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Topic: History of Bolivia

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In the News (Wed 26 Jun 19)

  History of Bolivia
Bolivia is a land of sharp contrasts with climatic conditions ranging from arctic to tropical.
Furthermore, Bolivia was relatively free of the rampant terrorism, insurgency, and criminal violence that afflicted the larger Andean nations of Colombia and Peru.
Bolivia's growth prospects were constrained by its dependence on Argentine payments for a large share of its export revenues, poorly diversified exports, low domestic savings, and high levels of foreign debt.
motherearthtravel.com /bolivia/history.htm   (5512 words)

 Bolivia - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
One of the two inland countries of South America, Bolivia is shut in from the Pacific in the W by Chile and Peru; in the E and N it borders on Brazil, in the SE on Paraguay, and in the S on Argentina.
Bolivia presents a sharp contrast between high, bleak mountains and plateaus in the west and lush, tropical rain forests in the east.
Bolivia's Indian revolt: the U.S. policies of economic globalization and militarization are failing.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-bolivia.html   (2887 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Bolivia
The origins of Jewish settlement in Bolivia can be traced back to the colonial period, when Marranos from Spain arrived in the country, which at the time was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
In 1905, a group of Russian Jews settled in Bolivia and were followed by another group from Argentina, and later by several Sephardi families from Turkey and the Near East.
In the 1950's and 1960's there was a mass emmigration by Jews from Bolivia due to political upheaveal, and Jewish education was one of the prime victims of the emigration trend; Jewish student enrollment, especially in the lower grades, declined drastically.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Bolivia.html   (887 words)

 PC(USA) - Worldwide Ministries: Bolivia - History
A land of sharp contrasts, Bolivia is bordered on the west by the Andes and on the north and east by the Amazon jungle.
Bolivia lost, and two-thirds of the 90,000 people killed in action were Bolivians.
Despite its huge dimensions, its forests and its mineral resources, Bolivia is one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere.
www.pcusa.org /worldwide/bolivia/history.htm   (257 words)

 History of BOLIVIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In 1776 the Spanish empire east of the Andes is removed from the control of Lima and is transferred to Buenos Aires, capital of the new viceroyalty of La Plata.
It has been calculated that between independence and 1952 (the most significant date in Bolivia's subsequent history) there are no fewer than 179 uprisings against the government of the moment.
Bolivia cedes to Chile its Pacific coastline and the nitrate-rich province of Antofagasta, while Chile in return merely agrees to build a railway from La Paz to the coast and to guarantee the unrestrained passage of Bolivian goods to certain ports.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac11   (1204 words)

Bolivia is now poor and backward but this was not always the case for the area that is now Bolivia.
Bolivia initially had a larger, supposedly better trained army but it was defeated by the army of Paraguay.
The governments of Bolivia were generally corporatist in the sense that they asserted that they were committed to capitalism but with significant state control and regulation in the interest of social justice.
www.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/bolivia.htm   (2912 words)

 Bolivia History
Bolivia was part of the Incan Empire from the 13 th century until the Spanish conquered it in the 1500's.
Bolivia was on the losing side of a number of wars over the years with its neighbors; each war resulted in Bolivia losing territory to its neighbors.
From 1962 until 1984 Bolivia was ruled by the military.
www.nationbynation.com /Bolivia/History1.html   (94 words)

 Bolivia History
Bolivia's territory had always been coveted by its neighbors, encompassing as it did over 2 million square kilometers (780,000 sq mi).
Bolivia is currently vying to strengthen its regional links and is a supporter of a South American common market.
Bolivia's main structural problem is the huge gulf that seperates this divided society, half immersed in the world of 20th-century business and half who remain subsistent peasants.
www.donquijote.org /tourist/profiles/paises/bolivia/history.asp   (584 words)

 History of Bolivia
Bolivia, shut in geographically and politically, is a world in itself--a world of variety, in scenery, climate, products and people.
In the number of inhabitants to the square mile, Bolivia ranks among the lowest of all the nations of the earth.
Bolivia can lay claim to the most wonderful body of water in the world--Lake Titicaca.
www.latinartmall.com /bolivia.htm   (424 words)

 Bolivia History & Bolivia Culture | iExplore.com
Domestically, Bolivia has entered an unprecedented era of political stability, ending a record of military coups and recurrent internal strife that was little short of ludicrous – there were 192 coups in the 156 years from independence to 1981; an average of one every 10 months.
Bolivia has large mineral deposits, especially of tin – of which it is one of the world’s leading producers – and also natural gas, petroleum, lead, antimony, tungsten, gold and silver.
Bolivia is a member of the Latin American Integration Association, the River Plate Basin Alliance and, most importantly, of the Andean Pact.
www.iexplore.com /dmap/Bolivia/History   (1236 words)

