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Topic: Hierarchy of genres

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  Hierarchy of genres - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A hierarchy of genres is any formalization which ranks different types of genres in an art-form in terms of their value.
The most well known set of hierarchies are those held by academies in Europe between the 17th century and the modern era, and of these the hierarchy for the genres of painting held by the Académie française which held a central role in Academic art.
Claude Lorrain practised a genre called the ideal landscape, where a composition would be loosely based on nature and dotted with classical ruins as a setting for a biblical or historical theme.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hierarchy_of_genres   (1063 words)

 Genre article - Genre literary musical cinematic French grammatical gender arts forms - What-Means.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
"Genre" is originally a French word meaning "kind", "sort" or "type"; in grammatical terminology, it refers to the artificial concept of masculine or feminine grammatical gender (the noun "genre" itself belongs to the masculine gender in French, for example).
In the field of painting, there exists a hierarchy of genres associated with the Académie française which held a central role in Academic art.
In the field of literary endeavour, we often refer to the "poetic genres" and the "prose genres"; poetry might thus be subdivided into epic, lyric and dramatic, while prose might be divided into fiction and non-fiction.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Genre   (326 words)

 Genre biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The term genre refers to the traditional divisions of art forms from a single field of activity into various kinds according to criteria particular to that form.
Genre considerations are one of the most important factors in determining what a person will see or read.
Genre's are also divided into sub-genres in literature endeavour, we often refer to the "poetic genres " and the "prose genres ".
genre.biography.ms   (320 words)

 Genre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
"Genre" is originally a French languageFrench word meaning "kind", "sort" or "type"; in grammatical terminology, it refers to the artificial concept of masculine or feminine grammatical gender/ (the noun "genre" itself belongs to the masculine gender in French, for example).
Genre's are also divided into sub-genres in literature endeavour, we often refer to the "poetic genres" and the "genre writingprose genres".
George A. Romero returns to the genre he indelibly re-created with the fourth and final installment of his zombie epic, this one set in a gated community run by a corporate despot (Dennis Hopper) while outside the zombies are evolving.
www.infothis.com /find/Genre   (610 words)

  Genre is a French term derived from the Latin genus, generis, meaning "type," "sort," or "kind." It designates the literary form or type into which works are classified according to what they have in common, either in their formal structures or in their treatment of subject matter, or both.
While the number of genres and their subdivisions has proliferated since classical times, the division of the literary domain into three major genres (by Plato, Aristotle, and, later, Horace), is still useful.
There was also a tendency to rank the genres in a hierarchy, usually with epic or tragedy at the top, and shorter forms, such as the epigram and the subdivisions of the lyric, at the bottom.
academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu /english/melani/cs6/genres.html   (1193 words)

 ::: Stair Sainty Gallery :::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The elevation of Chardin to full membership of the Royal Academy of Paintings and Sculpture in 1728 coupled with his position as Treasurer, the officer responsible for the hanging of the pictures exhibited at the Salon, marks a turning point in the history of French painting.
Hitherto, the 'hierarchy of genres' had been considered immutable and, indeed, the Academic authorities struggled to maintain the primacy of history painting throughout the remainder of the century.
Nonetheless, it was Chardin's extraordinary faculty which accorded him the prominence he enjoyed during his lifetime and the fame that has largely eclipsed the talents of artists such as Desportes and Oudry, still life painters in the grand decorative tradition.
www.europeanpaintings.com /html/bio.asp?numcol=73   (143 words)

 Tate | Glossary | Genres
The genres, or types of painting, were codified in the seventeenth century by the French Royal Academy.
In descending order of importance the genres were History, Portrait, Genre, Landscape, and Still life.
This league table, known as the hierarchy of the genres, was based on the notion of man the measure of all things - landscape and still life were the lowest because they did not involve human subject matter.
www.tate.org.uk /collections/glossary/definition.jsp?entryId=115   (86 words)

 Musée des Augustins - Exhibitions - Les Peintres du Roi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
However, all genres were represented in the Académie where it was also possible to have a brilliant career even as a still-life painter, Chardin being a prime example of this.
The genre question was of utmost importance for those painters who were difficult to classify.
Watteau, inventor of a new genre was thus admitted as painter of "fêtes galantes".
augustins.mairie-toulouse.fr /en/exposition/pr/academie/morceau.htm   (224 words)

