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Topic: History of Chinese immigrants

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  Windows on Victoria - 200 Years of Victoria's History -Chinese Immigrants & Workers - Museum Victoria, Australia
Ever since the arrival of large numbers of gold-seeking Chinese immigrants to Victoria in the 1850s, most of the press had portrayed Chinese people with derision and prejudice.
Chinese workers in Melbourne were seen as a threat to the working conditions and jobs of others, because of their low rates of pay and their long working hours, particularly in the furniture industry.
By 1888 the Chinese Workers' Union was able to enforce minimum rates of pay, a fifty-hour working week for those not being paid by the piece, and half-yearly trade holidays.
www.museum.vic.gov.au /windows/8hrs/chineseworkers.asp   (361 words)

  History of Chinese immigration to Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chinese appeared in large numbers in the colony of British Columbia in 1858, when there was a gold rush in the Fraser Valley.
After the 1885 legislation failed to deter Chinese immigration to Canada, the government of Canada passed another law in 1900 to increase the tax to $100, and in 1904 it was increased (landing fees) to $500 (equivalent to $8000 in 2003).
Chinese from the mainland who were eligible in the family reunification program had to visit the Canadian High Commission in Hong Kong, since Canada and the PRC did not have diplomatic relations until 1970.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Chinese_immigrants   (1568 words)

 The History of Chinese Immigration -- Brown Quarterly -- v. 3, no. 4 -- Spring 2000
The History of Chinese Immigration -- Brown Quarterly -- v.
The Chinese often emigrated in self-help groups from the same village, often with the same surname.
Chinese immigrants built many flumes and roads in the mining districts.
brownvboard.org /brwnqurt/03-4/03-4c.htm   (1313 words)

 RICHARD P. COLE AND GABRIEL J. CHIN | Emerging from the Margins of Historical Consciousness: Chinese Immigrants and the ...
The original view that Chinese immigrants did not contribute to American legal culture seemed to be justified by the outlines of their historical experience in America.
But even had the sources of histories of the common law tradition not been so confined, early legal historians still would not have considered the legal history of Chinese immigrants to be sufficiently important to merit study.
Chinese immigrants had come to America with a vision that had shaped "the relationships between Chinese and Americans for decades." They had hoped to accumulate enough money to allow them to return to China and live in ease.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lhr/17.2/cole.html   (10519 words)

 The Chinese and the Transcontinental Railroad -- Brown Quarterly -- v. 1, no. 3 -- Spring 1997
Chinese records indicate that Buddhist priests traveled down the west coast from present day British Columbia to Baja California in 450 A.D. Spanish records show that there were Chinese ship builders in lower California between 1541 and 1746.
The whites thought the Chinese were strange because of the strange clothes and hats they wore, because they ate strange foods and drank boiled tea all day, spoke in their sing-song language, and most of all, because they washed and put on clean clothes every day.
Hence Chinese participation is prominent in what is perhaps the most important event in the history of the western expansion of the country.
brownvboard.org /brwnqurt/01-3/01-3f.htm   (1146 words)

 Oregon Blue Book History/Chinese-Americans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Chinese laborers provided much of the backbreaking toil to make the cuts for the Oregon and California Railroad as it inched southward through the Umpqua Mountains to the Rogue River Valley or on the line of the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company as it stretched eastward in 1880-82 through the Columbia Gorge.
The Chinese congregated in Chinatown in Portland or, when their seasonal work diminished, traveled to communities in San Francisco, Seattle, or Vancouver, British Columbia.
The Chinese Exclusion Act then cut off immigration, leaving nearly 9,000 Chinese men in Oregon with little prospect of bringing a bride from home or paying for passage of family members.
bluebook.state.or.us /cultural/history/history19.htm   (545 words)

 Digital History
Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, civil turmoil and poverty had led many Chinese to emigrate to California, the "Golden Mountain." As early as 1852, there were 25,000 Chinese immigrants in California.
The Central Pacific's Chinese immigrant workers received just $26-$35 a month for a 12-hour day, 6-day work week and had to provide their own food and tents.
California barred these immigrants from appearing as witnesses in court, prohibited them from voting or becoming naturalized citizens, and placed their children in segregated school.
www.digitalhistory.uh.edu /historyonline/china1.cfm   (605 words)

 Immigration Station
Beginning with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, a series of restrictive laws had prohibited the immigration of certain nationalities and social classes of Asians.
Chinese were not on a equal immigration footing with other nationalities until immigration laws were completely rewritten in the mid 1960's.
One class of Chinese the U.S. could not keep out were those who were already citizens of the United States by virtue of having a father who was a citizen.
www.angelisland.org /immigr02.html   (1515 words)

 Woz Way Paper
In 1991, this piece of history was recovered by the CHCP (Chinese Historical and Cultural Project) which sponsored, replicated and dedicated the building to the San Jose Historical Museum.
Most of the Chinese immigrants who went through the years, between 1882 to 1891, of discrimination had already passed away, their voices were rarely heard.
Like the Chinese people, German immigrants, in the nineteenth century, fled their country because life in their homeland became unbearable, and their only hope was to travel to a new land.
www.sjsu.edu /depts/commstudies/woz/paper1fall.html   (2772 words)

