompey, the Roman.
By the Hellenistic period the open saucer lamps had been abandoned in favor of the closed lamp with a central opening through which oil was poured into the lamp and a spout in which the wick was placed.
During the period of Egyptian control, a Jewish colony was established in Alexandria, which under Ptolemy I was becoming one of the greatest cultural and educational centers of the ancient world.
www.infidels.org /library/modern/gerald_larue/otll/chap27.html   (3939 words)

  Hasmonian Jesuralem: a Jewish city in a hellenistic orbit
Jerusalem during the Hasmonean period was perceived as a Jewish city that evolved around the dimension of Hellenistic culture.
Hellenistic culture was another force at work in the wake of, and even before, Alexander's conquests of the East, and it was to shape the city in no less profound ways than the Jewish dimension.
The Hasmonean rulers thus appear to have lived comfortably within the Hellenistic and Jewish worlds, and this is the message they wished to convey to their people via one of the most public vehicles at their disposal.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1G1-19680321.html   (3320 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Hellenistic period
For the Hellenistic historian war reveals the characters of groups and men because it is the most dangerous enterprise an individual or community would face, while dedicatory inscriptions tend to highlight the generosity of a benefactor by emphasizing the magnitude of communal suffering in war.
Hellenistic political leaders, like their modern counterparts, tried to justify their decisions to go to war, and it is difficult to disentangle the 'real reasons' a community went to war from the propaganda and justifications recorded in the sources.
Hellenistic historiography stressed the centrality of war; important victories were often recalled in speeches, lengthy dedicatory inscriptions, and festivals and celebrations; and the Hellenistic urban landscape was thick with monuments to war.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Hellenistic-period   (455 words)

 Hellenistic period - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It's often considered a period of transition, sometimes even of decline or decadence, between the brilliance of the Greek Classical Era and the strength of the Roman Empire.
However, the splendor of cities, such as Alexandria, Antioch, Pergamon, the importance of foreign trade, cultural exchanges, and the dominant role of Greek and its diffusion profoundly affected the face of the ancient Middle East later under Roman dominion.
A kingdom that was all in all average, associated with a few Greek cities, was able to defeat the greatest empire of the time period, the Persian Empire of Darius III.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hellenistic_period   (346 words)

 American Historical Association   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Hellenistic period was the first age of Western imperial expansion in Asia and one of the principal formative epochs in the history of ancient Eurasia.
These two aspects of the Hellenistic period, the emergence of Greek culture as a significant factor in the culture of the old world and the decline of Greece's Near Eastern rivals, were intertwined, since it was Macedonian imperial domination in the east that facilitated the cultural hegemony of Greece.
Hellenistic historiography was in every sense a continuation of the Classical tradition of historical writing inasmuch as the historians shared the same polis-centered viewpoint of their fifth-and fourth-century B.C. predecessors, treated similar subjects, used their predecessors' works as models, and even sometimes wrote continuations of them.
www.historians.org /pubs/Free/BURSTEIN.HTM   (13247 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2005.08.20   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Hellenistic monarch was essentially a warrior king for whom the army was an important source of monarchical legitimacy and whose authority was rarely questioned so long as he was successful in war.
Since the salient features of the Hellenistic period and important discontinuities with what came before and after are not clearly articulated, the specific correspondence between war and contemporary cultural peculiarities does not emerge as forcefully as it could.
The interrelatedness of military success and political legitimacy, the emphasis of a martial ethos among the political elite, the tendency of political leaders to justify the decision to go to war, the interlinking of warfare and religion, notions of the masculinity of war, the centrality of war in historical narratives, for example.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2005/2005-08-20.html   (2396 words)

 Hellenistic period - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Hellenistic period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The city flourished in the Hellenistic period, the 3rd and 2nd centuries
Period in Greek civilization from the death of Alexander in 323
Alexandria in Egypt was the centre of culture and commerce during this period, and Greek culture spread throughout the Mediterranean region and the near East.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Hellenistic%20period   (139 words)

 ArtLex on Hellenistic Art
The expression of inner emotions was more important than beauty to the artists of this period.
Hellenistic Greece, Samothrace (island in the North Aegean Sea), c.
Hellenistic Greece, Melos (the Cyclades islands), Aphrodite, known as Venus of Milo, c.
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/h/hellenistic.html   (418 words)

 Hellenistic Effects on Judaic Literature
It was the Greek influence of the Hellenistic age that gave impetus to the emergence of the Jewish eschatological salvation.
During this period Antiochus IV, had issued a decree ordering his soldiers to “...force the Jews to forsake the laws of their forefathers and cease to live according to the laws of God.”[4] As a result, the Jews of Judea were persecuted and oppressed if they failed to comply with Antiochus’ orders.
Before the Hellenistic period, Judaic afterlife was defined as follows: “All go to one place; all are from the dust, and all turn to dust again.”[8] This phrase is indicative of the pre-Hellenistic Jewish idea that a person’s essence dies with his body.
classes.maxwell.syr.edu /his301-001/hellenistic_effects_on_judaic_li.htm   (1360 words)