 Genre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In arts such as music, painting, and sculpture, genre tends to be determined by format and style.
Many genres have built in audiences and corresponding publications that support them, such as magazines and websites.
In literature, we often refer to the "poetic genres" and the "prose genres".
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/G/Genre.htm   (394 words)

 Articles - Genre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In artforms such as music, painting, and sculpture, genre tends to be determined by format and style.
These are generic conventions which are very closely tied to a particular artistic genre, and help to define what that genre is. Some of these conventions may develop into clichés.
In the field of painting, there exists a "hierarchy of genres" associated with the Académie française which once held a central role in academic art.
gaple.com /articles/Genre?mySession=77ef46aeeced7026229b0563106efb57   (543 words)

One of the most enduring characteristics of Post-Medieval art was the rigid hierarchy of genres.
One of the 'missions' of modernism we are often told, was to subvert this hierarchy.
We may feel free from this hierarchy, since the 1960s 'anything goes' has been a favourite cliché connected to contemporary art, but many artists, often those considered very avant-garde and controversial, return to the traditional genres.
brennan.young.net /Arts/Ulster.html   (4047 words)

 Genre painting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Even though painters constantly went beyond the limits of their assigned speciality, the hierarchy of genres remained an essential criterion in eighteenth-century painting.
Jean-Antoine Watteau was the only one to invent a short-lived genre known as the fête galante.
The genres were graded in order of importance, starting at the top: history painting, the portrait, genre painting, still-life and landscape.
mistral.culture.fr /lumiere/documents/files/hierarchie.html   (60 words)

 Catalog Number 9
By the late 1770s, Vigee Le Brun's goal was to be admitted to the Academie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, not as a portraitist, but as a painter of history, then ranked uppermost in the hierarchy of genres.
There were already women Academicians, but their numbers were limited, and they were almost all practitioners of the so-called inferior genres of portraiture and still-life.
The Director of the Academie, Jean Baptiste Marie Pierre, stubbornly opposed Mme Le Brun's candidacy on the grounds that her husband was a picture dealer and that the bylaws of the Acad6mie forbade its members any contact with the art trade.
www.batguano.com /catno9.html   (1399 words)

 Classical Net Review - Rózsa - Orchestral Music
He had the misfortune to compose non-serial, non-minimalist film scores, for the most part, and to be a compatriot of Bartók.
In the late nineteenth century, for example, opera and the tone poem were accorded a higher place than the "abstract" forms of symphony and sonata.
I suspect that Rózsa enjoyed writing for this film genre the most - fewer compromises of his normal mode of expression and less a matter of "thinking oneself back" or of adhering to someone else's dramatic agenda.
www.classical.net /~music/recs/reviews/k/kch37304a.html   (2138 words)

 Love is not Love
Although modern scholars reading through the hundreds of amorous sonnets of the 1590’s might be predisposed to believe, as some have claimed, that the form exhausted itself,2 it should be obvious that this explanation is bizarre, especially given the durability of other much-used literary types like the epigram and song.
Largely because of his prestige as a martyred culture-hero, Sid­ney raised the status of sonnets in the hierarchy of genres within the literary system of his time and virtually authorized poets of different social classes to undertake the composition of amorous sequences.
In the case of English sonnet sequences, it is not sufficient to consider their for­mal properties or their places either in the canon of particular au­thors or in the literary history of sonnet collections from Dante and Petrarch through the High Renaissance.
phoenixandturtle.net /excerptmill/Marotti.htm   (2446 words)

 Collectorz.com Forum
It would be nice to have nested categories so that for example I could have Mathematics as a genre, and then within Mathematics, I could have probability, analysis, algorithms, etc.
At this moment it's not possible to have a hierarchy in genres; thanks for the suggestion though.
Mark-Jan objected the user interface for showing and maintaining a genre tree might be a problem.
www.collectorz.com /forum/messages/221/1202.html   (350 words)