 Travel in Sucre-Bolivia-History-WorldTravelGate.net®-
Alto Peru (Upper Peru), as Bolivia was known during the period of Spanish rule, was at first a dependency of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
The discovery of rich nitrate deposits in the Atacama desert and rising border tensions led the outbreak of war between Chile and Bolivia (1879-1883), in which Peru participated on the side of Bolivia.
In 1904 Bolivia lost a substantial part of its possessions in the eastern lowlands to Brazil.
www.americatravelling.net /bolivia/sucre/sucre_history.htm   (775 words)

 Bolivia: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The position of Bolivia's boundaries was uncertain and subject to conflict.
The discovery of rich nitrate deposits in the Atacama desert and rising border tensions led the outbreak of war betweeen Chile and Bolivia (1879-1883), in which Peru participated on the side of Bolivia.
In 1904 Bolivia lost a substantial part of its possesions in the eastern lowlands to Brazil.
www.ddg.com /LIS/aurelia/bolhis.htm   (644 words)

 Bolivia History, History of Bolivia, Bolivian Culture
Bolivia history reflects the influence of the richest cultural treasures of the Inca civilization.
While the Inca culture plays a prominent role in the history of Bolivia, the enduring legacy that was imprinted upon this country by the subsequent Spanish conquest of the 15th century also made a lasting impression on the nature of this Andean nation.
The history of Bolivia, at times a mystery and at other moments a tragedy, is evident everywhere you visit.
www.destination360.com /south-america/bolivia/bolivia-history.php   (553 words)

 History of BOLIVIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The undemocratic nature of the nation is well suggested by the fact that liberal regimes in the first two decades of the 20th century double the size of the electorate - but only from 2.5% to 5% of the population.
The situation of the peasants and workers in Bolivia is now so bleak that Che Guevara choose this as the Latin American nation most ripe for revolution.
The snag, however, is that the main crop grown by the peasants is the valuable coca plant, the source of cocaine.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=2352&HistoryID=ac11   (1002 words)

 History of Bolivia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Bolivia's weakness was demonstrated during the War of the Pacific (1879-83), when it lost its seacoast and the adjoining rich nitrate fields to Chile.
He was forced to call elections in 1978, and Bolivia again entered a period of political turmoil.
The policy produced a sudden and dramatic 4-year decline in Bolivia's illegal coca crop, to the point that Bolivia became a relatively small supplier of coca for cocaine.
www.historyofnations.net /southamerica/bolivia.html   (1936 words)

 History of Bolivia. Bolivia colonial period. Modern history. Evo Morales president. Gas and oil policies
Going through a vicious economic and political crisis, Bolivia's weakness was demonstrated during the War of the Pacific (1879—83), when it lost its seacoast, and the adjoining rich nitrate fields, together with the port of Antofagasta, to Chile.
Bolivia also lost the state of Acre (known for its production of rubber) when Brazil persuaded the state of Acre to secede from Bolivia in 1903 (see the Treaty of Petrópolis).
For the first time since the Spanish Conquest in the early 1500's, Bolivia, a nation with a majority indigenous population, has an indigenous leader, and Morales has stated that the 500 years of colonialism are now over, and that the era of autonomy has begun.
www.mundoandino.com /Bolivia/History   (2519 words)

 Cool Planet - Bolivia - History
Bolivia was still part of the magnificent Inca empire when the first Europeans arrived in 1532.
Bolivia remained a Spanish colony until 1825, when the Venezuelan rebel, Simon Bolivar, gave the country its independence (and its modern name).
Bolivia’s current president, Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, was elected in August 2002.
www.oxfam.org.uk /coolplanet/kidsweb/world/bolivia/bolhist.htm   (120 words)

 History of Bolivia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
See also the history of Latin America, the history of the Americas, and the history of present-day nations and states.
Bolivia's weakness was demonstrated during the War of the Pacific (1879 – 1883), when it lost its seacoast and the adjoining Rich nitrate fields to Chile.
Bolivia's defeat by Paraguay in the Chaco War (1932-1935) marked a turning point.
history-of-bolivia.iqnaut.net   (1961 words)

 Our history - Friends of Bolivia
Friends of Bolivia is a registered charity founded in 1983 to relieve poverty, advance education and promote health in Bolivia, South America.
Most of the projects we support are directed towards relieving poverty, advancing education and promoting the health of children, women, and the elderly living in the slums in main cities or in remote rural areas, including the Amazon.
Friends of Bolivia was nominated for this award by the "Damas Voluntarias" of the Children's Hospital in La Paz, in recognition for the support given to the Hospital since 1983.
friendsofbolivia.org.uk /en/aboutus/history   (414 words)

 bolivia map and map of bolivia and information page
The ancient history of Bolivia is first and foremost woven into the great Andean empires of the Aymara civilization.
Bolivia's Altiplano contains several salt flats, the dried remnants of ancient lakes; Uyuni Saltpan is the largest one, covering almost 3,500 sq miles.
Note that the protests and demonstrations of 2003 have, for the most part, disappeared, but the motivation for same remains and all travelers here should be cautious and constantly aware of their surroundings.
www.worldatlas.com /webimage/countrys/samerica/bo.htm   (1048 words)

