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Topic: History of Austria


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In the News (Tue 2 Sep 14)

  
  History of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1156 the Privilegium Minus elevated Austria to the status of a duchy.
The Emperor's daughter, Marie Louise, was married to Napoleon, and Austria contributed an army to Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812.
Austria joined the European Union in 1995 (Video of the signing in 1994), and Austria was set on the track towards joining the Eurozone, when it was established in 1999.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Austria   (6019 words)

  
 Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy consisting of nine federal states and is one of two European countries that have declared their everlasting neutrality, the other being Switzerland.
Austria's capital Vienna is one of Europe's major cities with a population exceeding 1.6 million (2 million with suburbs) and constitutes a melting pot of citizens from all over Central and Eastern Europe.
Austria was the cradle of numerous scientists including physicists Ludwig Boltzmann, Lise Meitner, Erwin Schrödinger, Ernst Mach, Wolfgang Pauli, Richard von Mises and Christian Doppler, philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein and Karl Popper, biologists Gregor Mendel and Konrad Lorenz as well as mathematician Kurt Gödel.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Austria   (3243 words)

  
 Austria: history to 1920 - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Austria: history to 1920   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Thus the history of Austria from the time of Albert II is inextricably mixed with that of the rest of the Empire.
During the reign of Francis II the foreign policy of Austria owed most of its effectiveness to Metternich, the foreign minister, and for several decades the actual decline of Austria as a great power was successfully concealed.
Austria continued to gain and lose territory: in 1795 it acquired more of Poland in the third and final partition of the country; but in 1797, by the Treaty of Campo-Formio, France gained Lombardy and formalized its annexation of the Austrian Netherlands, and in exchange Austria received Venetia.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Austria:+history+to+1920   (3962 words)

  
 History of AUSTRIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The adoption of the new capital coincides, in 1156, with the raising of Austria to the status of a duchy, independent of Bavaria.
In 1251 the nobles elect a new duke of Austria - Otakar, heir to the crown of Bohemia.
Austria changes, in a trice, from being a fragile coalition of feudal territories (the duchies of Austria, Styria and Carinthia, together with the county of Tirol).
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac43   (1915 words)

  
 History of Austria - Gurupedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In 1154 the Privilegium Minus elevated Austria to the status of a duchy ruled by the Babenberg family.
Bavarian Elector as Emperor Charles VII, Maria Theresa's husband Francis of Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was elected Emperor, restoring control of that position to the Habsburgs (or, rather, to the new composite house of Habsburg-Lorraine).
Salzburg, formerly held by Francis's younger brother, the previous Grand Duke of Tuscany, was annexed by Austria as compensation.
www.gurupedia.com /h/hi/history_of_austria.htm   (3570 words)

  
 Austria - HISTORY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The territories that constitute modern Austria were, for most of their history, constituent parts of the German nation and were linked to one another only insofar as they were all feudal possessions of one of the leading dynasties in Europe, the Habsburgs.
Although the Duchy of Austria was just one of the duchies and lands that the Habsburgs eventually acquired in the eastern Alpine-Danubian region, the Habsburgs became known as the House of Austria after the Swiss peasantry ousted them from their original family seat in Habichtsburg in the Swiss canton of Aargau in 1386.
Austria received the contiguous German or German-dominated territories of Upper Austria, Lower Austria, Styria, Carinthia, Tirol (north of the Brenner Pass), Salzburg, and Vorarlberg, as well as a slice of western Hungary that became the province of Burgenland.
www.mongabay.com /reference/country_studies/austria/HISTORY.html   (17939 words)

  
 History of Austria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Soon after the Republic of Austria was created at the end of World War I, it faced the strains of catastrophic inflation and of adapting a large government structure to the needs of a new, smaller republic.
Subsequently, the victorious allies divided Austria into zones of occupation similar to those in Germany with a four-power administration of Vienna.
Austria became free and independent for the first time since 1938.
www.historyofnations.net /europe/austria.html   (481 words)

