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Topic: History of Australia since 1901

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In the News (Thu 21 Feb 19)

  History of Australia since 1901 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Australia became officially autonomous in both internal and external affairs with the passage of the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act on October 9, 1942.
Australia's dependence on primary exports such as wheat and wool was cruelly exposed by the Great Depression of the 1930s, which produced unemployment and destitution even greater than those seen during the 1890s.
Australia's participation in Vietnam, and particularly the use of conscription, became politically contentious and saw massive protests, though they were for the most part peaceful.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Australia_since_1901   (3627 words)

 History of Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
On 1 January 1901, federation of the colonies was achieved after a decade of planning, consultation and voting, and the Commonwealth of Australia was born, as a Dominion of the British Empire.
Since World War II Australia has been transformed by a massive immigration programme, and since the 1970s and the abolition of the White Australia policy from Asia and other parts of the world; radically transforming Australia's demography, culture and image of itself.
Australia remains a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II the Queen of Australia; the 1999 referendum to establish a republic was marginally rejected.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Australia   (1085 words)

 History of Australia
Australia was once part of the super-continent Gondwanaland until it broke away some 80 million years ago.
Australia or New South Wales as it was known then was an attractive opportunity for a penal because after the American revolution the Americans would no longer accept British convicts.
As early as 1847, proponents of federation in Australia began to urge the colonies to unite however it was not until 1901 that the six colonies agreed to become states in the Commonwealth of Australia.
www.inaustralia.com.au /Info/history.htm   (737 words)

 History of Australia
Australia has always been separated by at least 60 kilometers of water since the glacial maximum of 140,000 years ago - yet bushfires could have easily alerted those living north of the continent of its existence.
It was a rough life and for 30 years the colony struggled, with the soldiers of the NSW Corps toiling with the convicts to ensure survival.
In 1901 the six British colonies in Australia formed a federation to become the Commonwealth of Australia.
www.crystalinks.com /australiahistory.html   (1729 words)

 History of Australia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Australia was uninhabited until stone-culture peoples arrived, perhaps by boat across the waters separating the island from the Indonesia archipelago about 40,000 years ago.
Australia was one of the founders of both the United Nations and the South Pacific Commission (1947), and in 1950, it proposed the Colombo Plan to assist developing countries in Asia.
Australia also sent troops to assist South Vietnamese and U.S. forces in Vietnam and joined coalition forces in the Persian Gulf conflict in 1991, and in Iraq in March 2003.
www.historyofnations.net /oceania/australia.html   (1131 words)

 Commonwealth of Australia - Brief History - Australia Arab Chamber of Commerce and Industry - AACCI - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
There is some evidence that the Chinese seamen might have visited the shores of Australia early in the 15 century, the Spanish passed it on their way to the Philippines in the 16th century, but the first recorded sighting of the continent by Europeans was in 1606, by the Dutch.
In 1900 the Australian Constitution was passed as an Act of the British Government, and in January 1901 the colonies formed the federation of the Commonwealth of Australia.
Australia is a great promoter of the facilitation of international trade, and signatory of almost all multilateral trade agreements such as GATT the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations etc. The regulations for importing/exporting to Australia are relatively liberal.
www.austarab.com.au /Australia/Australia_history.html   (1123 words)

 Australia Day - Victoria - History - 1788-1888
Australia's national colours of green and gold are those of the Golden Wattle tree in flower.
Australia Day celebrates the anniversary of Captain Arthur Phillip unfurling the British flag at Sydney Cove and proclaiming British sovereignty over the eastern seaboard of Australia on 26 January 1788.
By 1820, Australia was beginning to look undeniably prosperous and sentiments of Australian patriotism were being expressed at gatherings of ex-convicts.
www.australiaday.vic.gov.au /history.asp   (834 words)

 Australian Immigration Fact Sheet - Over Sixty Years of Post-war Migration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
At the same time, in Australia, there was a desperate shortage of labour and a growing belief that substantial population growth was essential for the country’s future.
Australia’s economic growth is significantly enhanced when migrant’s direct impact on the economy through their contribution of migrants to supply and demand and their indirect contribution to government surpluses (or smaller deficits), work their way through the economy.
In Australia today, nearly one in four people were born overseas, 43 per cent of all Australian’s were born overseas or have at least one parent who was born overseas and in recent years, people from around 185 different countries have made their home in Australia.
www.immi.gov.au /facts/04fifty.htm   (1392 words)

