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Topic: History of astronomy


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  History of astronomy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Astronomy is probably the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious practices of pre-history: vestiges of these are still found in astrology, a discipline long interwoven with astronomy, and not completely different from it until about 1750‑1800 in the Western World.
Early astronomy involved observing the regular patterns of the motions of visible celestial objects, especially the Sun, Moon, stars and naked eye planets.
An example of this early astronomy might involve a study of the changing position of the Sun along the horizon or the changing appearances of stars in the course of the year, which could be used to establish an agricultural or ritual calendar.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_astronomy   (3968 words)

  
 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > History of astronomy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Modern Astronomy At the end of the 19th century it was discovered that, when decomposing the light from the sun, multitude of spectral lines were observed (regions where there was less or no light).
During the ancient period astronomy involved observing and predicting the motions of celestial objects visible to the naked eye.
In the early part of its history, astronomy involved only the observation and predictions of the motions of the objects in the sky that could be seen with the naked eye.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/hi/History_of_astronomy   (1888 words)

  
 Astronomy, History of - MSN Encarta
History of Astronomy, history of the science that studies all the celestial bodies in the universe.
Astronomy includes the study of planets and their satellites, comets and meteors, stars and interstellar matter, star systems known as galaxies, and clusters of galaxies.
Astronomy is different from most other sciences in that, apart from the planets we have visited by spacecraft, researchers cannot do experiments in the laboratory with the objects that they want to study.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761572208/Astronomy_History_of.html   (1934 words)

  
 Greek astronomy
Astronomy was clearly a subject of major practical importance in sorting out the mess of these calendars and so observations began to be made to enable better schemes to be devised.
As far as astronomy is concerned Plato had a negative effect, for although he mentions the topic many times, no dialogue is devoted to astronomy.
As Berry goes on to say, this was very unfortunate for astronomy since the influence of the writings of Aristotle had an authority for many centuries which meant that astronomers had a harder battle than they might otherwise have had in getting the truth accepted.
www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk /history/HistTopics/Greek_astronomy.html   (3542 words)

  
 Astronomy History of - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Astronomy, study of the universe and the celestial bodies, gas, and dust within it.
Astronomy, History of : pictures related to the history of astronomy
Timelines seek to educate about history by using a linear visual display to represent the passing of time.
encarta.msn.com /Astronomy_History_of.html   (129 words)

  
 Astronomy History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Astronomy, History of, history of the science that deals with all the celestial bodies in the universe.
Greek astronomy was transmitted eastward to the Syrians, the Hindus, and the Arabs.
The history of astronomy took a dramatic turn in the 16th century as a result of the contributions of the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.
www.dubaiastronomy.com /Resources/AstronomyHistory/tabid/77/Default.aspx   (4557 words)

  
 History of Astronomy
A collection of images from the history of astronomy, for use in research and teaching.
Mythical Ireland explores the Stone Age in the context of astronomy, mythology and art, and reveals how the people of 5,000 years ago were master astronomers, confidently able to predict the solstices and the seasons, and acutely aware of the Metonic Cycle of the Moon and Precession of the Equinoxes.
About the transit of Venus on June 8, 2004 and the importance of venus transits in the history of astronomy to determine the solar parallax.
www.cv.nrao.edu /fits/www/yp_history.html   (829 words)

  
 Curious About Astronomy? The History of Astronomy
Astronomy has been practiced for as long as humans have been looking at the sky and wondering what it all means.
Early astronomy was a mix of careful observation of the positions and motions of the heavenly bodies, religion, and astrology.
Since Galileo's time, astronomy has made great strides, but, surprisingly, as late as the 1920's, astronomers were still debating about whether other galaxies were simply nearby nebulae, or if they were faraway "island universes," made up of billions of stars.
curious.astro.cornell.edu /history.php   (690 words)

