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Topic: History of Bhutan

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  Bhutan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bhutan is one of the most isolated nations in the world; foreign influences and tourism are heavily regulated by the government to preserve the traditional culture of the dominant Ngalong group.
The climate in Bhutan varies with altitude, from subtropical in the south to temperate in the highlands and polar-type climate, with year-round snow in the north.
Bhutan remains one of the most secluded nations in the world, and foreigners are not permitted to travel to many of its areas to minimise the effects of tourism on the local culture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bhutan   (4555 words)

 Encyclopedia: History of Bhutan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Bhutanese believe the Lhopu (a small tribe in southwest Bhutan who speak a Tibeto-Burman language) to be the aboriginal inhabitants of the country, who were subsequently displaced by the arrival of Tibetans of Mongolian descent.
Bumthang is one of the 20 dzongkhag (districts) comprising Bhutan.
Bhutan is faced with the prospect of having to strengthen its token army force to obtain an eviction of the guerillas.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/History-of-Bhutan   (2702 words)

 History of Bhutan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Bhutan's early history is steeped in mythology and remains obscure.
The country's political history is intimately tied to its religious history and the relations among the various monastic schools and monasteries.
Nepal and Bhutan are currently negotiating to resolve a 13-year-old refugee situation, in which 100,000 refugees are residing in seven UNHCR camps in Nepal.
www.historyofnations.net /asia/bhutan.html   (694 words)

 Bhutan Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The earliest transcribed event in Bhutan was the passage of the Buddhist saint Guru Rinpoche in the 8th century.
The Drukpa Kagyu School of Mahayana Buddhism is the state religion of Bhutan and claims 70% of the population.
However by 2002, it was noticed that the crime rate in Bhutan had increased appreciably, and the introduction of cable television is alleged to be responsible for the spurt in crime.
www.thelocalcolorartgallery.com /encyclopedia/Bhutan   (3762 words)

 AllRefer.com - Bhutan : History (Nepal And Bhutan Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
In 1864 the British occupied part of S Bhutan, which was formally annexed after a war in 1865; the Treaty of Sinchula provided for an annual subsidy to Bhutan as compensation.
The Chinese claim to Bhutan (as part of a greater Tibet) and the persecution of Tibetan Buddhists led India to close the Bhutanese-Tibetan border and to build roads in Bhutan capable of carrying Indian military vehicles.
In 1998 the famous Taktsang Monastery in the mountains of W Bhutan, containing one of the finest collections of early Himalayan Buddhist art, was destroyed by fire.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/B/Bhutan-history.html   (688 words)

 History of Bhutan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The consolidation of Bhutan occurred in 1616 when Ngawana Namgyal, a lama from Tibet, defeated three Tibetan invasions, subjugated rival religious schools, codified an intricate and comprehensive system of law, and established himself as ruler (shabdrung) over a system of ecclesiastical and civil administrators.
In 1907, Ugyen Wangchuck was elected as the hereditary ruler of Bhutan, crowned on December 17, 1907, and installed as the head of state Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King).
Bhutan became a member of the United Nations in 1971, and during his tenure the National Assembly was established and a new code of law, as well as the Royal Bhutanese Army and the High Court.
infotut.com /geography/Bhutan   (554 words)

 Thamserku Trekking - History of Bhutan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Bhutan was not unified under a central authority until the 17th centaury.
At the end of the 19th century, the Penlop of Tongsa overcame the Penlop Of Paro and was afterwards recognized as the overall leader of Bhutan.
Bhutan is defying the rest of the world in its attempts to keep clean.
www.thamserkutrekking.com /bhutan/bhutan_info.htm   (922 words)

 Bhutan Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Bhutan has a Gross Domestic Product of around USD 2,913 billion (adjusted to Purchasing Power Parity), making it the 162nd largest economy in the world.
For administrative purposes, Bhutan is divided into four dzongdey or administrative zones which consists of a group of dzongkhag (districts).
Bhutan is the only country in the world to have banned the smoking of nicotine.
www.variedtastes.com /encyclopedia/Bhutan   (3762 words)

 Bhutan History, Religion, Government
Bhutan is a small country, and is located at the south of Tibet and the north of north east section of India as Assam and Sikkim.
The kingdom's recent history begins with a hereditary monarchy that was founded in the 20th century and continued the country's policy of isolationism.
Bhutan is the only country in the world to have adopted Mahayana Buddhism in its Tantric form as its official religion.
www.sacredindia.com /explore/bhutan/bhutan2.htm   (609 words)

