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Topic: History of Bahrain

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  Bahrain HISTORY
The Portuguese occupied Bahrain from 1522 to 1602.
Claims to Bahrain pressed by Iran were abandoned in 1971 after a UN mission ascertained that the Bahrainis wished to remain independent of that nation.
Bahrain promulgated its first constitution in 1973, which occasioned the convening of an elective National Assembly; the legislature was dissolved in August 1975 amid charges of communist influence.
www.nationsencyclopedia.com /Asia-and-Oceania/Bahrain-HISTORY.html   (1100 words)

 History of Bahrain
Bahrain was once part of the ancient civilization of Dilmun and served as an important link in trade routes between Sumeria and the Indus Valley as long as 5,000 years ago.
Based on its 1971 constitution, Bahrain elected its first parliament in 1973, but just 2 years later, in August 1975, the Amir disbanded the National Assembly because the Parliament attempted to legislate the end of Al-Khalifa rule and the expulsion of the U.S. Navy from Bahrain.
Bahrain's small size and central location among Persian Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/hi/History_of_Bahrain.html   (460 words)

 Bahrain - MSN Encarta
Thus, early in its history, Bahrain established its character as a cosmopolitan commercial state, based on its location on major trade routes that passed through the Persian Gulf region.
Bahrain became part of the empire of two successive Islamic dynasties, the Umayyads (661-750) and the Abbasids (750-1258), then entered a long turbulent period when it often acted as a buffer between larger competing powers.
Bahrain joined other Arab nations in the region to found the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in 1981, thereby receiving assistance with intelligence monitoring and gaining approval from the other member states to purchase weapons from the United States.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761568494_5/Bahrain.html   (1834 words)

 Bahrain: History — FactMonster.com
The term Bahrain was used to describe the entire Persian Gulf coast of Arabia in the early Islamic era; the island was also known as Awal or Aval.
Bahrain was a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in 1981, along with neighboring Persian Gulf countries, and it is also a member of the Arab League.
Bahrain was proclaimed a kingdom in 2002, and the Shura was dissolved prior to the assembly elections.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/world/A0856819.html   (640 words)

 History of Bahrain, Bahrain history, Allo' Expat Bahrain
Bahrain is an Arabic word meaning "Two Seas", and is thought to either refer to the fact that the islands contain two sources of water, sweet water springs and salty water in the surrounding seas, or to the south and north waters of the Persian Gulf, separating it from the Arabian coast and Iran, respectively.
During these years, Bahrain was strongly influenced and often directly ruled by various Persian civilizations; indeed, the islands were formally annexed by the Sassanian Persians in the 4th century A.D. Interestingly, it was during the 3rd or 4th centuries A.D. that many inhabitants of Bahrain appear to have adopted the new Christian faith.
Bahrain was a part of both the Umayyad and Abbasid empires from the 9th to 11th centuries.
www.bahrain.alloexpat.com /bahrain_information/history_of_bahrain.php   (1919 words)

 History of Bahrain   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bahrain promulgated a constitution and elected its first parliament in 1973, but just two years later, in August 1975, the Amir disbanded the National Assembly after it attempted to legislate the end of Al-Khalifa rule and the expulsion of the U.S. Navy from Bahrain.
Bahrain also provided logistical and basing support to international Maritime Interdiction efforts to enforce UN sanctions and prevent illegal smuggling of oil from Iraq in the 1990s.
Bahrain has also cooperated effectively on criminal investigation issues in support of the campaign on terrorism; the Bahrain Monetary Agency moved quickly to restrict terrorists' ability to transfer funds through Bahrain's financial system.
www.historyofnations.net /asia/bahrain.html   (867 words)

 Bahrain History | iExplore.com
Bahrain was once viewed by ancient Sumerians as an island paradise to which the wise and brave were taken to savour eternal life.
Bahrain’s pro-Western stance was consolidated through membership of the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC), a six-nation body designed to enhance economic and security co-operation between the Gulf States.
Bahrain was a traditional Arab monarchy, ruled since 1782 by an Emir selected from the al-Khalifa dynasty through an appointed cabinet led by a Prime Minister.
www.iexplore.com /dmap/Bahrain/History   (1027 words)

 Bahrain: history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bahrain is the ‘least rich’ oil producer in the Gulf.
In May 1975, Bahrain had obtained a controlling interest in its oil industry and in 1978 announced that all concessions to transnational companies would be canceled.
In March 1998, Bahrain and the other five member nations of the Gulf Co-operation Council (Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates) looked into the possibility of freeing their currencies from the dollar to protect themselves from persistent fluctuations and to prevent greater losses in oil income.
gbgm-umc.org /country_profiles/country_history.cfm?Id=209   (1877 words)

 Bahrain History - Bahrein entered recorded history 5,000 years ago, the first great civilization of the Middle East
Bahrain entered recorded history 5,000 years ago when it was known as Dilmun to the Sumerians, the first great civilization of the Middle East.
Bahrain´s ability to stand on its own was strengthened in May 1970, when Iran accepted he findings of a UN report on Babrain´s future.
Bahrain became a member of the Arab League and the UN later in the year.
www.arab.de /arabinfo/bahrhis.htm   (353 words)