  
 Austria on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Austria is located at the crossroads of Europe; Vienna is at the gate of the Danubian plain, and the Brenner Pass in W Austria links Germany and Italy.
Austria captured world attention in 1986 when former UN secretary-general Kurt Waldheim was elected president despite allegations that he had been involved in atrocities as a German army staff officer in the Balkans during World War II.
Austria confronts its dark Nazi past: as a government commission prepares to release an inventory of property stolen from Jews by the Nazis, a new tide of anti-Semitism is sweeping the country.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/Austria_History.asp   (4227 words)

  
 A short history of Austria
Present-day Austria becomes part of the Roman Empire in 15 BC as the province of Noricum.
Rivalry between Prussia and Austria inside Germany result in 1866 in the defeat of Austria: it is forced to leave the German confederation.
Austria is restyled in 1867 into Austria-Hungary, a double monarchy of the Empire of Austria and Kingdom of Hungary.
www.electionworld.org /history/austria.htm   (742 words)

  
 Austrian Press & Information Service   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Austria emerged from the Second World War and the sufferings associated with it as a state that feels secure in its existence and which plays a decisive role in Europe.
The Frankish ruler Charlemagne (747-814) established on the territory of present-day Austria the Carolingian March, or border province, between the rivers Enns, Raab and Drava.
Austria's emergence as a major power was mainly due to the brilliant military leader Prince Eugene of Savoy, who served under three emperors (Leopold I, Josef I and Karl VI) and proved to be not only an outstanding military commander but also a fine statesman.
www.austria.org /history.shtml   (1781 words)

  
 Austria History
Soon after the Republic of Austria was created at the end of World War I, it faced the strains of catastrophic inflation and of redesigning a government meant to rule a great empire into one that would govern only 6 million citizens.
In March 1938, Austria was incorporated into the German Reich, a development commonly known as the "Anschluss" (annexation).
At the Moscow conference in 1943, the Allies declared their intention to liberate Austria and reconstitute it as a free and independent state.
www.multied.com /nationbynation/Austria/History1.html   (353 words)

  
 Europe Business Review: History haunts Austria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Austria, an EU member, did not break that rule by forming a new coalition government with radical rightwing support.
Austria has been ruled by Social Democrats for almost 30 years and Haider contrived opportunities to challenge their complacent policies.
Austria was finally and formally accepted back into the European family as a member of the EU in 1997.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0GYN/is_1_3/ai_61534092   (888 words)

  
 History (from Austria) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The present nation of Austria is the remnant of a once-powerful empire that controlled a large area of central and eastern Europe.
Austria was prohibited from union with Germany and undertook to maintain a democratic political system.
History is a science—a branch of knowledge that uses specific methods and tools to achieve its goals.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-196986?ct=   (1313 words)

  
 History of Austria
Between 976 and 1246, the Duchy of Austria was one of extensive feudal possessions of the Babenberg family - possibly descended from, or succeeded, a powerful Franconian family of the 9th century, from whose castle the city of Bamberg probably took its name.
From the late 13th century, the rise of Austria is closely associated with the rise of the House of Habsburg.
It is fortunate for the history of Europe that Gregory, unlike his predecessors, saw the necessity for consolidating the German states in order to foster stability and further the propagation of the Christian faith.
www.geocities.com /historyofaustria/history.html   (20221 words)

  
 Austria , Austro-Hungarian Monarchy-- Primary Documents   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Sources for the History of the Medieval [Germanic] Empire -- Early, High and Late Middle Ages.
Documenting not only the history of the cloisters themselves, but developments in church, state and society in Austria since the Early Middle Ages.
A project of the Institute for History, University of Vienna.
www.lib.byu.edu /~rdh/eurodocs/austria.html   (540 words)

  
 Austria, Vienna History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
On hearing the word history many think back to old school days and boring history lessons (sorry history teachers).
Well in truth history is not boring - romantic tales, legends and stories of days gone by add to the history of any land.
The eastern march was put in charge of Count Leopold of Babenberg in 976 - this was the beginning of a dynasty that was to last 300 years.
www.readysteadytravel.com /vienna/history.htm   (1089 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of Austria, 1519-1618
In 1555, the PEACE OF AUGSBURG signed among the Empire's territorial princes codified the rule "cuius regio, eius religio" - it is the prince whose belief everybody in the territory had to follow.
The INQUISITION was a major instrument; Heretics had either to convert or faced being burned at the stake.
Brief History, from Evangelische Kirche in Oesterreich (Lutheran Church in Austria
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/germany/au15191618.html   (586 words)