  
 History of ASTRONOMY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Man's interest in the sky is at the heart of three separate stories - astronomy, astrology and the calendar.
Astronomy is the scientific study of sun, moon and stars.
Astrology is a pseudo-science interpreting the supposed effect of the heavenly bodies on human existence.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=aa07   (396 words)

  
 The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy - Cambridge University Press
Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences, and one which has repeatedly led to fundamental changes in our view of the world.
These include stellar astronomy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, at the time subordinate to the study of the solar system, but the source of many important concepts in modern astronomy, and the Copernican revolution, which led to the challenge of ancient authorities in many areas, not just astronomy.
This is an essential text for students of the history of science and for students of astronomy who require a historical background to their studies.
www.cambridge.org /uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521576008   (605 words)

  
 Books On The History of Astronomy
With different chapters written by experts in the field, this is a superb history of astronomy.
There is little which explicitly bears on the history of astrology, although given that the two subjects were so closely intertwined, most of the book is relevant until we come to the present day.
The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy by Michael Hoskin (ed.) Cambridge University Press 1997, Michael Hoskin (ed.), This is the basis of the the 1999 edition (above) but with illustrations.
www.nickcampion.com /nc/books/book_astronomy.htm   (107 words)

  
 History of Astronomy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Until the sixteenth century all astronomy was done with the naked eye.
We still have traces of this history in the term "the dog days" for the period of August marked by the rising of Sirius (the Dog Star).
He hypothesized that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the universe, and that the Earth rotated on its axis and revolved around the sun.
www.goshen.edu /nasc/NaSc200/Notes/History/history.html   (4577 words)

  
 ipedia.com: History of astronomy Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Cosmology, a discipline that has a large intersection with astronomy, made huge advances during the 20th century, with the model of the hot big bang heavily supported by the evidence provided by astronomy and physics, such as the cosmic microwave background radiation, Hubble's law and cosmological abundances of elements.
Late in the 19th century, scientists began discovering forms of light which were insible to the naked eye: X-Rays, gamma rays, radio waves, microwaves, ultraviolet radiation, and infrared radiation.
Stars were found much later to be far away objects, and with the advent of spectroscopy it was proved that they were similar to our own sun, but with a range of temperatures, masses and sizes.
www.ipedia.com /history_of_astronomy_1.html   (2126 words)

  
 Google Directory - Science > Astronomy > History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Phase I of the Electronic History of Astronomy, developed in the Whipple Museum of the History of Science at Trinity College, Cambridge.
An investigation of the science and history which bear on the mysterious star said to have accompanied the advent of Christ.
Astronomy in Israel from Og's Circle to the Wise Observatory.
google.fr /Top/Science/Astronomy/History   (749 words)

  
 History Astronomy Science
History Museum Celebrates the SkyThe Cauldron (subscription), OH - 20 hours agoNational Astronomy Day will be celebrated at The Cleveland Museum of Natural History this year on April 21 from 10 am to 5 pm The museum is hosting a total...
Vancouver Sun (subscription)Hawaii astronomy centre mixes stars with local culture and historyVancouver Sun (subscription), Canada - Apr 14, 2007But the Imiloa Astronomy Center, which is designed to resemble the island's three tallest volcanoes, is about more than outer space.
Pittsburgh Post GazetteHawaii astronomy center mixes stars with culturePittsburgh Post Gazette, PA - Apr 13, 2007Imiloa also doubles as a cultural center, with Hawaiian-language translations displayed on every exhibit and a focus on islanders' history of exploration.
www.iaswww.com /ODP/Science/Astronomy/History   (965 words)

  
 Astronomy History Links Page
Greek Astronomy and the stars Web site from Michael Fowler, University of Virginia provides a brief introduction to the Greeks and their use of Geometry to understand the cycles of stars and planets.
Gene Smith's History of Astronomy Dr. Gene Smith is a professor in Physics at the University of California, San Diego.
She is a University Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Astronomer, at UC Observatories/Lick Observatory.
www.astronomywebguide.com /links_astronomyhistory.html   (6503 words)

