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Topic: History of Argentina


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  History of ARGENTINA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Argentina takes its first step towards independence more easily than most other regions of the Spanish empire, partly because of the events of 1806-9 in Buenos Aires.
When San Martín reaches Argentina in 1812, the patriot army is under the command of Manuel Belgrano, a Buenos Aires lawyer who has had his first military experience as a member of the Creole militia in 1806.
Argentina is geographically unlike other south American nations, with its vast open plains (the pampas, from an Indian word meaning a flat place) on which cattle are herded in Spanish imperial times by tough mestizo cowboys or gauchos (again probably from an Indian word, for vagabond).
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac09   (1783 words)

  
 Argentina History, History of Argentina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Argentina history 1952 - The election was scheduled for February but the Peron government postponed it and put restrictions on the competition.
Argentina history 1974 - However in July of 1974 Peron died in office and his third wife, Isabel de Peron, became the first woman president of a modern Latin American state.
Argentina history 1975 - The cost of living increased by 335 percent, and strikes and demonstrations for higher wages were daily.
www.tango-history-tours.com /Argentina-history.html   (2642 words)

  
 Argentina - History & Culture
It was perhaps a legacy of this successful resistance that enabled the native peoples of Argentina to carry on a prolonged campaign against colonization and rule by the Spanish.
The first Spaniard to land in Argentina, Juan de Solis, was killed in 1516, and several attempts to found Buenos Aires were stymied by the local inhabitants.
The universal language of Argentina is Spanish, but many natives and immigrants keep their mother tongues as a matter of pride.
www.geographia.com /argentina/histroy.htm   (570 words)

  
 The Ultimate Argentina - American History Information Guide and Reference
Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east.
Argentina's parliament is the bicameral National Congress or Congreso de la Nación, consisting of a senate (Senado) of 72 seats and a Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) of 257 members.
Argentina's population is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, and Roman Catholicism is economically supported by the Argentine state, without being an official religion.
www.historymania.com /american_history/Argentina   (3388 words)

  
 Argentina History & Argentina Culture | iExplore.com
But the final straw was the invasion of the Malvinas (Falkland Islands) in 1982, which led to a humiliating defeat for the Argentinian military at the hands of a British task force and led swiftly to the collapse of the regime and the inauguration of a new era of civilian politics.
The UCR was successful in negotiating the transition to civilian rule and restoring the credibility of the country’s civilian polity; a considerable achievement given the continuous rumble of dissatisfaction from the military and discontent from a population seeking improvement in their economic circumstances and retribution for years of repression.
Argentina is rich in natural resources and also has a large and profitable agricultural sector; the country is one of the world’s major exporters of wheat and also produces maize, oilseeds, sorghum, soya beans and sugar.
www.iexplore.com /dmap/Argentina/History   (1488 words)

  
 Argentina history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
History Pre-Columbian Argentina was farmed by sedentary Indian groups such as the Diaguita and used as a hunting ground by nomads.
Argentina plunged into economic and political turmoil in December 2001 when it defaulted on a US$132 billion loan repayment - the largest default in history.
Argentina's climb out of this ever-deepening financial pit promises to be long and arduous.
www.travelsur.net /argentina-history.html   (1126 words)

  
 History of Argentina
The Spanish further integrated Argentina into their empire by establishing the Vice Royalty of Rio de la Plata in 1776, and Buenos Aires became a flourishing port.
From 1880 to 1930 Argentina became one of the world's 10 wealthiest nations based on rapid expansion of agriculture and foreign investment in infrastructure.
Also, while convertibility defeated inflation, its permanence undermined Argentina's export competitiveness and created chronic deficits in the current account of the balance of payments, which were financed by massive borrowing.
infotut.com /geography/Argentina   (2941 words)

  
 History of Argentina
Argentina experienced a generally successful and peaceful return to democracy.
On October 30, 1983, Argentines went to the polls to choose a president, vice president, and national, provincial, and local officials in elections international observers found to be fair, open, and honest.
This alternative to the traditional two main political parties in Argentina is particularly strong in Buenos Aires, but as yet lacks the national infrastructure of the Peronist and Radical parties.
www.worldrover.com /history/argentina_history.html   (1253 words)