 Bolivia: history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In 2000 BC the region of modern-day Bolivia was inhabited by farmers in the Andes, and forest hunter-gatherers in the east.
One million people were estimated to have been living within the area of the present Bolivia, and from 12 to 13 million in the Tahuantinsuyo as a whole, making it the most densely populated area of South America.
In January 1992, Presidents Paz Zamora and Alberto Fujimori (of Peru) signed an agreement whereby Peru ceded an area of 327 hectares to Bolivia for it to develop a free zone for commercial and touristic activities at the port of Ilo in southern Peru.
gbgm-umc.org /country_profiles/country_history.cfm?Id=218   (2899 words)

 Adventure Life Bolivia trips explore the diverse Bolivian culture and history
Bolivia was so far away from the new capital of Lima on the coast that most indigenous Bolivians were initially unaffected by the conquest.
Bolivia is now relatively peaceful, and is trying promote tourism as a way to increase economic opportunity.
Bolivia's Colonial heritage is among the longest in the Americas.
www.adventure-life.com /bolivia/bolivia_history.php   (1115 words)

 Bolivia: Where Might Reigns Supreme
The history of Bolivia is the history of the caudillos.
This constitution was under duress from the very beginning as foreign soldiers within the country turned on the elected General Sucre in 1829 and two Peruvian generals sent to his aid turned on him and drove him out of the country, and leaving General Santa Cruz in power.
The current state of Bolivia is that it remains in the hands of democratic elements, and the system of military rule seems to have at least taken a few steps back.
www2.truman.edu /~marc/webpages/andean2k/military/bolivia.html   (1654 words)

 History of Bolivia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This was the turning point on Bolivian history after this moment for nearly 60 years, coups and short-lived constitutions dominated Bolivian politics.
Going through a vicious economical and political crisis Bolivia's military weakness was demonstrated during the War of the Pacific (1879 – 1883), when it lost its seacoast and the adjoining rich nitrate fields to Chile.
Bolivia · Brazil · Chile · Colombia · Ecuador · Guyana · Panama · Paraguay · Peru · Suriname · Trinidad and Tobago · Uruguay · Venezuela
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Bolivia   (5425 words)

Political slogans celebrate "Bolivia, la Nueva" (The New Bolivia), but the problems and dilemmas of the past--political instability and authoritarianism; social injustice and inequality; illicit drug trafficking and regional isolation--continue to haunt the present.
A Brief History of Bolivia offers a concise yet comprehensive account of the history of Bolivia, from the time of the first ancient civilizations near the shores of Lake Titicaca to the most recent social and political developments.
Bolivia's tangled and tumultuous past, in which governments (since its independence in 1825) have seldom been stable for more than a few years, is presented in an engaging and readable narrative.
www.globecorner.com /t/t40/20218.php   (238 words)

 Bolivia: History
, desiring to reunite Bolivia and Peru, invaded Peru in 1836 and established a confederation, which three years later was destroyed on the battlefield of Yungay.
Footsteps to the past: one of history's longest-running empires was that of the Tiwanaku, a little-known, but very advanced people......
Bolivia and coca: law, policy, and drug control.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0856958.html   (1953 words)

 Bolivia history
Bolivia: outline history by Thayer Watkins, San Jose State University Economics dept. Contains images and interesting economic data.
History of the Bolivian flag Who would have thought a flag could have so much history.
Bolivia and the US United States and the Bolivian Sea Coast Lengthy online book (print is not the easiest to read) but it is a source of detail of the events and relations with the US over the Bolivian "coastline" with updates to the present and references to documents throughout.
www.casahistoria.net /bolivia.htm   (1281 words)

 History guide for Bolivia by Hostelbookers
Landlocked Bolivia has frequently been subjected to the expansionist aspirations of its neighbours – returning the dubious favour on several occasions.
Following a nearly two-decade-long war for independence, Bolivia spent much of the nineteenth century engaged in various territorial struggles with Peru, Chile, Brazil and Paraguay.
While Bolivia has embraced democracy and civilian rule since the military relinquished power in 1982, national tensions are now internal, taking the form of urban demonstrations and roadblocks in the countryside.
www.hostelbookers.com /guides/bolivia/history   (319 words)

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