 MRB: Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San Francisco
However, Chinese women were patriotic to their country, as Yung proves, and while they were assimilating many aspects of American culture, they also held onto much of the culture from their home country.
History of Chinese American women - Judy Yung traces the social history of Chinese American women from 19th century to post World War II, how events and circumstances shape the women to be who they are today.
She is the author of the award-winning Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San Francisco (California, 1995), Chinese Women of America: A Pictorial History...
www.medical-research-books.com /mrb-books-reviewed/0520088670.html   (1795 words)

 The History of Chinese Immigration to the Unite States
The History of Chinese Immigration to the Unite States
Southeastern China was in poverty and ruins caused by the Taiping rebellion.
Chinese immigrants brought ailanthus seeds to this country was to grow an herbal remedy beneficial for arthritis.
www2.hawaii.edu /~yifang/history.htm   (338 words)

 California History Collection
Chinese miners who continued their search for gold found increasingly harsh treatment at the hands of their fellow miners.
The Chinese, on the other hand, demonstrated physical courage and intellectual resourcefulness in meeting the challenges of laying track and handling the high explosives needed to blast routes through the Sierras.
When major rail construction ended in the early 1870s, Chinese laborers moved easily into agriculture, proving themselves skilled farm workers and enterprising operators of small garden farms of their own.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/cbhtml/cbrush.html   (969 words)

 Overview of Chinese Canadian History
Kwong Lee, the first Chinese woman lands in Victoria, B.C. She is the wife of the owner of the Kwong Lee Company.
The Chinese Immigration Act (the Exclusion Act) prohibits Chinese immigrants from entering Canada, with a few exceptions.
Chinese Canadians organize nationally to protest the racist depiction of Chinese Canadians in a story called 'Campus Giveaway' on CTV's nationally televised current events program, W5.
www.ccnc.ca /toronto/history/timeline.html   (1085 words)

 | In This Issue | Law and History Review, 17.2 | The History Cooperative
Baker shows that the legal history of the Red River settlement—and, by extension, of the Canadian West in general—is a story of local legal culture in formation, dependent for its viability on community notions of law, justice, and reason.
Examining the case through the lens of eighteenth-century guardianship and custody cases, and, more broadly, eighteenth-century family history, Wright notes how the rise in companionate marriage and the increasing prominence of law in family affairs set the stage for mothers to seek custody rights to their children.
Cole and Chin conclude that the new legal history of Chinese immigrants demonstrates the utility of legal history as a standpoint that can inform general histories of the Chinese in America.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lhr/17.2/iti.html   (1286 words)

 Angel Island   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Although other immigrants were also processed on the island, including the Japanese, they were rarely detained because treaties existed between their governments and the United States.
During their detainment, Chinese immigrants carved their sentiments on the barrack walls in the form of poetry.
The immigration station was finally closed in 1940 after a fire destroyed the administration building, a decision that was long overdue considering that the facilities were declared "filthy and unfit for habitation" by the Commissioner General of Immigration in 1922.
www.askasia.org /frclasrm/readings/r000201.htm   (658 words)

 Chronology of Asian American History
Chinese in Hawaii establish a funeral society, their first community association in the islands.
Canada curbs Asian Indian immigrants by denying entry to immigrants who haven't come by "continuous journey" from their homelands (there is no direct shipping between Indian and Canadian ports).
Aspiring Asian Indian immigrants who had chartered a ship to come to Canada by continuous journey are denied landing in Vancouver.
web.mit.edu /21h.153j/www/chrono.html   (2137 words)

 Journal of Social History: Chinese Immigrants, African Americans, and Racial Anxiety in the United States 1848-82
Chinese Immigrants, African Americans, and Racial Anxiety in the United States 1848-82.
Most importantly, she demonstrates the persistence with which questions of Chinese immigrant rights intruded on postbellum policy debates, brilliantly titling one chapter "Congressional Reconstruction and the Race Questions." Cruel ironies abounded.
Although exabolitionists and Radical Republicans were sometimes susceptible to the fiction that Chinese immigrant workers were "enslaved" or "coolie" laborers, some sought to defend immigrant rights.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2005/is_3_37/ai_n6003247   (736 words)

 Acclaimed Chinese-American Author Dies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Chang, who wrote about the Japanese occupation of China and the history of Chinese immigrants in the United States, was found dead in her car along a road south of San Francisco.
Chang's best-known work was the 1997 bestseller "The Rape of Nanking," which described the rape, torture and killings of Chinese civilians at the hands of Japanese troops in the 1930s.
Chang also wrote "The Chinese in America," which looked at the history of Chinese immigrants and their descendants in the United States.
quickstart.clari.net /voa/art/ar/2004-11-11-voa45.html   (116 words)

