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Topic: Hepatitis


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In the News (Sun 23 Jun 19)

  
  Hepatitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hepatitis D is an RNA passenger virus that cannot proliferate without the presence of hepatitis B virus, because its genome lacks certain essential genes.
Hepatitis E produces symptoms similar to hepatitis A, although it can take a fulminant course in some patients, particularly pregnant women; it is more prevalent in the Indian subcontinent.
Alcoholic hepatitis is characterized by a variable constellation of symptoms, which may include feeling unwell, enlargement of the liver, development of fluid in the abdomen ascites, and modest elevation of liver blood tests.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hepatitis   (1765 words)

  
 Dr. Koop - Hepatitis- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Viral hepatitis can be considered "acute" (a condition that comes on rapidly with severe symptoms and a short course) or "chronic" (a condition that comes on slowly, may or may not have symptoms with has a long course).
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus and is spread through sexual contact, blood transfusion or exposure to an infected person's blood via cuts, open sores, needle sharing, razor sharing or ear piercing tools.
Ninety percent of all hepatitis B cases are considered acute, while the other 10 percent are considered chronic and may progress to cirrhosis (a disease of the liver caused by chronic damage to its cells), liver failure or liver cancer.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/43/39.html   (1357 words)

  
 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is an inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus.
Hepatitis A is transmitted by contaminated food or water, or contact with a person who is currently ill with the disease.
The hepatitis A virus is shed in the stools of an infected person during the incubation period of 15 to 45 days before symptoms occur and during the first week of illness.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000278.htm   (788 words)

  
 Hepatitis
In this type of hepatitis the main source of infection is blood, and the spread my follow transfusion of infected blood or blood products or infection with contaminated needles.
Hepatitis E virus is an enterically transmitted virus that occurs primarily in India, Asia, Africa, and Central America.
In outbreaks of waterborne hepatitis E in India and Asia, the case-fatality rate is 1 to 2 percent and up to 10 to 20 percent in pregnant women.
www.manbir-online.com /diseases/hepatitis.htm   (474 words)

  
 Hepatitis
Hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are all contagious.
Although hepatitis C can be spread from a mother to her fetus during pregnancy, the risk of passing hepatitis C to the fetus isn't very high (about 5%).
Hepatitis A is usually active for a short period of time and once a person recovers, he or she can no longer pass the virus to other people.
kidshealth.org /parent/infections/bacterial_viral/hepatitis.html   (1914 words)

  
 Hepatitis
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) (figure 1) belongs to the hepadnavirus family and has a DNA genome that is replicated via an RNA intermediate.
Use is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B in adults with evidence of active viral replication and either evidence of persistent elevations in serum aminotransferases (ALT or AST) or histologically active disease.
Hepatitis C (HCV) is a flavivirus for which the only known reservoirs are humans and chimpanzees; in fact, the virus was first identified in chimpanzee blood.
pathmicro.med.sc.edu /virol/hepatitis-disease2.htm   (4105 words)

  
 HEPATITIS
Hepatitis delta genotypes in chronic delta infection in the northeast of Spain (Catalonia).
Immunogenicity of hepatitis A vaccine in decompensated liver disease.
Hepatitis A: from epidemic jaundice to a vaccine-preventable disease.
www.ccjm.org /hepatitis/references.htm   (8565 words)

  
 Hepatitis definition - Hepatitis C health and medical information produced by doctors
Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, and E) or another virus (such as those that cause infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus disease, or yellow fever).
Hepatitis B and C are implicated in 80% of cases of liver cancer, the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in the world.
Hepatitis B - Learn more about Hepatitis B, including a description of the virus, scope of the problem, how it causes liver injury, symptoms of acute hepatitis B, symptoms of chronic hepatitis B, diagnosis, role of liver biopsy, natural progression or course, medications, treatments, co-infections, and prevention.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=3705   (335 words)

  
 The A, B, Cs of Viral Hepatitis
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Hepatitis B is spread by having sex with an infected person without a condom, sharing needles or "works" when "shooting" drugs, needlesticks or sharps exposures in a health care setting, or from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal birth.
Hepatitis C is spread through sharing needles or "works" when "shooting" drugs, through needlestick or sharps exposures in a health care setting, or sometimes from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal birth.
www.health.state.ny.us /diseases/communicable/hepatitis   (497 words)

  
 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Hepatitis
Fifty percent of those with hepatitis C go on to have chronic liver disease and, possibly, liver failure (cirrhosis) or liver cancer.
Hepatitis C is the number one reason for receiving a liver transplant in the United States today.
Hepatitis A vaccine is available for people in high-risk groups, like day care and nursing home workers, laboratory workers, and those traveling to parts of the world where hepatitis is common.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/001154.htm   (1109 words)

  
 WHO | Hepatitis
Hepatitis means "inflammation of the liver", and the most common cause is infection with one of 5 viruses, called hepatitis A,B,C,D, and E. All of these viruses can cause an acute disease with symptoms lasting several weeks including yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice); dark urine; extreme fatigue; nausea; vomiting and abdominal pain.
Hepatitis B virus epidemiology, disease burden, treatment, and current and emerging prevention and control measures
The role of parenteral antischistomsomal therapy in the spread of hepatitis C virus in Egypt (summary of the article).
www.who.int /csr/disease/hepatitis/en   (207 words)

  
 eMedicine - Hepatitis : Article by Adrienne M Buggs, MD, FACEP
Hepatitis G virus, characterized in 1996, is associated with acute and chronic liver disease, but studies have not clearly implicated HGV as an etiologic agent of hepatitis.
Hepatitis A antibody (immunoglobulin M [IgM] anti-HAV): Detecting the presence of IgM anti-HAV in serum is the standard for diagnosing acute infection with HAV.
Hepatitis E: The disease course of HEV may be more severe during pregnancy, with a high case-fatality rate, especially when the disease is contracted during the second or third trimester.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic244.htm   (6619 words)