  
 Open Directory - Science: Astronomy: History
History and Philosophy of Western Astronomy - The History chapter of an introductory astronomy course.
History of Astronomy Pages - Frederik Kaiser (1808-1872) and the professionalisation of Dutch astronomy; The "Lost Letters" of J.C. Kapteyn (1851-1922); Many history of astronomy and history of science links with a Dutch flavour.
History of SETI - An overview of the history of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence using radio frequencies.
dmoz.org /Science/Astronomy/History   (863 words)

  
 History of Astronomy...Astroppo.com
Astronomy was mostly stagnant in medieval Europe, but flourished meanwhile in the Arab world.
Cosmology made huge advances during the 20th century, with the model of the big bang heavily supported by the evidence provided by astronomy and physics, such as the cosmic microwave background radiation, Hubble's Law, and cosmological abundances of elements.
The existence of other galaxies, one of the matters of the great debate, was settled by Edwin Hubble, who identified the Andromeda nebula as a different galaxy, and many others at large distances and receding, moving away from our galaxy.
www.astroppo.com /historyastronomy.html   (1879 words)

  
 History of Astronomy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The astronomy started to be taught at the Padova University, as a scientific discipline, in 1306.
The activity of the astronomers at the Astronomical Observatory of Padova, from its foundation in 1761 to World War Two, is taken into account, in order to make known the contribution to classical astronomy and astrophysics of our astronomers of the past centuries.
The publication of the scientific correspondence is also considered: as the modern historiography states, the scientific correspondence is an important tool in order to know the evolution of the scientific thought within the ambit of all the sciences.
www.pd.astro.it /oapd/2/2_1/2_1_6.html   (221 words)

  
 Astronomy History Links Page
Greek Astronomy and the stars Web site from Michael Fowler, University of Virginia provides a brief introduction to the Greeks and their use of Geometry to understand the cycles of stars and planets.
Gene Smith's History of Astronomy Dr. Gene Smith is a professor in Physics at the University of California, San Diego.
She is a University Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Astronomer, at UC Observatories/Lick Observatory.
astronomywebguide.com /links_astronomyhistory.html   (6503 words)

  
 The History of Astronomy
The Greeks were not the first culture to try their hand at astronomy but the work of their philosophers was widely distributed by the Romans and was the accepted authority on that subject for hundreds of years.
To fully understand why some of the early modern astronomer’s ideas were not accepted and why some of those ideas led the astronomers to be ridiculed, it is helpful to have a background on what was happening to the culture at that time.
For a time under the Romans, from about 300 BC to 476 AD, there was a decline in the study of astronomy in favor of astrology and some of the works of the Greek philosophers were destroyed.
library.thinkquest.org /29033/history/history.htm   (3260 words)

  
 History of Astronomy in Uppsala   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Preserved lecture notes from the 1480's show that lectures in astronomy were given at the philosophical faculty.
The use of the photographic technique in astronomy began in Uppsala with the installation of a double refractor in 1893.
In 2000, after almost 150 years in the Observatory park, the astronomy department moved to offices in the new Ångström Laboratory and also merged with the Institute of space physics to become the Department of astronomy and space physics.
www.astro.uu.se /history   (348 words)

  
 Blackwell Online - The History of Astronomy
This lively and comprehensive book charts the developments in the history of western astronomy from prehistoric times, when farmers used the stars to predict the start of the seasons, through the merging of Babylonian and Greek astronomy, and on to the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century applications of Newton's law.
Ending his history in the middle of the nineteenth century with the rise of astrophysics, Michael Hoskin looks at the achievements of Ptolemy, Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Halley, and Newton, whilst touching upon the first exciting post-war explorations of the universe of stars.
Astronomy, perhaps the first of the sciences, was already well developed by the time of Christ.
bookshop.blackwell.co.uk /jsp/id/0192803069/Astronomy.html   (376 words)

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