 The Living Edens: Bhutan - People Culture and History
Bhutan's historical period begins at about 747 A.D., when the revered religious leader Guru Padma Sambhava came from Tibet and introduced Buddhism to the country.
It is said that he flew to Bhutan on the back of a tiger, and that at Taktsang he conquered the demon spirits that were standing in the way of the spread of Buddhism.
It is more certain that he visited Bumthang in central Bhutan, where he cured the ailing King, and various places in the Paro valley, and that he and his later followers meditated in a cave on the cliff where the Taktsang monastery now stands.
www.pbs.org /edens/bhutan/Bhu_people2.htm   (2078 words)

 Bhutan History & Bhutan Culture | iExplore
The UK first came into formal contact with Bhutan in the 18th century, as a result of which the East India Company made a treaty with the territory in 1774.
Bhutan was, however, an enthusiastic founder member of the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation and hosted the inaugural meeting in 1985.
Bhutan is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, which seeks to improve economic and commercial links in the region.
www.africa.com /dmap/Bhutan/History   (806 words)

 History - Bhutan - Asia
Buddhism was introduced into the area in the 7th century, and Buddhist chronicles provide a recorded history of Bhutan.
The treaty recognizes Bhutan’s sovereignty, guarantees noninterference by India in the internal affairs of Bhutan, and provides for free trade between the two countries and duty-free transit of Bhutan’s imports across India.
Bhutan insists that the migrants are being incited to leave the country by small Nepali groups seeking a greater share in Bhutan’s political system.
www.countriesquest.com /asia/bhutan/history.htm   (641 words)

 Brief History of Bhutan: Bhutannewsonline.com
It is located in the eastern Himalayas bordered by India in the south, east and west and by the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China in the north.
The origin of Bhutan and its earlier history is unknown.
Bhutan’s history is shrouded in mystery, prior to the arrival of yet another Tibetan Lama (monk),
www.bhutannewsonline.com /history.html   (494 words)

 Bhutan Flag, Bhutan History, Culture of Bhutan, Economy of Bhutan, Flag of Bhutan
Bhutan is known for enacting religious, historical and other interesting tales through dances, wherein the dancers wear colorful wooden masks and special costumes create a splendid display of heroes, demons, animals, gods, and caricatures of common people.
Bhutan has a large potential for hydroelectric power resources though only a few dams have been built to date; the largest being the Chukha Hydroelectric Project, which is located in Chukha, between Thimphu and Phuntsholing.
Bhutan's primary trading partner is India even as the country receives imports from Japan, Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdom, and exports goods to Bangladesh, the Middle East, Singapore, and Europe.
www.mapsofworld.com /country-profile/bhutan1.html   (567 words)

 Bhutan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Bhutan's currency, the ngultrum, is interchangeable with the Indian Rupee.
The official religion of Bhutan is the Mahayana tradition of Buddhism, which is adhered to by 75% of the population.
Bhutan is one of the most secluded nations in the world, and access for foreigners is restricted to certain areas, although these are expanding.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/B/Bhutan.htm   (1373 words)

 Bhutan's History
Although mystery surrounds the distant past of Bhutan, the known history of Bhutan begins with the introduction of Buddhism in the country.
Buddhism provides a cohesion among the people of different regions in Bhutan during the middle ages but the country was unified under the central authority of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyle only during the 17th century.
In the year 1953, the third King of Bhutan, His Majesty, King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, initiated one of the most important constitutional reforms in Bhutanese history with the establishment of the National Assembly with 150 members.
www.ctf.gov.bt /history.htm   (341 words)

 History of Bhutan -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Until the early 1600s, Bhutan existed as a patchwork of minor warring fiefdoms until unified by the Tibetan (Llamas) lama and military leader Shabdrung (Click link for more info and facts about Ngawang Namgyal) Ngawang Namgyal.
The peace was not to hold, however, and border conflicts with the (The people of Great Britain) British were to continue for the next hundred years including the Duar War (1864-1865), fought over control of the (A region whose eastern part is now Bangladesh and whose western part is included in India) Bengal Duars.
Bhutan gained (An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security) United Nations recognition as a sovereign country in 1971.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/H/Hi/History_of_Bhutan.htm   (1200 words)

 Bhutan -> History on Encyclopedia.com 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Bhutan's third hereditary ruler, King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk (reigned 1953-72), modernized Bhutanese society by abolishing slavery and the caste system, emancipating women, dividing large estates into small individual plots, and starting a secular educational system.
Bhutan increases 1989 rates for travel in country; kingdom seeks to reduce number of foreign visitors.
Students in Punakha, Bhutan, march during festivities marking the birthday of King Jigme Singye Wangchuk.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/bhutan_history.asp   (1233 words)

 ipedia.com: History of Bhutan Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The history of Bhutan : Table of contents 1 Prehistory 2 Arrival of Buddhism 3 Bhutan emerges as a country 4 Treaties with Britain 5 Civil wars 6 Establishment of the monarchy 7 Independence in 1949 8...
In 1988 Bhutan evicted over 100,000 Nepali-speaking residents from districts in southern Bhutan, creating a large refugee community that is now being detained in seven temporary United Nations refugee camps in Nepal.
After years of negotiations between Nepal and Bhutan as to their status, in 2000 Bhutan agreed in principle to allow certain classes of the refugees to return to Bhutan.
www.ipedia.com /history_of_bhutan.html   (1079 words)

