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# Topic: Hindi numerals

 Numerals from all corners of the earth - Getallen Sumerian and Babylonian Numerals - Babylonische Getallen; gebruikt in Mesopotamie (door Soemeriers, Akkadiers en Babyloniers); vanaf ongeveer 1800 voor Christus / 1800 BC Deze "symbolen" werden later later gebruikt door Darius I de Grote voor het Oud Perzische alfabet. Vanaf ongeveer 300 voor Christus / 300 BC Brahmi Numerals - Getallen in Brahmi schrift In 500 na Christus verscheen deze schrijfwijze voor het eerst. www.xs4all.nl /~wjsn/tekst/numerals.htm   (419 words)

 Indian numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Indian Numeral system is commonly referred to in the West as Arabic numerals, since it reached Europe through the Arabs. Prior to that, the Brahmi numerals used similar forms, except that 10 was represented as a fish. It is this fish shape that became the "10" of the Indian numerals. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hindi_numerals   (383 words)

 Hindi Scholars postulate that Hindi developed in the 8th-10th centuries during the period of Islamic invasions of northern India from khari boli, the speech around Dehli which was adopted by the Moslem invaders to communicate with the local population. Hindi is the primary official language of the Union government of India. Hindi is a Category II languages in terms of difficulty for speakers of English. www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/february/hindi.html   (1583 words)

 hindi The Hindu numeric system were reached the Arab countries and finally developed to the modern European numbers. In mathematical literature it is used in the sense of ' zero ' having no substantial numeral value of its own but playing the key role in the system of decimal notation, to express all numbers with nine digits, one to nine and the ' sunya ' as the tenth. The ancient Babylonians did not use zero in their numerical representations but left a blank sometimes to indicate the absence of units of a certain order. www.geocities.com /rmlyra/hindi.html   (553 words)

 Arabic numerals - Gurupedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) Because the Chinese Hua Ma system (see Chinese numerals) is also a positional base-10 system, Hua Ma numerals—or some numeral system similar to it—may have been the inspiration for the base-10 positional numeral system that evolved in India. This hypothesis is made stronger by the fact that years from 400 to 700, during which a positional base-10 system emerged in India, were also the period during which the number of Buddhist pilgrims traveling between China and India peaked. Babylonian numeral system, which used the zero digit between nonzero digits (although not after nonzero digits), so the more general system would not have been a difficult step. www.gurupedia.com /a/ar/arabic_numerals.htm   (468 words)

 hindi translation numerals The Indian numerals discussed in our article Indian numerals form the basis of the European number systems which are now widely used. Contrast with Chinese numerals, Hindi numerals, and Roman numerals... Arabic numerals (also called Hindu numerals or Hindu-Arabic numerals) are by far the most common form of symbolism used to represent numbers. www.smartguru.com /hindi_to_english/hindi-translation-numerals.html   (606 words)

 Arabic numerals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) Arabic numerals (also called Hindu numerals or Indian numerals) are the most common set of symbols used to represent numbers. The numeral set known in English as 'Arabic numerals' is a positional base 10 numeral system with ten distinct symbols representing the 10 numerical digits. In a more developed form, the Arabic numeral system also uses a decimal marker (at first a mark over the ones digit but now more usually a decimal point or a decimal comma which separates the ones place from the tenths place), and also a symbol for “these digits repeat ad infinitum” (recur). www.worldhistory.com /wiki/A/Arabic-numerals.htm   (972 words)

 Glossary of Unicode terms Contrast with Arabic numerals, Hindi numerals, and Roman numerals. Contrast with Arabic numerals, Chinese numerals, and Roman numerals. Contrast with Arabic numerals, Chinese numerals, and Indic numerals. www-128.ibm.com /developerworks/library/glossaries/unicode.html   (1497 words)

 Decimal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) Decimal, also called denary, is the base 10 numeral system, which uses the symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 (called digits) together with the decimal point and the sign symbols + (plus) and − (minus) to represent numbers. Computers internally almost always use another numeral system, binary, because it is hugely more efficient to implement this system electronically. Decimal fractions are usually expressed without a denominator, the decimal point being inserted into the numerator at a position corresponding to the power of ten of the denominator. www.yotor.com /wiki/en/de/Decimal.htm   (690 words)

