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Topic: History of Australia

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  History of Australia
Australia was once part of the super-continent Gondwanaland until it broke away some 80 million years ago.
Australia or New South Wales as it was known then was an attractive opportunity for a penal because after the American revolution the Americans would no longer accept British convicts.
As early as 1847, proponents of federation in Australia began to urge the colonies to unite however it was not until 1901 that the six colonies agreed to become states in the Commonwealth of Australia.
www.inaustralia.com.au /Info/history.htm   (737 words)

  History of Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The interpretation of the history of Australia is currently the matter of contention, particularly regarding the treatment of Indigenous Australians.
A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, and the Eureka Stockade rebellion in 1854 was an early expression of nationalist sentiment—the flag that was used to represent it has been seriously considered by some as an alternative to the Australian flag.
Australia remains a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II the Queen of Australia; the 1999 referendum to establish a republic was marginally rejected.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Australia   (1357 words)

 EH.Net Encyclopedia: The Economic History of Australia from 1788: An Introduction
These are defined by the foundation of the 'bridgehead economy' before 1820; the growth of a colonial economy between 1820 and 1930; the rise of manufacturing and the protectionist state between 1891 and 1973; and the experience of liberalization and structural change since 1973.
Australia contributed by joining other nations in the Cairns Group to negotiate reductions of agricultural protection during the Uruguay round of GATT negotiations and by promoting regional liberalization through the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum.
Australia remained vulnerable as an exporter of commodities and importer of capital but its endowment of natural resources and the skills of its population were also creating opportunities.
www.eh.net /encyclopedia/article/attard.australia   (5274 words)

 History of AUSTRALIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The clash between British settlers and the native inhabitants of Australia is the most brutal and unequal of the many such encounters which feature in the early colonial era.
Australia is the only colonial region where there are reports of settlers sometimes shooting natives in a mood of sport.
From the middle of the 19th century the nature of Australia's colonies is transformed by gold.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=2132&HistoryID=ab95   (2010 words)

 Wikinfo | History of Australia
Australia has been inhabited for at least 50,000 years, since the remote ancestors of the current Australian Aboriginal people arrived from Southeast Asia.
In 1901, Australia adopted a federal constitution and became a self-governing dominion of the British Empire.
Australia remains a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state: a referendum to establish a republic was defeated in 1999.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=History_of_Australia   (203 words)

 Constitutional history of Australia
After European settlement Australia was originally a number of separate British colonies, eventually six in all.
The establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia is generally taken as the date of Australia's independence from the United Kingdom; but matters are more complicated than that.
One link with the United Kingdom still remains however: Australia and its states, though separate constitutional monarchies (each state is formally a separate monarchy), share the same monarch with the United Kingdom.
www.teachersparadise.com /ency/en/wikipedia/c/co/constitutional_history_of_australia.html   (1034 words)

 History of AUSTRALIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Although Australia is close to a chain of southeast Asian islands, it is believed to have been a separate land mass since about 50 million years ago.
The best-known examples are the kangaroo and the koala among the marsupials and the emu in the ostrich family.
None of the indigenous animals of Australia is suitable for herding, so the tribes of human immigrants live until recent times by their traditional methods of hunting and gathering.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab95   (843 words)

 Information and history of Australia.
The first European settlement in Australia was a penal colony established at Botany Bay on the east coast of Australia in 1788.
In 1829 the colony of Western Australia was established and in 1837 that of South Australia.
In 1852 the transportation of convicts to Eastern Australia ceased altogether.
www.freewebtown.com /countryinfo/AUSTRALIA.html   (870 words)

 History of Australia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Australia was uninhabited until stone-culture peoples arrived, perhaps by boat across the waters separating the island from the Indonesia archipelago about 40,000 years ago.
Australia was one of the founders of both the United Nations and the South Pacific Commission (1947), and in 1950, it proposed the Colombo Plan to assist developing countries in Asia.
Australia also sent troops to assist South Vietnamese and U.S. forces in Vietnam and joined coalition forces in the Persian Gulf conflict in 1991, and in Iraq in March 2003.
www.historyofnations.net /oceania/australia.html   (1131 words)