  
 History of Argentina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
By 1859 the unity of Argentina was generally although it would be two decades before centralists completed their victory over the federalists.
Argentina was neutral during most of the Second World War ; much of the public sympathized with Axis Powers but towards the end of the Argentina entered on the Allied side.
This alternative to two traditional political parties in Argentina is strong in Buenos Aires but as yet the national infrastructure of the Peronists and In an important development in Argentina's political all three major parties in the 1999 race espoused free market economic policies.
www.freeglossary.com /History_of_Argentina   (2370 words)

  
 A New Economic History of Argentina
The second major change in economic history is that having established the methodological rigor of the sub-field, practitioners today have brought back in consideration of "softer" variables, variables like institutions, the rule of law and questions of political behavior that were once the domain of political economy.
I agree with their assertion that economic history is more than a reflection of economic policy and they put it well when they say that history does matter, that past mistakes "have narrowed the choice set for decisionmakers" and that a country once rich "must learn to live with scarcity" (p.
Argentina was among the ten richest countries in the world until the Great Depression, with a population that was convinced that their country would continue to grow at high rates and that it was destined to be among the great powers of the world.
eh.net /bookreviews/library/0902.shtml   (1311 words)

  
 History of Argentina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The area now known as Argentina was relatively sparsely populated until the period of European colonization.
During the early part of this period Argentina was largely a country of Spanish immigrants and their descendants, known as criollos, some of them gathered in the Buenos Aires and other cities, others living on the pampas as gauchos.
Argentina was officially neutral during most of the Second World War; the public remained divided, however the military governments that ruled between the years 1943-1946 favoured the Axis Powers, although towards the end of the war Argentina entered on the Allied side.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Argentina   (4348 words)

  
 Argentina Travel Guide - History of Argentina
The history of Argentina after America is discovered is from here on also the history of Buenos Aires because the country's main city and port constitutes most of the political, economic and cultural development of the country.
Argentina and Buenos Aires started to develop their own identity with the English invasions that started in 1806.
Argentina started a new page in its history with a military coup that introduced Colonel Juan Domingo Peron as Minister of War and Labor, and later as president.
www.allaboutar.com /history.htm   (1078 words)

  
 Argentina: History
While the cities of present W and NW Argentina grew by supplying the mining towns of the Andes, Buenos Aires was threatened by Portuguese competition.
Argentina's relations with Paraguay soured in 1999 when Menem's government sheltered Paraguayan Gen. Lino Oviedo for eight months; Oviedo was wanted for the murder of Paraguay's vice president.
Argentina paid off its IMF debt in Jan., 2006, in an effort to regain greater flexibility in its economic policy.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/world/A0856692.html   (2880 words)

  
 History of Argentina
Compared to the Native American populations in the Andes and the Amazon region, the area of South America that is now Argentina was sparsely populated before the arrival of Spanish explorers in the 1500s.
In 1776 the territory occupied by present-day Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay was separated from Peru and incorporated as the viceroyalty of La Plata.
Revival of political activity in Argentina was marked by the appearance of a new grouping, the Peronistas.
www.emayzine.com /lectures/HISTOR~4.htm   (3935 words)

  
 Argentina - History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
In 1991, Argentina announced it would be leaving the Non-Aligned Movement and in early 1992 the country joined the US in condemning the human rights situation in Cuba, breaking its traditional stance of non-interference.
In late 2000, the IMF granted Argentina 40 billion dollars in aid to cover social needs, but these funds were spent amidst the country's difficulty to obtain funds from foreign private investors.
In early December, the IMF denied Argentina a new loan, arguing that an economic policy that combined fiscal deficit, high debt and a fixed exchange-rate system (the convertibility that pegged the peso to the dollar) was unsustainable, and demanded more budget cuts.
gbgm-umc.org /country_profiles/countries/arg/History.stm   (4403 words)

  
 History Lesson Argentina
In fact, the overwhelming feature of Argentina's largely immigrant population is the degree to which the cultural traits of Europe have remained intact during their transposition to the so-called New World.
Pre-Columbian Argentina was farmed by sedentary Indian groups such as the Diaguita and used as a hunting ground by nomads.
Argentina's climate ranges from subtropical in the north to humid and steamy in the centre, and cold in the temperate south.
www.gypsylounge.com /x/sam/history_lesson/argie.htm   (3737 words)

  
 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Argentina
Argentina is the second largest nation in Latin America and boasts the largest Jewish community in the region.
From an open door policy of immigration to the harboring of Nazi war criminals, Argentina’s Jews have faced periods of peaceful coexistence and periods of intense anti-Semitism.
Argentina’s oldest synagogue, Congregacion Israelita de la Republica Argentina, is known as "Libertad" because it is located at Libertad 733 in Buenos Aires.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Argentina.html   (1973 words)