 A Brief History of Australia
The Aborigines are believed to have arrived in Australia about 40,000 BC during an ice age when Australia was connected to Asia by a land bridge.
In 1901 the population of Australia was 3,370,000.
Unemployment in Australia fell to 6% in 2003.
www.localhistories.org /australia.html   (3676 words)

 Dreaming Online: Introduction to Indigenous Australia
Australia is a multicultural society, consisting of people from all around the world.
Australia has always had a mix of cultures and people although not in the same way as it does today.
Australia was a largely unspoilt country where people respected the environment around them and made sure animals and plants were never over hunted or over collected.
www.dreamtime.net.au /indigenous/index.cfm   (735 words)

 Australia (09/05)
Australia's advanced market economy is dominated by its services sector (71% of GDP), yet it is the agricultural and mining sectors (8% of GDP combined) that account for the bulk (52%) of Australia's goods and services exports.
Australia's comparative advantage in primary products is a reflection of the natural wealth of the Australian continent and its small domestic market; 20 million people occupy a continent the size of the contiguous United States.
Australia also is active in meetings of the Commonwealth Regional Heads of Government and the Pacific Islands Forum, and has been a leader in the Cairns Group--countries pressing for agricultural trade reform in World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations -- and in the APEC forum.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/2698.htm   (4405 words)

 European discovery and the colonisation of Australia - Stories from Australia's Culture and Recreation Portal
The coast of Australia, featuring Tasmania as a separate island, was mapped in detail by the English mariners and navigators Bass and Flinders, and the French mariner, Baudin.
The British province of South Australia was established in 1836, and in 1842 it became a crown colony.
On January 1 1912, the Northern Territory was separated from South Australia and became part of the Commonwealth of Australia.
www.acn.net.au /articles/australianhistory   (2152 words)

 Australia Day Council New South Wales   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Heralding the Australia Day in the present, in distinct contrast to the mainly private and somewhat elitist anniversary dinners in previous years, 26 January 1838, the fiftieth anniversary of the landing, became a 'day for everyone' with the harbour foreshores crowded and many sailing vessels participating in races and competitions.
The Australia and New Zealand Weekly described 26 January, 1959 in Sydney as a march of 12,000 men, women and children through the city to the Botanic Gardens, led by the NSW Mounted Police, the armed services and sporting personalities.
Australia Day 1972 was marked by Prime Minister William McMahon's announcement of his government's Aboriginal policy, against the advice of the Council for Aboriginal Affairs.
www.australiaday.com.au /history.html   (5920 words)

 Ancient heritage, modern society - Australia in Brief - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901 through the federation of six states under a single constitution.
They wanted Australia to be harmonious, united and egalitarian, and had progressive ideas about human rights, the observance of democratic procedures and the value of a secret ballot.
In 1914 the male population of Australia was less than 3 million, yet almost 400 000 of them volunteered to fight in the war.
www.dfat.gov.au /aib/history.html   (1436 words)

 SOSE - Federation 100 - Resources - Non-Fiction Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This is the first comprehensive, general history of Australia's Federation to be written.
This is a colour History text written to meet the requirements of the SOSE key learning area within the Curriculum and Standards Framework.
Kits have been sent out to all schools since November 1998 and contain resources suitable for teaching aspects of Australia's history related to the Centenary of Federation.
www.sofweb.vic.edu.au /SOSE/history/fed100/resources/resourbooks2.htm   (1185 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
History is a record of the doings of men living in communities, not of blind, nerveless forces.
GOVERNORS-GENERAL OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 1901 Earl of Hopetoun (afterwards Marquis of Linlithgow).
* * * * * A SHORT HISTORY OF AUSTRALIA CHAPTER I THE DAWN OF DISCOVERY Early maps of the southern regions--Speculations as to Antipodes-- Discovery of sea-route to the East Indies--Discovery of the Pacific-- The Portuguese and Spaniards--Discovery of the Solomon Islands--Quiros at the New Hebrides--Torres Strait.
www.gutenberg.net.au /ebooks02/0200471.txt   (16236 words)

 History of Australia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Australia was portrayed as a remote and unattractive land for European settlement.
The constitution of Australia, which became effective in 1901, is based on British parliamentary traditions, and includes elements of the system in the United States.
Central to the history of Australia in the 20th century has been the development of both a national government and a national culture.
www.globalvolunteers.org /1main/australia/australiahistory.htm   (1151 words)