 Australia History
The 6 colonies of Australia decided to join together in 1900 to one country named the Commonwealth of Australia but Australia was still part Britain and stayed very close to the British King.
Australia was a quite big country and was afraid that the Asian could take over the country as they were very close to Asia, so they decided of a law that only British or people from other “white” lands would be allowed to come to Australia.
Between the years 1960 and 1970 Australia was considered as one of the richest country in the world.
www.travel-australia.org /history.html   (886 words)

 Australia by Jim Cornish
Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901.
Lying southeast of Asia, it is bound by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Coral Sea to the northeast, the Timor Sea to the northwest, the Indian Ocean to the west and the Tasman Sea to the southeast.
Australia is sometimes called "the land down under" because it lies in the Southern Hemisphere.
www.stemnet.nf.ca /CITE/auzzie.htm   (977 words)

 Aussie Wine Walkabout - History of Australia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Australia is home to the world’s oldest culture still in existence — Aboriginal Australians.
Free settlers began to flock to Australia after gold was discovered in the 1850’s.
Australia became a nation on January 1, 1901 when the separate colonies formed a federation.
www.winewalkabout.com /ww/australia_history   (211 words)

 Australia Day Council New South Wales   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Heralding the Australia Day in the present, in distinct contrast to the mainly private and somewhat elitist anniversary dinners in previous years, 26 January 1838, the fiftieth anniversary of the landing, became a 'day for everyone' with the harbour foreshores crowded and many sailing vessels participating in races and competitions.
The Australia and New Zealand Weekly described 26 January, 1959 in Sydney as a march of 12,000 men, women and children through the city to the Botanic Gardens, led by the NSW Mounted Police, the armed services and sporting personalities.
Australia Day 1972 was marked by Prime Minister William McMahon's announcement of his government's Aboriginal policy, against the advice of the Council for Aboriginal Affairs.
www.australiaday.com.au /history.html   (5920 words)

 History of Australia
Cape York, a peninsula in the northeast of Australia, was discovered at the beginning of the 17th century, as well as the Torres Strait, but the continent's immensity went unsuspected.
During the second half of the 19th century, Australia entered the industrial era: communications developed with the appearance of the telegraph and the construction of railroads; work became structured and the first unions obtained social advantages that were unique in the world.
On 1st January 1901, the commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed: Australia was one and independent while remaining in the British fold.
www.sponline.com /australie/anglais/general/histoire.htm   (705 words)

 History of Australia - Crystalinks
Australia has always been separated by at least 60 kilometers of water since the glacial maximum of 140,000 years ago - yet bushfires could have easily alerted those living north of the continent of its existence.
It was a rough life and for 30 years the colony struggled, with the soldiers of the NSW Corps toiling with the convicts to ensure survival.
In 1901 the six British colonies in Australia formed a federation to become the Commonwealth of Australia.
www.crystalinks.com /australiahistory.html   (1729 words)

 Australia Natural History Links
Museum of Western Australia has paleontology as well as floral and faunal databases for their region.
Australia Zoo is 45 minutes north of Brisbane and features 550 animals on 20 acres as well as being the home base of Steve and Terri Irwin.
About Western Australia You need a map to make sense of it, but good pictures and descriptions of the various areas and no obvious commercials make this a good starting place.
ebeltz.net /niftylinks/australia.html   (382 words)

 Australia Day - Victoria - History - 1788-1888
Almost one in four of Australia’s population of over 20 million was born overseas, and 43 per cent have one or both parents born overseas.
Australia's national colours of green and gold are those of the Golden Wattle tree in flower.
Australia Day celebrates the anniversary of Captain Arthur Phillip unfurling the British flag at Sydney Cove and proclaiming British sovereignty over the eastern seaboard of Australia on 26 January 1788.
www.australiaday.vic.gov.au /history.asp   (853 words)

 Commonwealth of Australia - Brief History - Australia Arab Chamber of Commerce and Industry - AACCI - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
There is some evidence that the Chinese seamen might have visited the shores of Australia early in the 15 century, the Spanish passed it on their way to the Philippines in the 16th century, but the first recorded sighting of the continent by Europeans was in 1606, by the Dutch.
In WW II Australia fought on the side of the Allied Forces and was the Allied base in the Pacific.
Australia is a great promoter of the facilitation of international trade, and signatory of almost all multilateral trade agreements such as GATT the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations etc. The regulations for importing/exporting to Australia are relatively liberal.
www.austarab.com.au /Australia/Australia_history.html   (1123 words)