 Hellenistic Greece - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Many Greeks migrated to Alexandria, Antioch and the many other new Hellenistic cities founded in Alexander's wake, as far away as what are now Afghanistan and Pakistan, where the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom and the Indo-Greek Kingdom survived until the end of the 1st century BC.
But in 301 BC a coalition of Cassander and the other Hellenistic kings defeated Antigonus at the Battle of Ipsus, ending his challenge.
Antigonus II ruled until his death in 239 BC, and his family retained the Macedonian throne until it was abolished by the Romans in 146 BC.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hellenistic_Greece   (1889 words)

 Dor - Hellenistic Period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The primary economic activity of Hellenistic Dor was centered around these harbors: trade, ship building, fishing, and the harvesting of murex for the manufacture of purple dye.
Area B2 Local phases 3-4: In the Hellenistic period there was no 'piazza', though both street I and the decumanus date back at least to this era (see plan).
The Hellenistic period is the best preserved one in area C, and Hellenistic insula C0 can still be seen on site.
www.hum.huji.ac.il /dor/Periods_HL.html   (905 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2004.01.29   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Primarily, Heinen is concerned with describing the Hellenistic age as a distinct period within the history of the ancient world and to make clear its specifics to the reader.
For Heinen, the "balance of power" which modern research considers characteristic for the history of the Hellenistic world, at least after 281, was not the result of political strategy, but rather of the incapability of the Hellenistic rulers to defeat their rivals and to occupy their territories.
In fact, as Heinen emphasizes, the end of the Hellenistic monarchies coincided with the dissolution of the republican constitution at Rome and its replacement by the principate.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2004/2004-01-29.html   (1051 words)

The period in which the Hellenistic culture was thriving is called Hellenism, and the states in which that culture was developed Hellenistic states.
It is certain that the majority of the population during the Classical and Hellenistic periods consisted of Paionians and Macedonians.
During the fall of the Classical period in Macedonia, all of these peoples were already assimilated in a homogenous ethnic structure known as Rumelians.
www.soros.org.mk /konkurs/076/angver/antika.html   (756 words)

 All Periods - Timeline Index
The Cambrian Period marks an important point in the history of life on earth; it is the time when most of the major groups of animals first appear in the fossil record.
The Permian period lasted from 290 to 248 million years ago and was the last period of the Paleozoic Era.
The Middle Ages was the middle period in a schematic division of European history into three 'ages': Classical civilization, the Middle Ages, and Modern Civilization.
www.timelineindex.com /content/select/612   (448 words)

 Hotels in Turkey | Hotels in Istanbul | Blue Voyage Yachting and Cabin Charters | The Hellenic Period 
Instead of the small carved statuettes that were notable in previous periods, the Archaic period is the first time that large sized statues appeared on the scene.
During the period of the Persian occupation, the previously destroyed Didyma Temple was planned to be rebuilt towards the 3rd century B.C. by Paionios of Ephesus and Daphnis of Miletus.
The statues of this period show that realism was the dominant theme as opposed to the prominence of idealism of the Classic Period.
www.exploreturkey.com /exptur.phtml?id=18   (1151 words)

 Greek Art - Hellenistic Period
The design of this set of stamps is interesting; although not in order of face value, the stamps in the middle row nearly have a composite design that follows the description closely.
After the corpse was buried or cremated together with the deceased's most cherished belongings, a tumulus of soil was raised, and various competitive games were organized, the biggest prize being awarded for wrestling.
The local craftsman was not only an accomplished master of the artistic side of his trade, he also possessed extensive technical knowledge, which can be seen both in the fine silver inlays on the two large disks (stamps below) and also in the way the electrum was worked.
arthistory.heindorffhus.dk /frame-Style03-GreekHellenistic.htm   (1581 words)

 Hellenistic Thought
Although the general culture of this "Hellenistic" period remained Greek in spirit, political power was vested in a highly centralized state, established and maintained primarily through extensive applications of military force.
Hellenistic philosophers, therefore, devoted less attention than had Plato and Aristotle to the speculative construction of an ideal state that would facilitate the achievement of a happy life.
Instead, the ethical thinkers of this later period focussed upon the life of the individual, independently of the society as a whole, describing in detail the kinds of character and action that might enable a person to live well despite the prevailing political realities.
www.philosophypages.com /hy/2w.htm   (1732 words)

 Archaeological Site of Cassope: GTP Business directory
In the same period it even had its own mint but its prosperity came to an end in 168-167 B.C., when it was destroyed by the Romans.
The North Stoa was built in the period of the Epirotan League (234/3-168 B.C.).
The whole complex was destroyed by the Romans in 167 B.C. The Katagogion was a public building, probably a guests' quarter, dated to the Hellenistic period.
www.gtp.gr /TDirectoryDetails.asp?Id=14713   (418 words)

