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Topic: Herculaneum

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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  Herculaneum Hotel Olimpico Pontecagnano, Campania.
As far as we know, Herculaneum was an italic city founded around the IVth century B.C. coping, in the geometric regularity of his structures, the lay-out of Naples, to see how the "decumani" (the main streets, with an east-west orientation) and the "cardines" (narrower streets) identify with those of the Partenopean city.
To a large extent this is due to the special circumstances of its interment by Vesuvius during the eruption of 79 A.D. The city was not struck by ashes and lapilli, but by a torrent of mud flooding down from the slopes of the volcano.
Herculaneum had four to five thousands inhabitants and its square measure was a fifth smaller that of Pompeii.
www.hotelolimpico.it /downherculaneum.htm   (599 words)

  Herculaneum - LoveToKnow 1911
The brief notices of the classical writers inform us that Herculaneum' was a small city of Campania between Neapolis and Pompeii, that it was situated between two streams at the foot of Vesuvius on a hill overlooking the sea, and that its harbour was at all seasons safe.
In the part of Herculaneum already excavated the corridors in the upper portions of the theatre are compactly filled, up to the head of the arches, with pozzolana and pumice transformed into tufa (which proves that the formation of this stone may take place in a comparatively short time).
The name of Herculaneum, which for some time remained attached to the site of the disaster, is mentioned in the later itineraries; but in the course of the middle ages all recollection of it perished.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Herculaneum   (2628 words)

Herculaneum can be visited either by tour coaches, which spend a few hours there or else it can be reached by using the Circumvesuviana railway line to the ‘Ercolano Scavi’ station, from where it is about one mile straight down the hill to Herculaneum itself.
Herculaneum as seen from the approach road to the East of the excavations.
The Sacred Area of Herculaneum seen from the south access road with the steps leading down to the old harbour and the arched storerooms where approximately 300 bodies of refugees from the eruption were found during the excavations of the harbour area.
www.roman-empire.net /articles/article-011.html   (1765 words)

 Herculaneum - MSN Encarta
Herculaneum, ruined city of ancient Italy, at the base of the volcano Vesuvius, about 8 km (5 mi) east of Naples.
Herculaneum was severely damaged in the year 63 by a violent earthquake, and in 79 it was buried, together with the city of Pompeii, by lava, ashes, and mud more than 15 m (50 ft) thick during an eruption of Vesuvius.
Herculaneum, together with the sites at Pompeii and Torre Annunziata, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761570085/Herculaneum.html   (189 words)

 Herculaneum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Herculaneum (in modern Italian Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town, located in the territory of the current commune of Ercolano.
Herculaneum lies at the foot of Mount st. Helens.
Herculaneum was a smaller town with a wealthier population than Pompeii at the time of its destruction.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Herculaneum   (1737 words)

 Herculaneum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
f all the Cities of Vesuvius-Naples, Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae-lost in 79 AD to the disastrous transformation of the region surrounding the volcano, it was the least remarkable settlement that at its archaeological resurrection a millenium and a half later, was to prove most exceptional.
As Martial would lament at its obliteration, Herculaneum nestled in an area of infamous beauty, enjoying the reputation of a tranquil and therapeutic retreat amongst the Roman elite, many of whom had built grand country estates outside the town.
Unlike Pompeii, whose occupants perished to the burning ash and hot pumice that rained down on the region east of the eruption, Herculaneum was engulfed in a steaming sea of mud as it cascaded down eroded stream beds to the coast.
www.classics.cam.ac.uk /Pompeii/Herculaneum/Herculaneum.html   (571 words)

 ATSDR - Health Consultation - Herculaneum Lead Smelter Site, Herculaneum, Jefferson County, Missouri
The 52-acre Herculaneum facility consists of a smelter plant, 24-acre waste slag storage pile, and an onsite sulfuric acid plant (1).
The Herculaneum Lead Smelter, located approximately 25 miles south of the St. Louis metropolitan area in Herculaneum, Missouri, is an active lead smelter that began its operations in 1892.
A study of samples in Herculaneum from streets, soil and houses concluded that 30% of household dust comes from exterior soil and 50% is from road dust (Johnson and Abraham, 2002).
www.atsdr.cdc.gov /HAC/PHA/herculaneum4/hss_p1.html   (9769 words)

 Herculaneum Missouri   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The ancient Roman city of Herculaneum was famous for its pioneering use of lead pipe for indoor plumbing.
Modern Herculaneum is certainly not a wealthy resort getaway as was its ancient namesake.
Herculaneum used to have a town center with little shops; it was only a block -- a bar, a barber, an office or two -- but it anchored the town.
users.stlcc.edu /jangert/herculaneum/herc.html   (1445 words)

