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Topic: Hermann Joseph Muller


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  Muller, Hermann Joseph
His studies of the processes and frequencies of mutations enabled Muller to form a picture of the arrangements and recombinations of genes and later led to his experimental induction of genetic mutations through the use of X rays in 1926.
Muller was a socialist, and he initially viewed the Soviet Union as a progressive, experimental society that could pursue important research in genetics and eugenics.
The award of the Nobel Prize to Muller in 1946 increased his opportunities to publicize one of his major concerns--the dangers posed by accumulating spontaneous mutations in the human gene pool as a result of industrial processes and radiation.
www.britannica.com /nobel/micro/409_35.html   (745 words)

  
 Muller, Hermann Joseph   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Muller campaigned against the needless use of X-rays in diagnosis and treatment, and pressed for safety regulations to ensure that people who were regularly exposed to X-rays were adequately protected.
Muller was born in New York and studied at Columbia.
In 1919 Muller found that the mutation rate was increased by heat, and that heat did not always affect both of the chromosomes in a chromosome pair.
crishunt.8bit.co.uk /muller_hermann_joseph.html   (289 words)

  
 Hermann Joseph Muller - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hermann Joseph Muller (December 21, 1890 April 5, 1967) was an American geneticist and educator.
He was born in New York City and attended Columbia University, earning his B.A. in 1910 and his Ph.D. in 1916.
In 1955 he was one of 11 to sign the Russell-Einstein Manifesto.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hermann_Joseph_Muller   (179 words)

  
 Biographical Sketch - Hermann J. Muller
Hermann Joseph Muller, retired professor of biology and Nobel Laureate, died on April 5, 1967.
Dr. Muller taught at Rice University from 1915 to 1918 and at Columbia University from 1918 to 1920.
Professor Muller was then associated with the K. Institute for Hirnfroschung in Berlin, the Institute of Genetics in Moscow, and later with the Institute of Animal Genetics in Edinburgh.
utexas.edu /faculty/council/2000-2001/memorials/AMR/Muller/muller.html   (326 words)

  
 Hermann Joseph Muller Biography / Biography of Hermann Joseph Muller Main Biography
Hermann J. Muller was born in New York City on Dec. 21, 1890.
His father died before Hermann was 10 years old, but he had already been imbued by his father with a sense of the grandeur of evolution and a sympathy for oppressed people.
Muller worked with this group in 1910 and discovered a fly mutant which established the reality of the "M," or fourth.....
www.bookrags.com /biography-hermann-joseph-muller   (264 words)

  
 Hermann J. Muller - Biography
Hermann Joseph Muller was born in New York City on December 21, 1890.
His grandparents on his father's side were of artisan and professional background and, though at first Catholics, had emigrated from the Rhineland during the wave of reaction of 1848 to seek the greater freedom of America.
Her parents had come from Britain, but were in the main descended from Spanish and Portuguese Jews who, as an after-effect of the Inquisition, had settled generations earlier in England and Ireland.
nobelprize.org /medicine/laureates/1946/muller-bio.html   (1794 words)

  
 Hermann Müller - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hermann Müller (botanist) (1829–1883), German botanist with whom Darwin corresponded
Hermann Müller (politician) (1876–1931), German Social Democratic politician and twice Chancellor of Germany
Hermann Joseph Muller (1890–1967), American geneticist and educator
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hermann_M%C3%BCller   (106 words)

  
 the creation of genetic identity
Hermann Muller worked in the Morgan laboratory from 1912 to 1920, but ended up leaving Morgan's lab under estranged circumstances, convinced that Morgan's group had used his ideas without adequate credit.
Muller was the member of Morgan's lab who most seriously embraced the eugenic precepts of directed human selection, and as a result, he was also the member of Morgan's lab to be the loudest in his objections to the path on which the Eugenic Society was moving.
Muller's talk at the Eugenics Conference of 1932, "The Dominance of Economics over Eugenics," was intended to take the society to task for its simplistic definition of 'unfit,' while espousing his socialist political proclivities.
www.stanford.edu /group/SHR/5-supp/text/thurtle.html   (7162 words)

