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Topic: History of Belgium


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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  
 Belgium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Belgium is one of the few countries that has compulsory voting, thus having one of the highest rates of voter turnout in the world.
Belgium is composed of the five northern Dutch-speaking provinces of Flanders, the five southern French-speaking provinces of Wallonia (the German-speaking Community is located in the province of Liège along the German border) and the bilingual Capital Region of Brussels.
Belgium, with an area of 30 528 square kilometres (11,787 sq. mi), has three main geographical regions: the coastal plain in the north-west, the central plateau, and the Ardennes uplands in the south-east.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Belgium   (4078 words)

  
 History of Belgium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Until 1581 the history of Belgium (except the Bishopric of Liège), the grand-duchy of Luxembourg and the country the Netherlands is the same: they formed the country/region of the Netherlands or the Low Countries.
Belgium thus started life as an independent state, equipped with a very liberal constitution (constitutional monarchy), but with suffrage restricted to the haute-bourgeoisie and the clergy, all together less than 1% of the adult population, and fully French-speaking in a country where French was not the majority language.
Belgium is one of the founding members of the European Coal and Steel Community in July, 1952 and of the European Economic Community founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Belgium   (3498 words)

  
 Belgium. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Belgium is bordered on the N by the Netherlands and the North Sea, on the E by Germany and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and on the W and SW by France.
Belgium was occupied by the French during the French Revolutionary Wars and transferred from Austria to France by the Treaty of Campo Formio (1797).
All of Belgium except a small strip in West Flanders, which served as a battle front throughout the war (see, e.g., Ypres), was conquered by Oct. 10, 1914, and the people suffered under a harsh occupation regime.
www.bartleby.com /65/be/Belgium.html   (1928 words)

  
 History of Belgium
Belgium derives its name from a Celtic tribe, the Belgae, whom Caesar described as the most courageous tribe of Gaul.
A constitutional monarchy was established in 1831, with a monarch invited in from the House of Saxe-Coburg Gotha in Germany.
Belgium was invaded by the Germans in 1914 and again in 1940.
www.historyofnations.net /europe/belgium.html   (868 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Belgium
Belgium was a country which had very few voters; out of a population of more than six millions there never were more than 150,000, and during the last years of the Liberal Government no less than six laws had been passed to diminish this number still further by excluding entire classes of Catholic voters.
The continuation of the Catholic regime in Belgium seems to be contingent on a radical reform of school legislation, on provision for the division of State subventions among all the communal or private schools in proportion to the services that they render, and greater boldness in the solution of the labour questions.
According to the census of 31 December, 1905, the population of Belgium is 7,160,547.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/02395a.htm   (12885 words)

  
 nepalese society in belgium
Belgium is located in Western Europe, bordered by the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France, and the North Sea.
Belgium is divided ethnically into the Dutch-speaking Flemings and French-speaking Walloons, the 70,000 residents of the eastern German cantons, and the bilingual capital of Brussels.
Belgium is annexed to the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
users.cjb.net /nbsociety/belgium.htm   (627 words)

  
 The History of Belgium
In the fifth century Belgium was conquered by the Franks.
In the fifteenth century the various regions of Belgium were united by the Dukes of Burgundy, with the exception of the princedom of Liège.
Although the great powers forced Belgium to remain neutral when it became independent, it couldn't escape World War I. The Belgian army under the command of King Albert I (1909-1934) was too small a match for the Germans, it nevertheless could managed to halt the ennemy at the river Yser.
www.geocities.com /wallstreet/6719/history.html   (1945 words)

  
 History of Belgium Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Belgium derives its name from a Celtic tribe, the Belgae, whom Julius Caesar described as the most courageous tribe of Gaul.
Until this date the history of Belgium, the grand-duchy of Luxembourg and the country The Netherlands/Holland are the same: they formed the country/region of The Netherlands/The Low Countries/Les Pays-Bas (in french).
In 1830, Belgium wrested its independence from the Dutch as a result of an uprising of several frenchspeaking intellectuals from the Liège region (which had never belonged to The Low Countries), aided by French intellectuals and French armed forces.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/h/hi/history_of_belgium.html   (1085 words)