 Herculaneum Lead Contamintion - MoDNR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
On June 4, 2002, DHSS released a third Health Consultation that responds to community concerns regarding whether the schools in Herculaneum were safe to attend for students, faculty and staff; given the community-wide lead contamination.
The purpose of the new haul route is to limit concentrate truck traffic to one route in an effort to minimize contact with occupied residences.
Citizens of Herculaneum can call the department’s toll-free number at 1-800-361-4827 or (573) 526-6627 to ask health and environmental questions concerning high lead levels in the town.
www.dnr.mo.gov /env/herc/herc.htm   (3291 words)

 Battle for the books of Herculaneum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The villa was built a couple of hundred yards away from the town of Herculaneum, set apart from it along the beach that the eruption of 79AD destroyed.
Herculaneum is unique in that the mantle of rock that encased the town preserved not only the sort of things that can be found in sites all over the world, such as stone and pottery, but organic material as well: papyrus, but also wood, cloth, rope.
Andrew Wallace-Hadrill, the director of the British School in Rome and of the Herculaneum Preservation Project, said: "The ancient town is in a great pit beneath the modern town, and it was preserved by the molten rock like a fly trapped in amber.
fairuse.1accesshost.com /news2/herculaneum.html   (1820 words)

 Herculaneum Fire Department-History
In August of 1951, the Herculaneum Volunteer Fire Department was organized and chartered in the State of Missouri.
In 1973, the town of Herculaneum was reincorporated through the efforts of many of the volunteers on the fire department.
The Herculaneum Fire Department remains organized as a private corporation and is staffed by an all volunteer force.
www.herculaneumfire.com /History.htm   (708 words)

 Philodemus Project Home Page
Herculaneum is at the foot of the mountain, toward the left.
The other was Herculaneum, a seaside resort which was home to the villas of wealthy Romans who would come to the beautiful Bay of Naples to escape the heat and hubbub of the capital.
Herculaneum has proved difficult to excavate, buried as it is beneath ca.
www.humnet.ucla.edu /humnet/classics/philodemus/philhome.htm   (872 words)

 [No title]
It is famous for its catastrophic eruption in 79 A.C. when the town of Pompei, Herculaneum, Oplonti and Stabiae were completely destroyed and buried in less than two days time.
Pompei was buried under 10 feet (3 m) of tephra, while Herculaneum was buried under 75 feet (23 m) of ash deposited by a pyroclastic flow.
Herculaneum was buried under 16m of volcanic mud.
www.lycos.com /info/mount-vesuvius--herculaneum.html   (313 words)

 Sightseeing Italy Herculaneum Half Day / hotels Herculaneum Half Day
Herculaneum was destroyed along with Pompeii in 79 AD, and was rediscovered in 1709.
Wben the catastrophe of 79 AD occurred, Herculaneum was buried by a torrent of mud that hardened into a sof tufa (a kind of course rock) that preserved many of the wooden parts of houses and household objects which can b eseen today.
A large portion of old Herculaneum is still buried under the modern town and even today excavations are going on to discover what treasures lie buried under the rock.
www.tourome.com /herculaneum_half_day.htm   (131 words)

 Herculaneum - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Herculaneum
79, the Italian city of Herculaneum was buried with lava and hot ash in a manner completely different from Pompeii, which was twice the distance away from the volcano.
Herculaneum was probably better preserved because of this, and also because of the unusual humidity of the area, but excavation of the city is more difficult.
Rome [by rail], Herculaneum, Pompeii, Vesuvius, Vergil's tomb, and possibly the ruins of Paestum can be visited, as well as the beautiful surroundings of Naples and its charming bay.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Herculaneum   (313 words)

 A Library of Mud and Ashes
A.D. 79, Herculaneum was a seaside town that sat between Vesuvius' fertile foot and the gleaming Bay of Naples.
While the authorship and content of some scrolls is still unknown, most of the Herculaneum library appears to be the works of the Epicurean philosopher Philodemus, a "pivotal figure in the transmission of Greek philosophy to the intelligentsia of Augustan Rome," according to the Philodemus Text and Translation Project.
While the Herculaneum collection is already one of the world's largest ancient libraries, the collection may grow even larger with continued exploration.
magazine.byu.edu /?act=view&a=43   (1580 words)

