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Topic: Hippocratics

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In the News (Tue 16 Apr 19)
The Hippocratics promulgated the idea of "vis medicatrix naturae," or the power of nature to cure itself, and thus the belief that there was a natural tendency for things to get better on their own.
Hippocratic surgical texts were thus conservative in outlook, encouraging a tradition in which doctors sought to treat complaints first through management, occasionally through drugs, and finally, if need be, by surgical intervention.
The technique most prized among Hippocratics was the art of prognosis -- a secular version of the priestly and oracular prognostications of earlier medicine, and bearing some analogy to the 20th century weatherman, who can give a bright or gloomy forecast but is powerless to change it.
www.nanomedicine.com /NMI/   (1331 words)

 Greek Biology and Medicine, page 12
Through its ministrations men and women, the highest order of living beings, were healed of their wounds or, when sick, restored to health.
Such was medicine in its broad Hippocratic foundations, which consciously rested upon still more ancient medical experience.
But since the doctors were thinking men and also Greeks, they sought to know the causes of sickness; some of them speculated on the nature of man and invented hypotheses of disease.
www.ancientlibrary.com /medicine/0023.html   (167 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 94.10.13
Among the theoretical curiosities concerning menstruation which she examines is the Hippocratic belief in an extraordinarily large amount of menstrual emission (1 pint).
She points out that although a cultural belief in the superiority of the male underlies both Hippocratic and Aristotelian theory generally, the 'one or two seed' debate was fought over the theoretical problems of explaining sex-transmission, and inheritance of resemblance (160-170, 193-200).
Nevertheless, the reasoning she imputes to the Hippocratics is more reminiscent of modern deliberation on the topic of abortion (which focusses on the justifiability of taking an embryonic 'life') than it is of any ancient practice or discussion of the topic.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/1994/94.10.13.html   (3768 words)

 Hippocrates (460 BC - 377BC)
In common with other intellectuals in the Greek city-states, Hippocratics are interested in ethnography and far-away places and peoples, in epidemic diseases and plagues, in the origins of man and embryology, and in valetudinarian dietetics.
Like their contemporaries Euripides and Aristophanes, Hippocratics are quick to pounce upon causes and remedies that they consider irrational, and they too express their scorn for earlier ways of thinking.
We can object that neither a descent of phlegm from the head as an etiology for epilepsy, nor a fantasy membrane at the mouth of the uterus in the young girl, is an empirically visible phenomenon; and we can dismiss the medical content of their science.
members.shaw.ca /rayandliz/Hippocrates.htm   (1425 words)

 AMA (Virtual Mentor) Historical PostMortem   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Hippocratics derived their specific theories about which imbalance caused which symptoms by observing the fluid excretions of sweat, urination, hemorrhage, vomiting, and defecation that coincided with a return to health.
The Hippocratic Aphorisms attest to close and careful observation of many, many patients: "Persons who have had frequent and severe attacks of swooning, without any manifest cause die suddenly." Hudson explains that this aphorism describes Stokes-Adams syndrome characterized by insufficient cerebral blood flow, victims of which faint frequently and often die suddenly [4].
As the Hippocratics turned their focus away from the supernatural and toward the individual patient, the contemporary physician, too, knows that neither germs nor genes are sacred; successful treatment begins with understanding the individual patient.
www.ama-assn.org /ama/pub/category/print/8227.html   (984 words)

 Hippocrates - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hippocrates was the founder of the Hippocratic school of medicine which revolutionized medicine in ancient Greece, separated the field from the other disciplines (notably theurgy and philosophy) and made a profession of practicing medicine.
Hippocratic therapy was directed towards this end, perhaps utilizing citrus, for instance, if there was thought to be an overabundance of phlegm.
Hippocratic method was very successful in treating simple ailments such as broken bones which required traction to strech the skeletal system and relieve pressure on the injured area.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hippocrates   (3081 words)

Hippocratics was often known as the 'Father of Medicine'.
He taught, in contrast to Hippocratics, 'disease was the result of derangements in the chemical functions of the body rather than a humoral disequilibrium.' (Magner 171).
Hippocratic, On the Nature of Man, On the Sacred Disease, Hippocratic Oath.
students.ou.edu /M/Amanda.M.Marcott-1/Episode2.html   (1529 words)