 Living Turkey - PLACES TO VISIT - Marmaris city guide - Real Estate Turkey - Directory of Turkey
The ruins at Loryma, once part of the foundations of Rhodes, was founded originally in the region known as Oplosica (artillery smith), the waterside thicket on the southwest of the Bozburun peninsula 40km from Marmaris.
Amos dates back to the Hellenistic period, and is composed of a hillside amphitheatre, a temple and statue pedestals.
The remains of buildings surrounded by ramparts on the east of Saray island date back from the Roman and Hellenistic period, and the small amphitheatre is in the best condition.
www.living-turkey.com /living_in_marmaris/about_marmaris_PLACES_TO_VISIT.htm   (1581 words)

 from jesus to christ: a portrait of jesus' world: hellenistic culture
The Hellenistic world is that world that was created after the conquests of the near east by Alexander the Great at the end of the fourth century B.C. And his conquest, which extended from India all the way through Egypt, [was] divided into three main areas within 20 years after his death.
Jewish culture and civilization during the Hellenistic period was in intense dialogue with Hellenistic culture and civilization, beginning with the translation of Hebrew scriptures into Greek, a translation which survives and which we know as the Septuagint.
Both of those strands of Hellenistic tradition as appropriated by Jewish philosophers like Philo, did, however, have an impact on Christians of a later generation who tried to make sense of Jesus and his teaching within the broader framework of Greek and Roman culture.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/portrait/hellenisticculture.html   (1318 words)

 Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution Proceedings vol.9   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Alexander the Great’s Successors: in defence of the Hellenistic period
The Hellenistic period is very easy indeed to define in terms of its single most important constituent, namely the highly distinctive group of intermarrying and warring Macedonian-derived dynasts that presided over it, prominent among whom were the Ptolemies, the Seleucids and the Antigonids.
There was, on the one hand, even within the Hellenistic period itself, a clear sense that the career of Alexander had transformed the Greek world and created a new epoch.
www.brlsi.org /proceed05/antiquity1204.htm   (1411 words)

 HELLENISTIC THEATER term papers, research papers on HELLENISTIC THEATER, essays on HELLENISTIC THEATER, AcaDemon, Term ...
This paper discusses how Hellenistic Art was primarily influenced by Alexander the Great's conquests, which introduced the culture, arts and philosophies of foreign lands into the Greek milieu and how it mirrored Alexander's pride, his vision and his stature.
It looks at how the term "Hellenistic" describes the arts that fuse the Greek with Asian traditions and reflects a shift in Greek consciousness away from the pantheon of gods toward a private, wealthy sector of art collectors.
This paper explains that the most expressive period in the history of the English theatre was the period of Queen Elizabeth I, the second half of the 16th century in which William Shakespeare was the most significant dramatist of the period.
www.academon.com /lib/essay/hellenistic-theater.html   (3227 words)

 Impact of Greek Culture on Normative Judaism by David Steinberg
This is not at all dissimilar to the approach of the Deuteronomistic History in the late First Temple of Exilic period.
After a period of almost total eclipse, from the fourth century CE, Greek learning was revived in the Arab-Muslim world through the translation of Greek texts into Arabic.
Hellenistic Philosophical-Scientific world view was the property of very small elite within the larger Greek-speaking community during the Hellenistic-Roman period.
www.uscj.org /canadian/ottawaasc/greek_influence.htm   (4024 words)

 GLOSSARY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Cilicia: In the ancient period the name of the region that included the borders of the Mersin province.
It was developed in the Hellenistic Period by architect Hippodamus.
Labienus: The general who waged war against the Romans with the Parthian Kingdom, and destroyed Mylasa, Laodikeia and Kolossai and was later killed by the Romans in Cilicia in 39 B.C. Lydia: Famous state and region in antiquity, which was founded within the borders of the Manisa and Usak provinces with its capital Sardis (Salihli).
www.pau.edu.tr /laodikeia/english/glossary.htm   (1085 words)

 The Jewish Diaspora in the Hellenistic Period
Yet the Jewish Diaspora of the Hellenistic period should not be confused with either the Babylonian or the later Roman Diasporas.
The ancient Hellenistic historian Hecataeus of Abdera in his account of Judaism, written in the beginning of the Hellenistic Period, characterized the Jewish religion rather favorably.
Many Greeks, during the Hellenistic period, saw certain Jewish customs, such as the attention to diet and cleanliness and, as a result of these, the refusal to interact with and marry non-Jews, as going squarely against Greek ideals.
classes.maxwell.syr.edu /his301-001/jeishh_diaspora_in_greece.htm   (1713 words)

 Hellenistic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Although our expedition has as yet produced no new evidence as to the date of these changes, they seem truly "Hellenistic" in the sense that they are probably subsequent to and somehow connected with the Macedonian conquest of southern Greece.
In Late Roman times the stretch of cross-street in Area H was blocked by a building of which parts of two walls have been excavated, meeting at a right angle.
The Late Roman building just mentioned that blocks the cross-street in Area H is the only substantial structure in Areas C and H, apart from tombs, that may so far be securely dated later than the time of Sulla.
halai.arts.cornell.edu /wwwroot/chelp/History/HELLENIS.HTM   (330 words)

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