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Topic: Heraclius

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  Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heraclius of Caesarea, sometimes Eraclius (died 1191), was archbishop of Caesarea and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem.
As archbishops, Heraclius and William attended the Third Council of the Lateran in 1179.
Heraclius returned to Jerusalem in 1185 and supported the accession of Guy of Lusignan, a relative newcomer to the kingdom.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Patriarch_Heraclius_of_Jerusalem   (707 words)

Heraclius, the son of the exarch of Carthage, Heraclius, was born around the year 575.
In August of 626 while Heraclius and his army were in Lazica away from Constantinople, a Persian army attacked the city from the east while an army of Avars, Slavs, and Bulgars attacked from the west and from the sea.
Heraclius raised a large army that attacked the Arabs near the Yarmuk, a tributary of the Jordan, in the fall of 636.
fstav.tripod.com /emperors/heraclius.html   (1044 words)

 Heraclius - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heraclius' family was almost certainly of Armenian origins, though beyond that there is little specific information known about his ancestry.
He was the son and namesake of Heraclius (generally referred to retroactively as "Heraclius the Elder"), who had been one of Emperor Maurice's key generals in the 590 war with Persia.
During the last years of Heraclius' life, it became evident that a struggle was taking place between Heraclius Constantine and Martina who was trying to position her son Heracleonas in line for the throne.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Heraclius   (1606 words)

 Kaegi, Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium
This attempts to fill a major gap, as Heraclius was a major figure in the history of the Byzantine Empire, reigning for 31 years from 610 to 641.
Heraclius addressed religious issues and reduced military expenditure, whilst increasing civil expenditure, to undo some of the damage of the wars.
Heraclius was fascinated by religion and was heavily involved in the disputes of the day, attempting to impose religious uniformity throughout the empire.
www.deremilitari.org /REVIEWS/Kaegi_Heraclius.htm   (1062 words)

 The Persian Wars of Heraclius
Heraclius took his revenge for the capture of the Holy Cross and destroyed one of the oldest and greatest temples of the Zoroastrian religion at Ganzac.
Heraclius understood that, and after convincing his soldiers (who were eager to finish off their foes) he was able, under increasing annoyances by the hands of Sahin, to reach winter quarters in Albania at the Caspian Sea.
Heraclius knew not much of the Persian forces, but he knew that Sahrbaraz was still in the West, not obeying the orders of Chosroe to return.
www.roman-empire.net /articles/article-012.html   (6306 words)

 Roman Emperors DIR Heraclonas
Heraclonas (Heraclius II) was born in Constantinople in 626 to the emperor Heraclius and his second wife Martina.
Heraclius Constantine, age 28, was the only son of Heraclius' first marriage to Eudokia (Fabia) while Heraclonas, age 15, was the eldest son of Martina, Heraclius' niece and second wife.
She constantly opposed the policies of Heraclius Constantine, and this opposition led to the development of two factions within the government.
www.roman-emperors.org /heraclon.htm   (574 words)

 [No title]
Heraclius became emperor at the age of about thirty-six, with little experience of commanding or fighting except during the final and easiest phase of the civil war.
Heraclius named Priscus to succeed Comentiolus as commander of the troops in Anatolia, which apparently comprised the greater part of the eastern and Balkan armies.
Heraclius was now over sixty, aged by anxiety, ill with dropsy, and despondent at losing to the Arabs the lands that he had just reclaimed from the Persians.
coursesa.matrix.msu.edu /~fisher/hst372/readings/treadgold1.html   (12115 words)

 Muslim tradition on Heraclius' response to Muhammad's invitation
Heraclius' obligation to defend Syria had been inhibited by his vision of "the victorious kingdom of a circumcised man" and his belief that this man was truly a Messenger of God.
Heraclius then left for Homs (a town in Syria) and stayed there till he received the reply of his letter from his friend who agreed with him in his opinion about the emergence of the Prophet and the fact that he was a Prophet.
Heraclius counter-attacked in 636 A.D. and went to war with the Muslims with an army of 200,000 at the Battle of the Yarmuk in Syria on 20th August.
answering-islam.org.uk /Muhammad/heraclius.html   (7337 words)

