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Topic: Henotikon

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  Station Information - Henotikon
The Patriarch of Constantinople, Acacius, devised an eirenic formula of unity called the Henotikon, which Zeno promulgated without the approval of a synod of bishops as Church policy.
By this act, Zeno hoped to placate the increasingly Monophysite provinces of Egypt, Palestine and Syria, which were under increasing attacks by the Persians.
After two years of prevarcation and temporializing by Acacius, Pope Felix III condemned the act and excommunicated Acacius (484), although this was largely ignored in Constantinople, even after the death of Acacius in 489.
www.stationinformation.com /encyclopedia/h/he/henotikon.html   (360 words)

 Patriarch Acacius Biography
Acacius advised the Byzantine emperor Zeno to issue the Henotikon edict in 482, in which Nestorius and Eutyches were condemned, the twelve chapters of Cyril of Alexandria accepted, and the Chalcedon Definition ignored.
This creed, known to theology as the Henotikon, was originally directed to the irreconcilable factions in Egypt.
And under this aspect it suggests a significant comparison with another and better known set of "articles" composed nearly eleven centuries later, when the leaders of the Anglican schism were thridding a careful way between the extremes of Roman teaching on the one side and of Lutheran and Calvinistic negations on the other.
www.biographybase.com /biography/Acacius_Patriarch.html   (1690 words)

He therefore issued a law that was meant to satisfy every one, to present a compromise that all could accept.
This law was the famous Henoticon (henotikon, "union").
As an attempt at conceding what both parties most desired, the Henoticon is a very skillful piece of work.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07218b.htm   (1171 words)

 Henotikon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Henotikon is one of the topics in focus at Global Oneness.
The Three Chapters (trîa kephálaia), a phase in the Monophysite controversy, was an attempt to reconcile the Christians of Syria and Egypt with Western Christendom, following the failure of the Henotikon.
Since its earliest days, the Church recognized the special positions of three bishops, who were known as patriarchs: the Bishop of Rome, the Bishop of Alexandria, and the Bishop of Antioch.
www.experiencefestival.com /henotikon   (885 words)

 A tale of two churches - Features news
The Henotikon’s theological formula incorporated the decisions of the general Councils of Nicaea (325) and Constantinople (381) and recognised Christ’s divinity, but it omitted any reference to the orthodox distinction of Christ’s human and divine essences, as enunciated by the Council of Chalcedon (451), and in so doing made important concessions to the monophysites.
The Henotikon was widely accepted in the East but proved unacceptable to Rome and the Western church.
Consequently, Acacius was deposed (484) by Pope Felix III in an excommunication that was reaffirmed and broadened in 485 to embrace all of Acacius’ associates, including a substantial part of the Byzantine hierarchy.
www.sofiaecho.com /article/a-tale-of-two-churches/id_4515/catid_29   (827 words)

 Roman Emperors - DIR Justin II
It had been Justin I's abandonment of the Henotikon and his persecution of the Monophysites which sowed the seeds of a separate Monophysite hierarchy.
The meetings themselves were inconclusive, but Justin recognized their tenor and formulated his first Henotikon, which was presented to the Monophysite clergy and monks who assembled at the monastery of Mar Zakai at Callinicum.
But negotiations continued and a second Henotikon emerged which is recorded in Evagrius' Ecclesiastical History,[[53]] though Evagrius confuses it with the first Henotikon.
www.roman-emperors.org /justinii.htm   (7552 words)

 Zachariah of Mitylene, Syriac Chronicle (1899).  Book 6.
But they took this course because there was no clear and decided anathema of the Synod and the Tome, either in the Henotikon or in the letters of the chief priests to Peter.
And he also, for the sake of the unity of the people, and that we might be established in power and in the truth, by what he wrote so faithfully in the Henotikon, anathematised all the rash thoughts and words of Chalcedon and the Tome of Leo.
For it is right for the Christ-loving king, not only to subdue enemies, and to set the Barbarian races beneath his feet; but also to expose the snares of these intellectual enemies, and to cause the true faith to shine upon the believing people.
www.tertullian.org /fathers/zachariah06.htm   (3300 words)

