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Topic: Hepatitis B virus

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In the News (Mon 24 Jun 19)

  Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is a contagious liver infection caused by hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus.
For example, hepatitis B can be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby at birth, through unprotected sex with an infected person, by sharing equipment for injecting street drugs, and by occupational contact with blood in a health-care setting.
www.astdhpphe.org /infect/hepb.html   (1032 words)

 Hepatitis B Virus Biology -- Seeger and Mason 64 (1): 51 -- Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
Hepadnaviruses (hepatitis B viruses) cause transient and chronic infections of the liver.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes transient and chronic infections of the liver.
Hepatitis B antigens in serum and liver of chimpanzees acutely infected with hepatitis B virus.
mmbr.asm.org /cgi/content/full/64/1/51   (10737 words)

 Detection Of Hepatitis B Virus -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
B is an inflammatory liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is...
Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a virus that causes the liver to become inflamed...
Hepatitis B is a virus that causes the liver to become inflamed...
virus.facdt.com /index.php?k=detection-of-hepatitis-b-virus   (1436 words)

 Hepatitis B Virus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Hepatitis B (HBV) is a double-stranded DNA virus, originally called the "Dane particle." The disease it caused had various names, including serum hepatitis, homologous serum jaundice, and long incubation period hepatitis.
The hepatitis B antibody (also known as the B surface antigen and the hepatitis B surface antigen) is known to cover most of the B subtypes as well.
The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all newborn infants, but the injections have caused some serious side effects, including chronic fatigue syndrome, seizures, such autoimmune diseases as arthritis and lupus, plus neurological dysfunctions.
www.innvista.com /HEALTH/MICROBES/viruses/hepatb.htm   (1216 words)

 Hepatitis B Virus Infection - BC HealthFile #25a   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Hepatitis B virus infection is a disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver.
Hepatitis B virus is not spread by sneezing, coughing, hugging or using the same dishes or cutlery.
Hepatitis B vaccine is not given if there is a history of shock-like allergic reaction called anaphylaxis to any component of the vaccine, to a previous dose of hepatitis B vaccine, or to latex.
www.bchealthguide.org /healthfiles/hfile25a.stm   (1319 words)

 Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis B Virus Infection, HBV Infection
Hepatitis B is the only human representative of a family of DNA viruses (Herpadnaviradae) of which related viruses have been found in woodchucks, Peking ducks and ground squirrels.
Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is normally used in combination with hepatitis B vaccine to confer passive and active immunity after exposure.
HBV infection in these areas usually occurs at a young age - in China and S.E.Asia the virus is usually acquired perinatally from a carrier mother whereas in Africa, the infection tends to be acquired in early childhood through horizontal spread of the virus.
virology-online.com /viruses/HepatitisB.htm   (6591 words)

 Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitis B is also known as serum hepatitis and is spread through blood and sexual contact.
It is seen with increased frequency among intravenous drug users who share needles and among the homosexual population.
This photograph is an electronmicroscopic image of hepatitis B virus particles.
www.stv.org /adam/encyclopedia/imagepages/1031.htm   (118 words)

 Hepatitis B virus pre-C mutants: epidemiology and treatment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Persistent infection with the pre-C mutant of HBV is often (45-65% of cases) characterized by intermittent bouts of viral replication, elevated transaminases and flare-ups of intrahepatic necroînflammation.
Hepatitis B virus DNA in the sera of HBsAg carriers: a marker of active hepatitis B virus replication in the liver.
Different hepatitis B virus genotypes are associated with different mutations in the core promoter and precore regions during hepatitis B e antigen seroconversion.
www.bmlweb.org /mondor_hepat_998.html   (1187 words)

 Aidsmap | Hepatitis B
HBV is most common in China, southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where between 10 and 20% of the population may have been infected with hepatitis B. In western Europe and the United States, 0.1 to 0.2% of the population are infected with the hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis B is usually transmitted through contact with blood, semen, vaginal fluids or saliva of a hepatitis B virus-infected person.
Chu C and Liaw F. Genotype C hepatitis B virus infection is associated with a higher risk of reactivation of hepatitis B and progression to cirrhosis than genotype B: a longitudinal study of hepatitis B e antigen-positive patients with normal aminotransferase levels at baseline.
www.aidsmap.com /en/docs/5C509E1C-7894-4D63-99DA-8A12BD47D1E4.asp   (9008 words)