 Hippocrates: The "Greek Miracle" in Medicine
Soranus decides that the Oath prohibits only abortive pessaries and that other procedures are permitted when the life of the mother is in danger, and he adds that he would never prescribe an abortive to preserve a woman's youthful beauty or to conceal her adulteries.
Galen's enthusiasm for certain texts in the Hippocratic Corpus was crucial to the continuing interest later physicians took in Hippocrates and his writings, and Hippocratic texts were copied in sufficient numbers to survive into Byzantine times and be reimported into the West during the Renaissance.
Although medicine is an old technĂȘ, Hippocratics burst upon the medical scene of the later fifth century as full participants in the intellectual discussions and debates that mark the later Classical Period.
www.medicinaantiqua.org.uk /sa_hippint.html   (1538 words)

 Red Gold . Innovators & Pioneers . Hippocrates | PBS
Experimentation obviously played its role in the Hippocratic view of medicine, because the individual approach to disease as exemplified in the case histories of EPIDEMICS I, though basic and undeveloped, is nothing more than experimentation.
It is obvious, too, that first-hand experience, as opposed to theorizing, played a part, since in scattered references throughout the Corpus the botanical ingredients of remedies are described by taste and odor.
Ludwig Edelstein commented in his important work on the oath (THE HIPPOCRATIC OATH, 1943) that the high morality and ethics of this document were not true of the 5th century B.C. but were the result of the infusion of philosophical precepts (mainly Pythagorean) of the end of the 4th century B.C. and later.
www.pbs.org /wnet/redgold/innovators/bio_hippocrates2.html   (613 words)

 nthposition online magazine: Ancient medicine
Professor Vivian Nutton, in his magisterial study that is, apparently, "the first large-scale history of ancient medicine in a single volume for almost 100 years", looks beyond the Hippocratic method and tradition to the other medical practices of the Ancient Greeks and Romans.
He acknowledges that much, and in particular much of the folk tradition and the role of female healers and midwives, is out of our reach because of the nature of the sources that have survived, and avoids making the book a dry account of the famous names and competing theories.
The history of medicine, Nutton writes, is the history of "men and women striving to come to terms with illness, whether as sufferer or as healer." Hippocrates and the Hippocratics are dealt with fully, but Nutton is keen to bring us the full range of ancient medical thought.
www.nthposition.com /ancientmedicine.php   (697 words)

 Hippocrates of Cos (460-ca. 370 BC) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography
This school produced more than 50 books, as well a system of medical methodology and ethics which is still practiced today.
In On Ancient Medicine, Hippocrates stated that medicine is not philosophy, and therefore must be practiced on a case-by-case basis rather than from first principles.
(An exception was the belief that disease was caused by "isonomia", an imbalance in the four humors originally suggested by Empedocles and consisting of yellow bile, blood, phlegm, and fl bile.) The Hippocratic corpus of knowledge was widely distributed, highly influential, and marked the rise of rationality in both medicine and the physical sciences.
scienceworld.wolfram.com /biography/HippocratesofCos.html   (201 words)

 HISTNEUR-L Archives
I'm also interested in exactly where in the Hippocratic writings a cerebral ventricular is posited.
Although the Hippocratic corpus is rife with contradictions, in the more famous works the Hippocratics advocate the humoral theory (although "the sacred disease" was famously attributed to the brain).
I meant only that the Hippocratic school sited the mental processes in the brain.
www.bri.ucla.edu /nha/hnl/msg98050.htm   (559 words)