 A Contrastive Analysis of Hindi and Malayalam According to the formula, learning of Hindi in the South Indian states and learning of one of the modern languages in the Hindi speaking states have been emphasized in addition to the study of English for both the groups. Hindi belongs to Indo -Aryan family of languages which is a subgroup of Indo-European. Hindi pronunciation is also checked with the pronunciation of Faruq Ansari who is a native speaker of Hindi from Uttar Pradesh. www.languageinindia.com /sep2002/chap1.html   (3110 words)

 Representation vs. Value   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) In Roman numerals, you write X, which is a single symbol, and in Chinese, you don't use ten marks to write down the representation for 10. Arabic numerals (also known as Hindi numerals---these are the conventional numbering system we use) have an intriguing property. The convenience of Arabic numerals, and perhaps the main reason it's used, is that you can perform math on the representation itself. www.cs.umd.edu /class/spring2003/cmsc311/Notes/Data/repr.Feb.24.html   (988 words)

 Arabic numerals Abu'l-Wafa, who was himself an expert in the use of Indian numerals, nevertheless wrote a text on how to use finger-reckoning arithmetic since this was the system used by the business community and teaching material aimed at these people had to be written using the appropriate system. The numerals had changed their form somewhat 100 years later when this copy of one of al-Biruni's astronomical texts was made. The form of the numerals in the west of the Arabic empire look more familiar to those using European numerals today which is not surprising since it is from these numerals that the Indian number system reach Europe. www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/HistTopics/Arabic_numerals.html   (2212 words)

 Software Internationalisation Glossary of Terms. Contrast with Arabic numerals, Hindi numerals, and Roman numerals. Contrast with Arabic numerals, Chinese numerals, and Roman numerals. Contrast with Arabic numerals, Chinese numerals, and Indic numerals. www.cit.gu.edu.au /~davidt/cit3611/glossary.htm   (1521 words)

 WELCOME | JAI JHARKHAND Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language with about 487 million speakers. Hindi is closely related to Urdu, the main language of Pakistan, which is written with the Arabic script. Hindi first started to be used in writing during the 4th century AD. www.freewebs.com /raju_roy_1/learnhindi.htm   (236 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) The Hindi character set does not include many of the three consonant conjuncts commonly used in Sanskrit. The implemented character set is close to that of Hindi. The numerals are however only the Roman numerals. people.musc.edu /~krishnan/text/languages.html   (529 words)

 A Contrastive Analysis of Hindi and Malayalam Hindi nouns belong to two grammatical genders, masculine and feminine, which are not strictly decided by meaning. In Hindi these markers are morphologically conditioned, which depends on the number and gender of the noun possessed and upon whether the noun is followed by case marker or not. In Hindi 'a:p' is used as the reflexive pronoun in singular and plural. www.languageinindia.com /sep2002/chap3.html   (4422 words)

 [No title] I say : let both Indian and international numerals be recognised for the purpose of the Devanagari script for fifteen years and let the President, that is the Government, decide from time to time as to where one set of numerals is to be used and where the other set is to be used. This style of the numerals is the greatest scientific invention of India, which she is rightly entitled to be proud of, and today the whole world recognises it, The story of how these numerals had reached Arabia has been preserved in the pages of history. When considering the Hindi and Urdu languages and their relative claims, it was contended by several front rank leaders of high name and prestige that we must have a bridge language which will bring the two languages nearer. parliamentofindia.nic.in /ls/debates/vol9p34b.htm   (11552 words)

 Hindi numerals are converted into Arabic in folder names Hindi numerals are converted into Arabic in folder names Since English precedes the numeral, the number will have Arabic (Western) shape. If Arabic precedes the numeral, the number will have Hindi shape. support.microsoft.com /kb/820498/en-me   (148 words)

 Global Numerals by M N Gogate's web site   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) Arabs call these numerals as which means (the Indian numerals). Despite inconvenience of Roman numerals (I V X) and (i v x) etc, many scholars and law-writers use them for serial reference of appendixes, legal clauses and so on, in English. Use of global numerals, in all countries and languages, would be a welcome step to unify mankind. www.mngogate.com /e09.htm   (517 words)

 decimal Decimal, also called denary, is the base 10 numeral system, which uses symbols 0-9 (called digits). Decimal is the predominant numeral system used by humans, though some cultures do or did use other number systems. The system is called Arabic numerals by Europeans and Hindi numerals by Arabs, after the people they got it from. www.fact-library.com /decimal.html   (444 words)