 Hepatitis B: The Test
Anti-hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) is an antibody to the hepatitis B core antigen.
Hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs): a positive result indicates immunity to hepatitis B from the vaccination or recovery from an infection.
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg): A negative result indicates that a person has never been exposed to the virus or has recovered from acute hepatitis and has rid themselves of the virus (or has, at most, an occult infection).
www.labtestsonline.org /understanding/analytes/hepatitis_b/test.html   (1151 words)

 Hepatitis B Top Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients with cirrhosis are at high risk for developing costly, morbid, or mortal events, and therefore require effective therapies.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a noncytopathic DNA virus, which can cause acute, self-limited hepatitis or chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and/or hepatocellular carcinoma.[1] The diversity of clinical outcomes after exposure to HBV is determined primarily by the host immune response.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes acute and chronic liver diseases.
www.hivandhepatitis.com /hep_b.html   (1508 words)

 Hepatitis B Virus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Hepatitis B virus causes both acute and chronic liver infections in man. An unusual feature is the prolonged viraemia, lasting for up to several months in acute infections and for many years (even for life) in chronic infections.
A diagrammatic representation of the hepatitis B virion and the surface antigen components
The surface antigen is generally produced in vast excess, and is found in the blood of infected individuals in the form of filamentous and spherical particles.
web.uct.ac.za /depts/mmi/stannard/hepb.html   (192 words)

 Hepatitis B Virus
The disease known as hepatitis B is caused by the infectious Hepatitis B virus (HBV).
World wide, it is estimated that there are over 350 million hepatitis B carriers which represents 5% of the worlds population.
HBV infection is transmitted through exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids and tissues.
www.montgomerycleaningcenter.com /articles/hepatitis_b_virus.htm   (352 words)

 Hepatitis B — Complete medical information regarding the HBV virus on MedicineNet.com
Hepatitis B virus involvement of organs outside of the liver (extra-hepatic)
(hepatitis B virus and HIV are spread in very much the same way.) Currently, the highest incidence of acute hepatitis B is among young adults, especially Blacks and Hispanics, between the ages of 20 and 30.
Furthermore, 5,000 to 6,000 people die each year from chronic hepatitis B virus liver disease and its complications, including primary (originating in the liver) cancer of the liver (hepatocellular carcinoma).
www.medicinenet.com /hepatitis_b/article.htm   (832 words)

 Hepatitis B: Index | CDC Viral Hepatitis
Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver.
The virus, which is called hepatitis B virus (HBV), can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death.
Hepatitis B vaccine is available for all age groups to prevent hepatitis B virus infection.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/b   (1057 words)

 Health On the Net (HON): Hepatitis B Virus Overview's Introduction
This document deals with hepatitis B, this is a specific form of hepatitis and should not be confused with other types where symptoms, treatment and prognosis may differ.
This Hepatitis B Report is NOT the place to go if you're seeking expert medical, psychological, or legal advice.
This HTML version of the Hepatitis B report may not be included in commercial collections or compilations without express permission from bothe the author and the Health On the Net Foundation.
www.hon.ch /Library/Theme/Hepatitis   (664 words)

 Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B virus is carried in the blood and body fluids of an infected person.
Hepatitis B is one of the safest vaccines.
Schedule: HBIG is given with the first hepatitis B vaccine dose to people who have recently been exposed to the hepatitis B virus.
www.rogerknapp.com /medical/hepb.htm   (491 words)

 NGC - NGC Summary
Due to the limited efficacy of HBV vaccine in the HIV-infected population, all patients should be given counseling concerning behavior modifications to decrease the risk of acquiring HBV infection through sexual activity and injection drug use.
Administration of prophylactic hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) and the initiation of the hepatitis B vaccine series (at different sites) are recommended when the non-HBV-immune patient sustains a blood or body fluid exposure to a source with acute or chronic HBV (see Table 4 in the original guideline document).
The clinician should consult with a specialist with experience in treating hepatitis B in patients with HIV infection to determine whether HBV therapy should be initiated, which therapy should be given, and how the patient should be monitored clinically once treated.
www.guideline.gov /summary/summary.aspx?view_id=1&doc_id=3820   (955 words)