 Without Gods: They're Not in Kansas Anymore?
In Greece in the 5th century BCE, while the Hippocratics were trying to take the "sacred" and the "divine" out of the practice of medicine, Athenians were constructing a temple for Asclepius, the god of healing, featuring a holy snake with a healing bite.
Posted by: JM at August 8, 2006 10:39 PM But I fear romanticizing the past -- even the late-fifth-century-BCE Athenian past (which was also a time of military defeat, violent overthrow of the democracy and the conviction of Socrates).
The Hippocratics, from what I've been reading, were indeed frustrated by the faith-based absurdities -- snake bites and magic -- of the temple healers.
www.futureofthebook.org /mitchellstephens/archives/2006/08/theyre_not_in_k.html   (714 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2005.04.40
Dale Martin, Inventing Superstition from the Hippocratics to the Christians.
Chapters 3 through 5, which deal with the thoughts of Theophrastus, the Hippocratics, and Plato and Aristotle respectively, discuss the development and character of "legitimate" discourse and the "rational" perspective on the nature of the divine in the classical period.
Rejecting traditional expectations that the gods were subject to human emotions and could consequently become angry and vindictive, philosophers instead posited an "optimal universe." Ontological hierarchy was married to the concept of moral hierarchy, meaning that power was linked to moral goodness; superior beings were thus morally better than their inferiors.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2005/2005-04-40.html   (2199 words)

Notice: This material is the copyrighted property of the author and should not be reproduced without the author's permission.
This site offers materials in the history of ancient medicine, from its beginnings in Mesopotamia through the Hippocratics, with an addendum on Roman midwives..
The approach is to understand medicine within its cultural context rather than to judge it in terms of modern biomedicine - to investigate different conceptions of the illness and healing and how the various cultures constructed illnesses.
www.indiana.edu /~ancmed/syllabus.HTM   (358 words)

 ASA July 1999 Newsletter
The Hippocratics, however, viewed diseases as events that occur within the context of the life of the whole individual.
By concentrating their treatment not on specificity of disease but on the patient and his or her environment and by enlisting the patient as a member of his or her own therapeutic team, the Hippocratics achieved successes that eluded their rivals from the competing school.
The triumphant story Dr. Nuland unfolds in Doctors describes the eventual successful development of the Cnidan concept and its ultimate rapprochement with the Hippocratic approach.
www.asahq.org /Newsletters/1999/07_99/Lewis_0799.html   (845 words)

 ... 'Inventing Superstition: From the Hippocratics to the Christians' by Dale B. Martin - at Loanspage.co.uk books for ...
'Inventing Superstition: From the Hippocratics to the Christians' by Dale B. Martin - at Loanspage.co.uk books for Loans.
Midlife and Aging in Gay America: Proceedings of the Sage Conference 2000
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www.loanspage.co.uk /book/0674015347   (188 words)

 History of ophthalmology
Fukula falsely explains the lxlùelv of the Hippocratics
The eye practitioner's position in the pre-Alexandrian era
Did the eye practitioner exist in the Hippocratic era?
www.history-ophthalmology.com /v1hm.html   (382 words)

 Lecture Notes: Hippocratics and Atomists   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The texts of he so-called "Hippocratic Corpus." Written by several different authors; probably none were actually written by Hippocrates himself.
When the collection of texts was assembled, it was named after him.
This takes us back to the first point about Epicurus: delivering us from fear of gods' vengeance.
www.pitt.edu /~ggfst/MMSlecture4.htm   (2381 words)

 HISTNEUR-L Archives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
On Sun, 22 Feb 1998, Solidarity Foundation wrote: > I don't think it requires hubris to challenege Clarke and Dewhurst's > statement.
The dynamic causal analysis of cognition given by Nememsius > had been known since Aristotle, if not earlier, but was discussed > either independtly of any particular organic embodiment, or in a > general way with reference to EITHER the heart (Aristotle, earlier > Stoics) or the brain (Platonists, Hippocratics, Galenists).
If it is middle and neo-platonists you have in mind, they almost certainly adopted this from non-Platonic influences (medicine?
www.bri.ucla.edu /nha/hnl/msg98045.htm   (324 words)

 Amazon.com: Inventing Superstition: From the Hippocratics to the Christians: Books: Dale B. Martin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Amazon.com: Inventing Superstition: From the Hippocratics to the Christians: Books: Dale B. Martin
Inventing Superstition: From the Hippocratics to the Christians (Paperback)
An eclectic selection of great memoirs for the everyman: A list by Julee Rudolf "book snob"
www.amazon.com /Inventing-Superstition-Hippocratics-Dale-Martin/dp/0674024079   (1040 words)

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