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Topic: History of Chicago

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In the News (Fri 19 Apr 19)

  Civil War
The war directed the flow of vital food commodities away from Chicago's most persistent urban rivals, which were too close to the front lines during the first two years of the war and were hurt by stoppages of trade on the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers.
Although Chicago wasn't one of the North's main procurement centers, Chicago-area firms sold millions of dollars' worth of horses, hardtack, preserved meats, tents, saddles and harnesses, and other supplies to the state of Illinois and the U.S. Army for the troops.
By 1870 the number of factories in Chicago had tripled since the outbreak of the war, and the city's population had nearly tripled as well.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/2379.html   (785 words)

 University of Chicago Athletics History
Chicago competed in the Big Ten in all sports from 1896-1939 and in several others until leaving the conference on March 8, 1946.
Chicago boasts the nation's longest running men's and women's support organizations - the Order of the C and the Women's Athletic Association, both founded in 1904.
During the past nine years, Chicago has sent men’s and women’s teams and individuals to NCAA Division III postseason competition in 14 sports, demonstrating that at Chicago the ideal of the student-athlete is consistent with the highest levels of athletics and academics.
athletics.uchicago.edu /history-overview.htm   (622 words)

 Roosevelt University - History of Chicago - Module 1 Chapter 3
The exploitation of the hinterland was the crucial problem facing Chicago and Chicagoans began to look at the steam railroad as a tool to help the city overtake her river rivals, which had such a tremendous advantage in the race to exploit the agricultural produce of the upper Midwest.
Chicago, in the period just prior to the Civil War, was fortunate in that its leadership contained men who clearly saw the advantages of the technological developments in transportation that were taking place in the first half of the 19th century.
Chicago's location on the Great Lakes system and the willingness of Chicagoans to take a chance on new modes of transportation such as canals, turnpikes, plank roads, and finally the railroad insured her position in the upper Midwest and her dominance over a great trading area.
www.roosevelt.edu /chicagohistory/mod1-chap3.htm   (5322 words)

 History of Chicago - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At the beginning of recorded history, the Chicago area was inhabited by a number of Algonquian peoples, including the Mascoutens and Miamis.
On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was incorporated with a population of 350.
Chicago was granted a city charter by the State of Illinois on March 4, 1837.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Chicago   (2236 words)

 Eastland Memorial Society - Chicago River History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
Chicago was chartered in 1833 with a population of only 350 residents, but by the next year the population had grown to over 2,000 and the river soon became polluted.
To reverse the flow of the Chicago River, a 28-mile canal was built from the south branch of the river through the low summit and down to Lockport.
Chicago's South Plant, with a capacity of 720 million gallons per/day, was the largest of its kind in the world until it was surpassed in 1968 by the James W. Jardine Water Purification Plant with a capacity of 1,440 million gallons per/day.
www.inficad.com /~ksup/chiriver.html   (1181 words)

 Chicago History
The word "chicago," is said to derive from an Indian word describing the strong smell of decaying flora in the marshes along the river banks.
The railroad arrived, and Chicago soon became the chief railroad center in the United States.
In 1893 Chicago proved its vitality by hosting the World Columbian Exposition, commemorating the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America.
www.ego.net /us/il/chicago/history/index.htm   (502 words)

 Chicago History Project: About Us
The Chicago History Project is a collaboration between Chicago Public Schools and the Chicago Historical Society, Chicago Metro History Education Center, Constitutional Rights Foundation Chicago, the Newberry Library, and the University of Illinois at Chicago to deliver intensive, ongoing professional development activities for teachers of American history in grades 7-12.
Chicago Public Schools is the third largest school district in the nation, serving a diverse student population of 435,700 students in 596 schools.
The Chicago Historical Society is a privately endowed, independent institution devoted to collecting, interpreting, and presenting the rich multicultural history of Chicago and Illinois, as well as selected areas of American history, to the public through exhibitions, programs, research collections, and publications.
www.newberry.org /chicagohistoryproject/aboutus.html   (509 words)

 Learn about Chicago history
The Chicago region became further developed with the expansion of construction on the Illinois and Michigan canal: a waterway linking the Great Lakes to the Illinois River and then to the Mississippi.
In 1972, the Chicago stockyards closed, and most factories and steel miles moved to the south because taxes and wages were smaller.
In 1989, Chicago elected mayor Richard M. Daley, the son of a previous politician in Chicago.
www.internationalcircuit.com /chicago/history.php   (555 words)

 Chicago Metro History Fair Bibliography
In-depth history of Chicago as a "melting pot" with growth of Black Chicago and struggle for integrated housing.
Gilbert, Paul T. Chicago and its makers: a narrative of events from the day of the first white to the inception of the second world's fair.
Chicago and its distinguished citizens; or, The progress of forty years.
www.epl.org /library/bibliographies/reference/chicago-metro.html   (1533 words)