 Resources for New Immigrants
The United States has a long history of welcoming immigrants from all over the world.
We value the contributions of immigrants, who continue to enrich this country and preserve its legacy as a land of freedom and opportunity.
Though we are a nation of diverse cultures and backgrounds, we are bound by our shared history, the common civic values set forth in our founding documents, and the English language.
www.uscis.gov /portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=f2b1e89390b5d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD&vgnextchannel=f2b1e89390b5d010VgnVCM10000048f3d6a1RCRD   (604 words)

 TASSI: Teaching the Chinese Immigrant's Story - Angel Island (1910-1940)
The Chinese were considered temporary workers that would soon leave, when the work was completed, A law in 1875 that was intended to eliminate prostitutes from coming to the U.S. was interpreted so strictly that most all women could not come to the mainland.
While terrible treatment of the Chinese took place at Angel Island-and exclusionary racist policies were held- with the advent of WWII the Chinese were no longer looked down upon, but allowed to become citizens and eventually hold titles to land.
It was these immigrants that developed farms in the worst of desert conditions, built the western half of the transcontinental railroad etc., yet their part in history has virtually gone unappreciated, and basically ignored.
www.csupomona.edu /~tassi/angel.htm   (2855 words)

Chinese labor was suggested, as they had already helped build the California Central Railroad, the railroad from Sacramento to Marysville and the San Jose Railway.
The first Chinese were hired in 1865 [sic] at approximately $28 per month to do the very dangerous work of blasting and laying ties over the treacherous terrain of the high Sierras.
Such was the demand for Chinese labor that the United States reinforced its "open door" policy by treaty: the Burlingame Treaty of 1868 guaranteed to the Chinese Government the unrestricted immigration of its citizens to the United States.
cprr.org /Museum/Chinese.html   (8382 words)

 The Chinese in America: A Narrative History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Chronicles the history of Chinese immigrants in the United States, identifying their contributions to the nation's development, from the construction of the transcontinental railroad to scientific and technological advances.
Chang, the daughter of second-wave Chinese immigrants, has written an extraordinary narrative that encompasses the entire history of one of the fastest growing ethnic groups in the United States, an epic story that spans 150 years and continues to the present day.
A sensitive, deeply moving story of individuals whose lives have shaped and been shaped by this history, The Chinese in America is a saga of raw human tenacity and a testament to the determination of a people to forge an identity and destiny in a strange land.
isbn.nu /0670031232   (498 words)

 Free Essays on Interrogations Of Chinese Immigrants At Angel Island
Chinese were interrogated was unheard of in history.
Chinese immigrants through this entire process was by all accounts unfair.
The percentage and number of Chinese that were excluded due to the interrogations was not truly notable.
www.123student.com /765.htm   (3810 words)

 San Francisco History by Subject - Museum of the City of San Francisco
Chinese Miners in the Gold Fields – 1860
Kearneyism, The Chinese, and Labor Unrest – 1877
History of the First Baptist Church of San Francisco
www.sfmuseum.org /hist1/index0.html   (915 words)

 Chinese immigration - NARA - Locations Nationwide - Main Page
At an election held in 1879 the question of Chinese immigration was submitted to the voters of the State of California as a test of sentiment, and resulted
The immigration of Chinese in considerable numbers, —Thus Chinese immigration differs from European immigration in being
The US now has several million Chinese immigrants and soon-to-be citizens who are at least susceptible to these prehistoric attitudes.
www.infomany.com /ifmn/chinese-immigration.htm   (206 words)

 Keno History - Learn the Ancient Casino and Modern Online Casino History of Keno   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The American Keno History started when Chinese immigrants came to the states to work on the railways in the mid 19 century.
At some point the Keno rules were changed the Chinese lettering were changed to regular numbers.
This managed to follow Keno history all these years, even though the lottery prohibition laws were lifted a few years later.
www.onlinecasinos.cd /keno-history.html   (383 words)

 Author Iris Chang dead - Books - www.theage.com.au
Iris Chang, a best-selling author who chronicled the Japanese occupation of China and the history of Chinese immigrants in the United States, was found dead in her car of a self-inflicted gunshot.
The Chinese in America, published last year, is a history of Chinese immigrants and their descendants in the United States.
Chang suffered a breakdown and was hospitalised during a recent trip researching her fourth book about US soldiers who fought the Japanese in the Philippines during World War II, according to her former editor and agent Susan Rabiner.
www.theage.com.au /articles/2004/11/11/1100131119814.html   (349 words)

 S&F Online - Public Sentiments   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Experiences in Gold Mountain form the collective memory of the first wave of Chinese immigrants in the U.S. The early Chinese immigrants were speakers of Cantonese, one of the major southern Chinese dialects.
Cantonese was probably the first Chinese language introduced to the New World and has remained the language spoken in Chinatowns.
Cantonese opera, the local dramatic form from the Canton region, sung and spoken in Cantonese dialect, followed the first wave of Chinese immigrants and became the representative "Chinese theatre" in nineteenth century California.
www.barnard.columbia.edu /sfonline/ps/lei2.htm   (511 words)

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