 Roman Emperors DIR Heraclius
In 608, the exarch of Carthage revolted and dispatched a fleet under the command of his son, Heraclius, to Constantinople.
Heraclius, the son of the exarch of Carthage, Heraclius, and Epiphania was born around the year 575.
Jerusalem in 614 (destroying the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and capturing the Holy Cross) and Egypt in 619.
www.roman-emperors.org /heraclis.htm   (1194 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.07.06
Haldon argues that Heraclius, after having restored the territorial integrity of the Roman Empire by driving out its enemies east and west, restored some of the social and administrative fabric of the empire to what it had previously been but was unable to avoid change.
Heraclius is also said to have 'received priestly rank', which may have contributed to his military success in Armenia and Mesopotamia.
Heraclius' reign, midway between Justinian's codification of the laws and the Isaurian Ecloga, was not a period of great legal innovation.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2003/2003-07-06.html   (3469 words)

 Heraclius   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Heraclius was born in Cappadocia, in Anatotlia, somewhere around 575.
Heraclius had to begin his reign by recovering much of his empire from the Persians.
Syria fell to the Muslims in 632 and in 640 Egypt was detached from the Byzantine Empire.
www.byu.edu /ipt/projects/middleages/People/Heraclius.html   (212 words)

 Islamic Advocacy in Practice — 29: The Byzantine Emperor’s Testimony
Heraclius spoke to them through his interpreter, asking them first: “Who is the closest relative among you to this man who claims to be a prophet?” Abu Sufyan told him that he was.
Heraclius: You have mentioned that he enjoys distinguished ancestry, and this is the case with all prophets and messengers.
Heraclius realized that should he let them out of the building, they would be trying to raise support against him from their fellow clergymen, and this could lead to his loss of power.
www.arabnews.com /?page=5§ion=0&article=63438&d=9&m=5&y=2005   (1113 words)

 (135) Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Heraclius overthrew his hated predecessor, Phocas, in A.D. He regained much of the territory that had been lost by his predecessors and ensured stability by re-establishing the practice of adopting an heir who ruled in association with him.
The obverse of this solidus of Heraclius proclaims his intention to rule jointly with his son and establishes the conventions of coin portraits for joint rulers.
Heraclius as the senior ruler is depicted on the left, with the junior Heraclius Constantine on the right.
www.lawrence.edu /dept/art/buerger/catalogue/135.html   (312 words)

 Byzantine Empire 610-1095 by Sanderson Beck
Heraclius was so discouraged that he planned to move his capital to Carthage; but Sergius energetically opposed this plan and aroused the people.
Heraclius responded by organizing the eastern provinces as military themes named after the regiments that were given land and obligated to serve in the army according to the pattern already established in Carthage and Ravenna.
Heraclius returned to his capital in triumph, and in 630 the cross was returned to Jerusalem amid rejoicing.
www.san.beck.org /AB15-ByzantineEmpire.html   (17708 words)

 Heraclius --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Heraclius, gold coin; in the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C. By courtesy of the Dumbarton Oaks Collection, Washington, D.C. Eastern Roman emperor (610–641) who reorganized and strengthened the imperial administration and the imperial armies but who, nevertheless, lost Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Byzantine Mesopotamia to the Arab Muslims.
The most threatening problem Heraclius faced was the external menace of the Avars and the Persians, and neither people abated its pressure during the first years of the new reign.
The successors of Heraclius: Islam and the Bulgars
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9040092   (539 words)

 AllRefer.com - Heraclius (Ancient History, Late Roman And Byzantine, Biography) - Encyclopedia
In three costly campaigns (622–28) Heraclius recovered the provinces from the Persians, but they fell (629–42) to the Muslim Arabs.
He sought to reconcile the Monophysites with the Orthodox Church; this attempt led to the compromise of Monotheletism, which was rejected by both sides.
Heraclius began the reorganization of the empire into military provinces (themes).
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/H/Heracliu.html   (246 words)