 Oxford Scholarship Online: The Church in Ancient Society
54 The Aftermath of the Council of Chalcedon: Zeno's Henotikon
Discusses religious and political developments in east and west between 474 and 527, when Italy was ruled from Ravenna by the Arian Ostrogoth Theoderic and the east by the emperors Zeno the Isaurian, Anastasius, and Justin.
The period was marked by Theoderic's determination to keep the Latin and Greek churches apart and by Zeno's attempt at reconciliation among eastern Christians by an instrument of union known as the Henotikon (482).
www.oxfordscholarship.com /oso/public/content/religion/0199246955/acprof-0199246955-chapter-55.html   (341 words)

 Elias of Jerusalem
The population of Constantinople and nearly all the European provinces were too Chalcedonian for an open attack on that council to be safe.
Macedonius II, Patriarch of Constantinople (469-511), submitted so far as to sign Zeno's Henotikon (482), but refused to condemn the council.
Flavian of Antioch also for a time approved of a policy of compromise.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/e/elias_of_jerusalem.html   (726 words)

 Early Christian History / Heresies: Monophysitism
Emperor Zeno thus faced a prominent Monophysite hierarch, in addition to whole provinces being primarily Monophysite, and was forced to act.
He and Patriarch Acacius of Alexandria devised another compromise formula, called the Henotikon, to reunite the Monophysites and orthodox Christians.
Once again this compromise failed to satisfy; moreover, many clergy were offended by Zeno’s imposition of the Henotikon, without having called at least a local synod to debate it first.
www.earlychristianhistory.net /monoph.html   (1110 words)

 The Christological Controversies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Note how the emperor was caught in the middle of this controversy.
In 482 the emperor Zeno issued his Henotikon, an edict which tried to impose unity by imperial edict.
Even Justianian failed to find a solution, even though he wrote theological tracts on the subject, and Theodora seems to have supported the Monophysites.
www.nestorian.org /the_christological_controversi.html   (1059 words)

 Zeno. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
One of his first acts was to conclude (476) a peace with the Vandal king Gaiseric.
He supported orthodox Christianity and attempted to reconcile the Monophysites to the decrees of the Council of Chalcedon through his Henotikon (482), a compromise, which only provoked fresh controversy.
Zeno was forced to recognize the de facto rule of Odoacer in Italy and to grant him the title of patrician.
www.bonus.com /contour/bartlettqu/http@@/www.bartleby.com/65/ze/Zeno.html   (191 words)

 Great Schism - Theopedia
The division was healed only in 415, when the eastern patriarchs retroactively recognised Chrysostom as legitimate.
Another conflict broke out when, in 482, the Byzantine Emperor Zeno issued an edict known as the Henotikon, which sought to reconcile the differences between most of the Church (which believed that Jesus Christ had two natures: human and divine) and the monophysites (who believed that Jesus Christ had only a divine nature).
The edict, however, received the condemnation of Pope Felix III.
www.theopedia.com /Great_schism   (1307 words)

 The Ecole Glossary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Pope from 496-498, Anastasius II became pope during the controversy over the Henotikon, an expression of monothelitism which was accepted in Constantinople and rejected in Rome.
In an attempt to heal the schism, the pope sent legates to Emperor Anastasius and offered to accept baptisms and ordinations done by Patriarch Acacius if his name would be dropped from the diptychs.
At the same time, Theodore of the Ostrogoths sought the throne of Italy from the emperor, who said he would grant it if Rome accepted the Henotikon.
www2.evansville.edu /ecoleweb/glossary/anastasiusii.html   (155 words)

 Goths, Franks, and Justinian's Empire 476-610 by Sanderson Beck
Zeno issued an edict called the Act of Union (Henotikon) that affirmed the councils of Nicaea, Constantinople, and Ephesus against any other views including those of Chalcedon, thus ambiguously refusing to accept or reject Chalcedonian decrees.
In 483 the new Roman pope Felix wrote Zeno and Acacius that Peter Mongus was a condemned heretic, although Peter accepted the Henotikon, and Felix was persuaded by Talaia to summon Acacius.
Complaints by Alexandrian and Jerusalem patriarchs that Euthemius was a heretic led to the Constantinople patriarch being deposed by a local council in 496.
www.san.beck.org /AB12-GothsFranksJustinian.html   (23306 words)