  
 NS&T : History : Hall of Fame : Hermann Joseph Muller
Hermann Muller, the father of radiation genetics, began his career with T.H. Morgan studying mutations in fruit flies (Drosophila).
Muller grew impatient with the mutation rate in Drosophila and was the first to increase the mutation rate using heat.
By the late 1940s, the nuclear weapons testing program had begun and Muller was back in the United States, a vocal critic of the Atomic Energy Commission's views on the hazards of worldwide fallout.
www.aboutnuclear.org /view.cgi?fC=History,Hall_of_Fame,Hermann_Joseph_Muller   (313 words)

  
 Living Legacies
In 1926, Muller obtained the startling result that by bombarding flies with X rays he could produce several hundred fly mutants in one day, as compared to the 400 spontaneous viable mutations that Morgan and his group had observed in working with twenty million flies during twenty years of Drosophila research.
Among his other accomplishments, Muller also had the remarkable foresight to recognize as early as 1921 that micro-organisms and, specifically, bacterial viruses (phages) offered the next step in efforts to understand the molecular nature of the gene.
Once the ability to mutate genes at will was at hand, geneticists were in a position to study how a single gene controls the function of the cell.
www.columbia.edu /cu/alumni/Magazine/Morgan/Century.html   (1847 words)

  
 Muller, Hermann Joseph --  Encyclopædia Britannica
More results on "Muller, Hermann Joseph" when you join.
It was German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus who demonstrated that scientific methods could be applied to the study and measurement of the mental processes involved in rote learning.
Dramatist and novelist Hermann Sudermann was one of the leading writers of the German naturalist movement.
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=9054218&query=null&ct=null   (729 words)

  
 The Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography: Muller, Hermann Joseph (1890-1967)@ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography: Muller, Hermann Joseph (1890-1967)@ HighBeam Research
Muller was born on 21 December 1890 in New York City and was educated at Morris High School in the Bronx district of the city.
In 1907 he won a scholarship to Columbia University, from which he graduated in 1910.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1P1:28909812&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (184 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Muller Hermann Joseph
MSN Encarta - Search Results - Muller Hermann Joseph
Muller, Hermann Joseph (1890-1967), American geneticist and Nobel laureate, best known for his successful induction of mutations of genes in the...
Müller, Paul Hermann (1899-1965), Swiss chemist and Nobel Prize winner who discovered that the chemical compound DDT was remarkably effective as...
encarta.msn.com /Muller_Hermann_Joseph.html   (116 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Hermann Joseph Muller (Genetics And Genetic Engineering, Biography) - Encyclopedia
AllRefer.com - Hermann Joseph Muller (Genetics And Genetic Engineering, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Hermann Joseph Muller, Genetics And Genetic Engineering, Biographies
Hermann Joseph Muller[mul´ur] Pronunciation Key, 1890–1967, American geneticist and educator, b.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/M/MullrHJ.html   (271 words)

  
 MULLER, HERBERT, MSS.
The Muller, Herbert, mss., 1913-1976, consist of the correspondence, writings and lecture notes of Herbert Joseph Muller, 1905-1980, distinguished professor literature and government at Indiana University, Bloomington.
Muller received his undergraduate degree from Cornell University in 1925 and stayed on to complete the Ph.D. degree in 1932.
Class materials relating to courses given by Muller at both Purdue and Indiana University complete the collection.
www.indiana.edu /~liblilly/lilly/mss/html/mullerh.html   (267 words)

  
 Hermann Joseph Muller - SmartyBrain Encyclopedia and Dictionary
Hermann Joseph Muller - SmartyBrain Encyclopedia and Dictionary
Hermann J. Muller's 1936 letter to Stalin : An article from: Mankind Quarterly
Hermann Joseph Muller, December 21, 1890- April 5, 1967;: A memorial tribute
smartybrain.com /index.php/Hermann_Joseph_Muller   (183 words)