  
 Austria: History
Austria began a partial privatization of state-owned industries in the late 1980s and entered the
Austria's Steyr reveals its history in Gothic, renaissance styles.
HISTORY OF PARAPSYCHOLOGY IN AUSTRIA--NOTES FOR A HISTORY OF PARAPSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN AUSTRIA.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0856780.html   (2618 words)

  
 MavicaNET - History of Austria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Catalogo / Regioni / Europa / Unione europea / Austria / History of Austria
History of Austria, Austro-Hungarian empire - primary documents (the Early Germanic Kingdoms, world war I document archive,world war II), constitution of austria
A brief history of the accordion in Austria.
www.mavicanet.com /lite/ita/24272.html   (324 words)

  
 Political History of Austria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
1273 - 1918: Austria is ruled by the Habsburgs, a prominent royal family originally from Switzerland.
There were two branches of Habsburg rule: The Spanish line, which included the Spanish empire in America and the Austrian line, which included Hungary and the Czech lands after 1526.
The Habsburgs also ruled the Holy Roman Empire for nearly 400 years.
faculty.rmwc.edu /jabell/austria/tsld003.htm   (58 words)

  
 World History Blog: History of Austria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
I can't cover it all but sites dealing with any historical issue or topic are possible future posts.
This is a short and engaging article which gives an overview of the history of Austria.
This is a paragraph of text that could go in the sidebar.
world-history-blog.blogspot.com /2004/09/history-of-austria.html   (370 words)

  
 Austria Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide
At the heart of this protected oasis of flora and fauna (including marmots...
Austria has few peers as a year-round holiday destination, with plenty of winter sports in the Alps, some of the most impressive and overblown architecture in Europe and an unrivalled musical tradition that even The Sound of Music couldn't sully.
You should verify critical information (like visas, health and safety, customs and transportation) with the relevant authorities before you travel.
www.lonelyplanet.com /worldguide/destinations/europe/austria   (211 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of Austria, ToC
History of the Austrian Länder : Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Upper Austria, Tyrol, Vienna, Vorarlberg
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Austria, from Kirken i Norge
Primary Documents to the History of Austria (-Hungary) from Eurodocs
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/germany/xaustria.html   (366 words)

  
 Austria - Geography and History
Germany, and the Rhine River, which flows northward from Switzerland and is celebrated in visual art, literature, folklore, and song.
All are centrepieces of Germany's tourist economy, which millions of visitors to the country each year, drawn by its natural beauty, history, culture, and cuisine including its wines and beers).
europetravel access to the references of public documents and internal Federal Republic of Germany, German Deutschland Economy, Geography and History Bundesrepublik Deutschland country of north-central Europe, traversing the continent's physical divisions, from the outer ranges of the Alps northward across the landscape of the Central German Uplands and then across the North German Plain.
estonia.europe-countries.com /links/austria.htm   (2004 words)

  
 Austria History
Poland used to be an eastern bloc state and a satellite state of the Soviet Austria Union between 1945 and 1989.
Other major cities include Birmingham, Liverpool, and Manchester in England, Belfast and Londonderry in Northern Ireland, Edinburgh and Glasgow in Scotland, austria brasil europaand Swansea and Cardiff in Wales.
The origins of the United Kingdom can be traced to the time of the Anglo-Saxon king Athelstan, who in the early 10th century AD secured the allegiance of neighbouring Celtic kingdoms and became “the first Satellite mapeurope ineurope europetravel european europemap union cities
chad.africa-atlas.com /travel/austria.htm   (1132 words)

  
 diAARy : Table of Contents   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Europa Universalis II An History of Austria 1419 - 1820 (my first AAR)
2003, May 17 : posted Chapter Seven of 'An History of Austria'
2003, February 11 : posted Chapter One of 'An History of Austria'
diaary.greatnow.com   (132 words)

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