 Chicago, Illinois
Under the terms of the Treaty of Greenville in 1795, the Potawatomi Indians ceded a tract of land, six miles square, at the mouth of the Chicago River.
After Illinois was admitted to the Union in 1818, Chicago was designated in a series of counties, but ultimately settled in Cook County in 1831.
The 1968 Democratic National Convention was held in Chicago during a period of increasing antiwar sentiment.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h2188.html   (1253 words)

 NEWCITYCHICAGO.COM: Street Smart Chicago
Pizza migrated from Naples to America via Chicago and Taylor Street, but according to "The History of Pizza," that was just one in many Chicago events that shaped the round pie.
Chicago also claims to be the birthplace of both the deep dish and stuffed pizza.
Frank's was like hundreds of corner joints throughout Chicago selling pizza, chicken, ribs, Italian beef, frozen raviolis, etc. In order to break this pattern, the owners of Nancy's Pizza took the recipe from an Easter pie called Scarciedda and introduced another Chicago first, the stuffed pizza, in 1971.
www.newcitychicago.com /chicago/5337.html   (787 words)

 Chicago's History: Index
This is a fun way to learn about Chicago's History in an easy-to-understand way, made by kids for kids.
Chicago became a city and the Great Chicago Fire occured.
Our Chicago timeline is a fun way to look at the important events that have happened through Chicago's history.
library.thinkquest.org /CR0215480   (337 words)

 Chicago's Soccer History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
With the establishment of the National Soccer League of Chicago in 1920, the city's position as a major soccer region was secure; for decades, the NSL was one of the "big four" of the amateur leagues, with numerous teams winning the National Challenge Cup, as well as sending players to the national team.
In 1934, Julius Hjulian, of the Chicago Wonder Bolts was called to the National Team, and played for the US during their World Cup qualifying match, as well as their sole match of the 1934 Cup, a 1-7 trouncing at the hands of host Italy.
Chicago Croatian made the US Open Cup finals in 1974 and 1979, the Eagles won the Amateur Cup in 1989 and the Open Cup in 1990, and made the Amateur Cup finals in 1994.
www.sover.net /~spectrum/chicago.html   (2888 words)

 Chicago Yachting Association - History
Early in 1998, the officers of the Chicago Yachting Association recognized the need for one organization whose mission would be to foster greater coordination between the public and private sectors regarding marine activities in the Greater Chicagoland Area.
This realization was the catalyst for a subsequent reworking of the purposes and aims of the Chicago Yachting Association and culminated in the adoption of a broad set of By-Laws in August 1999.
Thus, one of the first action actions taken by this fledging organization was to inaugurate the Chicago Yachting Association Ball to centralize the bestowing of awards.
www.chicagoyachtingassociation.org /aboutus/history.html   (936 words)

 History - Downtown Chicago Hotels & Illinois Luxury Accommodations - InterContinental Chicago
A quarter of a billion dollars and 12 years later, this truly magnificent InterContinental Chicago hotel was re-introduced to Chicago.
The InterContinental Chicago is the only North Michigan Avenue hotel with a main entrance on the boulevard.
When the InterContinental Chicago opened its doors in 1990, it was presented as a gift to the city of Chicago.
www.icchicagohotel.com /history/history.cfm   (1166 words)

 East Chicago City History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
The city was originally known as the Twin City, with the East Chicago (western section) separated from the Indiana Harbor section by a vast rail yard that served as the rail gateway to Chicago and the west.
During World War I East Chicago was known as the "Arsenal of America" and as the noted South-Shore Railroad poster proclaimed, it was the "Workshop of America." The history of this great city can best be defined through the images and definitions of the City Seal and the flag of East Chicago.
While East Chicago was originally known as the Twin City due to the expansive rail yards that divided the two great halves of this city, the construction of an overpass on Columbus Drive in the early 1930’s brought all of East Chicago together.
www.eastchicago.com /history.html   (770 words)

 Book Review - Natural History of Chicago Region - Winter 2003
Joel Greenberg's A Natural History of the Chicago Region (University of Chicago Press, 2002) is an epic work 17 years in the making.
The story of the Chicago region is often a litany of habitat destruction, human greed and shortsightedness, and carnage.
A Natural History of the Chicago Region, by Joel Greenberg, University of Chicago Press, 2002.
chicagowildernessmag.org /issues/winter2003/nathistorybook.html   (1268 words)

 Chicago History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
I am equally interested in the history that is being made all around us, the history of today that is shaped by yesterday's events and today's people to create a future we can only dream of.
This is one of the purest examples of the Chicago school of architecture: the lines are clean, the supporting structure is visible, windows are maximized and the use of building materials (in this case, stainless steel claddings) is innovative.
It also recalls an era of industrial and labor history when Chicago was one of the industrial engines of the world and many people migrated here -- especially from the South, from Eastern Europe and from Mexico -- to work for Chicago's manufacturers.
gryjhnsn.tripod.com /chicagohistory   (458 words)