 Encyclopedia: Heraclius
Heraclonas (626 - 641?), Byzantine emperor (February - September 641), was the son of Heraclius and Martina.
On October 5, 610, Heraclius was crowned in the Chapel of St. Stephen within the Great Palace and at the same time wed his betrothed, Fabia, who took the name Eudocia.
When Heraclius took power, the Empire was in a desperate situation and he considered moving the capital from Constantinople to Carthage.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Heraclius   (432 words)

 Heraclius - History for Kids!
By 610 AD Phocas was killed and a general from Africa, Heraclius (her-AK-lee-us), became emperor.
First he made a treaty with the Avars, and then in 622 he melted down all the gold of the churches in Constantinople to pay for a massive attack against the Sassanids.
By the time Heraclius died in 641, most of the south-eastern Mediterranean was in Arab hands.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/medieval/history/byzantine/heraclius.htm   (435 words)

 [No title]
Then, Heraclius turned to his companions and said, "If he says something you know to be contradictory, you must speak." Heraclius' questions were direct, he asked Abu Sufyan if any of his tribe had ever before claimed to be a prophet whereupon Abu Sufyan replied that none had.
Heraclius was interested to know what kind of people followed the Prophet (sa) and if their numbers were increasing or decreasing.
Then, Heraclius inquired about his teachings whereupon Abu Sufyan told him that the Prophet (sa) ordered his followers to worship Allah alone and not to associate anything with Him, and to renounce the idols their forefathers had worshipped.
www.cosmohosting.com /ad101/Muhammad/download/TheMillenniumBiographyOfProphetMuhammad.doc   (22685 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2004.03.08
Kaegi offers a meticulous narrative of Heraclius' seizure of power and the wars in the east as well as an almost comprehensive analysis of victories of Byzantine forces over the Persians and their failures in the wars against the Arabs.
The outline of their politics would provide the necessary background to Heraclius' reign, his coming to power, Byzantine-Persian relations etc. Though the previous publications of Kaegi provide a broader context of Heraclius' reign, this study is rather vague on this matter and the above-mentioned archeological advances are not evident.
This is obviously partly explained by the unbalanced politics of Heraclius (Kaegi writes about middle-easternization of the Empire under Heraclius) but also by the unbalanced interest of the author himself.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2004/2004-03-08.html   (1371 words)

Heraclius, bearded (at left) and Heraclius Constantine (at right) standing facing, each wearing crown and chlamys, each with globus cruciger in right hand, cross between their heads
Note: The punch countermarks are overstruck on a Heraclius follis of Constantinople from year 22 of his reign, with all of the critical devices on the reverse still intact to attribute the coin specifically to SB 810 as the host.
Heraclius on left with long beard and moustache, wearing crown and military dress, holding long cross; Heraclius Constantine on right with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, holding globus cruciger; both standing facing, cross between their heads
www.beastcoins.com /Byzantine/Heraclius/Heraclius.htm   (645 words)

 Medieval Sourcebook: Accounts of The Arab Conquest of Egypt, 642
When Heraclius saw this, he assembled all his troops from Egypt as far as the frontiers of Aswan.
And he continued for three years to pay to the Muslims the taxes which he had demanded for the purpose of applying them to himself and all his troops; and they used to call the tax the bakt, that is to say that it was a sum levied at so much a head.
The Greeks wrote to Constantine, son of Heraclius, who was their king at that time, telling him how few the Moslems in Alexandria were, and how humiliating the Greeks' condition was, and how they had to pay poll-tax.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/642Egypt-conq2.html   (1352 words)

 Heraclius - Byzantine Coinage - WildWinds.com
Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine on left & Heraclonas on right facing, each holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVGU, cross potent on three steps; monogram & E in fields; A/CONOB.
Heraclius, bearded, on l., and Heraclius Constantine on r., standing facing, each wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globe cross in r.
Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine & Heraclonas AV Solidus.
www.wildwinds.com /coins/byz/heraclius/i.html   (1396 words)

 New Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Heraclius (610 - 641) 21mm VF solidus Constantinople
I thought the bust of Heraclius holding the cross was a perfect match for the article.
Oddly enough the best portrait of Heraclius I could find in bronze was this countermarked coin.
www.joviel.com /tn/heraclius.htm   (316 words)

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