 Zachariah of Mitylene, Syriac Chronicle (1899).  Book 5.
And he gave orders that Peter should return to his place, upon the condition of his receiving the Henotikon, and that John the liar should be deprived.
But he hesitated somewhat, because there was no clear and express anathema of the Synod and the Tome in it, and consequently he feared that it might prove a stumbling-block to the people.
And although they received a large number of his associates upon their subscribing to the Henotikon, and anathematising everyone who thought differently from what was in it; yet they refused Cyrus himself.
www.tertullian.org /fathers/zachariah05.htm   (6757 words)

 Find in a Library: Henōtikon, sive, De causis remediisque dissidiorum quae orbem Christianum hodie affligunt ...
Henōtikon, sive, De causis remediisque dissidiorum quae orbem Christianum hodie affligunt exercitatio theolgica
To find this item in a library, enter a postal code, state, province, or country in the field above.
WorldCat is provided by OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. on behalf of its member libraries.
worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/ow/27e28415c876bb74a19afeb4da09e526.html   (86 words)

 Societas Christiana - A Blog About Church History and Historical Theology » Notes on Monophysitism (II): The ...
Although initially a supporter of Chalcedon, by 482 Acacius showed signs of desiring compromise to assuage the massive sociopolitical problems brewing in the East over Christological issues.
In that year, the Emperor Zeno issued a compromise document called the Henotikon, which re-condemned Eutyches and Nestorius, re-affirmed the central Christological tenets of Cyril of Alexandria, and tried to appease both East and West by avoiding all talk of the troublesome concept of “two natures” in Christ.
The Definition of Chalcedon itself was not mentioned; no doubt this is part of why Chalcedonians promptly rejected the Henotikon and why two years later Pope Felix III (r.
www.societaschristiana.com /?p=689   (1022 words)

These Byzantine emperors, emboldened by their frequent success in cowing into submission the bishops, archbishops and patriarchs of Constantinople, attempted to do the same with the bishops of Rome, some of whom they sent into exile, such as Martin I, who died in exile.
When Pope St. Felix II (483-492) (pictured right) caught wind of Zeno's Henotikon, he promptly protested.
But his protest was in vain, as Acaius ordered the names of popes to be struck from the diptychs.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-backroom/1482422/replies?c=122   (1742 words)

 The Pseudo-Dionysius, Language, Silence, and Scripture
As the author, however, draws extensively on the Neo-Platonic thinker, Proclus, the most likely date of his writings is the early C6th.
His context was, most likely, Syrian and his Christological references suggest a Monophysite position or, at least, a view close to that of the Henotikon (see previous class notes), that is, Cyrilline in inspiration and appealing past the Council of Chalcedon to Cyril and Nicea.
The language of holy prayer, lays hold of a "great shining chain" suspended from the heavens.
www.etss.edu /hts/hts1/notes18.htm   (523 words)

 Brujula.Net - Your Latin Stating Point   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Another conflict broke out when, in 482, the Byzantine Emperor
Henotikon, which sought to reconcile the differences between most of the Church (which believed that Jesus Christ had two natures: human and divine) and the monophysites (who believed that Jesus Christ had only a divine nature).
In 484, the Pope excommunicated Acacius, the Patriarch of Constantinople who urged Zeno to issue the Henotikon.
www.brujula.net /english/wiki/East-West_Schism.html   (1174 words)

 Catholic Culture : Document Library : Background To Ecumenism
The same cannot be said of those, led by Bishop dark of East Anglia and Bishop Butler, Auxiliary of Westminster, representing the Catholic side.
The statements remind one of those ambiguous documents by means of which the East Roman emperors tried to force their unwilling subjects into a religious compromise: the henotikon of the emperor Zeno, or the typos of the emperor Constans II.
Here is what Cardinal Newman had to say about compromises of this kind.
www.catholicculture.org /docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=3744   (12080 words)

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