 Bahrain Travel Guide | Bahrain Travel Information Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Although modern Bahrain has not retained such mythical status, many still flock to frolic in its heavenly shoreline, and many still perceive the country as blissful respite from less lenient Islamic countries.
Bahrain's first independent ruler, Sheikh Isa al-Khalifa, caused controversy by bolstering Bahrain's relationship with western countries: both British and US military forces were granted use of Bahraini ports and airfields, vital to the prosecution of the two Iraq wars and the 2002 Afghan war.
Bahrain is now the proud owner of the largest ancient necropolis in the world, and its foundations still rest upon the ancient city of Dilmun and the ancient civilisation that resided there.
www.worldtravelguide.net /country/25/country_guide/Middle-East/Bahrain.html   (431 words)

 The Ancient History of Bahrain Archipelago
Bahrain is an archipelago of 33 islands of which the island of Bahrain is the dominating one (90% of the total area).
Bahrain has been inhabited since prehistoric times and several thousand burial mounds in the northern part of the main island probably date from the Sumerian Period of the 3rd millennium BC.
Bahrain is rich in history and ancient civilizations have only recently been discovered by international archaeologists.
ancientneareast.tripod.com /Bahrain_Archipelago.html   (354 words)

 Bahrain: History
Bahrain is turned into a Christian Nestorian hold.
For a period Bahrain is an independent emirate.
Bahrain later joins the neighbouring Trucial States and Qatar in the Federation of Arab Emirates.
i-cias.com /e.o/bahrain_5.htm   (453 words)

 Bahrain MICE
Bahrain’s historical and cultural attractions enable the visitor to step into the past and discover the roots of the island’s civilization.
Among the shifting sands of Bahrain’s rapid recent modernisation are reminders of the country’s past and its rich, cosmopolitan foundations.
The Qalaat Al Bahrain (or Bahrain Fort), which has been traced back to as far as the 3rd millennium BC has been gradually and impressively restored to something approaching its former glory.
www.miceonline.net /bahrain/attract.htm   (1105 words)

 A short history of Bahrain   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bahrain, known as Tylos, is later ruled ruled variously by the Arab tribes of Bani Wa’el and Persian governors.
When Bahrain comes under control of the Caliphate in the sevent century, most of its inhabitants are converted to Islam.
In 1971 Bahrain becomes an independent constitutional monarchy as the State of Bahrain, that is from 1975 an absolute monarchy.
www.electionworld.org /history/bahrain.htm   (204 words)

 Bahrain History - TravelPuppy.com
Bahrain was once viewed by ancient Sumerians as an island of paradise to which the wise and brave were taken to cherish eternal life.
In 1971, in the wake of Britain’s ‘East of Suez’ strategic extraction, Bahrain’s protectorate status was surrendered and Bahrain became independent under the rule of Sheikh Isa al-Khalifa.
Bahrain’s pro Western stance was united through membership of the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC), a 6 nation body designed to enhance economic and security co-operation between the Gulf States.
travelpuppy.com /bahrain/history.htm   (792 words)

 Bahrain - Gateway to the Gulf ™
The Office of the Economic Representative of Bahrain (OERB) to the United States, at the Embassy of the Kingdom of Bahrain, launched http://www.bahraingateway.org to better familiarize Americans with the country, its century-old friendship with the United States, and to further strengthen the region's economic stability through free trade.
History – An account of the 100-year history of Bahrain/US friendship, from the first American hospital in Bahrain to Bahrain's strategic support as home to the US Navy’s Fifth Fleet to its steadfast backing of anti-terrorism efforts.
The section details Bahrain's emergence as a banking and finance leader in the Gulf region with a business climate exceptionally favorable to foreign investment.
www.bahraingateway.org /index.cfm?fuseaction=document.home&id=4   (364 words)

 Bahrain International Airport :: About Us -- History
In 1954 Bahrain's position as the major airport in the region was further enhanced with the establishment of a new Flight Information Region based in Bahrain to cover the navigation of aircraft in transit through Gulf airspace.
Soon after this Bahrain was to enter the jet age with the arrival, first of the Comet and then the Boeing 707.
It became obvious that if Bahrain were to retain its position as a leading regional airport and transit hub it would have to expand yet again.
www.bahrainairport.com /bia/history.htm   (1019 words)

 Bahrain History - History of Bahrain and Bahrain National Museum
Bahrain may be a small country, but each area and island has its own very distinctive character.
A lot of Bahrain Island is barren desert, as the surface is lime stone covered with saline sand, although with a surprisingly varied wildlife, but there is a fertile strip along the north coast.
Bahrain was once connected to the Arabian mainland, only becoming an island about 600 BC, and it is believed that prehistoric settlers could have first occupied the islands as early as 10,000 BC.
www.newarabia.net /history.htm   (652 words)

 www.bahrainguide.org - History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bahrain's history had opened it to a multitude of cultural influences, and when the first Moslems arrived in the seventh century, there were already a number of other faiths, including Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians.
Shaikh Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, who conquered Bahrain in 1783, was the first member of the Al Khalifa dynasty, which which has ruled ever since.
By Lynn Collins » When I arrived in Bahrain from Scotland with my parents and my younger brother in August 1951 I immediately felt very much at home - a feeling that is still with me more than 50 years later.
bahrainguide.org /history   (164 words)