 Herculaneum Photo Gallery by Cindy Wheeler at pbase.com
In Herculaneum there are two major public baths excavated so far: The Central Baths and the Suburban Baths.
I believe the "new" Herculaneum is 60' higher than the original.
In the background Katie is trying to get Ashley to carry her jacket by tying it on the backpack.
www.pbase.com /cjw/herculaneum&page=all   (280 words)

Though Pompeii claims much more popular recognition, Herculaneum’s buildings and streets are in a state of much greater preservation due to the effects of the pyroclastic flow, which carbonized a good portion of the wood used in the construction of many of the shops and houses.
Herculaneum was first discovered in the early 18th century as a foundation was being dug for the building of a well.
In its heyday, Herculaneum was a peaceful and affluent Roman villa town.
www.italy-positano.com /herculaneum.htm   (678 words)

 Herculaneum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
There are plenty of taxis but these are quite expensive and it isn't that far to walk, plus it will give you a chance to stock up on that water and food I mentioned in the introduction.
Some of the buildings still have their second floors and also far more artifacts have survived as they were preserved in the mud which filled the houses and shops.
This is now in the caves to the side of the Gymnasium along with a statue which used to stand in the apsidal room.
homepage.ntlworld.com /malacandra/herculan.html   (1330 words)

 Herculaneum / Ercolano, Italy
The remains of Roman Herculaneum lie within the area of modern Ercolano (until 1969 known as Resina), 8km/5mi southeast of Naples, near the Gulf of Naples in a bay of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Although much of Herculaneum is still buried under the modern town, it offers a vivid impression of the aspect of an ancient city, comparable with the remains of Pompeii and Ostia.
In contrast to the mostly single-storyed buildings of Pompeii, the houses of Herculaneum are mostly of two or three storys, with much use of wood in half-timbered construction, doors and staircases.
www.planetware.com /italy/herculaneum-ercolano-i-cm-h.htm   (333 words)

 The History of Plumbing - Pompeii & Herculaneum
From Rome's Cloaca Maxima, largest of the ancient sewers, to the famous spas of Aquae Sulis in Bath, England, and the colossal baths of Emperors Caracalla and Diocletian, the early Roman plumbers left indelible marks on civilization.
I n 79 A.D., Mount Vesuvius erupted and obliterated the ancient Roman resort towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
The beautiful mosaics in the women's bath and frescoes on the walls reportedly were superior to those of Pompeii.
www.theplumber.com /pom.html   (1212 words)

 Herculaneum - Search Results - MSN Encarta
At the site of the ancient Roman town of Herculaneum, near Pompeii, researchers found new...
Archaeological discoveries made this year in Italy have altered a long-held belief about the fate of the city of Herculaneum after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in ad 79.
Few skeletons have been found in the city itself, leading scholars to assume that the inhabitants had ample time to flee the...
encarta.msn.com /Herculaneum.html   (159 words)

 Herculaneum, Missouri - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Herculaneum is a city in Jefferson County, Missouri, United States.
Herculaneum was laid out by Moses Austin in 1808, and named after the ancient Roman town of Herculaneum, destroyed by the eruption of Mt.
Austin is said to have chosen the name because the limestone ledges overlooking the Mississippi River resembled a Roman amphitheatre.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Herculaneum,_Missouri   (428 words)

 New Finds at Herculaneum
Scholars have generally assumed that the people who sought refuge from the eruption on the beach of Herculaneum suffocated on the enormous amounts of ash generated by the volcano.
By studying the bone fragments and the positions of the remains of the new 48 victims from the beach site, the anthropologists argue that they have established "beyond a doubt" that they died in a fraction of a second after being exposed to blast of 750-degree Fahrenheit heat.
Like other victims of Mt. Vesuvius that have been recovered from Herculaneum and Pompeii, the remains of the 48 consist of molds created when ash and boiling mud covered the bodies and subsequently hardened.
www.archaeology.org /online/news/herculaneum.html   (304 words)

The propping of collapsing structures with scaffolding, the consolidation of crumbling plaster surfaces and disintegrating mosaics …represent the vital first step in ensuring that the delicate ancient remains survive…[and]… to develop a conservation strategy to safeguard the long-term survival of the site and enhance its value to all its users.”
Herculaneum, they say, was founded by Hercules, who was one busy little camper in these parts as he returned from Spain after wrangling the Oxen of Geryon; numerous other bits and pieces along the Campanian coast are connected to him: the town of Torre del Greco, the little island of Rovigliano, etc.
Like other places in the vicinity, Herculaneum was badly damaged in a great earthquake of 62 A.D. and was presumably getting back on its feet when real disaster struck a few years later.
faculty.ed.umuc.edu /~jmatthew/naples/herculaneum.htm   (668 words)

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