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Topic: Hijra


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  The Qur'anic Manuscripts
Below are the examples of the 1st century hijra manuscripts written in the ḥijazi and the Kufic scripts.
A Qur'anic Manuscript From 1st Century Hijra: Surah al-Ma'idah.
E 20: A Qur'anic Manuscript From 2nd Century Hijra From The Institute Of Oriental Studies, St. Petersburg, Russia.
www.islamic-awareness.org /Quran/Text/Mss   (2866 words)

  
  Hijra
Caliph Umar established the year of the hijra as the first year of the Muslim calendar, but for some reason this first year began in the month of Rabi' al-Awwal, which is the 3rd month in the calendar.
According to Muslim definitions, hijra was not a flight, although it did occur because Muhammad's life was in danger.
The Koran sura of 9:40 relates to the hijra as if Muhammad was driven out of Mecca, making the translation English 'flight' not only plausible, but also the most informative translation.
i-cias.com /e.o/hijra.htm   (420 words)

  
  Hijra
Caliph Umar established the year of the hijra as the first year of the Muslim calendar, but for some reason this first year began in the month of Rabi' al-Awwal, which is the 3rd month in the calendar.
According to Muslim definitions, hijra was not a flight, although it did occur because Muhammad's life was in danger.
The Koran sura of 9:40 relates to the hijra as if Muhammad was driven out of Mecca, making the translation English 'flight' not only plausible, but also the most informative translation.
lexicorient.com /e.o/hijra.htm   (449 words)

  
 Hakim Muhammed Said: The History of the Islamic Calender in the Light of the Hijra
An agreement was reached to institute the era of the rule of Islam, beginning with the Hijra of the Prophet from Mecca to Medina.
There are no such differences of opinion with regard to the date of the Hijra as there are with regard to the time when the call first came to Muhammad and with regard to the day and year of his birth.
Despite its being known as the solar calendar beginning with the 20th of September 622 C.E., according to the Gregorian calendar, before that, the year of the Elephant was used by the Arabs as the epoch of their era.
www.al-islam.org /al-serat/hijrah.htm   (3470 words)

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