 Random Thoughts of Me: History Of Bahrain Part 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy headed by the King, Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa; the head of government is the Prime Minister, Shaykh Khalīfa ibn Salman al Khalifa, who presides over a cabinet of 15 members.
Bahrain has a bicameral legislature with a lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, elected by universal suffrage and the upper house, the Shura Council, appointed by the King.
Bahrain is the current President of the United Nations General Assembly, and has appointed lawyer and women's rights activist Haya_Rashed_Al-Khalifa to head the world body, taking over from Swedish diplomat, Jan Eliasson.
random-thoughts-of-me.blogspot.com /2006/08/history-of-bahrain-part-2.html   (977 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Bahrain
It was also recorded in Arabic sources that Jews lived in Hajar, the capital of Bahrain, in 630 C.E. and refused to convert to Islam when Muhammad sent an army to occupy the territory.
In 1948, many Muslims foreigners came into Bahrain and initiated massive protests over the creation of Israel; it was these foreigners, and not the Bahrainis, who caused the destruction of the local synagogue and several Jewish homes.
Relations between Israel and Bahrain seemed to be improving in the early 1990’s when a resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict seemed to be approaching.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/bahrain.html   (929 words)

 Bahrain: History, Geography, Government, and Culture — FactMonster.com
Bahrain, which means “two seas,” is an archipelago in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabia.
Although oil was discovered in Bahrain in the 1930s, it was relatively little compared to other Gulf states, and the wells are expected to be the first in the region to dry up.
Bahrain has been an important Western ally, serving as a Western air base during the Persian Gulf War in 1991 and the Iraq war in 2003.
www.factmonster.com /ipka/A0107313.html   (528 words)

 History - Bahrain - Middle East: alexander great, government iran, founder islam, bahrain history, gulf shore   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
By about 4000 bc Bahrain was the center of the advanced Dilmun trading culture, which had connections with the civilizations of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley.
Petroleum was discovered in Bahrain in 1932, the first such discovery on the Arabian coast of the Persian Gulf.
Bahrain’s modest oil resources prompted the government to consider ways to diversify the economy.
www.countriesquest.com /middle_east/bahrain/history.htm   (1422 words)

 History of Bahrain
Bahrain became an important pearling and fishing port, but the high quality and abundance of pearls in its waters attracted some unwelcome attention.
The islands first became known as Bahrain in the early Islamic era, when the name was used for the entire region stretching from Basra (Iraq) in the north to Oman in the south.
Then came a long period of turmoil, with Bahrain changing hands between the warring Persians and Arabs until it was finally conquered in 1783 by Shaikh Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa.
www.asiarooms.com /bahrain-travel-guide/bahrain_history.html   (841 words)

 www.bahrainguide.org - The Al Khalifas: Bahrain's First Family   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Bahrain is the only island nation in the Middle East.
The country actually is an archipelago of 33 islands, of which Bahrain is the largest.
In 1861, Bahrain signed the Treaty of Perpetual Peace and Friendship with Britain, guaranteeing British intervention in the case of external aggression.
bahrainguide.org /features/the_al_khalifas:_bahrain's_first_family.html   (383 words)

 :: Welcome to MUB :: - History of Bahrain
Bahrain was known as Dilmun, a Bronze Age culture that lasted some 2000 years.
The Portuguese conquered Bahrain in the early 16th century where they utilized the islands as a pearling port and military garrison.
In the 1830s, Bahrain signed the first of many treaties with United Kingdom, who offered Bahrain naval protection from Ottoman Turkey in exchange for unfettered access to the Gulf.
www.rcsi-mub.com /default.asp?action=article&id=243   (372 words)

 The Washington Times - Bahrain
Through much of its history, Bahrain has been known as a moderate and open society and is proud of its millennium heritage.
And, although Bahrain is still viewed as a leader when compared with many Gulf and Islamic countries, the country still has a way to go to establish a full multi-party Western-style democracy.
Both countries are known to be unhappy with Bahrain because of its friendship and close ties with the United States, the stationing of American naval headquarters here and the use of Bahrain facilities during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war.
www.internationalspecialreports.com /middleeast/00/bahrain/index.html   (1594 words)

 Tourist Attractions - Bahrain Museum
The Bahrain National Museum is administered by the directorate of Museums, Ministry of Cabinet Affairs & Information of the Kingdom of Bahrain as a non-profit, educational, and scientific organization.
The purpose of the National Museum is to preserve, increase, and disseminate knowledge of the artistic, natural and cultural history of Bahrain.
H.H. Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, the Amir of the Kingdom of Bahrain, presided at the official inauguration ceremony of the Bahrain National Museum, 6th Jumada Al Uola 1409/ 15th December 1988.
www.bahrainexhibitions.com /tourist_bh_museum.asp?print=y   (263 words)

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