  
 Hermann Joseph Muller Winner of the 1946 Nobel Prize in Medicine
Hermann Joseph Muller Winner of the 1946 Nobel Prize in Medicine
Hermann Muller's wife upset about sperm bank being named after him
Hermann J. Muller Repository for Germinal Choice news
almaz.com /nobel/medicine/1946a.html   (93 words)

  
 Hermann Joseph Muller Biography / Biography of Hermann Joseph Muller Biographies
Hermann Joseph Muller Biography / Biography of Hermann Joseph Muller Biographies
The following biographies focus on different aspects of Hermann Joseph Muller's life and work.
All biographies listed are included in the Hermann Joseph Muller Biography Pass.
www.bookrags.com /biography-hermann-joseph-muller/index.html   (134 words)

  
 The ORCBS - Radiation Safety - Resources & Links - Historical Figures
Still not satisfied, he irradiated the flies with 50 kilovolt X rays (ca.
About this time, he began warning about needless exposures to radiation and their associated risks of cancer and hereditable genetic effects.
Photo: Hermann Muller inspecting a vial of fruit flies at Indiana University.
orcbs.msu.edu /radiation/resources_links/historical_figures/muller.htm   (374 words)

  
 COOPER, K.W. mss   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
COOPER, K.W. The Cooper, K.W. mss., 1946-1959, consist of the correspondence of geneticists Kenneth W. Cooper and Hermann Joseph Muller.
  There are two additional letters in the fall of 1972 from Thea Muller (Mrs.
H.J. Muller) to Kenneth Cooper regarding trying to obtain copies of Muller’s reprints for the Lilly Library collection of Muller papers.
www.indiana.edu /~liblilly/lilly/mss/html/cooperkw.html   (87 words)

  
 Muller, Hermann Joseph on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Publication: Boletin de Antropologia Americana; Author: Munoz, Jose Ramos ; Source: MAGAZINES
Publication: Discover; Author: Poindexter, Joseph ; Source: MAGAZINES
Procreative compounds: popular eugenics, artificial insemination and the rise of the American sperm banking industry.(Industry Overview)
www.encyclopedia.com /html/M/MullrH1J1.asp   (343 words)

  
 World Academy of Art and Science - Origins   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
At the end of the conference, participants agreed to take steps toward the formation of a World Academy, and elected an International Preparatory Committee for that purpose.
Its members were: (from France) Pierre Chouard, George Laclavére and G. Le Lionnaise; (from the United Kingdom) Ritchie Calder, H. Munro Fox and Joseph Needham; and (from the United States) Robert Oppenheimer.
They were: as President, Lord John Boyd Orr of Scotland; as Vice Presidents, Hermann Joseph Muller of the United States and Hugo Ostvald of Sweden; and, as Secretary General, Hugo Boyko of Israel.
www.worldacademy.org /origins.htm   (856 words)

  
 Lefalophodon: Hermann Joseph Muller   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Suggested that the production of imbalanced sets of sex determining chromosomes would lead to polyploidy being rare in sexual organisms.
Muller was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1946.
Research, Institute of Genetics, Soviet Academy of Sciences, about 1932-about 1937
www.nceas.ucsb.edu /~alroy/lefa/Muller.html   (97 words)

  
 NOBEL PRIZE FACTS! (Stunning comparisons!)
1987 - Joseph Brodsky 1991 - Nadine Gordimer World
1985 - Joseph L. Goldstein 1986 - Stanley Cohen [and Rita Levi-Montalcini]
The Jews are not demonstrating with their dead on the streets, yelling and chanting and asking for revenge, the Jews are not promoting brain washing the children in military training camps, teaching them how to blow themselves up and cause maximum deaths of Jews and other non Muslims.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-bloggers/1306267/posts   (379 words)

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