  
 Argentina Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide
Argentina's Lake District offers deep blue glacial lakes, verdant mountains dusted with snow, gorgeous scenery and plenty of outdoor opportunities to...
Despite Argentina's recent economic woes, its pleasures - stunning natural wonders, an elegant capital with a European-flavoured sophistication, and a passionate culture - are still as tempting as ever.
Disclaimer: We've tried to make the information on this web site as accurate as possible, but it is provided 'as is' and we accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by anyone resulting from this information.
www.lonelyplanet.com /worldguide/destinations/south-america/argentina   (191 words)

  
 Argentina - Encyclopedia FunTrivia
In this period, Argentina started to develop and trade, and immigration rose, and after Rosas' dictatorship, the country was able to make considerable political and economic progress.
Originally formulated in the US during the presidence of Johnson in order to fight communism, in Argentina it was based on controlling "filters" of political ideologies, through the military in charge of controlling an "internal enemy", that is to say, to repress any kind of political manifestation.
In Argentina it was applied in 1966-1970 (RevoluciĆ³n Argentina) and 1976-1983 (Proceso de ReogranizaciĆ³n Nacional), both military dictatorships.
www.funtrivia.com /en/History/Argentina-14297.html   (1776 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Argentina
The "Geografía Argentina" of Señores Urien and Colombo says that in or about 1631 there was not less than thirty centers of population under the rule of the Jesuits.
In 1853, after the country had passed through the ordeals of several civil wars, a war with Brazil, and the Rosas dictatorship, the federal Constitution which is now in force (amended in 1860) was framed and promulgated.
Nature has endowed Argentina with advantages for agricultural and pastoral farming hardly to be found in any other country of the world.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/01702d.htm   (2688 words)

  
 The Road of History Cordoba Argentina
A tour that is filled with testimonies of both an indigenous and a Spanish past, with like prehistoric pictographs, ancient houses from the Jesuits and other important monuments of the history of the Country.
History becomes alive on the streets of this town, with its late century casonas (old mansions), the Viejo Molino and a gorgeous Chapel from circa 1750.
This country house, which was declared by the UNESCO as Patrimony of Mankind, was the most important headquarters of the Jesuits in their time within the Province.
www.enjoy-argentina.org /cordoba-historia.php   (1796 words)

  
 Amazon.com: The History of Argentina (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations): Books: Daniel K. Lewis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
A Concise History of Brazil (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Boris Fausto
Also included are a timeline of historic events in Argentina, biographical sketches of key people in its history, a glossary of terms, and a bibliographic essay of works in English for further study.
A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century by Luis Alberto Romero
amazon.com /History-Argentina-Greenwood-Histories-Nations/dp/0313312567   (816 words)

  
 Argentina Wine History And Argentina Wine Reviews   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Although there are several regions of Argentina that grow wine, Mendoza is the largest producing 60% of all wine in Argentina.
Argentina is the fifth largest wine producer in the world and the largest wine producer in South America.
But after the devaluation of the Argentina peso, there is more money to be made and foreign investors have helped to increase quality and production such as Moet and Chandon, the French based company.
www.tango-history-tours.com /Argentina-Wine.html   (1010 words)

  
 Argentina History Vacation
History plays second fiddle to nature in Mesopotamia, at least at Iguazú, but the remains of the Jesuit missions tell an epic story in their own right.
The history of mountaineering, of course, is a topic in its own right in the highest peaks of the Andes.
Tierra del Fuego and Chilean Patagonia have a common history tied to the early European explorations, the travels of Darwin and Fitzroy and subsequent missionization, the California Gold Rush, and the opulence of immigrant wool barons.
www.moon.com /planner/argentina/tours/14day_history.html   (820 words)

  
 History of Argentina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Late in Menem's second term, fears began to build among foreign investors about Argentina's ability to service its large public sector debt, especially in the wake of Russia's debt default in 1998 and Brazil's currency devaluation in January 1999.
These fears were exacerbated when Argentina's fiscal deficit ballooned during 1999, Menem's final year in office.
A legislative assembly on December 23, 2001, elected Adolfo Rodriguez Saa to serve as president and called for general elections to elect a new president within 3 months.
www.historyofnations.net /southamerica/argentina.html   (1509 words)

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