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Topic: Hereditary

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In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  Heredity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characteristics from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and/or laws).
Charles Darwin proposed a theory of evolution in 1859 and one of its major problems was a lack of coherent hereditary mechanism.
Darwin's initial model of hereditary was adopted by, and then heavily modified by, his cousin Francis Galton, who laid the framework for the biometric school of heredity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hereditary   (619 words)

 Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies - Genetics Home Reference
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies is a disorder that affects peripheral nerves.
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies is estimated to occur in 2 to 5 per 100,000 individuals.
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies is caused by the deletion of one copy of the PMP22 gene or alterations within the gene.
ghr.nlm.nih.gov /condition=hereditaryneuropathywithliabilitytopressurepalsies   (874 words)

 Hereditary peer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hereditary peers hold titles that may be inherited; even peers who were granted, rather than inherited, hereditary titles are hereditary peers.
Many peers hold more than one hereditary title; for example, the same individual may be a duke, an earl, a viscount, and a baron by virtue of different peerages.
Since 1964, only five hereditary peerages have been granted—two (the Dukedom of York and the Earldom of Wessex) for members of the royal family, and three additional creations (the Viscountcy of Whitelaw, the Viscountcy of Tonypandy and the Earldom of Stockton) under Margaret Thatcher's government in the mid-1980s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hereditary_peer   (4003 words)

 American Family Physician: Recognition and Management of Hereditary Hemochromatosis
Hereditary hemochromatosis is associated with mutations in the HFE gene.
Hereditary hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with increased intestinal absorption of iron and deposition of excessive amounts of iron in the liver, pancreas, and other organs.
An elevated serum transferrin saturation is the earliest phenotypic abnormality in hereditary hemochromatosis.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3225/is_5_65/ai_83711742   (1135 words)

 Angioedema, Hereditary
Hereditary Angioedema is a rare inherited disorder characterized by an accumulation of fluids outside of the blood vessels, blocking the normal flow of blood or lymphatic fluid and causing rapid swelling of tissues in the hands, feet, limbs, face, intestinal tract, or airway.
Hereditary Angioedema is inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic trait.
Hereditary Angioedema Type II is a rarer form of the disorder and may occur because of abnormal C1 esterase proteins that do not function properly.
hw.healthdialog.com /kbase/nord/nord98.htm   (1647 words)

 UCLA Department of Medicine - wfsection-Hereditary Angioedema   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hereditary angioedema is a disease characterized by episodic bouts of subcutaneous or submucosal swelling involving the face, limbs, and soft tissues.
Type I hereditary angioedema is characterized by an absolute deficiency of C1 inhibitor, and type II is characterized by normal or high levels of a functionally defective C1 inhibitor.
The diagnosis of hereditary angioedema should be considered in patients who present with a history of clinical manifestations and a family history of the disease.
www.med.ucla.edu /modules/wfsection/article.php?articleid=110   (1987 words)

 How Are Breast and Ovarian Cancer Inherited?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hereditary factors clearly and strongly contribute to 5 percent to 10 percent of all breast cancer cases.
For example, hereditary breast cancer is also part of the rare hereditary cancer syndromes Li-Fraumeni syndrome and Cowden syndrome, which are associated with mutations in the p53 gene and the PTEN gene respectively.
Likewise, in some families, hereditary ovarian cancer may be associated with mutations that give rise to other syndromes that are distinguished by the patterns of cancer in the family.
www.genetichealth.com /BROV_Breast_and_Ovarian_Cancer_in_Families.shtml   (1188 words)

 Hereditary Hemochromatosis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hereditary hemochromatosis is thought to be the most common inherited disorder in whites, and perhaps the most common classically inherited disease in America.
Hereditary hemochromatosis has been traditionally defined as an inherited disorder characterized by inappropriately high absorption of dietary iron, which leads to abnormal accumulation of iron in parenchymal organs.
The clinical disease of hereditary hemochromatosis is usually caused by a homozygous autosomal recessive mutation in the HFE gene.
www.familypractice.com /journal/2001/v14.n04/1404.05/1404.05.htm   (4140 words)

 An Overview of the Hereditary Society Community
The hereditary society community is committed to the preservation and accurate depiction of, not only the raw historical facts which shaped American and European history, but also the nature of the lives of the men and women who lived in past eras.
The collective mind of the hereditary society community is one which honors the past, embraces the present and engages the future.
The hereditary society community provides the opportunity for like-minded individuals to foster life-long friendships, partnerships in projects, synergism in reaching similar goals, and a chance to remain active in the context of organized groups.
www.hereditary.us /about_hsc.htm   (536 words)