 Chicago History -- City Hall   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-20)
The history of Chicago's city government dates back to March 4, 1837 when the town of Chicago, with a population of approximately 4,006, was granted a city charter by the Illinois state legislature.
This site is a joint effort between the Chicago City Council Committee on Finance and the Chicago Historical Society, first organized on April 24, 1856, and among the city's original cultural institutions.
It is a celebration of Chicago and as the months unfold into the new millenium so too will new exhibits on the city's rich and colorful history.
www.chgofinancecomm.chi.il.us /chicagohistory/cityhall.html   (471 words)

 Chicago Pneumatic History
The history of the Franklin Plant began some fifty years ago when a few enterprising citizens of Franklin, headed by General Charles Miller, organized the Franklin and New York Compressor Company to build air compressors.
This organization and its successor, in turn, encountered financial difficulties and were absorbed by the Chicago Pneumatic Tool Company in 1907, which then operated the Plant as a separate and distinct Plant from Plant No. One, with a separate manager, separate organization and manufacturing an entirely different line of products.
The Chicago Pneumatic Tool Company, bearing as it does, the name of one of our largest cities, has long been associated in the public's mind with that city.
www.energymachinery.com /HTML/CPH.html   (1620 words)

 Chicago, Ill. — FactMonster.com
Laid out in 1830, Chicago was incorporated as a village in 1833 and as a city in 1837.
University of Chicago - Chicago, University of, at Chicago; coeducational; inc. 1890, opened 1892 primarily through the...
Chicago, river, United States - Chicago, river, formed in Chicago by the junction of its North Branch (24 mi/39 km long) and South...
www.factmonster.com /ipka/A0108493.html   (398 words)

 The Chicago Theatre: The Chicago Theatre: History of The Chicago Theatre building
The Chicago Theatre first opened its doors on October 26, 1921 with Norma Talmadge on screen in "The Sign on the Door." A 50-piece orchestra performed in the pit and Jesse Crawford played the mighty Wurlitzer pipe organ.
The Chicago Theatre was redecorated in preparation for the 1933 Chicago World's Fair and "modernized" in the 1950s when stage shows, with few exceptions, were discontinued.
In 1986, Chicago Theatre Restoration Associates, with assistance from the City of Chicago, bought and saved the theatre from demolition and began a meticulous nine-month multi-million dollar restoration undertaken by Chicago architects Daniel P. Coffey and Associates, Ltd. and interior design consultants A.T. Heinsbergen and Co. of Los Angeles, interior design consultants.
www.thechicagotheatre.com /about_history.htm   (554 words)

 Chicago Tunnel Company Railroad History
Construction on Chicago's unique freight tunnel network began in 1899 in the basement of a tavern in the heart of the Loop near LaSalle and Madison Streets.
Downtown Chicago was once much busier than it is today and streets were typically clogged with streetcars, automobiles, horse drawn wagons, horses, and pedestrians.
It is interesting to note that the green Chicago Railways streetcar on the left ran until the early 1950's.
users.ameritech.net /chicagotunnel/tunnel1x.html   (767 words)

 The History of Chicago Neurology
The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago was founded in 1882 and was leased to the University of Illinois in 1887, becoming the state medical school three years later in 1900.
Chicago neurology especially burgeoned in the 1920's and 1930's with the development of a large and multifaceted neuroscience faculty at the University of Chicago.
In the mid-1800's Chicago had a medical school for women which later was absorbed by the Chicago Medical College of Northwestern University.
www.aneuroa.org /chicago/hospitals.html   (1302 words)

Based on the very successful Oxford Companion to British History, A Dictionary of British History, is an invaluable compact reference work on all aspects of the history of Britain from 55 BC to the present day.
The collection is drawn from the holdings of the University of Chicago Library and the Filson Historical Society of Louisville, Kentucky.
A collection of sources on Southern history, literature and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century.
www.lib.uchicago.edu /e/su/hist   (7762 words)

 The Illinois History Resource Page
Chicago History Research Guide - Links to the locations of city records and photos for serious researchers.
Chicago Imagebase - Historic photos and maps of Chicago and a study of its architecture.
History of Bridgeport and the Origin of the Illinois and Michigan Canal
www.historyillinois.org /hist.html   (1787 words)

 eCUIP : The Digital Library : Social Studies : Chicago in 1919
The story of Chicago in 1919 opens early in the year as a time of new visions, big ideas and great promise.
Starting with a rich library of 500 mostly primary sources of the period, student and teacher historians using "Chicago in 1919" will be called upon to read and write, and to use all their creative, critical and analytical powers to understand how urban society develops, and how that story is told:
The topic at the 1998 Chicago Metro History Fair was the History of Science and Technology.
ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu /diglib/social/chi1919/index.html   (270 words)

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