  
 History (from Belgium) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Belgium was the heart of the Holy Roman Empire, headed by Charlemagne, grandson of Charles Martel.
Belgium was awarded to the Austrian Hapsburgs by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.
History is a science—a branch of knowledge that uses specific methods and tools to achieve its goals.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-197368   (1159 words)

  
 Royalty.nu - The History of Belgium - Belgian Royalty
The Kingdom of Belgium is a democracy with a constitutional monarch.
Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant, is the heir to the throne.
This history of Belgium and the Netherlands is the first major study in English to treat them as nations in their own right, while placing them in a wider European and world context.
www.royalty.nu /Europe/Belgium.html   (2562 words)

  
 History of BELGIUM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Without consulting the people of Catholic Belgium, it is decided that they shall be merged with their very different neighbours, the Protestant Dutch, in a newly formed kingdom of the Netherlands - to be ruled by the house of Orange.
A year later the Convention in Paris annexes Belgium as part of the French republic (a state of affairs reluctantly accepted by the Austrian emperor at Campo Formio in 1797, and confirmed four years later at Lunéville).
But history has contributed deep divisions - of language (the closely related Dutch and Flemish in the north, French in the south) and of religion (Protestant in the north, Catholic in the south).
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab53   (904 words)

  
 A short history of Belgium
In 925 the area is annexed to the Eastern Frankish Empire, later continued by the German Empire.
In 1940 Belgium is invaded and occupied by Germany.
Belgium is a co-founder of the European Communities in 1957 (renamed European Union in 1993).
www.electionworld.org /history/belgium.htm   (926 words)

  
 History of Belgium   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
This completes the separation between the two sections of the country and the territorial limits of Belgium and the Netherlands as they are known today are largely laid down.
The revolution which is to lead to the Kingdom of Belgium begins in Brussels.
Belgium is a founder-member of the EEC, and Brussels becoms the headquarters of the EEC bodies.
www.aab-allaboutbelgium.be /E_GenInfo_History.htm   (555 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: History of Belgium
Aachen (French Aix-la-Chapelle, Dutch Aken, Latin Aquisgranum, Ripuarian Oche) is a spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany.
In the history of the Low Countries, the Burgundian Netherlands refers to the period when the dukes of Burgundy ruled the area, as well as Luxembourg and northern France from 1384 to 1477.
Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (French: Bruxelles, pronounced in French although often mistakenly pronounced by citizens of France; Dutch: Brussel; German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium, the French Community of Belgium, the...
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/History-of-Belgium   (8361 words)

  
 Belgium - A potted history
Belgium officially came into being as an independent state organised as a constitutional and parliamentary monarchy.
Recent political history has been dominated by issues to do with the country's various communities, and four national reforms have gradually transformed Belgium into a federal state.
At the same time, Belgium remains highly committed in the international arena, being a founder member of what is currently the European Union and a member of the United Nations.
www.diplomatie.be /en/belgium/belgiumdetail.asp?TEXTID=1576   (209 words)

  
 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Belgium
Belgium's Jewish population grew significantly after 1880, when Eastern European Jews began fleeing hostile areas and settling in Belgium.
Tensions also were raised in the binational relationship between Israel and Belgium when efforts were made to try Ariel Sharon in Belgium as a war criminal for his actions during the Lebanon War.
The National Monument to the Jewish Martyrs of Belgium is on the corner of Rue Emile Carpentier and Rue Goujond, in the middle of a residential neighborhood.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Belgium.html   (2030 words)

  
 Belgium History / The Ancient Celts
In 977, Charles, Duke of Lorraine, built the fortress on the Senne River that was the foundation of Brussels.
For the most part, however, the southeastern portion of today's Belgium became split into a number of minor spheres of power, one of which was the prince-bishoprie of Liege.
At the outset of the new millennium, Belgium consisted of the cities of Flanders, unified under their strong Counts, and the less unified cities to the south and east of the Scheldt.
www.geographia.com /belgium/bxhis02.htm   (513 words)