  
 Hepatitis
Hepatitis is a disease that affects your liver by causing it to swell and become inflamed.
Hepatitis B is transmitted to someone who comes into contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva.
Hepatitis E is rare in the U.S. and tends to go away on its own.
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/dc/caz/infc/hepa/hepa_gen_ovw.jsp   (910 words)

  
 THE MERCK MANUAL, Sec. 4, Ch. 42, Hepatitis
Hepatitis: An inflammation of the liver characterized by diffuse or patchy necrosis affecting all acini.
The major causes of hepatitis are specific hepatitis viruses, alcohol (see Ch.
Noninfectious liver inflammation and some hepatic infections are described under their specific topic headings and are summarized in Table 42-1.
www.merck.com /pubs/mmanual/section4/chapter42/42a.htm   (148 words)

  
 HEPATITIS C INFO CENTER - Daily Updates
In industrialized countries, HCV accounts for 20% of cases of acute hepatitis, 70% of cases of chronic hepatitis, 40% of cases of end-stage cirrhosis, 60% of cases of hepatocellular carcinoma and 30-40% of liver transplants.The incidence of new symptomatic infections of HCV has been estimated to be 13 cases/100,000 persons annually.
HCV Genotypes: It is much easier to talk of the Hepatitis C virus as if it is a single organism but in fact it is a range of viruses, similar enough to be called Hepatitis C virus, yet different enough to be classified into subgroups.
Hepatitis C Patient's Bulletin Board: This Bulletin Board is for discussions on hepatitis, treatments, etc. Please participate in any of the discussions listed on the left or post your own new discussion.
www.hepatitis-central.com   (2030 words)

  
 wnbc.com - Health Encyclopedia - Cirrhosis
This often has many complications, including accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites), bleeding disorders (coagulopathy), increased pressure in the blood vessels (portal hypertension), and confusion or a change in the level of consciousness (hepatic encephalopathy).
Other causes of cirrhosis include hepatitis B, medications, autoimmune inflammation of the liver, disorders of the drainage system of the liver (the biliary system), and metabolic disorders of iron and copper (hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease).
Avoiding intravenous drug use (or only using clean needles and never sharing other equipment) will reduce the risk of hepatitis B and C. Some research indicates that hepatitis C may be spread via shared use of straws or items used to snort cocaine or other drugs.
www.wnbc.com /encyclopedia/6859732/detail.html   (784 words)

  
 VIRAL HEPATITIS
The termVIRAL HEPATITIS is usually used to describe infections caused by agents whose primary tissue tropism is the liver.
Similar to hepatitis A; virus replicates in the gut initially, before invading the liver, and virus is shed in the stool prior to the onset of symptoms.
Hepatitis B immune globulin should be administered to non immune individuals following single episode exposure to HBV-infected blood.
web.uct.ac.za /depts/mmi/jmoodie/dihep.html   (1236 words)

  
 Viral Hepatitis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Get vaccinated against hepatitis A if your liver is damaged and hepatitis B if you are in a group at increased risk of getting hepatitis B. Limit sexual partners and use latex condoms every time you have sex.
Hepatitis E is usually a disease that occurs in persons who travel to areas that have high rates of HEV infection.
Acute viral hepatitis is a short-term, viral infection.
www.4woman.gov /faq/hepatitis.htm   (1839 words)

  
 Hepatitis B: Index | CDC Viral Hepatitis
Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver.
Hepatitis B vaccine is available for all age groups to prevent hepatitis B virus infection.
CDC estimates that illegal injection drug use accounts for 60% of all new cases of hepatitis C and is a major risk factor for infection with hepatitis B virus.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/b   (1146 words)

  
 Hepatitis Series   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
An overview of hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E viruses, including how each disease is spread, who is at risk, and how to prevent and treat these diseases.
A description of chronic hepatitis C, including risk factors and modes of transmission, as well as diagnosis and treatment.
For additional information on hepatitis from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, see the page from the National Center for Infectious Diseases about viral hepatitis.
digestive.niddk.nih.gov /ddiseases/pubs/hepatitis   (314 words)

  
 Hepatitis Publications at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Hepatitis Publications at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
August 8, 2002 - Cause of Hepatitis A Virulence Pinpointed
Department of Veterans Affairs, Hepatitis C Research and Education Centers
www.niaid.nih.gov /publications/hepatitis.htm   (194 words)

  
 Hepatitis, Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Aug.8, 2002 – Cause of Hepatitis A Virulence Pinpointed
Hepatitis C Cooperative Research Units and Centers - Report of the Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (DMID) Council Subcommittee
Hepatitis Viruses Section/Molecular Hepatitis Section - Laboratory of Infectious Diseases - The Hepatitis Viruses Section and Molecular Hepatitis Section jointly conduct basic research on the hepatitis viruses
www.niaid.nih.gov /dmid/hepatitis   (282 words)

  
 AllRefer Health - Hepatitis
Other medications that can cause damage to the liver include methyldopa (used uncommonly for high blood pressure), isoniazide for tuberculosis, seizure medications (like valproate and phenytoin), chlorpromazine, amiodarone (for irregular heart rhythm), and certain antibiotics (including trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and erythromycin).
Liver disease can also be caused by inherited disorders such as cystic fibrosis and Wilson's disease, a condition that involves having too much copper in your body; the excess copper deposits in organs like your liver.
Hepatitis may start and resolve quickly (acute hepatitis), or cause long-term disease (chronic hepatitis).
health.allrefer.com /health/hepatitis-info.html   (532 words)

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