 NEJM -- Hepatitis B Virus Infection
Akuta, N., Kumada, H. Influence of hepatitis B virus genotypes on the response to antiviral therapies.
Genotype C hepatitis B virus infection is associated with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.
A large population study of spontaneous HBeAg seroconversion and acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B infection: implications for antiviral therapy.
content.nejm.org /cgi/content/short/337/24/1733   (2046 words)

 hepatitis B. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.
hepatitis B. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.
An infection of the liver that is caused by a DNA virus, is transmitted by contaminated blood or blood derivatives in transfusions, by sexual contact with an infected person, or by the use of contaminated needles and instruments.
The disease has a long incubation and symptoms that may become severe or chronic, causing serious damage to the liver.
www.bartleby.com /61/42/H0154250.html   (124 words)

 NEJM -- Hepatitis B Virus Infection -- Natural History and Clinical Consequences
Suwannakarn, K., Tangkijvanich, P., Theamboonlers, A., Abe, K., Poovorawan, Y. A novel recombinant of Hepatitis B virus genotypes G and C isolated from a Thai patient with hepatocellular carcinoma.
Zoulim, F. Combination of nucleoside analogues in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus infection: lesson from experimental models.
Hasselblatt, P., Hockenjos, B., Thoma, C., Blum, H. E., Offensperger, W.-B. Translation of stable hepadnaviral mRNA cleavage fragments induced by the action of phosphorothioate-modified antisense oligodeoxynucleotides.
content.nejm.org /cgi/content/short/350/11/1118   (516 words)

 Screening: Hepatitis B Virus Infection   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The current practice of vaccinating all infants against HBV infection and postexposure prophylaxis with hepatitis B immune globulin administered at birth to infants of HBV-infected mothers substantially reduces the risk for acquiring HBV infection.
The prevalence of HBV infection is low; the majority of infected individuals do not develop chronic infection, cirrhosis, or HBV-related liver disease.
As a result, the USPSTF concluded that the potential harms of screening for HBV infection in the general population are likely to exceed any potential benefits.
www.ahrq.gov /clinic/uspstf/uspshepb.htm   (194 words)

 Hepatitis B Virus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Although many people who are exposed to hepatitis B will be able to get rid of the virus, some people can develop chronic (or lifelong) hepatitis B. This may lead to liver damage, liver cancer, and death.
Yes, speak with your primary health care provider about your risk for hepatitis B. Your doctor can check to see if you already have immunity (or are protected) against hepatitis B and if not, can vaccinate you.
It is especially important to get vaccinated against hepatitis B if you have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) or hepatitis C. Can I get medicine to treat chronic hepatitis B? Sometimes a medicine called interferon is used to treat chronic hepatitis B. A medicine called lamivudine is also used.
www.hepatitis.va.gov /vahep?page=tp04-02-01-90   (755 words)

 hepatitis b virus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Browse our hepatitis b virus articles to find what you are looking for, and choose any hepatitis a, hepatitis b, chronic hepatitis c or hepatitis c symptons link in our most popular resources section.
Kaluzny added that since Ream suffers from Hepatitis C, he was taking medication that causes hair loss around the time Schmidt was killed, and that he...
Deutsches Hepatitis C Forum e.V. - Informationen für Betroffene, Angehörige und auch Ärzte.
hepatitisabc4.com /hepatitis_b_virus.html   (167 words)

The book covers both the molecular aspects of hepatitis B virus replication and gene expression in vivo and in model systems, and the clinical impact of genetic variants or immunological response in chronic infection.
Major emphasis is laid on the molecular mechanisms underlying hepatitis B virus-associated liver carcinogenesis and their possible relevance to therapy and to the prevention of infection.
The Regulation of Hepatitis B Virus Gene Expression: An Overview of the Cis- and Trans-Acting Components (M J Kosovsky et al.)
www.icpress.co.uk /books/lifesci/p005.html   (290 words)

 VA National Hepatitis C Program
The Veterans Affairs National Hepatitis C Web site provides information about viral hepatitis for health care providers inside and outside the VA system, veterans, and the general public.
Patient education videos: "Hepatitis and Your Liver" and "Hepatitis A & B" Management and Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in HIV-Infected Adults
Veterans whose lives have been touched by hepatitis C explore the use of art as therapy.
www.hepatitis.va.gov   (248 words)

 Hepatitis B virus - Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Hepatitis B virus - Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Serum hepatitis, type B hepatitis, homologous serum jaundice, Australia antigen hepatitis, HBV, viral hepatitis B, HB Partially double-stranded DNA, 42-47 nm diameter, enveloped, Hepadnaviridae; lipoprotein coat contains the HBsAg
Newly discovered hazards are frequent and this information may not be completely up to date.
www.phac-aspc.gc.ca /msds-ftss/msds76e.html   (587 words)

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