 Bhutan Tour,History of Bhutan,Religious Tour Bhutan,Cultural Tour to Bhutan,Culture Tour Bhutan,Explore Bhutan,Buddhism ...
The Kingdom of Bhutan lies in the eastern Himalayas, between Tibet to the north and the Indian territories of Assam and West Bengal to the south.
Bhutan's earliest residents, the Sharchops reside predominantly in eastern Bhutan.
Eastern Bhutan is known for its stunning hand-loomed textiles and the weavers are all masters of the supplementary weft-weave technique.
www.ercotravels.com /bhutan1.htm   (1069 words)

 History of Bhutan - Craft Revival Trust   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Bhutan does not have an ethnic group that can be considered, unequivocally, as the original inhabitants of the country; the 'Bhutanese' comprise people who migrated from neighbouring countries many centuries ago.
For a while Bhutan faced internal political and religious strife, internal conflict, and incursions from Tibetan aggressors; eventually in the seventeenth century Shabdrung Ngawang Namgayel, an aristocratic lama of the Drukpa school, who had earlier fled to Bhutan from Tibet, managed to unify the country.
Bhutan's artisans are skilled workers in metals, wood and slate carving, and clay sculpture.
www.craftrevival.org /SouthAsia/Bhutan/History.htm   (2682 words)

 Bhutan - ENCYCLOPEDIA - The History Channel UK
Bhutan is drained by several rivers rising in the Himalayas and flowing into India.
In S Bhutan there is a sizable minority of Nepalese (about a third of the population), who practice Hinduism and speak various Nepalese dialects.
Bhutan's hereditary monarch, the Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King), is assisted by two advisory councils.
www.thehistorychannel.co.uk /site/search/search.php?word=Bhutan   (1221 words)

 History (from Bhutan) --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Bhutan's rugged mountains and dense forests long rendered it almost inaccessible to the outside world, and the country's rulers reinforced this isolation by banning foreigners until well into the 20th century.
The monarchy of Bhutan is a landlocked state situated in the eastern Himalayas between China and India.
History is a science—a branch of knowledge that uses specific methods and tools to achieve its goals.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-129468?tocId=129468   (769 words)

 Bhutan: A Brief Postal History
Once of the most important events in the Postal History of Bhutan was the admission to the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in March 1969.
Bhutan became a member of Asia Pacific Postal Union (APPU) in 1983, International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in 1988 and Postal member of SAARC countries in 1982.
Bhutan came into the international philatelic limelight in the early 1970s with the issuing os such sensational items like 3-Dimensional and Rose-Scented, steel and circular grooved disc stamps that played the kingdom's national anthem on the record players.
tibetanpost.com /nep_tut1.html   (569 words)

 The Hindu : Socio-political history of Bhutan
He writes, "I read that Bhutan, the unspoiled, exotic and Shangri-la in the hidden Himalaya, is the only Buddhist Kingdom in the world.
Bhutan is reluctant to open up to the world outside and only select visitors are welcome to the land.
It discusses the various ethnic groups as follows: "Ethnologically the Bhutanese society may be identified at various levels — the pre-Brugpa Mons, predominantly found in the eastern Bhutan, Ngalong of western Bhutan and Koch, Mech and descendants of the other communities from Duars in the high hills.
www.hinduonnet.com /thehindu/br/2002/01/22/stories/2002012200240400.htm   (728 words)

 Trip to Bhutan.com ::: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The name ‘Bhutan’ appears to derive from the Sanskrit ‘Bhotant’ meaning ‘the end of Tibet’ or from ‘Bhu-uttan’ meaning ‘high land’.
Though known as Bhutan to the outside world, the Bhutanese themselves refer to their country as Druk Yul or the Land of the Thunder Dragon.
The documented history of the Kingdom begins with 747 A.D. with Guru Padsambhava also known as Guru Rinpoche who made his legendary trip from Tibet across the mountains flying on a tigress’s back.
www.triptobhutan.com /history.htm   (342 words)

 Bhutans early history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
It is therefore difficult to shed light on its history before the arrival of Buddhism.
Occasionally, while ploughing their fields, farmers found tools made out of stone, which they considered to be the weapons of gods or celestial deities which had fallen down on Earth during their wars.
The lush vegetation of the southern slopes of the Himalayas lured first immigrants to Bhutan very early on in history.
www.bhutan.at:81 /altdye00/c-viex/j-01-01/start.php3   (163 words)

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