 Landscape   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the hierarchy of genres, landscape was the lowest category.
Though few painters adopted it professionally, many, even the greatest, like Largillière, Oudry, Boucher, Fragonard or David, tried their hand at it in private, in sketches or drawings.
Landscape according to the strictest definition of the term was the speciality of Allegrain, Houel, Lacroix de Marseille, Moreau the Elder, Vernet and Valenciennes and should be associated with the architectural views executed by De Machy, Lallemand and Hubert Robert.
www.culture.gouv.fr /lumiere/documents/files/paysage.html   (111 words)

 COLT 350
Beginning with a review of the canonical, officially-sanctioned views of theater that were propounded and disseminated by the powerful elites of the French and Spanish Academies, we will consider how writers such as Spanish Lope de Vega and the French comedic genius Molière redefined the genre, changing its rules, and broadening its claims to legitimacy.
Generally, before Lope and Molière, comedy was understood as a poor relation, a dramatic form based on the classical plays of Terence and Plautus, and dictated by the rules set out in Aristotle’s Poetics, but always subordinate to tragedy in a strictly-conceived hierarchy of genres (the seventeenth-century was all about hierarchies, after all).
Driven partly by pragmatism–the public pays, Lope observed, so you give them what they want–and partly by their understanding of the tremendous literary potential of the comedic, and the tragic-comedic, plot, each of these writers struck powerful chords in the viewing public, thus widening the literary and cultural space for the appreciation of comedy.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~agiard/complit/COLT350b.htm   (337 words)

 About music genre and related topics ...
A genre is any of the traditional divisions of art forms from a single field of activity into various kinds according to criteria particular to that form.
Genre's are also divided into sub-genres in literature endeavour, we often refer to the "poetic genres" and the "prose genres".
Click here to search DMOZ Open Directory for music genre
www.cdonkey.com /music-genre.htm   (403 words)

 genres - OneLook Dictionary Search
We found 7 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word genres:
Tip: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "genres" is defined.
Phrases that include genres: computer and video game genres, computer game genres, film genres, genres of video games, hierarchy of genres, more...
www.onelook.com /?w=genres&ls=a   (118 words)

 Idol Tryouts: Ghostly International Vol. 1
Idol Tryouts represents the avant-pop of a new generation of Midwestern producers, straddling the edge of abstract electronics, shimmering indie rock, Detroit techno and cutting-edge hip-hop.
It is the point where the avant-garde and the popular meet, tearing away from the hierarchy of genres and the strain of electronic puritanism in order to create new and engaging sounds.
The diverse artists featured on Ghostly International and its sister label, Spectral Sound, showcase Ghostly's brand of musical regionalism.
www.ghostly.com /1.0/ghostly/itry/index.shtml   (263 words)

 Chardin and the Still Life
Chardin became known as the supreme master of the still life in eighteenth-century France.
The program begins by discussing the hierarchy of genres in the eighteenth century, among which the still life was the lowest category.
Examples are shown of paintings by earlier French and Dutch still-life painters, by whom Chardin was influenced.
www.roland-collection.com /rolandcollection/section/9/324.htm   (159 words)

 Official Course Syllabi
Study of selected writers, themes and genres in 16th century
distinction and hierarchy of genres the writers made; (2)
its writers, themes, genres, and the literary conventions of
www.runet.edu /~academic/colleges/cas/engl/syllabi/engl433.html   (328 words)

 JAIC 1994, Volume 33, Number 2, Article 5 (pp. 131 to 140)
Why was so much of the early history of conservation entirely focused on the treatment of paintings?
From Leon Baptista Alberti in the 15th century through Sir Joshua Reynolds in the 18th century, painting was considered “the queen of the arts.” Reynolds discussed a hierarchy of genres within painting that persisted at least through the first half of the 19th century.
However, members of the other specialty groups may be pleased to note that as new art history methods are revising many of the hierarchies of the canons of art history—including the amateur status of women artists—the supremacy of paintings conservation is also under measurable revision.
aic.stanford.edu /jaic/articles/jaic33-02-005_3.html   (504 words)

 AH 202 (Marshall)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Importance of hierarchy of genres (History painting-ie., religion, classical history/mythology--Genre, Portrait, Landscape, Still-Life)
Rejection of Hierarchy of Genres (landscape, still-life now impt.--no history painting)
Flatness: emphasis on patterns across surface with no one focal point
www.wisc.edu /arth/ah202/nrm/notes2ndhalf.html   (1238 words)

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