  
 Brief History of Belgium
Belgium is one of the newer countries of Western Europe, having gained its independence less than 200 years ago.
However, his successors were not equal to the task of keeping the empire intact and gradually Belgium was split: Flanders, the northwestern part, fell to France and the southeastern part went to Germany.
After the end of World War II Leopold III, who had surrendered to the German army rather than fleeing to London along with his government, was confronted with substantial opposition upon his return from Germany and eventually abdicated in favour of his son Baudouin.
vremco.com /bel_his_eng.htm   (799 words)

  
 Euregio.Net - Wirtschaftseite (Deutsch)
This is the result of the structural changes brought about during a period of three decades, starting in the sixties, by means of which it was hoped that the "Belgian problem" could once and for all be resolved.
Henceforth, the German-speakers in belgium are no longer a minority in the State, but a component part of the State.
Be that as it may, we have to recognize that the actual autnomy of the German-speaking Community in belgium, if not perfect, is nevertheless a model of how a modern and tolerant Stte can successfully deal with an autochthonous minority group living in a homogeneous region.
www.euregio.net /rdg/history.html   (962 words)

  
 Settler International - Belgium - History
Upon Charlemagne's death, the area later known as Belgium, was among the first objectives of invaders and remained a battlefield for hundreds of years.
In the 15th century, an influential and powerful Burgundian duke, Philip the Good, united the communities, dutchies and principalities that would later form the Belgium of today.The long reign of Philip the Good was Belgiums cultural highpoint, with the cities of Ghent and Bruges flourishing as centers of art and culture.
Upon Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo in 1815, the allies amalgamated Belgium and Holland into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands under Prince William of Orange.
www.settler-international.com /belgium/history.htm   (699 words)

  
 Belgium History / The Ancient Celts
The people he encountered there were the Belgae, one of the various Celtic tribes of early Gaul, and the Romans dubbed their new province Gallia Belgica.
The beginnings of organized trade along Belgium's rivers was one result of his reign, as was the preservation of classical learning and the arts.
The remainder of present-day Belgium was included first in the Middle Kingdom, under Lothair, but it gradually came under the sway of the German kings.
www.geographia.com /belgium/bxhis01.htm   (410 words)

  
 Belgium: History
Belgium was occupied by the French during the
In July, 2004, the Flemish Bloc, a anti-immigrant, Flemish separatist party, won nearly a quarter of the vote in regional and European elections in Flanders, but the party was subsequently convicted (Nov., 2004) of being racist and forced to disband and reform.
Belgium confronts its heart of darkness; King Leopold was hailed as a hero for `civilising' the Congo.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0856899.html   (1252 words)

  
 Belgium
The ascension of Philip II to the Spanish throne in 1555 brought on the next crisis in Belgium's history, as King Philip's strident Spanish Catholicism coincided tragically with the rise of Protestantism in northern Europe.
As a result, present-day Belgium was for much of the century a battleground between Louis XIV and the shifting alliances of his opponents.
When the Allied Forces liberated Belgium at the end of 1944, popular feeling against Leopold was substantial, and his brother Prince Charles assumed regency.
www.visitbelgium.com /historyofbelgium.htm   (2293 words)

  
 History of Belgium
Belgium has existed essentially in its present form since
As in 1914, this failed, and Belgium was occupied by the
King remained in Belgium for the entire war.
www.worldrover.com /history/belgium_history.html   (385 words)

  
 Belgium Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide
Belgium's sluggish surface hides cultural schism and a passion for pleasure.
If Belgium's spotlight on the European stage is a little dim, it's only because its people are rarely boastful.
This slow-burning country has more history, art, food and architecture packed into its tiny self than many of its bigger, louder neighbours.
www.lonelyplanet.com /worldguide/destinations/europe/belgium   (215 words)

  
 Belgium Postal History
Koopman H. Belgium Cancellations, English translation by A. De Lisle: Les cachets a barres de Belgique 1849-1864, [horizontal and vertical bar killers], 1975; (in Dutch and French).
Koopman H. Belgium Cancellations, English translation by A. De Lisle: De Puntstempels van Belgie 1864-1873, [priced catalogue of the dotted killers, and the travelling post offices], 1982; (in Dutch and French).
Van Riet, Willy, [Belgium] Catalogue of Postmarks in Use During the German Occupation, 1914-1918, 1982; (in English, French and German).
www.postalhistory.org /sites/belgium.htm   (389 words)

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