 BCM-Neurology-Research Neuromuscular Disease-Hereditary Neuropathies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A common denominator is usually the early onset of mild numbness and tingling in the feet that slowly progresses to involve the legs and the hands and later the rest of the upper extremities.
The diagnosis of a hereditary neuropathy is usually suggested with the early onset of neuropathic symptoms, especially when a positive family history is also present.
A patient with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) must avoid application of pressure to the peripheral nerves as it may result in the nerve palsy.
www.bcm.edu /neurol/research/nmus/nmus3c4.html   (355 words)

 A-E Hereditary Society Listings
Hereditary Members are the direct descendants, spouse, step-parents, brothers and sisters of a Regular Member.
Hereditary Members are males who have attained the age of eighteen years, and are the lineal or collateral descendants of officers who were Original Members, or of those officers who would have been qualified to have been Original Members.
Hereditary Memberships is open to those persons whose ancestor was an original member of the Cleveland Grays from 1837 to 1887; or those persons whose father or grandfather served with the Cleveland Grays; or those persons whose ancestor served in any war starting with the Pequot War of 1637.
www.hereditary.us /list_a.htm   (1370 words)

 Hereditary Ataxia Overview
The hereditary ataxias are a group of genetic disorders characterized by slowly progressive incoordination of gait and often associated with poor coordination of hands, speech, and eye movements.
The hereditary ataxias are categorized by mode of inheritance and causative gene or chromosomal locus.
Clinical manifestations of hereditary ataxia are poor coordination of movement and a wide-based, uncoordinated, unsteady gait.
www.geneclinics.org /profiles/ataxias/details.html   (2294 words)

 NORD - Anemia, Hereditary Spherocytic Hemolytic
Hereditary Spherocytic Hemolytic Anemia is a rare blood disorder characterized by defects within red blood cells (intracorpuscular) that result in a shortened survival time for these cells.
Hereditary Spherocytic Hemolytic Anemia is caused by an inherited metabolic defect.
Hereditary Nonspherocytic Hemolytic Anemia is a group of rare inherited blood disorders characterized by defective red blood cells that are not sphere-shaped.
www.indwes.edu /Faculty/bcupp/things/Blood/HereditarySpherocyticHemolyticAnemia.html   (1955 words)

 THE MERCK MANUAL--SECOND HOME EDITION, Hereditary Neuropathies in Ch. 95, Peripheral Nerve Disorders   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hereditary neuropathies affect the peripheral nerves, causing subtle symptoms that worsen gradually.
Hereditary neuropathies may affect only motor nerves (motor neuropathies), only sensory nerves (sensory neuropathies), or both sensory and motor nerves (sensory-motor neuropathies).
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies is malfunction or damage to one or more nerve resulting from slight pressure or injury.
www.merck.com /mmhe/au/sec06/ch095/ch095i.html   (579 words)

 Hereditary Hemochromatosis Risk   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Hereditary hemochromatosis is caused by inheriting an alteration, or mutation, in a gene that causes the body to store too much iron.
When one member of a family has been diagnosed with hereditary hemochromatosis other family members are also at increased risk for the disorder.
Thus, even though the fact that both your parents have been diagnosed with hereditary hemochromatosis guarantees that you have inherited two mutated genes, it doesn't mean that you will develop symptoms or get sick — especially if you and your doctor are aware of and take steps to regulate your own iron levels.
www.genetichealth.com /HCROM_Assessing_Your_Hemochromatosis_Risk.shtml   (667 words)

 Sloan-Kettering - Hereditary Cancer & Genetics: Overview
Hereditary cancer is the development of cancer due to an inherited gene mutation (changes in a specific gene) that has been passed from a parent to a child upon conception.
If a person has inherited such a gene mutation, he or she has inherited an increased risk to develop cancer in their lifetime, which is higher than the cancer risk of someone in the general population.
People who are interested in learning whether or not they have an increased likelihood of developing certain cancers or whether they inherited a gene, which contributed to their own or a family member's cancer, should consult with a specialist in the area of hereditary cancer, cancer risk assessment and genetic counseling and testing.
www.mskcc.org /mskcc/html/8621.cfm   (345 words)

 Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy and maturity onset diabetes mellitus: is there a metabolic association? -- COLE and ...
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy is known to segregate in a non-mendelian, maternal pattern.
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy, clinical manifestations of the 3460 mutation.
The clinical characteristics of pedigrees of Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy with the 11778 mutation.
bjo.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/84/4/439a   (818 words)