This was a federation of the States of New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Queensland, Western Australia and South Australia.
Australia experiences her first major losses in a war during in 1915 on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey.
Australia celebrates the Centenary of the Federation of Australia.
www.australianexplorer.com /australian_history.htm   (738 words)

 WWW-VL History Index
The Discovery of Australia, by Diego de Prado, from the University of Sydney Library.
Australia Felix, by Henry Handel Richardson, from the University of Sydney Library.
An Unofficial History of Coal Mining in the Illiwara District, 1791-2000
vlib.iue.it /history/oceania/Australia   (1692 words)

 Australian History
This timeline of the 1800s includes significant events in South Australia's history up to the time of federation, with an emphasis on events affecting the lives of early settlers.
Select a decade from the table and compare significant events in Australia's history with what was happening in the rest of the world at the time.
A chronology of South Australia since the colony was proclaimed on the 19th of February 1836.
www.teachers.ash.org.au /jmresources/history/australian.html   (1069 words)

 History of Australia since 1901 articles on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Australia AUSTRALIA [Australia], smallest continent, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
With the island state of Tasmania to the south, the continent makes up the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary state (2005 est.
Look up History of Australia since 1901 on HighBeam Research.
encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=History+of+Australia+since+1901   (252 words)

 European discovery and the colonisation of Australia - Stories from Australia's Culture and Recreation Portal
Tasman charted parts of the north, west and south coasts of Australia which was then known as New Holland.
South Australia was never a British convict colony, although a number of ex-convicts settled there from other colonies.
Since 1901, when Australia was declared a nation, the landing of the First Fleet at Camp Cove has evolved from a small commemorative New South Wales holiday into a major national celebration, recognised as Australia Day.
www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au /articles/australianhistory   (2152 words)

 history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Australia has two distinct periods in her history ~ the time before European settlement in 1788, and the years since then.
This federation was the birth of modern Australia.
During the 15th century, European explorers began great sea journeys in search of new lands and new riches and there was a race to see who would be the first to discover the mysterious "Great South Land" which many were convinced had to exist so that the planet would stay balanced.
www.palmdps.act.edu.au /australia_online/history.htm   (338 words)

 Australia (British Empire & Commonwealth Land Forces)
History of the Army in WA, by Ted Harris (Digger History)
Australia's Redcoat Regiments, by B and M Chapman.
Australia's Involvement in the U.N., by Steve Dudley.
www.regiments.org /nations/oceania/austral.htm   (960 words)

 Studies of Society and Environment (SOSE) - Promoting History - AUSTRALIA 1901: BEFORE AND BEYOND - Resources - A ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The 'A nation in transition?' theme provides opportunities for schools and their communities to commemorate and reflect upon the history of Australia in the decades leading to nationhood in 1901 (Federation), the impact of Federation on the century that followed it, and consider future directions for Australia.
Students and their communities will be able to share their understandings and knowledge with their peers in other places.
Most importantly, they will be able to consider how they can use this information, their leadership skills and knowledge of decision-making processes to be effective active citizens in their local community, while learning how to make a difference on local, state, national and global issues and areas of responsibility.
www.sofweb.vic.edu.au /SOSE/history/fed100/aboutnation.htm   (575 words)

 Home Mortgage Rate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
A significant feature of General Aleman's wording was that it gave women the right to vote, and re-affirmed the laws abolishing slavery that had been in effect in Cuba since 1886.
History of Cape Colony from 1870 to 1899
At the time of the beginning of the diamond industry, not only the territory of Cape Colony and the Boer Republics, but all South Africa, was in a very depressed condition.
bocoop.com /Home+Mortgage+Rate-60.html   (601 words)

 History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - Submarine Cable Route Maps
History of the Atlantic Cable and Submarine Telegraphy - Submarine Cable Route Maps
History of the Atlantic Cable and Submarine Telegraphy
Early cable route maps were often published in the cable history books.
atlantic-cable.com /Maps   (272 words)

 Our History 1800's   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Well before we were officially an organized church, our pioneers realized the need of providing our youth with materials and programs that would meet their specific needs, hence the publication of a special magazine tuned into youth who wished to follow God's plans for their lives.
E. Ellen G. White wrote a testimony calling for the definite work for youth in Dec. 1892 at Melbourne, Australia.
Professor Milton Kern was teaching history at Union College in Nebraska when he felt a burden for some of the young men in the school who seemed to need an outlet for sharing their faith in new ways.
youth.gc.adventist.org /history/1800.htm   (464 words)

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