 1&3.....yo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) First of all, the Indians are responsible for what Europeans call Arabic numerals, the concept of abstract symbols representing numbers, just as the Phoenicians had done with language. Arabs call such numerals ‘Hindi’ numbers, because they got the concept from the Indians, and then passed the system on to the Europeans. The Hindi numerals did not emerge as a superior system though, until the numerical concept of zero was introduced. web.cocc.edu /hst104po/_disc5/00000051.htm   (358 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) Hindi "as a subject" loses priority in hearts and minds of Indian elite. The spread of Hindi typewriters was hindered by a multiplicity of keyboards. Regarding the timeline: 1805 Lalloo Lal's Premsagar published in Hindi (a mixture of Khari Boli and Braj Bhasha) for Fort William College in Calcutta. www.cs.colostate.edu /~malaiya/hindi.history   (571 words)

 India, Indian States, India States, Indian hotels, Indian News and Indian Tourism, India Travel The first mentions of the numerals in the West are found in the Codex Vigilanus of 976 [2]. The European acceptance of the numerals was accelerated by the invention of the printing press, and they became commonly known during the 15th century. The widespread Western "Arabic numerals" used with the Latin alphabet, in the table below labelled "European", descended from the "West Arabic numerals" which were developed in al-Andalus and the Maghreb (There are two typographic styles for rendering European numerals, known as lining figures and text figures). www.delhiin.com /wiki-Arabic_numerals   (1527 words)

 Fibonacci's roots The Roman numerals in use in medieval Europe were a clumsy affair at best, barely allowing one to add and substract. The ealiest known example of this device is dated from about 3000 BC and originated in Babylonia, where no doubt it contributed to its inventors' domination of their neighbors by giving them better architectural, astronomical (and therefore navigational) and financial tools. The introduction of zero (zifr in Arabic) can be considered to be the foundation of the whole of modern algebra, and a notation where position denoted the power of 10 was of incalculable significance for practical applications. www.fuzzygalore.biz /articles/fibonacci.shtml   (790 words)

 Money laundering - The hawala alternative remittance system   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) Hindi is one of the national languages of India; Urdu the national language of Pakistan. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, borrowed from Sanskrit, and tends to favor Sanskrit for the creation of new words. These numerals, including the important sign for zero, apparently originated in South Asia (Cajori 1993: 45-70; Menninger 393-445; Maharaja 1977:xlii) and were adopted by the Arabs, and ultimately made their way to Europe. www.interpol.int /Public/FinancialCrime/MoneyLaundering/hawala   (7359 words)

 Help for bidirectional language support   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06) Numeric swapping is a 3270-only feature and is not available for an iSeries session. If the swapping of numeric characters is enabled, the inversion of the screen causes Hindi numerals to be replaced by their Arabic counterparts and the Arabic numerals to be replaced by their Hindi counterparts. When auto field reverse is disabled, upon initial entry to a field (whether numeric or alphanumeric), the field orientation is always set equal to the screen orientation. hod.humana.com /en/help/bidi.html   (5522 words)

 Qt-interest Archive - Internal number storage For example, in Arabic, some Arab countries use the Hindi number system, and others use the Arabic numerals (thankfully). When writing an application, should the numbers be stored in their ASCII encoding, and then rendered to either Hindi or Arabic at the option of the user, or should it be stored as Hindi numbers (internally) and then have the user choose between the Arabic numerals vs. Hindi numerals? When > writing an application, should the numbers be stored in their ASCII > encoding, > and then rendered to either Hindi or Arabic at the option of the user, > or should it be stored as Hindi numbers (internally) and then have the > user choose between the Arabic numerals vs. Hindi numerals? lists.trolltech.com /qt-interest/2002-01/msg01185.html   (1150 words)

 Language Log: Hindi and math skills To a rough approximation, there are no real signs of any transparency at all in the numeral words from 1 to 100 in Hindi. So all I'm saying is that I simply don't believe that a math deficit will some day be identified in Hindi speakers as a group that isn't there in Tamil speakers as a group and the explanation will turn out to be the transparency of the morphology in the numeral system. I won't type from 1 to 100 — spare me — but just to give a sense of the horrors that await, of how opaque the Hindi numerals are, I'll give the list from 1 to 20. itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/001949.html   (427 words)

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