 Neuropathy, Hereditary Sensory, Type I
Hereditary Sensory Neuropathy Type I (HSN I) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the loss of sensation, especially in the feet and legs and, less severely, in the hands and forearms.
Hereditary Sensory Neuropathies of various types may attack a single nerve (mononeuropathy, mononeuritis), or several nerves in asymmetric areas of the body (mononeuritis multiplex), or many nerves simultaneously (polyneuropathy, polyneuritis, multiple peripheral neuritis).
Hereditary Sensory Neuropathy Type II is a rare genetic disorder characterized by inflammation of the fingers or toes especially around the nails, usually accompanied by pus and infection (paronychia, whitlows) and by ulcers (open sores) of the fingers and on the soles of the feet.
hw.healthdialog.com /kbase/nord/nord799.htm   (1151 words)

 Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis - Genetics Home Reference
Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis is a rare disorder characterized by the progressive weakness and stiffness of arm, leg, and facial muscles.
Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis is a rare disorder, with a small number of reported cases.
Mutations in the ALS2 gene cause infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis.
www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov /ghr/disease/infantileonsetascendinghereditaryspasticparalysis   (640 words)

 American Family Physician: Hereditary Hemochromatosis - patient education sheet
Hereditary hemochromatosis is a health problem that is passed from parents to children.
Most people with hereditary hemochromatosis show no signs of the illness until they are middle-aged.
If you have signs of hereditary hemochromatosis, you might need to have a liver biopsy to see if your liver is damaged.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3225/is_5_65/ai_83711741   (779 words)

 Leber hereditary optic neuropathy -- Man et al. 39 (3): 162 -- Journal of Medical Genetics
A histopathologic and morphometric differentiation of nerves in optic nerve hypoplasia and Leber hereditary optic neuropathy.
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy: mitochondrial mutations and degeneration of the optic nerve.
Leber's hereditary optic neuroretinopathy, a maternally inherited disease.
jmg.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/39/3/162   (6121 words)

 Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy, Hereditary
Hereditary olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) is a rare group of disorders characterized by progressive balance problems (disequilibrium), progressive impairment of the ability to coordinate voluntary movements (cerebellar ataxia), and difficulty speaking or slurred speech (dysarthria).
All forms of hereditary OPCA, except one, are inherited as autosomal dominant traits.
Hereditary OPCA refers to the group of disorders that overlaps with SCA.
my.webmd.com /hw/health_guide_atoz/nord495.asp   (545 words)

 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital - Fact sheet - Hereditary (Inherited) Cancer
While the majority of cancer is not due a specific inherited trait, hereditary cancers account for approximately 5 to 10 percent of all cancer cases.
Although genetic testing is available for a number of hereditary cancers, it is not practical or appropriate to screen everyone, since only 5 to 10 percent of all cancers is due to an inherited risk.
Other genetic tests for hereditary syndromes where medical benefit of identifying a mutation carrier is not yet established, are not considered standard medical practice.
www.jeffersonhospital.org /cancer/article3055.html   (1450 words)

 M. D. Anderson Cancer Center - Hereditary Colon Cancer
Relatively rare hereditary conditions such as Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and juvenile polyposis are not cancer or precancerous conditions but confer on the patient a greater than normal risk of developing colon cancer.
Experts in hereditary colon cancers strongly recommend that people with unusually high rates of colon cancers in their families be surveyed regularly for cancerous growths, even if they have no symptoms.
Colonoscopy is the most effective and most widely used method of surveillance for hereditary colon cancers.
www3.mdanderson.org /depts/hcc   (467 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Hereditary fructose intolerance
Hereditary fructose intolerance is a metabolic disease caused by the absence of an enzyme, aldolase B. Causes, incidence, and risk factors Return to top
Hereditary fructose intolerance is an autosomal recessive disease.
Preliminary evidence suggests that parents of a child with this disorder (as well as other carriers of the mutant gene) may be at increased risk for gout (arthritis caused by excess uric acid in the body and uric acid crystals in the joints).
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000359.htm   (682 words)

 NEJM -- Hereditary Colorectal Cancer
Microsatellite instability is associated with tumors that characterize the hereditary non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma syndrome.
Incidence of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and the feasibility of molecular screening for the disease.
Germline mutation of MSH6 as the cause of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.
content.nejm.org /cgi/content/full/348/10/919   (7227 words)

 Hereditary Neuropathies Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Hereditary neuropathies are a group of inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system.
Treatment is symptomatic and supportive and may include orthopedic surgery and bracing to improve mobility, and measures to protect against stress fractures-particularly in the feet and legs.
The prognosis for individuals with hereditary neuropathies depends upon the type of neuropathy.
www.ninds.nih.gov /disorders/neuropathy_hereditary/neuropathy_hereditary.htm   (366 words)

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