 MEC: A Short History of Australia
The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901 through the federation of six states under a single constitution.
They wanted Australia to be harmonious, united and egalitarian, and had progressive ideas about human rights, the observance of democratic procedures and the value of a secret ballot.
In 1914 the male population of Australia was less than 3 million, yet almost 400 000 of them volunteered to fight in the war.
www.mec.edu.au /ashorthistoryofaustralia.asp   (1184 words)

 A Brief History of Australia
The Aborigines are believed to have arrived in Australia about 40,000 BC during an ice age when Australia was connected to Asia by a land bridge.
Although hopes of growing flax in Australia came to nothing but whales were hunted in the Pacific and seals were hunted in the Bass Strait.
In 1901 the population of Australia was 3,370,000.
www.localhistories.org /australia.html   (3676 words)

 History of Australia Day
Australia Day is becoming more a day of celebration as time passes but it currently has a mixed response as Australia gradually recognizes that those of British decent weren't the first Australians.
Else where in Australia (up in the Northern Territory) the locals don't usually have rivers to run these type of competitions on they make boats up and people run along carrying the boat in teams, the first team around the marker and back to the start win the Race.
Australia Day for me starts with a BBQ breakfast at the local town square, where a bush band sings traditional colonial songs - the Anthem, "We are one" and "Waltzing Matilda".
www.dltk-kids.com /world/australia/australia_day.htm   (1578 words)

 WWW Virtual Library Women's History: Australia
Australian Electoral History: Milestones for Women Several fact sheets and links to other resources for the history of women and parliamentary representation in Australia.
Australian Nursing History Project A project within the School of Nursing, University of Melbourne, aiming to establish an Internet accessible register of nursing historical resources, profiles of significant nursing individuals, organizations and events.
Women?s History Month Australia 2005 Women's History Month (WHM) is a project of the National Foundation for Australian Women.
www.iisg.nl /w3vlwomenshistory/australia.html   (672 words)

 Learn about Australia's rich history
On January 1,1901 Australia became a nation with the separation of the two colonies.
Australia still looked to break its British ties, even debating replacing Britain’s queen with an Australian president.
Many feel that Australia needs its own identity and the only way to move forward is to abandon the constitutional ties to Britain.
www.internationalcircuit.com /australia/history.html   (516 words)

 History of Australia - history from Sydney to the outback
History of Australia - history from Sydney to the outback
Many people are surprised to hear that Australia's history includes the phenomena of "fl birding', a local version of the slave trade that occurred on American plantations in the early days of settlement there.
One bit that floated off is now known as Australia, this long separation from the rest of the world explains some of the interesting flora and fauna that lives in Australia nowadays.
www.amazingaustralia.com.au /history.htm   (2022 words)

 Australia travel guide
Australia is a land of contrasts - topographical, cultural, physical, meterological and visual.
In 1986 history was made again when parliament passed legislation that ended the power for the Britsh Partliament to legislate for Australia.
Australia has also discovered the value of the Aboriginal culture and uses it to sell trinkets to a strong tourist market.
www.world66.com /australiaandpacific/australia   (941 words)

 Australia Day
However, the Australia Day public holiday was still held on the Monday closest to January 26 and to the broader community it was just another holiday.
Since the bi-centenary Australia Day celebrations have continued to grow in number and stature with the celebrations continuing to involve a larger and broader audience.
It was not until 1994 however, that all the states and territories endorsed the celebration of Australia Day on the actual day instead of the closest Monday.
www.australiaday.gov.au /pages/page19.asp   (863 words)

 European discovery and the colonisation of Australia - Australia's Culture Portal
The coast of Australia, featuring Tasmania as a separate island, was mapped in detail by the English mariners and navigators Bass and Flinders, and the French mariner, Baudin.
The British province of South Australia was established in 1836, and in 1842 it became a crown colony.
On January 1 1912, the Northern Territory was separated from South Australia and became part of the Commonwealth of Australia.
www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au /articles/australianhistory   (2201 words)

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